Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Keeping and breeding in the aquarium

Keeping and breeding in the aquarium

Uaru black-spotted – a unique fish that lives in the turbulent waters of the Amazon. More recently, it began to breed and at home, although it needs to choose a large enough aquarium, because the fish grows to large sizes.

Many breeders consider this species to be very difficult to maintain, so it’s worth finding out what the water inhabitants are with such an unusual name.

You need to know a lot of nuances to keep the varneous agaric

Aquarius fish cichlid variocarpidae has an original appearance, it is their distinctive feature. This aquatic inhabitant has a very large head with deep-set eyes of bright yellow color, a large mouth and equally huge lips.

The body has an oval shape, slightly elongated and flattened on the sides, with a slight narrowing in the tail section. The fins are rather long, transparent and with spiny spines.

Adults are mostly brown, although some representatives may have a beautiful blue color with white blotches. There are also specimens with green-beige scales, as well as dark red fish, the color of which resembles a dotted line.

Individuals that have reached puberty have a fat seal, which is located at the throat. Also aquarium inhabitants can be recognized by unusual spots, two of which are located near the eyes, one by one in the lower and tail parts.

Young representatives of this family are covered with numerous specks of brown color, which allows them to mimic freely in the aquarium without fear of other neighboring residents, including predators.

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With regard to sex differences, they are very weak. You can distinguish them during spawning, when a male canal forms a seed canal, which usually has a curved shape.

The female can be identified by the pear-shaped egg-laying.

Uru, like many other cichlids, doesn’t really like the aquarium content. The fact is that they prefer to move in flocks, and in the home tank it is extremely difficult to do, because the four small fish must be provided with a capacity of at least 500 liters.

Uaru prefer to keep flocks, which is difficult to organize in an aquarium due to the large size of the fish

Uaru is a prominent representative of cichlids, and such fish usually gather in large flocks. That is why they must be kept in pairs. It is better to select aquariums in bulk so that aquatic inhabitants can feel free in them.

Only in such conditions will they normally develop and multiply. In addition, they need to provide the following:

  • Aquarium water must be clean and soft;
  • it is necessary to maintain the temperature of the water within + 25-30 ° C;
  • hydrogen index should vary from 6 to 7.5;

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  • a powerful filter must be installed on the aquarium;
  • you need to periodically loosen the soil and add fresh water – cichlids love this very much;
  • the bottom of the aquarium should be covered with small pebbles and sand, then the fish will be happy to swarm in it;
  • stones, snags, ceramic fragments are also placed in the aquarium – this will provide shelter for the fish;
  • Uaru loves plant food, so you can breed aquatic plants with hard leaves and stems in the aquarium, which he will gladly eat.

In the aquarium with a fish uaru should be sandy or pebbled soil, and the presence of live algae is also desirable

If you create all of these conditions, the fish will feel like in their natural environment. Such an atmosphere will allow the black-spotted huru to live for more than ten years, regularly bringing healthy offspring.

In addition, it is necessary to provide proper nutrition to aquarium pets., In which periodically you need to add vitamin supplements.

Under natural conditions, cyclides are unpretentious to food, plant food and animal food in the form of various insects suit them. But still, in aquarium conditions, it is preferable to feed them with vegetable products, but to bring in protein products every 7-10 days. Vegetable supplements may include:

  • cabbage;
  • salad leaves;
  • finely chopped zucchini;
  • dandelion flowers;
  • slices of fresh cucumbers.

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Before feeding, you need to process the herbs and vegetables with boiling water. This will destroy the germs and bacteria present on them, and also make them softer.

Feeding the fish must be done twice a day, but make sure that the food does not remain in the water, because it can rot, and this will lead to the development of bacteria.

As a protein food, you can make bloodworms, fresh meat of shrimp and tubers. In addition, fish need spirulina algae.

To do this, they can be landed in an aquarium or purchased in the form of special bait.

Spirulina must necessarily be included in the diet of the agaric

The combination of protein and vegetable food is considered optimal, although such aquatic inhabitants may well live, eating only protein food. But for normal development in aquarium conditions it is better to balance the diet, because future reproduction depends on it.

Only the correct feeding, clean water and the necessary temperature will allow the fish to produce offspring.

At reproduction of an uaru quite often there are difficulties with settling in one capacity of individuals of the opposite sex. This is extremely difficult to do, since it is almost impossible to determine the sex of the fish.

That is why experienced breeders advise keeping several cichlids in the tank at once. In addition, it is necessary to create good conditions for reproduction:

  1. It is necessary to raise the water temperature to +32 ° C – such conditions are suitable for comfortable spawning, as well as good development of fry.

It is almost impossible to determine the gender

  1. You should first prepare the aquarium and provide the fish with a special shelter. For this you can use a variety of stones, twigs and snags. Before spawning, the female hides in a dark place and does not leave it until the fry appear. Haru fish lay eggs on the surface of stones or algae, while all unfertilized specimens it immediately eats.

On average, a female can produce about 400 eggs, which hatch on the second day. At the same time they immediately gather in flocks.

Feed the fry is not necessary, they at first feed on their own mucus, which is allocated their parents.

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Fry grow fast enough. Feed them after 5 days.

For this, the cyclops or Artemia larvae are perfect. When the fry reach two weeks of age, they can include food of plant origin in their diet.

Breeding cichlid representatives is not an easy task. To get the desired offspring, have to work hard.

That is why it is necessary to follow all the recommendations and strictly monitor the temperature of the water in which the female is placed, planted for breeding.

Having dealt with the rules of maintenance and requirements for feeding and breeding fish, you need to pay attention to some subtleties that will affect the livelihoods of aquatic inhabitants.

Together with an aquarium in the same aquarium, only members of his cichlid family will live together.

It is best to keep the harp with members of the cichlid family, such as Akara and Discus. With other inhabitants of the aquariums, these fish get along very badly, as they are quite aggressive and always attack first at any danger.

So non-observance of these conditions will lead to constant clashes.

The fish of Uaru, despite its bad character, is quite shy, so it needs to provide a place where it can hide. At the same time, it is advisable to lay out as many objects as possible to help her hide at the right time.

It is imperative to close the tank with a lid – cichlids are quite active fish, so there is a chance that they can jump out of the aquarium and just die.

Among the uaru there is a hierarchy, they consider the head of the pack the largest male

It is not necessary to put the container on too lighted place, because water inhabitants do not tolerate bright light. It is better to choose a slightly darkened place.

In addition, do not forget about the replacement of the aquarium water, because the fish is extremely negative attitude to various pollution and sewage, from them, it may get sick.

It is necessary to add that a strict hierarchy is observed in this fish family. The dominant position gets the largest male of the pack, then the roles are distributed according to the size of the fish.

Experienced razvodchiki advise not to be afraid to start these fish, because they are very interesting in aquarium conditions and are quite beautiful. The main thing is to master the rules of maintenance and then their breeding will not seem too complicated and time consuming.

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