maintenance, care, compatibility
Simple instructions: how to care for fish in an aquarium
Argued that the maintenance of fish does not require time and financial costs. Experienced aquarists will talk in detail about the complexity of this lesson, which requires care and unhurriedness. You control a small underwater world that cannot exist without competent support.
For beginners, help how to care for the fish in the aquarium (point by point).
Excessive care for such pets is not required. To understand the process will help the instruction.
How to care for fish in an aquarium, even children can remember.
If you do not know what types to choose and how to care for the fish in the aquarium, the instruction will help to resolve these issues. The most common are the following representatives of the ichthyofauna: patzili, guppies, mollies and swordtails. The conditions of maintenance and care required for them are the same, which allows you to settle them in the same aquarium.
Among the fish laying eggs, speckled catfish are the most popular.
Cockerels and goldfish are classic aquarists. Beginners are more difficult to handle because they need to pay more attention.
A round aquarium is not the best choice for them. These inhabitants will be more comfortable in a rectangular container.
Instructions on how to care for the fish in an aquarium recommends that when creating the second tank, take some of the water from the first one. This method will help to reduce the time for settling.
Instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium, the points suggests:
- Regular reading of the water thermometer. If there are deviations from the recommended parameters for this type of fish, the heating is turned on.
- Viviparous ichthyofauna suitable temperature from 18 to 28 ºC. But each individual species has its own preferences. Reproduction will occur only in this narrow temperature range.
- Control of purity and hardness of water. Every 7 days, one third of the medium is removed, replacing it with a new one.
- Check the filter element and compressor, without which the normal existence of the inhabitants is impossible.
- The aquarium should be lit from 10 to 12 hours a day.
- Feed the inhabitants need 1-2 times a day. In the presence of fry, the number of meals is increased to 4. A portion of food is placed in the feeder, which is usually eaten in 5-10 minutes. Residues must be removed (to prevent rotting).
The given instructions on how to care for fish in an aquarium will help beginners to orient themselves in the basic requirements for their maintenance and feeding. More detailed information should be studied for each specific type that you have.
It would seem that difficult to care for the aquarium? I fed the fish, and once a month I poured water, washed it with soap and boiled all the stuffing, filled it with clean water.
Everything sparkles the first two days. The fish are probably happy, they only live for some reason not for long.
Of course, we described an extreme case of amateurish zeal, but let’s still examine the basic principles of caring for our little body of water.
Being a real ecosystem, the aquarium at the same time is small in size and is an open-loop system, and therefore unstable. Organic matter comes in from the outside in the form of at least fish food, it is inhabited by animals that feed, grow, produce waste and multiply, live plants that consume some substances from water and release other substances into it.
Therefore, to maintain an artificial reservoir in the form it was conceived – clean, bright, smelling the freshness of a forest lake – some, sometimes significant, human effort is required.
Caring for an aquarium usually takes 10-20 minutes daily and an hour and a half extra once a week.
Daily care procedures include:
- check equipment operation;
- inspection of fish;
- feeding fish (this is a very broad question and a topic for a separate article).
During the launch of the aquarium or when there are some global changes in it, for example, when populating a large number of large fish, replacing the biofilter filler or installing carbon dioxide supply equipment, it is also advisable to test the aquarium water daily, checking the level of ammonia, nitrite, pH and other parameters.
- water change;
- cleaning the soil from excrement, food residue and other waste, siphon, if necessary;
- cleaning the glass from algae;
- washing the filter (not always, depending on its type);
- care of plants (dressing, pruning).
Testing water once a week for nitrogen compounds, phosphates, hardness and acidity is also very useful for monitoring the condition of the aquarium, but in a stable and prosperous bank is not mandatory.
During cleaning it is necessary to turn off electrical equipment. Only an external canister filter can be left on if its water intake hose is low enough and remains below the water level. As for the internal filter, if the cleaning is ordinary and does not take long, it can be left in the aquarium in the off state.
If the cleaning is large, general, cleaning all the decorations, weeding and transplanting plants, draining a significant part of the water, the internal filter is placed in the drained aquarium water and turned on so that the bacteria colony does not die.
At the time of cleaning the fish are usually not evicted from the aquarium.
First proceed to clean the glass. To do this, you can use different devices, each of which has its advantages and disadvantages:
- Long-handled scraper with permanent or replaceable metal razor blades. A very effective thing, but not suitable for cleaning Plexiglas aquariums, as it can scratch them. When choosing such a scraper, you need to pay attention to the strength of the handle (if it is too flexible, you will not succeed with the necessary force and at the right angle to press on the glass). In addition, the metal blade should not be longer than the plastic cover and stick out of it on the sides, as in this case, when cleaning around the corners, you can damage the silicone joints of the aquarium.
- Magnetic scraper is extremely handy when cleaning large and deep containers. Suitable for cleaning plexiglass. When choosing, it is necessary to take into account what thickness of glass the scraper is designed for, otherwise the power of the magnet may be insufficient and the scraper simply will not attract. Using this device, you must be very careful when cleaning the glass near the bottom, so that there is no pebble or grain of sand between the scraper and the glass. They will leave deep and visible scratches on the glass. Usual household sponge washcloth. Many aquarists use just such, but they are made from materials of different stiffness, and some are completely capable of leaving scratches on aquarium glass, which individually are almost invisible, but over time make the glass all the more cloudy.
- The usual bank plastic card has perfectly proved as a scraper. It does not spoil the glass, and its only drawback is the lack of a handle and, accordingly, some inconvenience of use.
Green algae, torn off from the surface by a scraper, if there are not too many of them, can be left out of the aquarium, and left in the water, the fish usually eat them instantly and with great pleasure.
Some aquarists recommend that the rear window of an aquarium should not be cleaned of algae, as it is usually almost completely hidden by decorations and plants, and the algal plaque usually does not spoil the appearance of the pond, and nitrates and nitrites from the water slowly consume. And if you lead several algae fish, then the raid will not remain either on the rear window or on the viewing window.
Now, when our glass is clean, it is the turn of the ground.
Usually, fertilizing plants is carried out once a week, if necessary. In addition, the leaves are covered with algae or eaten by fish and snails, the tops grown from the water are cut off, you can trim or weed out overgrown bushes and grass.
These are the basic rules for caring for an aquarium. Of course, sometimes there are situations when additional, more complex interventions and manipulations are required, but if you master these basic principles, you will gradually be able to easily master all the other knowledge and skills.
Video lesson about proper care of the aquarium:
Tips for beginners to care for aquarium and fish
Breeding and caring for fish and an aquarium at home is of great interest to both amateurs and professionals. The army of aquarium fans is constantly replenishing its ranks: beginners are attracted by the aesthetic satisfaction of contemplating the picture of the water world.
Creating your own underwater garden in miniature seems to be an easy and fun process, because the specifics and fish care for beginners is often a secret behind seven seals. In order not to suffer a fiasco, it is worth exploring some tips. Then the creation and maintenance of beauty, care for aquarium fish will be a favorite hobby that brings pleasure with minimal financial and time costs.
The equipment necessary for operation includes the already known heater, as well as a device for measuring temperature, a filter and an aerator. Filters are chosen in accordance with the volumes of the home “pool”.
Filters require care, so once every three weeks they are washed outside with water and they pull out the sponge of the internal filter and clean it of dirt. There are coal (it is replaced every month), or primary cleaning (white material is replaced every two weeks).
Lighting is usually mounted in a protective top cover. If it was not sold along with the aquarium, be sure to pick up the lid so that the water does not evaporate and the particularly frisky fish will not jump out.
The lamp should be chosen in proportion to the size of the tank, at the rate of 0.5W per liter. Usually the lights are turned off at night, although there are some types of fish that need additional lighting at this time of day.
Soil plays an important role in the formation of the aquarium ecosystem – all biochemical processes occur. You can buy ready-made options in the pet store, you can use sand, pebbles, glass beads. In the second case, thorough disinfection and boiling are required, and in the first case, abundant washing is sufficient.
Get a siphon to handle the soil in your “pond”.
See how to clean the aquarium yourself.
The water must be separated: the required amount is poured into a clean tank, left for a couple of days, and then it is filled with an aquarium. For water, parameters such as hardness, acidity, temperature are important, which are determined for each species separately and are constantly maintained either by heating devices or special products that can be purchased along with fish.
Caring for aquarium fish requires constant water changes. Do it either manually or with a special pump.
Fish for beginners better to choose from unpretentious species. Perfectly suitable small schooling species (scalarii, guppies, barbs, danios), catfish.
The choice depends on compatibility (it is impossible to settle even one predatory specimen together with peace-loving, for example, gourami). The inhabitants of the aquarium should also combine the same preferences in acidity and water hardness.
In feeding, they follow a strict regimen: once a day, just as much as they can eat in 5-10 minutes. Fish do not feel the measures in food, therefore they are prone to overeating, which means – to the pollution of the aquatic environment. Caring for aquarium fish involves monitoring their condition.
If they become lethargic, change their color, then they are probably sick.
These basic tips for beginners in the maintenance of an aquarium will help you to equip it with love, so that it becomes an ornament of your apartment, a picture from which it is impossible to look away!
How to care for fish in an aquarium :: aquarium fish and care for them :: aquarium fish
The need for careful and systematic care of the aquarium and the fish living in it is obvious: feeding animals, periodically changing the water, cleaning the aquarium, inspecting it and checking the operation of the equipment necessary to keep the fish in the water. But that is not all!
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
One of the most popular aquarium fish are golden fish. At first glance it may seem that these fish are unpretentious in the care, but it is not. If the care of them is inadequate, then they will live only 3-4 days.
Since goldfish grow in length up to 15 cm, then the aquarium should be selected appropriate: its capacity should be at least 50 liters per fish. For the proper maintenance of these animals, an appropriate soil is needed: the fact is that these fish simply love to rummage in the soil. Plants for such an aquarium need to pick up large-leaved, but you need to be prepared for the fact that exotic fish quickly spoil them with their feces.
The aquarium itself should be spacious, bright. Do not forget about the appropriate coverage and filtering.
Goldfish are gentle creatures, so you should avoid shells with sharp sides.
These fish will not cause much trouble in their content – they are not picky. Guppies live and breed at a water temperature of + 20-25 ° C, but they may feel fine even at + 18 ° C.
In order for the fish not to lose their color, you need to put the aquarium so that in the daytime and in the evening direct sunlight falls on it. It should be borne in mind that guppies do not like polluted water, preferring that its replacement be partial.
Guppies easily get along with other non-predatory fish, preferring the top layer of water space. These fishes swim in flocks one after another.
The food for these cute creatures is dry daphnia, as they are not picky about food. For keeping guppies suitable aquarium in 50 liters.
These fish, if necessary, can breathe atmospheric air, so care for them will not cause any special problems. The cockerel can grow up to 7 cm. Males have magnificent fins, while females are not developed.
For the maintenance of cockerels, you must purchase an aquarium from 60 liters. As the soil you need to use coarse sand, small and large pebbles. Soil must be decontaminated.
The central part of the aquarium should be free from plants: the entire aquarium flora is located on the sides. It is recommended to add a little decorative snags and pebbles to the bottom.
Everything is pre-processed. Food for cockerels plays a big role in the brightness of their color. For example, dry food, suitable for the same guppy, for males will be a real poison!
Therefore, the diet of these fish should include only live food, egg yolk, small pieces of meat.