maintenance, care, compatibility
Labeo two-tone or bicolor – large and pugnacious
Labeo bicolor or bicolor (Latin Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) is a popular carp fish.
Unusual color, the shape of the body resembling a shark, interesting behavior, all this made Labo bicolor a very common fish. However, each barrel of honey has its own fly in the ointment.
It has a two-color … What? Let’s tell about it further.
A wide aquarium with a volume of at least 150 liters, with a group content of 50 liters per individual.
- temperature 24–27 °;
- stiffness – for Labe two-color not more than 10o, for Labe green 4–20o;
- pH – for two-color 7.2–7.4, for Labeo green 6.5–7.8.
Labeo feel better in peat water. To obtain it, it is enough to put a small nylon bag with fresh peat into the filter or next to it, and change it every 2–3 weeks. Mandatory good filtration, aeration, substitution of up to 20% of water weekly.
The lighting is preferably moderate, so algal fouling, which is the main food of these fish, is best grown in a separate brightly lit aquarium or on a sunny window sill on glass plates or underwater objects, and then placed in an aquarium with a labo. Another option is to make a powerful light in the aquarium with labo, allowing the algae to grow, but to shade the bottom with the help of grottoes and large-leaved plants.
This is where the problems that we talked about at the beginning of the article begin. Despite the fact that the two-color labo is widespread and is often sold as a fish suitable for a common aquarium – this is not so … This does not mean that it should be kept one, but the fact that it is necessary to select neighbors with care is certain.
While he is small, he will avoid conflicts, but sexually mature becomes aggressive and territorial, especially to fish of similar color. Labeo chases other fish and many get very much.
It is worth noting that in many respects it still depends on the nature of a particular individual and the size of the aquarium, some quite live peacefully in common aquariums, and others arrange terror in them.
What kind of fish should be avoided? First of all, you can not keep a couple of labo, even if there is a lot of space, they will fight when they meet.
You can not keep similar in color or shape of the body, they even attacked the Sword. Fish living on the bottom will also suffer, as the labo eats mainly in the bottom layers.
Ancistrus more or less live because of its solid armor, and small and defenseless speckled catfish will have a hard time.
And who will get along with labo? Character and carp, fast and small fish. For example: Sumatran and mossy barbs, congo, crescents, mollens fiery barb, danio rerio and danio Malabar.
All these fish have too much speed to be able to catch them, and they live in the upper and middle layers.
Apparently in nature, Labo lives alone, meeting with relatives only during spawning. His character only deteriorates over time, and it is highly recommended not to keep even a pair of fish in one aquarium.
In most cases, it is better to keep one.
In nature, it predominantly feeds on plant food, but there are also worms, larvae and other insects. Aquarium labo eat food containing fiber – flakes, granules, tablets.
The benefit now is not a problem, you can give widespread tablets for antsistrusov or feed with high fiber content.
Additionally, you can give slices of zucchini, cucumbers, lettuce and other vegetables. As for animal feed, the Labe two-color eats them with pleasure, and any.
But still, the basis of his diet should be vegetable feed. But he eats algae reluctantly, especially when an adult and certainly does not eat a black beard.
Reproduction All labo in the conditions of the aquarium is very difficult to multiply, firstly, because it is difficult at first sight to distinguish the female from the male because of their similarity. Only by distinguishing the color of the abdomen can we say where the female is – the abdomen will be lighter in tone.
Secondly, the number of males in the litters is very unlikely and rare. It is necessary to grow a large number of fish to get a couple of males.
Accordingly, aquarium tanks over 500 liters are required – as a reservoir for spawning. Spawning of labo fishes, especially green ones, rarely occurs without hormone injections.
Spawning will begin approximately 6 hours after injections, and before that 2-3 hours the content of the female and the male occurs separately. During spawning, the female lays more than 1000 eggs, while the fish do not touch her.
Eat only those eggs that have fallen to the bottom. After 1 to 2 hours, healthy opaque eggs are collected and transferred to a twenty-liter incubator, in which conditions differ from the main temperature and lower aeration pressure.
The incubation period lasts up to 15 hours, and after 2 days you can already observe the first swimming fry. Feeding fry occurs lively dust and algae on the glass.
Half-mature fish becomes after a year of life.
For everyone who once kept this fish, it is clear why he is so popular.
It has a velvety black body, with a bright red tail. The body is shaped like a shark, in English it is even called red tail shark (red tail shark).
This combination, plus the large activity of the fish make it very noticeable even in large aquariums. There is a Labean albino, a fish that lacks pigment and has a white body, but red fins and eyes.
It differs from its color brother only in color, its behavior and content are identical.
At the same time, it is a rather large fish, reaching an average size of 15 cm in length, but it can also be 18-20 cm. Life expectancy of a two-color Labe is about 5-6 years, although there are reports of a much longer lifespan, about 10 years old.
One of the famous aquarium fish of the carp family is labo green and other varieties of this fish. In nature, they live in small bodies of water mainly in Africa and Asia. The most popular are also species of labo bicolor and labo albino.
This fish easily enough gets on with many aquarian pets, and its reproduction in the conditions of bondage is possible artificially. Having provided the right care, you can admire their presence in the aquarium for several years.
Labeo green is also known as frenatus, seaweed or Thai labe. The body of the fish is colored from greyish-green to black. A dark stripe runs from the head to the eyes, and a dark speck is located at the end of the red tail.
In aquarium conditions, labo green reaches 12 cm, can live for 8 years. Labeo green becomes aggressive at the sight of small fish of red color, but in the main time it hides in foliage and in crevices.
This species is also distinguished by the fact that it can perform the function of an aquarium cleaner, eating decaying tissues of dead fish.
Labeo green gets on with battles, large tetras, scalars, catfish, mollies, patsils, gourami, barbs and iris. Labo frenatus and all other species have poor compatibility with fish of similar colors and shapes, as well as with tsikhlovymi, veil.
It is better to exclude their joint keeping with cockerels, swordtails, goldfish, astronutos and koi carps.
All varieties of fish are excellent and interesting pets for any aquarium. Good care and proper maintenance will be the key to their long life.
Experienced aquarists will be able to breed fish by an artificial method.
NEON-FISHING CARE BREEDING DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY PHOTO.
DREAMS CARE CONTENTS BREEDING COMPATIBILITY OF THE DISEASE.
Labeo green (Latin Epalzeorhynchos frenatus – Labo frenatus) is slightly less popular than two-color Labo, but still popular aquarium fish. In its content and behavior, it differs little from bicolor, although there are nuances.
In nature, green Labo is most often found in shallow waters with sandy or rocky bottom, in small rivers and streams that feed large rivers. During the rainy season, it moves to flooded fields and forests, where spawning takes place.
Most likely, it was these migration routes that were destroyed by man, which caused the disappearance. Green Labo is listed as endangered species in the Red Book.
Labo frenatus is a fish that feeds from the bottom, as evidenced by the structure of its mouth apparatus, facing down. To make food easier to find, he has a pair of sensitive whiskers in the corners of his mouth.
The body is labo slender, elongated, with large fins, grayish-green. Fins are orange or reddish.
There is an albino, similar in content to the usual form, but white in color.
Labeo green is similar to its relative – Labe two-colored, but differs from it in color and it is difficult to confuse them. The shape of the body, he resembles a shark, for which in English even got the name rainbow shark – the rainbow shark.
The fish is quite large, the average size is 15 cm, although they can grow more.
It is quite difficult to keep fish, which is not recommended for beginning aquarists. In addition to content requirements, the complexity is also character – pugnacious and difficult.
It is necessary to choose neighbors for a green labo very carefully, as he can simply score an objectionable fish.
Labo – a genus of cute aquarium fish. They are colorful, medium-sized, unpretentious to the content.
Aquariums mainly contain three species: Labeo red, Labeo bicolor and Labeo green, otherwise known as Labe Frenatus.
Under natural conditions, green Labeo lives in the Mekong River basin in Thailand.
In aquariums, it grows only up to 8 cm. Under natural conditions it can reach a length of 20cm or more.
Labeo frenatus olive green, thin, narrow. Through the whole head from the eyes to the gills passes a dark stripe. There is a black spot in the coloration, and it is located at the beginning of the tail.
This labo has a red iris, and the fins are reddish-yellow. In general, the fish is painted and looks very harmonious.
Keeping these fish in an aquarium is not too difficult. Wishes for water are, but not strict.
Water just needs to be soft. The optimum temperature is 24 ° C.
All Labo fish are gregarious and have territorial behavior. They must divide the bottom of the aquarium between them, so it is desirable to make it diverse. For green labo need nooks, grottoes, caves.
If in one aquarium there are several types of labo, they also see rivals in each other. In this case, the one who suffers less.
For example, labo bicolor is much larger than labo frenatus and therefore bicolor will constantly pester the green fish. Therefore, in one aquarium, especially if it is small, you should not put together two types of labo.
Labo fish is unpretentious to food. You can feed and plant food (algae) and food and bloodworms. Reproduction is much more difficult.
The fact is that in the homeland of Labeo they live in shady streams and small rivulets. Therefore, for reproduction they need running water.
It is extremely difficult to imitate flow through the aquarium. An aquarist who believes that flow is a frequent water change is mistaken. The substitution does not help, so for reproduction will have to start a special aquarium.
It should resemble the fish of their ancestors, that is, be shallow, but long, with a lot of plants. Fish suitable for spawning are at least one year old.
We must take two males and one female. The males at labo frenatus are painted brighter.
And during the spawning period, a black border appears on the anal fin.
The female sweeps from 500 eggs, and the fry hatch in just a few hours. To feed them best edible dust.
Labeo frenatus (lat. Labeo frenatus) is a freshwater fish that belongs to the carp family. The natural habitat – the reservoirs of Thailand.
This is a beautiful fish of medium size, the body symmetry is elongated, the males are slimmer and brighter in color than the females. The labo oral cavity is lower in the form of a sucker-scraper, there is a pair of antennae near the mouth. Body size 10-12 cm in length, body color green-olive with a black stripe on the head and a dark spot near the tail fin.
The colors of the fins are closer to the red shade. There are albino specimens with light scales and red-orange fins.
Labeo green gets along better in a spacious tank of 150-200 liters, if there is 50 liters of water for each adult fish. Recommended parameters of the aquatic environment inside the aquarium: temperature 24-27 ° C, pH 6.5-7.8 pH, hardness 4-20o. Fish like peat extract water, which can be obtained by adding peat to a filter.
You can also put a gauze or nylon bag with fresh peat next to the filter, changing it 2 times a month. Filtration is obligatory, once a week it is necessary to replace 1/5 of the water with fresh and clean water.
Watch a video about labo content.
Lighting should be moderate or diffuse, so the algae that love labo, it is better to breed in separate breeding grounds, where more light falls. Algae can also be grown in a common tank, if one of its areas is shaded, and the second is put under the light so that the algae reproduces better in it.
Of course, the main diet is algae on stones, snags, plankton, lettuce leaves (scalded with boiling water), oatmeal, dandelion leaves, spinach, and dry food for herbivorous fish. Dry food should sink well and fall to the bottom.
Due to the structure of the oral cavity, these fish can only eat from the bottom layer. You can also add to food pasta for fish, hard-boiled egg yolk.
Labeo green floats in the middle and lower layers of water. Swimming style is different – it can move along the bottom with the help of pectoral fins, and it can swim belly up.
It shows activity at night, during the day it is more calm.
Some Labo may show territorial behavior, even disturb their fellows. To avoid traumatic situations, you need to install as many shelters as possible for all fish in the tank, plant enough plants.
You can also zone the territory.
As for compatibility, the labo greens can get along well with fish that have an active and peaceful nature. It is not recommended to keep a couple of labo – they will start offending each other. Four or five fish can disperse each other’s attention without providing discomfort.
Labo-albinos (as a hybrid form) have a more peaceful disposition than their other counterparts, but it is not recommended to contain them with wild labo.
Look at the labo in the aquarium with other fish.