Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Labyrinth fish (anabas): a list of species and family names, descriptions, photos

Labyrinth fish (anabas): a list of species and family names, descriptions, photos

Labyrinth fish or anabasovye breathe directly atmospheric air. This feature was developed due to the specificity of the habitats – water bodies of South and Central Africa, as well as South and Southeast Asia, where the oxygen content in the water is low.

Fish can be long on land.

The size of the labyrinth fish is from 19 mm to 70 cm. Most species have an unusual appearance.

In fish, oblong body, flattened laterally. Mouth and eyes small.

Fins and tail are long, side fins are filiform. Color interesting and bright.

There are both peaceful labyrinths and extremely aggressive ones. Particularly aggressive in the breeding season.

They are caring parents, tenderly guarding the offspring. Labyrinths do not spoil the plants, with the exception of some types of gourami.

Anabas live 2–15 years. Life expectancy depends on the species, fish size, quality of life and water temperature.

  • cockerels, anabases, betta picts live 2–5 years;
  • gourami, labiosis, macropod, lyalius – 5–7 years;
  • Xenopomes, giant gourami – long-lived, capable of living for 15 years.
  • The list of labyrinth aquarium fish is small. There are about 20 species of labyrinth family fish that are kept in glass tanks.

    This species is known as betta or betta fish. Cockerels have long been kept in aquariums, and many selective forms have been developed.

    There are different colors: blue, white, red, pink with various interesting patterns and color combinations. A variety of colors dazzle males, female individuals are less noticeable. Males are hostile to each other, are fierce battles.

    To other fish tolerant, if the neighbor does not resemble the external opponent. The females are peaceful, aggression is manifested only in conditions of lack of space. Popular types:

    There are cockerels in the form of the tail and fins:

  • crowntail;
  • round;
  • longtail;
  • comb;
  • crescent.
  • Conditionally peaceful fish. There are different colors.

    Sizes range from 4 to 70 cm. Aggressive during spawning.

    Adapt to wide ranges of hardness and acidity of water. Popular types of gourami:

  • kissing
  • honey;
  • marble;
  • lunar;
  • pearl;
  • chocolate;
  • red-tailed;
  • giant.
  • Militant and aggressive pets with catchy colors of blue and brick red. Macropods are also black and round-tailed. Prefer meat diet.

    The maximum size is up to 13 cm. They have strong immunity, the content of macropod is possible at different temperatures, values ​​of acidity and hardness.

    Settle macropods singly or harem of a male and two females.

    Peace fish with rounded large fins. The body is colored with stripes of red and blue, with bright neon dots on the fins. A popular color form is blue lilius.

    It is contained in the flock, where a clear hierarchy is formed. The strongest individual dominates over the weak.

    Possible aggression in too small a tank.

    The species is known as the Javanese Cockerel. It grows up to 5 cm.

    The elongated body is silver or golden in color with dark horizontal stripes. Fins pointed short, rounded tail.

    Character non-aggressive. Stable water parameters are required, therefore it is not recommended for beginner aquarists.

    Peaceful fish, inferior in popularity to most relatives. Unpretentious, amenable to breeding. The color resembles lalius with the presence of stripes of red and blue colors.

    Males have pointed fins, while females are rounded. It grows up to 10 cm.

    Contained in group and one by one.

    A large inhabitant of the waters. Simple-minded with most species. It grows up to 20 cm.

    Differ in the ability to move through the pectoral fins on land and go into hibernation, burying in the ground. This helps it to survive in its natural environment during the outflow of water. Contained in pairs or singly.

    In pet stores is rare, is sold to order.

    These labyrinths, depending on the species, grow to 7–20 cm in length. Eat meat food.

    Hold alone or in pairs. The following types are famous:

  • leopard;
  • eight band;
  • exquisite.
  • The average size of kupanus is 3-5 cm. The body is oblong, the fins have a bright border, often rounded. Kupanuses are not suitable for beginners, as they live at very low pH values ​​and dGh (with the exception of Kupanus Day and ordinary).

    Sensitive to sudden changes in water parameters. Eat live and frozen feed, dry flakes ignore. Popular and spectacular types of kupanusov:

    The level of complexity of the content depends on the specific type. Powerful and expensive equipment is not required.

    Light pick up a muffled.

    The volume of the aquarium for the labyrinth phenotype depends on the number of fish and their size:

  • for a small group of males, a 25-liter aquarium is enough;
  • for a pair of small gourami (dwarf, honey, nagging, chocolate) and lalius – 40–50 l;
  • macropods – 80 l;
  • larger gourami (marble, blue, gold, pearl) – 130–150 l;
  • Anabass and kissing gouras – from 200 l;
  • giant gourami – 500 l.
  • For most anabasic indicators are allowed:

  • stiffness 2–26 dGh;
  • acidity 6–8;
  • water temperature is 23-28 degrees.
  • Weekly change water to a quarter of the total. Suited tap or filtered water will do.

    Periodically check the water for nitrates.

    Moody kupanusy prefer water with the following parameters:

  • stiffness 0–5 dGh;
  • acidity 4–6;
  • temperature 20-25 degrees.
  • Plant the plants that form thickets:

  • ferns;
  • cryptocorynes;
  • peristristis;
  • vallisneria.
  • Separate the territory with green bushes. Add floating plants:

    Greenery creates shaded areas and holds the nest of bubbles during spawning.

    Pick up a primer of dark flowers with a diameter of 3-4 mm. Sand and gravel will do.

    Siphon make weekly.

    Fish live without aeration. Install the compressor if there are non-labyrinth species in the aquarium.

    The fish do not need powerful filtration, they are unassuming about the purity of the water. Avoid creating a strong stream, because most species come from bodies of water with stagnant water.

    The design of the aquarium should contain decorations that serve as shelters for fish:

    Kupanusy, Ktenopoma and some gourami eat exclusively meat food. Macropods, roosters, elyusa eat and dry food. The basis of the labyrinth diet are:

  • sliced ​​shrimp;
  • bloodworm;
  • pipemaker;
  • Coretra;
  • gammarus;
  • earthworm;
  • mussels;
  • daphnia.
  • Labyrinth feed in all levels of water, so it is permissible to submit sinking food. The use of feeders is undesirable because of the characteristics of spawning: fish will use the device as a support for the nest, which will prevent the use of the feeder for its intended purpose.

    Remove uneaten food residues in time and make sure that the fish do not overeat. Add food in the amount that the maze absorbs in 5–10 minutes.

    Non-aggressive anabasovye get along with peaceful neighbors:

  • chilias;
  • corridors;
  • mollies;
  • apistograms;
  • pelvicahromis;
  • iris iris;
  • tetras;
  • swordtails;
  • scalar.
  • Do not place labyrinths in the same aquarium with individuals prone to biting off fins and predators:

  • barbs;
  • cichlids;
  • piranhas;
  • goldfish;
  • fights.
  • It is problematic to pick up cohabitants to macropods and cockerels. Small labyrinths are also settled with guppies or neons.

    Representatives of anabasic spawn in a common tank or in a separate aquarium. Stimulate reproduction by increasing the temperature by 2–3 degrees and softening the water.

    2-3 weeks prior to spawning, keep females separate from males. Feed future parents with bloodworms and other protein feeds.

    Do not include Daphnia or Cyclops in the diet, it will lead to offspring parents.

    The male takes care of his partner and builds a nest of bubbles on the surface of the water. Construction lasts a few days.

    The female lays 50–800 eggs. After the formation of the clutch, remove the female from the aquarium, the male will take care of the offspring.

    One week after hatching, the fry are already swimming and eating. At the time of the emergence of eggs, the parental instinct in an adult individual disappears, so sit on the parent fish.

    In the first month of life, a labyrinth respiratory organ is only being formed, so the fry will need a compressor.

  • living dust;
  • infusoria;
  • nauplia;
  • crushed adult feed;
  • kolovtratkoy.
  • Serve 2–3 times a day in small portions. With abundant and high-quality feeding, the fish will quickly grow.

    Remember that the fry are more vulnerable to disease, so pay special attention to clean water.

    Labyrinths – owners of strong immunity. When poor-quality content prone to disease:

  • Ichthyophthyriosis (semolina). The body of the fish is covered with white dots, anxiety and loss of appetite are observed. Treat the disease with drugs from a pet store, raising the water temperature by a couple of degrees. Strengthen aeration, change water several times a week.
  • Oodiniumosis (velvet rust). The disease is caused by parasites introduced by new fish or untreated plants. Treat copper sulphate in a common tank.
  • Cotton Disease On the body of the fish appear education, resembling cotton wool. It occurs with a decrease in the immunity of the fish. Use special medication.
  • Ammonia and chlorine poisoning. Water that is not settled or oversaturated with ammonia is bad for the health of the fish. May be fatal.
  • Aquarists say that labyrinths are complex. Beginners put the fighting fish with incompatible neighbors, for example, guppies, which leads to the death of pets. The appearance of anabasic leaves no one indifferent.

    Many contain gourami and cockerels.

    Labyrinth representatives are different, the price depends on the size of the fish and the species. Different gourami cost 40–380 rubles, roosters –– 100–5200 rubles, the most expensive phenotypes with large tails.

    Macropods and lyalius cost 140–240 rubles.

    Labyrinths are very beautiful and unpretentious. There are international exhibitions in which Siamese cockerels compete in beauty, striking the audience with an extraordinary appearance.

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