A fish called Koridoras Panda is very popular among aquarists. It has not only an interesting name, but also an unusual appearance.
Moreover, these catfish are an ideal option for beginners in the water world, as they are completely undemanding in their care, are hardy and very calm. This type of name was due to the external similarity with the giant panda.
Adults reach 5.5 cm in size, females are much larger than males and more rounded.
Corydoras panda is a peaceful bottom catfish. Peru and Ecuador are considered their birthplace.
They live in neutral, sour and clear waters. The body of the fish has a high back, it is dense and slightly compressed laterally.
This species has a light color with a slight pink shade. On the sides of the catfish are three black spots, moreover, they are strictly in certain places, namely:
- around eyes;
- on dorsal fin;
- near the caudal fin.
On the head of the corridor are large eyes, and just below the mouth. Small scales cover his body, and there are bone plates on the sides.
There are three mustache pairs around the mouth of this aquatic inhabitant. With the help of them, they are oriented in the water and get food.
And for protection in front of the eyes and near the dorsal fin there are special sharp shells.
The average size of an adult fish is 5.5 cm, and in an aquarium, under favorable conditions and proper care, it can live up to 15 years.
Somik panda was named because of the similarity in color with the panda.
Corridor Panda is unpretentious fish, but it needs high-quality water with stable parameters. It should be neutral or slightly acidic.
It is advisable to change the water once a week, by about 30 percent, and you should also ensure good filtration and aeration in the aquarium. During water changes, it is necessary to clean the soil well from waste products and food debris.
Comfortable water temperature for this species is 22 degrees. Most of the time the panda fish spends at the bottom, so special attention must be paid to the substrate. It should not be very large and soft.
For example, fine grained gravel or sand can be used as it.
These aquatic creatures need to provide a sufficient number of shelters. For this, snags, coconut shells and small pieces of clay pots are well suited, but they do not need aquarium plants.
Catfish love to swim in the shade – to create it, you can use a variety of floating algae. But at the same time it is important that they have free access to the surface, as the fish breathe with atmospheric oxygen, and they sometimes come up for a breath of air.
The corridors love to relax on large smooth stones., therefore, if possible, they also need to be put in the aquarium. In nature, this species swims in flocks.
For home maintenance of catfish, a panda should be wound up at once in several pieces. But a lonely fish is unlikely to live long or will constantly hide in the shadows.
For four individuals, an aquarium of 10 liters is enough.
Somik can tolerate a short-term decrease to 12C, but this may contribute to disease.
If the volume allows, it is advisable to buy immediately from 8 to 15 aquarium fish. Catfish Panda gets along well with all small fish, as well as with other benthic creatures. Therefore, you can keep them with the following types:
But with large, noisy and aggressive fish to keep them should not be. For example, they certainly do not get along with African and South American cichlids, as well as astronotus.
Corridor Panda is omnivorous and eats almost anything that falls to the bottom from the surface of the water. But for this species it is important that the diet was varied. Somics eat live and frozen food with pleasure.
They love bloodworms, shrimp, daphnia and artemia.
They will not give up the worms, pipemaker and Cyclops. Since this species feeds mainly from the bottom, it is important to ensure that they have enough food, especially if there are other inhabitants in the aquarium.
For catfish you can buy special melting tablets and granules.
The corridor is nocturnal, so feed it is best in the evening or when the aquarium is off. He also eats dry food with an appetite.
Som Koridoras Panda breeds easily at home and for this you need to know just a few highlights. The first step is to prepare a spawning aquarium.
Its volume is selected depending on how many individuals will spawn, but it must be at least 30 liters. On one female should take two males.
To distinguish the female from the males is not difficult. If you look at the fish from above, then the females have a more rounded belly, and they are also wider and larger than the males.
The temperature in the spawning should be about 23 degrees or slightly lower. The main thing is that it does not rise above 25 degrees.
At the bottom of the aquarium should put Javanese moss or use artificial plants, and you must install a filter with a sponge.
To stimulate spawning, catfish Panda should be abundantly fed with live food, and also do a daily water change in the aquarium by 70 percent. And the new water should be taken at 2−3 degrees colder, what was in spawning.
This should be done as long as the fish do not begin to spawn.
When the female is ready to spawn, she picks up milt in her mouth, which the male releases and processes the selected surface with them, and then sticks there eggs. Usually catfish fix the eggs on the leaves of plants, so their presence in the spawn should be mandatory.
If you look at the female from above, she is wider, in turn, the males are smaller and shorter than the females.
If Koridoras Panda laid eggs in the general aquarium, then it should be transferred together with the substrate to a separate incubator. During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 70 eggs.
The whole process lasts for several hours, after which the fish must be removed from the spawn, as they can eat all the eggs.
The eggs themselves are small and have a light yellow color. After spawning, the water temperature should be raised to 26 degrees and add a few drops of methylene blue to it. This is done so that the fungus does not appear on the calf.
At about the fourth day the fry begin to hatch.
Feed small fish should be infusoria or use special dry food for fry. They begin to swim and eat almost immediately, but it takes at least 10 months for them to grow and begin to multiply.
Catfish panda rarely gets sick, but still such cases occur. This usually happens with the wrong care of the fish.
For example, if it often rises to the surface of the water and at the same time opens its mouth wide, then, most likely, there is poor aeration in the aquarium and it has become poisoned with nitrogen.
Sometimes on the scales of this fish you can see small spots and growths. This indicates the presence of fungus or parasites that could get into the water along with live food.
More catfish can hit a bacterial infection. During this disease, red spots are usually formed on the abdomen.
Such a fish should not be kept in the general aquarium, it should be urgently planted, as the disease can quickly spread to other inhabitants.
To keep the Corridor Panda is not difficult, but they look interesting in any aquarium. And if you follow all the rules of care for this species, then they can please the owner with a new offspring.
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