maintenance, care, compatibility
Labo – aquarium fish: compatibility, breeding, maintenance and care
In adults, the dominant and belligerent character appears. This is especially true of males.
These aquarium fish are distinguished by a strict hierarchy – the strongest male allows himself to swim into foreign territories, while not allowing anyone to his.
Labo – fish, which compatibility with other inhabitants of the aquarium must be considered in order to avoid conflicts. They are not recommended to settle with fish that have a similar color, and with large cichlids.
They prefer to meet with their relatives only during spawning, and they cannot live in the same territory all the time.
However, if your aquarium is spacious enough, non-predatory and non-aggressive fish can become ideal neighbors for labeos – fighting, sklyaria, tetra, barbus, danios, gourami. Unlike Labo, they prefer the upper and middle layers of water, so they rarely intersect with their neighbors.
In addition, these fish – fast and small, labo they often simply can not catch up.
Labo – a wonderful fish, which is suitable for an experienced aquarist, and for the novice lover of the underwater kingdom. It is interesting to watch her, she does not require very complex care and, under proper conditions of detention, will long delight with her beautiful appearance and interesting behavior.
To date, well studied twenty species of these cute fish. In the aquarium, you can contain only some of them:
- a two-colored labo is a fish with a magnificent color: a velvety completely black body and a luxurious red tail;
- green (labo Thai) – this fish has a dark-brown, green body and red fins;
- albino – reddish-brown fins stand out against the white body;
- Congolese – leopard, spotted color;
- silver – the whole body of the fish is colored like silverfish;
- harlequin (multicolored) – at a young age, the body of this variety is labo colored beige-brown with spots and orange-red patches on the fins, with time the color changes to gray.
Sometimes they are called labo bicolor. These are inhabitants of small rivers, streams and lakes of Thailand.
In Europe, this species appeared in 1952, and was introduced to Russia in 1959. The two-colored labo has a slender, slightly elongated body with a curved back and flattened sides.
Her head is small, and her eyes are red and disproportionately large.
The mouth is surrounded by two pairs of whiskers and horny hairs. It is located at the bottom and looks like a scraper-sucker.
The fish is famous for its spectacular color – it seems that its body is covered with black velvet. The dorsal fin is black, high and sharp.
The pectoral fins, as well as the anal and ventral, are well developed, but not colored – they are transparent.
The main decoration of these fish are red tails. These fins are rather long, bifurcated at the end, of fiery red color.
Females of two-colored labo are much larger than males, but slightly paler in color. Under natural conditions, they grow up to thirty centimeters in length, and aquarium labo rarely exceed fifteen.
We have already said that these inhabitants of the aquarium need their own territory, for which no one will claim. On this basis, it is necessary to choose a capacity of at least 100 liters per one “tenant”.
A small volume can fit only one pet, for example, labo bicolor.
Owners of the aquarium should definitely consider the decor of the home. Labeo needed shelter places.
For this, stones, caves, grottoes, snags, pots or their fragments, other decorative elements can be used. You should know that the labo can jump out of the aquarium, so it must be covered.
Another important point – Labo are very fond of lush vegetation. It should be with powerful roots.
Algae are necessary for these fish, not only as an additional feed, but also as an excellent natural shelter. They will also help the owner to divide the reservoir into separate zones where single fish will feel quite comfortable.
The small aquarium fish labeau, with its incredible resemblance to a shark from the carp family, will adorn any aquarium. Labeo was brought from southeast Asia, where its brothers are found in clear waters with small algae.
In nature, an individual reaches up to 20 centimeters in length, and in aquarium conditions no more than ten. Nutrition fish gets the way to scraping his lower lip from the bottom of the pond algae.
For this reason, in aquarium conditions, it is advisable to add growing algae on glass supports in addition to dry top dressing.
Popular fish for breeding among the twenty main species – Labeo bicolor. The bicolor has a black body with a high fin and a bright scarlet tail.
Red-tailed shark – this name is of this type of labo among aquarists.
Labeo two-color: content, compatibility, photo-video review
Order, family: Carp.
Comfortable water temperature: 23 – 27 ° С.
Compatible labo bicolor: fish of the same size and character (small cichlids, modest combat, gourami).
Useful tips: The fish is very cocky and it is not desirable to plant it to the “small bipod”. Fish serves as a medic aquarium.
The birthplace of two-colored Labe are rivers and lakes in Thailand. The fish was brought to Europe in 1952, to the USSR – in 1959
The body of the two-colored labo is slender, elongated, flattened laterally and has a curved back. On the small head there are large red eyes, the lower mouth is in the form of a scraper-sucker with two pairs of antennae and horn fibers.
Labeo two-tone painted in velvet black color. The females are labo two-colored larger than the males, but paler colored.
In nature, fish can reach 30 cm, in an aquarium they grow up to 12 cm.
Labeo two-colored is an active and territorial fish. Males are very jealous of outsiders on their territory and attack not only members of their own species, but also other fish.
It is better to keep a two-colored labo with a fish of the same size and habits.
Fish swim the lower and middle layers of water in open space, as well as hiding in the thickets of plants.
Comfortable parameters of water for Labe two-color: hardness 5-15 °, pH 6.5-7.5, temperature 23 – 27 ° C. Mandatory filtering, aeration and weekly substitution of up to 20% of the volume of water.
The recommended volume of the aquarium is 80 liters. The aquarium should contain many shelters, koryag under which the fish will be able to hide.
Labeo two-color consumes both live and vegetable food, and substitutes.
Breeding fish is a very complicated process; this is due to the small number of males in the litters, and a large reservoir is also necessary for spawning (from 500 liters). Water parameters for dilution: hardness up to 4 °, pH 6.0-7.0, temperature 24 – 27 ° С, good aeration and flow.
In addition, hormonal injections are necessary for breeding Labe two-color.
Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Photo selection of Labo two-color
Video with Labo two color
Externally, the fish are slender, with a dense and slightly elongated torso. In their natural habitat they grow up to 20 cm, in aquarium conditions – up to 10 cm.
A characteristic feature of all labo-contrasting color and curved dorsal profile.
Aquarium fish labo often have a dark velvet body color and bright red fins. Although there are white, silver, green and other fish.
Species variety Labo is not particularly wide. Basically for aquariums you can find these types:
- Two-colored labo fish – with a black velvety body and a red caudal fin, the most common species.> Green or Thai Labe – dark brown color with greenish tint, all fins are red in color.
- Black labo – has a monophonic color of the body and fins. These fish have a resemblance to the shark and are one of the first species imported from Asia.
- Labo-albinos – have a white body and red-brown fins. Are a kind of green labo.
- Leopard Labo.
- Harlequins (Congolese species).
Care and maintenance of fish in a home aquarium is simple. For normal coexistence of fish with other inhabitants, the aquarium should be of a large volume – 100 liters or more.
Also for the successful maintenance of Labo you must comply with the following conditions:
- clean water, good filters;
- a sufficient amount of vegetation, especially the one that grows in the soil at the bottom;
- shelters in the form of snags and various underwater scenery;
- additional lighting.
It is important that there is a special filter and compressor in the aquarium for good water purification and aeration. Temperature conditions within + 23 … 27 ° С are important and constant.
Water hardness is not critical, it can fluctuate between 5–15º, but the acidity should be kept at 6.5–7.5 pH.
Vegetation in aquarium with labo is important for several reasons. First of all, it is an additional feed for them. In addition, it is a good shelter for them.
Also, algae, as is known, are an additional source of oxygen and its filter.
In addition to vegetation, stones, snags, grottoes can serve as a shelter for Labeos. For attractiveness, they can be overgrown with moss.
Labeo two-color is most often found in the Chao Phraya River Basin (Thailand), where it was first caught in the 1930s. After uninterrupted manual fishing and environmental pollution, in 1966 the fish was attributed to the extinct. At the beginning of the XXI century, local residents discovered a small population of these fish.
View attributed to such, which is endangered.
Rivers and streams – their permanent habitat, but in the rainy seasons the fish migrate to flooded forests and fields. The probable cause of the extinction of the species is a violation of the migration process due to the inability to reach the desired area.
Despite the harsh living conditions in nature, Labe two-color is sold as an ornamental fish, which is bred in many countries around the world.
She has an incredibly beautiful appearance, which immediately catches the eye due to the velvety black body color and bright red shade of the caudal fin. All fins, except the tail, have a white border. The symmetry of the body resembles a shark, so another name for fish appeared in the English language: “Red Tail Shark”.
Sometimes you can find an albino bicolor bicolour, which has no pigment – its scales are white, but the fins and eyes are red.
See what a two-colored labo looks like.
As for the aquarium pet, it is a relatively large fish, whose body size is 15-20 cm in length. Lives in captivity of 5 years or more, under conditions of proper maintenance and care.
Sexual dimorphism is weakly expressed: sexually mature females have a full and rounded belly. Young females and males are almost identical in appearance, during the spawning period, sex differences are more pronounced.
At the age of the young, all the fish are kept flock, and only with the appearance of a more saturated, adult color scales, they become territorial. Presumably, adult males of these fish have longer unpaired fins.
The tail fin of females may have an orange-brick color, in males it is bright red.
Labo two-colored not only large, but also territorial fish, the maintenance of which is allowed only in a spacious tank of 200 liters or more. Lack of ample swimming space and overcrowding in an aquarium can cause severe aggression.
Also, the aquarium should be covered with a lid so that the jumping labo will not end up on the floor and not die. It feeds mainly on plants and algae, which should be sufficient in a pond, this is the basis of its good nutrition.
Labo two-color prefers clean and fresh water, so install a high-quality filter and aerator in the aquarium. Once a week you need to make a replacement of 20% water. Hardy to change content conditions.
Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment: temperature 22-26 ° C, pH 6.5-7.5 acidity, average water hardness (5-15 ° C).
Aquascape is better to create close to the natural biotope. Gravel and smooth stones of middle fraction will be suitable for soil.
Plants: anubias, bolbits, microsorums. Illumination should be bright (fluorescent lamps) for the growth of lower algae.
In its natural environment, this fish eats plant food, but it can also catch worms, insect larvae. Aquarium fish can eat food with fiber – flakes, tablets, pellets.
They can also be given sliced zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce, scalded with boiling water. Labeo two-color can eat any live food, but vegetable food should be the main part of the diet.
See how to properly keep labo in the aquarium.
Compatibility with other fish in the general aquarium is quite probable, however a two-colored labe is a territorial fish, which in certain situations can attack others. You can not contain a pair of Labo, they will fight in the face-to-face collision. It is not recommended to place fish similar to the color of scales and body shape in the nursery of fish.
Also, this species of fish does not tolerate bottom fish, because it takes food from the bottom. Speckled catfish may suffer.
Compatibility is possible with such representatives of the aquatic world: haracin, cyprinids, Sumatran and mossy barbs, Congo fishes, ternets, fiery barbs, danios Malabar, danios rerio. These species swim in the middle and upper layers, they are brisk and fast in order to hide from the annoying neighbor in time.
It is believed that in nature, these laboes lead a solitary lifestyle, and form pairs only during spawning.