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Labyrinth aquarium fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

The appearance of the labyrinth fish, especially the content, compatibility, feeding, breeding, caring for fry. Important information that will help you in the care of your pets.

The labyrinth family includes 18 genera and over 20 species of fish, whose habitats are the water bodies of South and Central Africa, as well as South and Southeast Asia. Their main difference is the adaptability to breathing atmospheric air. In addition to the gills, fish of this family have a special organ – a labyrinth, which is a pocket-like outgrowth in the bones of the gill covers.

Its folded walls are riddled with small blood vessels.

Keeping a labyrinth in an aquarium is easy. They do not need aeration systems, like other representatives of chord.

To reduce the difference between the temperature of the water surface and the air layer above it, as well as to exclude the possibility of fish jumping out of the aquarium, it is better to immediately buy an aquarium with a lid. For soil, you can use gravel or coarse river sand with a diameter of 3-4 mm.

Labyrinth fish feel more protected against a dark background among the dense thickets of living plants, which delimit the territory into zones. Here, a weaker fish can escape from the pursuit of more aggressive fish.

A good refuge for labyrinth fish can be branches and snags, cave-type shelters made of stones.

From plants it is better to choose those that grow quickly and spread over the surface. For example, valisneria.

Building materials for the future nests are floating plants (Riccia, Vodokras and others).

Keep these fish to acidic and soft water or in water with medium hardness. The temperature for them is suitable in the range of 23-26 ° C. Substitutions generally do no more than once every two weeks.

They change one fourth of the volume of the aquarium with distilled water. A filtration system can be used to remove suspended particles and mix the temperature layers.

But since the fish do not like a strong current, it is better to wear a flute at the exit of the filter. The compressor is needed only for growing fry; in the first three weeks they form a labyrinth machine.

Basically, all labyrinth fishes are quite peaceful. Can calm to live next door with small characteristic fish, mollies, swordtails, with almost all catfish.

Get along not with all the barbs don’t get along completely with anabasas, macropods, cockerels. By small labyrinth guppy can be hooked.

Pelvicahromis and apistograms get along with almost all labyrinths.

With cockerels, it is better not to plant swordtails and mollies (they can cut off the fins of cockerels).

Due to the unusual appearance, unpretentiousness in care and an amazing ability to adapt to different environmental conditions, the labyrinth fish attracted attention and won the love of most aquarists. Proper maintenance, balanced food and a good combination with inconsiderate neighbors will be the key to a healthy and long life.

Labyrinth or creeping fishes of the perciformes suborder are predominantly freshwater and live in the countries of Africa and Asia. The labyrinth family includes more than 30 species of fish, which are distinguished by an individual feature of the body structure having a labyrinth organ.

With the help of this body, fish additionally breathe atmospheric air and can live even in dirty reservoirs with insufficient amount of oxygen.

Cockerel Fish

Almost all labyrinth fish have similar external features. Have an oblong body, flattened on the sides. Head and mouth small, dorsal and anal fins long.

In the nadzhabernoy cavity there is a labyrinth organ with a complex system of structure. Thanks to this organ, fish can live for some time even outside the water in a humid environment.

While in an aquarium, fish swim to the surface, swallow air and use oxygen for breathing.

Labyrinth fish have an interesting body color and effectively look on a dark background. Males are brighter, during the breeding season, their color only enhances their hue.

Also have a distinctive feature associated with the pectoral fins, which are formed filamentary form. Their fish are used as organs of touch and feel objects with the help of them.

Labyrinth fish are quite peaceful, with the exception of some species. In the neighbors they should choose peaceful and non-predatory fish. Gourami get along well with macropods, lalius and short-tailed cockerels, as they can damage the veil fins.

From other families, suitable species are haracin, discus, soma, neon, angelfish, apistograms, danios.

It is not recommended to plant labyrinths with cichlids such as pseudo-trophy and labidochromis, as well as with goldfish.

Labiosis

There is a huge variety of representatives of the labyrinth family, many fish are popular and enjoy wide success among aquarists. The most common are considered to be cockerels, gourami, macropods, and lyalius.

All species are divided into groups depending on the method and place of eating. Fish of the genus Trichogaster take food from the surface of the water, and the rest of the labyrinth fish grab the food in separate pieces from the bottom or from the ground.

The size of the labyrinth aquarium is chosen depending on the number of fish inhabiting it. For a flock of roosters fit capacity of 20 liters, and for a couple of larger gourami need an aquarium of 100 liters.

Water changes should be carried out in a regular manner and the content of nitrates and ammonia in the water should be monitored. Water is needed soft and sour, in hard water the fish are unlikely to want to breed.

Labyrinth fish are very fond of plants, so there should be a lot of them in the aquarium. To do this, select the correct natural soil with a diameter of 3-4 mm. It is important the presence of floating plants such as pistii, Riccia and vodokras.

These plants can also support the nest. The scenery can serve as an interior solution, as well as a place for fish shelters. The most profitable fish will look on the background of coagulums, coconut shells, clay pots.

Also the dark background will be optimal, with a light design the fish will feel unprotected.

For labyrinth fish, the presence of a compressor and a powerful filter is not important, the optimum temperature is 23-26 ° C.

A variety of labyrinth aquarium fish is huge. Many of them are quite popular among aquarists.

At the same time, new or long-disappeared species from aquariums are constantly appearing on the market: lyabiosis, trichopsis, new forms of Siamese cockerels. Three representatives of the species can be distinguished from the most common labyrinth species: cockerels, gourami, and macropods.

These fish got their common name due to a special labyrinth organ that allows them to live in water bodies with insufficient oxygen: in Chinese rice fields and even in dirty ditches.

A labyrinth organ is a nadzhabernoe formation, which consists of thin plates. There are many blood capillaries in it, which provide the missing gas exchange.

Original and breeding labyrinth fish. Many of them build a nest on the surface of the water from air bubbles, which the male holds together with its saliva.

Some in their construction include the remains of plants.

An aquarium for labyrinth fish of the genus Trichogaster is needed for not less than 50 liters, and for the lunar and brown for more than 110 liters.

All labyrinth fish do not need a compressor. Optional filter.

Although if the aquarium is large and there are many inhabitants in it, it is better to install a filter, but direct it to the wall so that the flow does not interfere with the construction of foam nests. Moon and spotted gourami can build them even in the general aquarium.

If the labyrinth fish in the general aquarium do not breed, a cyst may form in females of not spawned eggs, which will result in the death of the fish. Therefore, if the female constantly swims with a thick belly, then she and the male should be transplanted into a separate aquarium to spawn.

The optimum water temperature is 22 – 26 degrees, and in a spawning pool it should be 2 to 3 degrees higher.

Labyrinth spawns in different ways. Some, like cockerels, build bubbly, kissing gouras on the surface of the water and release an oily stain that becomes a nest.

Chocolate gourami are carrying caviar in their mouths.

These fish do not spoil the plants, so the labyrinth fish tank can be thickly planted with plants. Be sure to have either floating plants (duckweed, pistii, riccia, salvinia, etc.), or floating leaves of vallesneria or nymphae.

The soil should be made dark, with snags.

Since gourami do not jump badly, the aquarium should be closed. Best of all they feel in slightly acidic and slightly soft water.

All kinds of macropods and lyalius will approach them as neighbors. And of the roosters, it is better to share only the short-tailed.

Gourami can eat long fins of neighbors.

Other families of fish can be hooked to gourami: neon, scalar, catfish, apistogram.

Labyrinth aquarium fish – photo review description.

About 20 species of fish that inhabit our aquariums belong to the labyrinth family. They are distinguished not only by their beauty and brightness, but also by their behavior.

Labyrinth fish got this name because of a special organ – a labyrinth, in which the circulatory system is saturated with oxygen directly from atmospheric air. Thanks to this apparatus, they can live in water that is little saturated with oxygen and has been on land for quite a long time.

Fish often swim up to the surface and swallow air, so they are forbidden to be transported in closed containers filled to the top with water, this leads to their death.

COCK FISH – AQUARIUS BEAUTIFUL CARE SPREAD CONTENT PHOTO VIDEO.

Labyrinth fish (lat. Anabantoidei), or creep-shaped, are ray-finned representatives of the Perciformes order who can capture atmospheric air using a special labyrinth organ.

Many of these fish live in Asia and Africa, differ in a number of qualities, such as the difference in behavior and appearance.

Labyrinth fish are divided into species, some of them have long been known within our country. The most popular are the so-called “gourami”, lyalius, cockerels, macropods.

These are aquarium species that do not have difficulty in maintenance and care. They are bred both by amateurs and experienced aquarists, almost every year new types of labyrinth fish appear, of different colors, sizes and shapes.

The suborder “labyrinth fishes” were called so because of a special organ that allows the fish to jump out of the water, inhale the atmospheric air, and, thanks to the channels, spit it out with the water.

Inhaled air enters the labyrinth channel, saturating the blood with oxygen. Some species become accustomed to living in water that is little saturated with oxygen: for example, experienced amateurs risk taking the macropod with them on the road, wrapping it in a clean, damp cloth.

For labyrinth fish, aquarium aeration is not necessary, however, like all pets, they leave behind waste.

Famous representatives of the labyrinth, aquarium species

Common representatives of this sub-order in our country:

    Cockerels – breeding forms (crown-tailed, veil, short-tailed, half moon); Betta splendens, B. Coccina, B. Rubra, B. Falx, B. Imbellis.

Look at the types of cockerels.

  • Fish gourami – a group with numerous representatives. True gourami are rare aquarium fish Osphronemus Goramo and Holostoma Temminckii. Also there is a striped colise, trichoaster (pearl, brown, spotted, moon). Gourami of the genus Colise are four common types of fish: honey colise, lyalius, lyabiosis. Rarely found in home aquariums striped colise.
  • Small fish classic colors – gourami Trichopsis genus (Dwarf gourami and Grumbling gourami) Less common is the subfamily Spherichtinovye – types of chocolate gourami. Also in some nurseries are found parosfromenusy.
  • Group Macropods – no different variety, like gourami. Macropod Macropod Macropodus Opercularis is the most common striped, blue, red, albino color. Also popular are black macropods (concolors), macropods rotruken, Chinese macropods. It is also necessary to attribute Pseudofromenuses to the Macropoda group — the polyacanthus of the Day and the polyacanthus kupanus, the malypulata of the cretseri.
  • The hardiest, of all the anabasic, are macropods, they are able to live even in spoiled water, and are not picky about the cold. They are not recommended to be kept in the pond with other fish; over the years, the macropods become very pugnacious, especially during the spawning period.

    The maximum size of a macro can be up to 12.5 cm.

    The most common type of anabasic are certainly gourami. They are most suitable for multi-species aquariums.

    Their size is on average 10-15 cm. Adults with gourami sometimes attack small inhabitants of an aquarium, and they have to be relegated to larger fish.

    One of the most colorful types of labyrinth fish are cockerels. They are very beautiful, but pugnacious. Their name is a cockerel due to their liking, in a society with other males, they always, like real roosters, fight among themselves.

    They both inflate their gill covers and sticking them out in the form of a collar. Being in such an excited state, cockerels take on a very bright color.

    The main colors of this type of labyrinth fish are blue, red, green or pink with oblong brown stripes along the whole body.

    Such species as anabas is very famous, but, unfortunately, it is rarely found in aquariums. For them in the aquarium, it is desirable to acquire a lot of dense vegetation and koryag, so it will be more convenient for them to divide the territory in order to avoid conflicts.

    The size of the labyrinth aquarium is chosen depending on the number of fish inhabiting it. For a flock of roosters fit capacity of 20 liters, and for a couple of larger gourami need an aquarium of 100 liters.

    Water changes should be carried out in a regular manner and the content of nitrates and ammonia in the water should be monitored. Water is needed soft and sour, in hard water the fish are unlikely to want to breed.

    Labyrinth fish are very fond of plants, so there should be a lot of them in the aquarium. To do this, select the correct natural soil with a diameter of 3-4 mm. It is important the presence of floating plants such as pistii, Riccia and vodokras.

    These plants can also support the nest. The scenery can serve as an interior solution, as well as a place for fish shelters.

    The most profitable fish will look on the background of coagulums, coconut shells, clay pots. Also the dark background will be optimal, with a light design the fish will feel unprotected.

    For labyrinth fish, the presence of a compressor and a powerful filter is not important, the optimum temperature is 23-26 ° C.

    GROOMING GURAMI CONTENTS COMPATIBILITY BREEDING DESCRIPTION FEEDING PHOTOS.

    About 20 species of fish that inhabit our aquariums belong to the labyrinth family. They are distinguished not only by their beauty and brightness, but also by their behavior.

    Labyrinth fish got this name because of a special organ – a labyrinth, in which the circulatory system is saturated with oxygen directly from atmospheric air. Thanks to this apparatus, they can live in water that is little saturated with oxygen and has been on land for quite a long time.

    Fish often swim up to the surface and swallow air, so they are forbidden to be transported in closed containers filled to the top with water, this leads to their death.

    The second is the scientific name of these fish– Anabasic. They are divided into species: macropods, gourami, cockerels and anabass.

    There are about one hundred representatives of this species.

    The labyrinth family includes fish with an oblong and compressed body. They have a short head and a small mouth, the dorsal and anal fins are rather long.

    The labyrinth organ is located in the supracavitary adnexal cavity.

    Representatives of this family are insensitive to the purity and freshness of water. They are able to live in cramped reservoirs with ruined, muddy water.

    But this feature does not apply to fry, as the labyrinth organ only develops up to 3-4 weeks of age, and during this period they are also sensitive to the purity of the reservoir.

    The hardiest, of all the anabasic, are macropods, they are able to live even in spoiled water, and are not picky about the cold. They are not recommended to be kept in the pond with other fish; over the years, the macropods become very pugnacious, especially during the spawning period.

    The maximum size of a macro can be up to 12.5 cm.

    The most common type of anabasic are certainly gourami. They are most suitable for multi-species aquariums.

    Their size is on average 10-15 cm. Adults with gourami sometimes attack small inhabitants of an aquarium, and they have to be relegated to larger fish.

    One of the most colorful types of labyrinth fish are cockerels. They are very beautiful, but pugnacious. Their name is a cockerel due to their liking, in a society with other males, they always, like real roosters, fight among themselves.

    They both inflate their gill covers and sticking them out in the form of a collar. Being in such an excited state, cockerels take on a very bright color.

    The main colors of this type of labyrinth fish are blue, red, green or pink with oblong brown stripes along the whole body.

    Such species as anabas is very famous, but, unfortunately, it is rarely found in aquariums. For them in the aquarium, it is desirable to acquire a lot of dense vegetation and koryag, so it will be more convenient for them to divide the territory in order to avoid conflicts.

    The spawning process of these fish is very interesting. During spawning, males squeeze out eggs from the female, firmly “hugging” her. Then carefully collect the eggs and place them in their nest of air bubbles.

    In labyrinth fish males care for caviar, the female is able to eat eggs unnoticed by father, therefore he cruelly expels her.

    Labyrinth fish in aquamire

    Given the ability of these fish to jump over the water, they need an aquarium with a lid. Since anabasovye love to hide, hide, they need a large number of all sorts of plants, logs and stones.

    With regard to the compressor and the flow of water – it is not necessary, labyrinth fish can breathe themselves, and they do not like excessive noise. But the presence of light and heat they need.

    The food for these fish is dry or frozen food, bloodworm, artemia, coretira, daphnia, micro-crab. Feeders set is not recommended.

    One of the most beloved and easy to care for beginner aquarists are unpretentious aquarium fish. Such aquarium dwellers will not cause much trouble due to the endurance of their body and good adaptation even in a hard aquatic environment.

    These fish will not be capricious about a small change in temperature or water hardness, and will be able to eat any suitable feed.

    Goldfish – Voiletail

    Many undemanding fish can easily breed in aquarium conditions. The only exception is haracin, which breeding is only possible for experienced aquarists. For beginners in breeding recommended all types of viviparous toothed fish.

    And speckled catfish, antsistrusy can easily spawn in the general aquarium. Also easy to breed danios and barbs.

    Labyrinths build foam nests, and cichlids bear offspring in the mouth.

    However, in order to be sure of the safety and comfort of spawning fish, it is better to provide them with a separate aquarium and find out if they have a predisposition for cannibalism in order to avoid the death of their fry.

    Aquarium pets, which are easy to maintain, pose no problem for responsible beginners in the water world. But the lazy owners of the aquarium will have to comply with the conditions necessary for the normal functioning of the fish, such as clean water and timely feeding, as this will depend on their lifespan.

    Otherwise, even the most unpretentious fish will not be able to stretch for a long time.

    But what are the most common fish, unpretentious in the care and useful in the aquarium? Aquarium catfish are the best helpers in cleaning and cleaning from deposits and dirt in the aquarium.

    As food they use the remnants of not eaten feed lying on the bottom and algae. Like labyrinth, aquarium catfish are able to breathe atmospheric air and do not require the presence of a compressor in the aquarium.

    It is advisable to replace the water once a week 30% of the total.

    Among all the species should be distinguished antsistrusov that are compatible with any fish and perfectly clean the aquarium, sticking to the walls of the tank. For all beginners it is recommended to purchase a pair of antsistrus, they will help the owner with cleaning the aquarium, reaching the most inaccessible places.

    The most attractive among all catfish are corridors, the most peaceful are speckled catfish, and in large capacity, Taracatums will take root well.

    Labyrinth fish are able to breathe atmospheric air, they swim to the surface of the water and breathe air. Therefore, they do not need aeration and can withstand a wide range of water parameters.

    Water change can occur once every two weeks, the third of the total. The most beautiful and unpretentious labyrinth fish are the males, which, despite their fighting temper, are easy to care for.

    You can not keep together two male males and with voile fish. The most peaceful are aquarium liliusi and some types of gourami.

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