maintenance, care, compatibility
To choose the right aquarium for fish, consider the following recommendations:
- In a spacious tank, fish care will be easier. The products of their vital activity in a close aquarium quickly decompose, poisoning the water. In a spacious tank more water that will be mixed. Cleaning can be done less frequently.
- The size of the tank depends on the type of fish and their size. Before buying an aquarium, you should know which pets will be settled there. Large and gregarious fish require a large amount of swimming space. At 5-centimeter fish need 10 liters of water.
- Attention should be paid to aquascape. This shelter in the form of caves, moles, clay pots, pipes, rocks, snags and plants. Fish with bulging eyes do not need a lot of scenery due to the threat of injury.
See how to lay the soil in the aquarium.
During cleaning it is necessary to turn off electrical equipment. Only an external canister filter can be left on if its water intake hose is low enough and remains below the water level.
As for the internal filter, if the cleaning is ordinary and does not take long, it can be left in the aquarium in the off state. If the cleaning is large, general, cleaning all the decorations, weeding and transplanting plants, draining a significant part of the water, the internal filter is placed in the drained aquarium water and turned on so that the bacteria colony does not die.
At the time of cleaning the fish are usually not evicted from the aquarium.
First proceed to clean the glass. To do this, you can use different devices, each of which has its advantages and disadvantages:
- Long-handled scraper with permanent or replaceable metal razor blades. A very effective thing, but not suitable for cleaning Plexiglas aquariums, as it can scratch them. When choosing such a scraper, you need to pay attention to the strength of the handle (if it is too flexible, you will not succeed with the necessary force and at the right angle to press on the glass). In addition, the metal blade should not be longer than the plastic cover and stick out of it on the sides, as in this case, when cleaning around the corners, you can damage the silicone joints of the aquarium.
- Magnetic scraper is extremely handy when cleaning large and deep containers. Suitable for cleaning plexiglass. When choosing, it is necessary to take into account what thickness of glass the scraper is designed for, otherwise the power of the magnet may be insufficient and the scraper simply will not attract. Using this device, you must be very careful when cleaning the glass near the bottom, so that there is no pebble or grain of sand between the scraper and the glass. They will leave deep and visible scratches on the glass. Usual household sponge washcloth. Many aquarists use just such, but they are made from materials of different stiffness, and some are completely capable of leaving scratches on aquarium glass, which individually are almost invisible, but over time make the glass all the more cloudy.
- The usual bank plastic card has perfectly proved as a scraper. It does not spoil the glass, and its only drawback is the lack of a handle and, accordingly, some inconvenience of use.
Green algae, torn off from the surface by a scraper, if there are not too many of them, can be left out of the aquarium, and left in the water, the fish usually eat them instantly and with great pleasure.
Some aquarists recommend that the rear window of an aquarium should not be cleaned of algae, as it is usually almost completely hidden by decorations and plants, and the algal plaque usually does not spoil the appearance of the pond, and nitrates and nitrites from the water slowly consume. And if you lead several algae fish, then the raid will not remain either on the rear window or on the viewing window.
Now, when our glass is clean, it is the turn of the ground.
How to care for fish in an aquarium :: aquarium fish and care for them :: aquarium fish
The need for careful and systematic care of the aquarium and the fish living in it is obvious: feeding animals, periodically changing the water, cleaning the aquarium, inspecting it and checking the operation of the equipment necessary to keep the fish in the water. But that is not all!
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
One of the most popular aquarium fish are golden fish. At first glance it may seem that these fish are unpretentious in the care, but it is not.
If the care of them is inadequate, then they will live only 3-4 days. Since goldfish grow in length up to 15 cm, then the aquarium should be selected appropriate: its capacity should be at least 50 liters per fish. For the proper maintenance of these animals, an appropriate soil is needed: the fact is that these fish simply love to rummage in the soil.
Plants for such an aquarium need to pick up large-leaved, but you need to be prepared for the fact that exotic fish quickly spoil them with their feces. The aquarium itself should be spacious, bright.
Do not forget about the appropriate coverage and filtering. Goldfish are gentle creatures, so you should avoid shells with sharp sides.
These fish will not cause much trouble in their content – they are not picky. Guppies live and breed at a water temperature of + 20-25 ° C, but they may feel fine even at + 18 ° C. In order for the fish not to lose their color, you need to put the aquarium so that in the daytime and in the evening direct sunlight falls on it.
It should be borne in mind that guppies do not like polluted water, preferring that its replacement be partial. Guppies easily get along with other non-predatory fish, preferring the top layer of water space.
These fishes swim in flocks one after another. The food for these cute creatures is dry daphnia, as they are not picky about food. For keeping guppies suitable aquarium in 50 liters.
These fish, if necessary, can breathe atmospheric air, so care for them will not cause any special problems. The cock can grow up to 7 cm.
Males have magnificent fins, while females have not developed. For the maintenance of cockerels, you must purchase an aquarium from 60 liters. As the soil you need to use coarse sand, small and large pebbles.
Soil must be decontaminated. The central part of the aquarium should be free from plants: the entire aquarium flora is located on the sides.
It is recommended to add a little decorative snags and pebbles to the bottom. Everything is pre-processed. Food for cockerels plays a big role in the brightness of their color.
For example, dry food, suitable for the same guppy, for males will be a real poison! Therefore, the diet of these fish should include only live food, egg yolk, small pieces of meat.
Aquarium for beginners: care, content, useful video
The motivation for writing this article was the frequent appeal of newcomers to aquarism at FORUM FanFishka.ru. Almost every day, newly minted owners of the aquarium world ask their questions to which they either do not know the answers, or need advice, or have problems after the first launch of the aquarium.
All who asked for help on the forum, did not go unheeded! Even if the newcomer had gross or absurd mistakes, I never scolded him, and tried to explain what was what planned.
But, at some stage, I realized that I would not be enough for everyone and that I needed methodological material for beginners!
Looking at the already written materials from the site FanFishka.ru, I saw a sufficient number of articles – “about the first steps into the aquarium kingdom”. But, all of them were scattered and only mutually complementary.
After analyzing further similar materials on the Internet, my desire to write a decent, systematic material, only intensified!
For constructive conversation, let’s break down the article into sections:
1. AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS: arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems.
2. FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS: what are the issues that are necessary, problems.
3. NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM: rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium.
AQUARIUM FOR BEGINNERS
arrangement, launch, frequent questions, problems
To create an aquarium world, you need not only the aquarium itself, but also related products. Many beginners make the mistake of buying only the minimum part of the necessary equipment.
And then they begin to run in a hurry in search of a product.
Remember, as Captain Vrungel said: “How do you call a ship, so it will sail.” The first launch of the aquarium should be perfect – and this will be the key to the joy and pleasure from aquarium contemplation, eliminates possible problems and difficulties, and most importantly will give you invaluable experience.
In the future, you can miss something, lazy … but not now!
Below are links to articles in this section, in bold, priority articles are highlighted:
Running Aquarium from A to Z
An example of an aquarium design 100 liters
Which aquarium is better
WHAT NEED TO AQUARIUM
I WANT TO GO TO FISH: how to equip the first aquarium.
AQUARIUM BEGINNING: the basics of the aquarium, the basics of aquarium
FIRST AQUARIUM DAYS: Start the creation of the aquarium world of fish!
INVENTORY FOR AQUARIUM AND DEVICES
BOTTOM and GROUND of the AQUARIUM
CHANGE OF WATER IN THE AQUARIUM! WHAT WATER IS NEEDED FOR THE AQUARIUM?
Boiled thawed or distilled water for aquarium
Seashells in the aquarium
SMALL AQUARIUM merits and demerits!
LACK OF THE AQUARIUM, but are these fish really necessary?
AQUARIUM FOR CHILDREN
Other questions on the forum …
Here’s another, for convenience, as a reminder – I give a list of what ponabitsya for a novice aquarist:
– lighting, if not included;
– aquatic organisms: fish, plants, mollusks, etc .;
– food for prospective fish;
– inventory: net, siphon, aquarium silicone, sponges, buckets. Secondary – hoses, valves, windshield wipers, other;
Plus, I recommend to all beginners to buy immediately a means to stabilize the aquarium water. It is called the water stabilizer.
Different brands have different names, here are some of them: Tetra Aqua Safe, Sera aquatan, Sera bio nitrivec … others. Read about them here AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
The above articles fully disclose all the nuances of buying, installing and running an aquarium. Below are the blitz answers to the most frequent questions of novice aquarists.
one. Question: Is it possible to put the aquarium on the furniture? In the kitchen?
Bath and so on?
Answer: Can. It is important that the surface of the furniture was solid and withstand the weight of the aquarium with water, soil and decorations.
The aquarium can be placed anywhere, as long as direct sunlight does not fall on it. Cooking, bathing does not interfere with the life of the fish.
2 Question: After the launch of the aquarium, the water turned cloudy – became whitish!?
Answer: Nothing wrong with that. When you first fill the aquarium with water for the first time, the reservoir’s biobalance is not yet tuned, because This is a long process. Primary adaptation processes of aquarium water occur.
The whiteness of the water will pass itself in 3-7 days.
3 Question: What kind of water to pour into the aquarium? How often should it be changed?
Answer: It is necessary to fill in at least a day separated water. Otherwise, you can run into trouble, for example, gas embolus.
Yes … you can fill the aquarium with tap water – but, counting on it at random.
The substitution of aquarium water is purely individual and depends on the size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants, and other factors. In general, it is customary to replace water once a week.
But, as the poll on our site shows, this is not a dogma.
“How often do you change aquarium water to fresh water?”
four. Question: Is it possible to decorate an aquarium with statuettes, shells, beads, etc.
Answer: Can. But, you must make sure that the material from which the decor is made is not soluble in water.
The same shells undergo a gradual dissolution in aquarium water, which increases, albeit slightly, the rigidity of aquarium water. Painted, plastic items are best not to use.
Metal – are prohibited.
FISHING AND PLANTS FOR BEGINNERS
what is necessary, issues issues
Giving advice on choosing fish for a novice aquarist, you can immediately get rid of him with the phrase: “Choose unpretentious in the content, small fish, for example, from the family of petsilievi – guppies, swordtails, radishes, etc.”.
But who thought it up that it is impossible to immediately start large, beautiful fish – the same tsikhlazom: severum, diamond or black-striped? If you properly care for them, then there will be no problems.
And if you do not follow the aquarium and let everything go to chance, then the guppies will die in a week.
Perhaps the main qualification when choosing aquarium fish are your abilities and desires.
The opposite situation is with aquarium plants. It’s not so simple. The success of plant maintenance is LIGHT + SUPPLY + CO2.
Their deficiency leads to the death or poor health of plants.
Unfortunately, in the aquarium covers that come with, as a rule, there are 15-18 watt light bulbs, the power of which is insufficient for the normal existence of aquarium plants. Therefore, before you start a plant you need to study everything and prepare in advance.
The initial way out of this situation may be unpretentious, resistant aquarium plants that are not pretentious to the conditions of detention.
Below are the articles that fully and comprehensively disclose this section.
Aquarium Fish Compatibility
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES
ALL about AQUARIUM FISHES
TOP: The most beautiful aquarium fish and fish!
The most unpretentious little aquarium fish
WHAT FISHES LIVE WITHOUT OXYGEN
What fish live in the aquarium. What kind of fish to get?
AQUARIUM FISHING OF ALL FLOWERS
Purchasing Transplant Fish Transportation
AQUARIUM PLANTS: let’s talk about the benefits of plants for your aquarium!
CO2 for aquarium
The benefits and dangers of CO2 in an aquarium
Why in the aquarium …
YOU CAN AQUARIUM: all the answers
Fish and snails: enemies or friends!
How much are the fish or the price of aquarium fish!
How much can the fish in the aquarium
Perhaps the most important thing when choosing fish is to take into account their compatibility and the volume of “living space”. Do not chase the quantity!
Frequently asked questions by novice aquarists in this section:
one. Question: Did the fishes get covered with white dots, bumps?
Answer: This is ichthyophthiriosis or “semolina” fish. It is treated with Tetra Contral or Sera Kostapur. Read more here:
Ichthyotiria how to treat semolina in aquarium fish
Discussion on the forum
2 Question: Fish die, why, what to do?
Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!
The first symptoms of fish disease
WHAT TO DO IF FISHES ARE DISEASE OR SUSTAINABLE
We also recommend you to look at the colorful brochure “Popular types of aquarium fish”. This brochure contains all popular types of fish, with a description of their conditions of maintenance, compatibility, feeding + photos.
(to view or download, click on the image)
NUANS OF YOUNG AQUARIUM
rules that will help to avoid problems with the aquarium
DON’T BELIEVE SELLERS.
Unfortunately, they have such a job – to smell you as much as possible. Often the sellers’ advice is wrong and aimed only at one greedy enrichment at your expense.
READ, LEARN, ASK QUESTIONS.
Actually this rule follows from the previous one – it is your weapon in the fight against lies. Your own opinion based on what you read is the key to success not only in aquarism.
Read several materials on the topic of interest, for comparison and analysis.
DO NOT HURRY, AND THEN SUCCEED.
Do not rush, do everything thoroughly. It is impossible to get ahead of time – everything that was done in a hurry will collapse soon.
DO NOT OVERDO IT.
Feed the fish once a day, “do not rub” the aquarium daily, do not fill the aquarium with fish and plants. In fact: aeration, filtration, normal water temperature and feed – these are the basic living conditions of the fish.
STUDY AND USE AQUARIUM CHEMISTRY.
This will give you the opportunity to quickly adjust the bio balance of the aquarium, to keep it clean, and in the case of illness of pets – to take action on time.
BONUS: VIDEO FOR BEGINNERS AQUARIUS
Instructions for preparing an aquarium for the settlement of fish is very simple. Purebred guppy fish will feel great in an aquarium of at least 50 liters with a water acidity of at least 6.6-7 pH. For simple guppies, you will need running tap water, which is best to insist for 24 hours and pass through an aqua filter.
The water temperature is preferably at least 18 ° C, otherwise the fish will fall ill. 24-26 ° C – the optimum temperature.
At temperatures above the permissible level, the fish become smaller and do not live long.
Watch a short video on how to care for guppies.
Guppies are highly active, so it’s better to keep the aquarium closed so that they don’t jump out. Cover the bottom of the aquarium with large river sand, small stones and small bushes of plants in which fish can play and hide. For thoroughbred guppies, special settings are needed that will filter the water, saturate it with the necessary amount of oxygen.
One should not forget about the lighting – alternately combining the light of the sun and the lamp.
Full care for aquarium inhabitants is impossible without proper feeding. A large amount of guppy food will not be eaten, it can settle at the bottom of the aquarium, spoiling the water. Do not neglect the live food: you can give artemia, rotifers, mosquito larvae and daphnia.
It is better to feed once a day, dividing the portions into several chips with an interval of several hours. Modern fish food will help maintain an optimal balance of vitamins and minerals in the body.
Alternate live and dry food so that the fish do not have disorders of the digestive system.
Guppies breed easily in an aquarium. Caring for producers during the spawning period does not require special preparation.
There are a few points to consider to avoid trouble. Fish become adults at the age of 4 months.
When a female has an angular belly, then she is ready for childbirth. Transfer it to a separate aquarium or a jar of water, after the appearance of the babies, the female can be transplanted back. In order to avoid cannibalism, it is better to keep fry in spawning until puberty.
The first feed – shredded daphnia and cyclops. At 2-3 months of life, you can give live food.
Do not forget to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. Complete care requires the removal of food residues and the replacement of 1/3 of the water weekly.
New water should be the same in temperature and acidity as the main one. To avoid disease, periodically add 1 teaspoon of salt (per 10 liters of water) to water.
Guppies are in good contact with small fish, but they can be aggressive to the fry, or become victims of large fish. For general safety, it is better to keep them in groups of several individuals in the same aquarium.