maintenance, care, compatibility
What kind of water to pour into the aquarium. What water is needed for an aquarium
How to prepare the water for the aquarium – a full description.
AQUAIUM SPRAYER AND EVERYTHING THAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT IT.
The expression “feel like a fish in water” is familiar to everyone. And it means comfort in certain conditions.
But the inhabitants of the reservoirs may also experience inconvenience in their biome if their living conditions are disturbed.
What should be the temperature of the water in the home aquarium
The right aquarium: what you need to consider when choosing, running and arranging
Goldfish: description, types, highlights
The variety of aquarium fish sometimes affects. And given the fact that one species of fish has its own varieties – the aquarium world becomes just gigantic.
Sometimes it is even difficult for an experienced aquarist to tell what kind of fish it is. Hopefully, the following selection of GOLDEN FISH SPECIES will help you figure out who is swimming in your tank.
Order, family: crucians.
Comfortable water temperature: 18-23 ° C.
Aggressiveness: 5% are not aggressive, but they can bite each other.
Compatibility: with all peaceful and non-aggressive fish.
Golden, or Chinese, crucian carp in nature lives in Korea, China and Japan.
The goldfish was bred in China more than 1,500 years ago, where it was bred in ponds and garden ponds on the estates of nobles and wealthy people. For the first time, a goldfish was imported to Russia in the middle of the 18th century.
Currently, there are many varieties of goldfish.
The color of the body and fins is red-golden, the back is darker than the abdomen. Other types of color: pale pink, red, white, black, black and blue, yellow, dark bronze, fiery red.
A goldfish has an elongated body, slightly compressed from the sides. Males can be distinguished from females only during the spawning period, when the female’s belly is rounded, and the males on the pectoral fins and gills develop a white “rash”.
For the maintenance of goldfish best aquarium capacity not less than 50 liters per individual. Short-bodied goldfish (voiletails, telescopes) require more water than long-bodied (simple goldfish, comet, shubunkin), with the same body length.
With an increase in the volume of the aquarium, the planting density can be slightly increased. In particular, in the volume of 100 l, you can settle two goldfish (it is possible and three, but in this case it will be necessary to organize a powerful filtering and make frequent water changes).
3-4 individuals can be planted in 150 l, 5-6 in 200 l, 6-8 in 250 l, etc. This recommendation is relevant if we are talking about fish of at least 5-7 cm in size without taking into account the length of the tail fin.
A special feature of the goldfish is that it loves to rummage in the ground. As the soil is better to use coarse sand or pebbles, which are not so easily scattered fish.
The aquarium itself should be spacious and species, with large-leaved plants. Therefore, in an aquarium with goldfish, it is better to plant plants with hard leaves and a good root system.
In the general aquarium, goldfish can be kept along with calm fish. The necessary conditions for the aquarium are natural light, filtration and aeration.
Water characteristics: temperature can vary from 18 to 30 ° C. The optimum should be considered in the spring-summer period 18 – 23 ° С, in the winter – 15 – 18 ° С.
The fish tolerate a salinity of 12-15%. If you feel unwell fish in the water, you can add salt, 5-7 g / l.
It is advisable to regularly replace part of the volume of water.
Goldfish in relation to food unpretentious. They eat quite a lot and willingly, so remember that it is better to underfeed the fish than to overfeed them. The amount of daily food should not exceed 3% of fish weight.
Adult fish are fed twice a day – early in the morning and in the evening. Feed is given as much as they can eat in 3-10 minutes, and the remnants of uneaten food should be removed.
It is necessary to include both live, and vegetable food in their diet. Adult fish that receive proper nutrition can endure a week-long hunger strike without harm.
It must be remembered that when fed with dry food, they should be given in small portions several times a day, because when they get into a wet environment, in the fish’s esophagus, it swells up, increases significantly in size and can cause constipation and disruption of the normal functioning of the digestive organs of the fish, the consequence of which could be the death of the fish. To do this, you can first hold the dry food for some time (10 seconds – flakes, 20-30 seconds – granules) in water and only then give them to the fish.
When using specialized feeds you can improve the color of the fish (yellow, orange and red).
Long-bodied goldfish are durable, with good conditions of maintenance can live up to 30 – 35 years, short-term – up to 15 years.
Heavenly eye or astrologer
The astrologer has a round, ovoid body. A feature of the fish are its telescopic eyes directed slightly forward and upward.
Although this is considered a deviation from the ideal, these fish are very beautiful. Color stargazers orange-golden color.
Fish reaches a length of 15 cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Astrologer
This fish is the result of the inexorable and merciless selection of Chinese goldfish. The size of the fish is 15-20 cm. It has an ovoid body, the back is low, the profile of the head passes smoothly into the profile of the back.
Coloring is different. The most common are silver, orange and brown colors.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Water eyes
Vualekhvost or Fantail
The veiltail has a short, high rounded egg-shaped body and large eyes. The head is big.
The color of the veil tail is different – from a monotonous golden color to bright red or black.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Vualekhvost
Pearl is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Bred it in China.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Pearl
The body of the comet is elongated with a long ribbon forked tail fin. The higher the grade of the fish specimen, the longer its tail fin.
Comets are very similar to voilehvosta.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Comet
Oranda is one of the fish included in the so-called “Goldfish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Orana differs from other goldfish – with a growth-cap on its head. The body, like many “Goldfish” ovoid, swollen.
In general, similar to the veiltail.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Oranda
Another artificially derived form of “Golden Fish”. Homeland – Japan. Ranchu literally translated as “cast in orchid.”
The fish is unusual and very beautiful.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Ranchu
Another selection form of “Golden Fish”, derived in Japan. Suitable for maintenance in spacious aquariums, greenhouse and ornamental ponds.
In Japanese pronunciation, its name sounds like sibunkin. In Europe, the first fish appeared after World War I, from which it was imported into Russia and the Slavic countries.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Shubunkin
The telescope is one of the fish included in the so-called “Golden Fish” family. The fish is unusual and very beautiful. Received its name for large bulging eyes, which may have a spherical, cylindrical or conical shape.
Fish size up to 12cm.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Telescope
The fish is unusual and very beautiful. The fish has a short rounded torso.
The posterior profile of the back and the upper outer edge of the caudal fin form an acute angle. In the area of the gill covers and the upper part of the head one can see volume growths that are formed in these fish at three months of age.
Read more about this Golden Fish here. Lionhead
COMPATIBILITY OF GOLDEN FISHES WITH OTHER FISH SPECIES
The issue of compatibility of Goldfish (Carassius), on the one hand, is quite simple, but on the other hand, it is complicated and this is due to a number of specific nuances that are characteristic of this particular family of aquarium fish.
I think this topic should be started with the fact that ALL BREEDS OF GOLDEN FISHES were obtained as a result of a thousand-year selection. Therefore, Vualekhvosti, Orande, Telescopes, Shubunkin and others – these are artificially bred breeds, which, in fact, were obtained from one ancestor – the Chinese silver carp.
Therefore, if we talk about the intraspecific compatibility of Goldfish, that is, the possibility of sharing, for example, telescopes and koi carps in an aquarium or a pond, then this coexistence takes place – all types of Goldfish are absolutely compatible with each other. But, HERE THERE ARE ONE BUT!
Since all the Scrofula are from the same tribe, they are in the same reservoir, they will interbreed with each other, as a result of which “bastards” will turn out, or if you want mutants, outbred hybrids. Taking into account the experiments, such a joint residence leads to degeneration and the transformation of the fish back into a crucian. Therefore, if you plan to get offspring and breed Goldfish, then their species content in the general reservoir is FORBIDDEN!
Before the discussion, the specific compatibility of Goldfish with other fish. It should be noted that Goldfish are large, slow, slow-moving fish. And this specifics should definitely be fat.
For example, if you keep a Veilhvostov in a small aquarium with others, be it the most peaceful fish, all the same, over time, the fish will die, since the lack of free space – standards of maintenance, will do its job and the fish will simply “gnaw”.
In addition, when discussing the compatibility of any species of fish, it should be borne in mind that a single fish taken has its own character. In this connection, even following all the rules of compatibility of aquarium fish, a negative result can be obtained at the output. In order to maximize this factor, it is always recommended to plant different fish with young and at the same time, rather than gradually add new ones to old ones.
Now let’s look at the compatibility of Goldfish with specific species of other fish.
Goldfish and Cichlids: Astronotus, Angelfish, Discus, Akara, Apistogramma, Parrots, Tsikhlozy: a diamond, black-striped, Severum and other cichlids.
Such a union, alas, is not possible. All the fish of the cichlid family are aggressive and will not give life to the golden fish.
Astronotus generally perceives Gold as a good live snack.
Therefore, to keep them together is strictly contraindicated, even with small cilida.
Somehow, I tried to combine veil eyelids with Goldfish, but alas, they had to be planted in the future. Despite the fact that the veil scalars are slow and somewhat similar to gold, all the same, after a couple of days, races began throughout the aquarium.
So, I recommend not experimenting – this is wasted time and money!
Goldfish and Tetras: neons, minors, ternsim, pulcher, lanterns, glass tetras, congos and other characteristic fish.
Here the situation is fundamentally opposite. All tetras are so peaceful fish that their union with Goldfish will be a wonderful variety of fish in your aquarium. One, but.
When Goldfish grow up, they can burst into small tetras, so it is better to take “large” Kharacin fishes, such as ternets or Congo, for Zolotuha.
Goldfish and Labyrinth: all gourami, lyalius, macrapod others
I do not even know what to say to you. On the one hand, they are compatible, but on the other hand they are not.
This is due to the fact that the labyrinth, in particular gourami, very unpredictable fish and each individual gourami has its own character.
So that it is clear, I will give an example from my experience. A long time ago, when I started my first aquarium of 35 liters and stuffed a bunch of fish there, including two marble gouramies, the latter were like mice, did not touch anyone and coexisted peacefully in the “little hostel”.
But when one day I planted another blue gourae into a large aquarium, he made such a riot that it was bad even for small cichlid. I had to take her back to the pet store.
At the same time, lyalius – these are scared fish, I have no experience, but I think that it will be bad for them with Goldfish.
In view of the above, the coexistence of Gold with Labyrinths is a confusion, so this neighborhood is not recommended.
Goldfish and Aquarium Catfish, other bottom fish: corridors (speckled catfish), antsistrusy (catfish sucker), fighting, akantoftalmusy, green catfish brochis, tarakatumy and others.
In general, there is 100% compatibility. I draw your attention, only that not all somas are very peaceful. For example, Botsia Modest or Bai are somiers who can bite.
Or, for example, ancistrus at night can easily stick to sleeping Goldfish, from which the latter will look like plucked hens.
Otherwise, everything is OK! Moreover, all aquarium catfish are good helpers in the fight with poop from Goldfish.
Provide an aquarium bottom to the catfish and the frequency of the aquarium floor siphon will decrease.
Goldfish and carp: barbs, danios and others.
It should always be remembered that Goldfish are slow and any neighborhood with nimble fish, and even more so those who can pluck them is not desirable. I do not see anything criminal in the joint content of danios and goldfish, but I do not recommend barbs.
Sumatrans easily bite Golden.
Goldfish and pezillium, viviparous fishes: guppies, swordtails, mollies and others.
I read somewhere that guppies can attack and bite off Goldfish! But, something I can not believe in these stories.
I can’t even imagine how this gopeshka will be able to covet on a big Golden Fish, unless they attack the crowd))).
I admit honestly, I don’t have any experience in keeping live beetles and Goldfish. And in general, it is somehow not solid to keep golden aksakals of the aquarium world and unpretentious live-bearers together.
And I also want to offer you this topic like the compatibility of goldfish and aquarium plants.
Who started up Goldfish knows that this issue is acute, as the Golden family well just loves plant food. To avoid the disgustingly plucked aquarium plants, I give my Golden twice-weekly grown duckweed from another aquarium.
It is also possible to recommend to keep Goldfish with aquarium plants that will be too tough for Goldfish: Anubiases, microsoriums, cryptocorynes, as well as mosses.
For more on this, see this article – FISHING EATING PLANTS WHAT TO DO?
Summing up, it should be said that, nevertheless, Goldfish are fish intended for a specific aquarium that require special, special attention. Moreover, the cost of these fish is quite high, they are long-lived compared to other inhabitants of the aquarium and therefore it would be a shame to lose such a fish due to the fact that some five-kopek antsistrus did not let her sleep at night.
See also the article. Compatibility of aquarium fish.
How to feed Goldfish? Golden feed.
Goldfish – extremely playful, cheerful and voracious creatures. They quickly get used to the person of their breadwinner, and as they approach the aquarium, they jump out of the water like piranhas with hungry eyes.
This behavior of your waterfowl pets can be repeated 10 times a day, but this does not mean that the goldfish are hungry all this time. This is just a conditioned reflex.
It is necessary to feed your pets 1-2 times a day with one pinch of dry food, cube freezing of live food, etc. This is quite enough for their normal growth and development.
If you feed more often, the fish will behave very sluggish, in addition their life expectancy will be reduced.
Despite the fact that the process of feeding goldfish can bring you a lot of pleasure – do not abuse it. In fish, there is no sense of saturation.
Do not forget about it. So do not overdo it.
And your pets will long please your eyes and soothe raging thoughts.
And now from the lyrics, to the point!
Goldfish need a balanced diet. Their diet should include both live food – bloodworm, artemia, daphnia, rotifers and other food: dry and especially vegetable.
If we talk about proportions, then in my opinion for goldfish, this proportion looks like 40% live, dry and 60% vegetable food.
Live food, adore all the fish and gold is no exception. When keeping Zolotuh in an aquarium, it is better to use frozen live food, as they are safer than full-scale.
Dry feed – a universal remedy for feeding any fish. Manufacturers of aquarium feed took care of the usefulness of the diet.
Therefore, if you feed only goldfish with such food, this will be quite enough for their well-being (in the sense of getting the fish all the necessary elements). But if you want to feed your goldfish to be elite))).
It is necessary to introduce vegetable feed and only natural.
How is this achieved ?! Yes, very simple.
You need to breed Leopard or Riccia, well, very golden people love this aquarium vegetation.
Here, please see how much duckweed grows in my week in an aquarium with scalars. All she goes to feed goldfish.
Economical and non-GMO!
As it is known, duckweed and riccia grow very quickly and do not require special conditions for maintenance. For a week you will grow it on a scale sufficient for goldfish to feed. It should be diluted in a separate aquarium and transferred to scrofula 2-a – 3 times a week.
That’s all you need.
It is necessary to distinguish the feeding of goldfish in the aquarium and in the pond.
For feeding goldfish in a pond, it is recommended to use meat chips mixed with bread, as well as hard boiled cereals: buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, etc. The pond must be with vegetation.
If anyone is interested in this question, I recommend you to talk with our user “Muri”, she is a noble owner of goldfish in the pond!
I feed my goldfish with the following formula:
Resurrection – live food, Monday – Wednesday is dry and substitutes, Thursday – duckweed, Friday – Saturday – dry and duckweed. Sometimes I give a day of discharge – I don’t feed at all. On this kind of food my scrubs are fat and fluffy. 🙂
WHAT FEEDS CAN BE ADVISED:
Tetra GOLDFISH MENU – dry food for all goldfish.
dry food for all goldfish Tetra GOLDFISH MENU
Contains four types of feed in the 1st:
– chips with excellent nutritional value;
– granules supporting the coloring of fish;
– bio-balanced cereal;
– daphnia as a treat;
Elite-quality products designed exclusively for goldfish, perfectly recommended for many years, Tetra has maintained this 100% image.
Packing: 250 ml. Tetra, Germany
Cost: 9.00 US dollars
Special food for goldfish TetraAniMin with the formula BioActive.
It includes all the necessary nutrients and trace elements.
Very well digested fish
Tetra Goldfish Gold Japan
food for goldfish Tetra Goldfish Gold Japan
Super-class feed, granulated selective goldfish.
– granulated feed softens quickly in water;
– full and varied nutrition of fish;
Dry food, 250 ml can.
Sera goldby gram – sulfur goldby gran
Very nutritious and easily digestible granulated food for all goldfish. The composition includes – Omega fatty acids, beta-gluconate, the necessary amino acids, astaxanthin, minerals, vitamins, vegetable substances, etc.
Manufacturer: Germany, 250 ml can
No way, the food for goldfish “Zohir”
Coined specifically for Goldfish, taking into account the gastronomic needs of the fish of this species. Feed composition: proteins 36%, fat 5%, ash 6%. Improves digestion, stimulates growth, strengthens the immune system, provides a bright color of fish.
* REMEMBER: Underfeeding of fish is always better than overfeeding! Especially this rule applies to goldfish.
Otherwise, the aquarium will be dirty, and the fish will be sluggish and suffer from inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.
HOW TO DETERMINE THE FLOOR OF THE GOLDEN FISH: THE MALE BABY AND THE CABLE! Everyone wants to know the sex of their goldfish, unless of course the goldfish are not intended solely for decorative purposes. Real goldfish fans usually want to get offspring from them, and here the definition of sex is of particular importance.
There are several ways to determine the sex of goldfish.
During the spawning period, males of goldfish are easier to identify than females. Males develop tubercles or white tubercles, growths along the pectoral fins and gill covers.
In addition, the male teeth on the pair of front fins form serrated teeth, the so-called “saw”. Females become slightly asymmetric, especially in the abdomen.
They look bloated.
At the end of the spawning period and after several spawning spawns in some males, the thoracic region becomes rigid. It is rather difficult to determine this state, therefore, those who are not able to do this can be comforted by the realization that not many can distinguish a goldfish female from a male.
Here are a few more ways to determine the sex of a goldfish, but even they are useless if the fish is not even a year old *, that is, if the fish is not sexually mature.
1. Males have an outgrowth extending through the posterior part of the ventral fin to the anus. In females, this growth is either completely absent or much smaller.
2. In females, the area between the ventral and anal fins is soft, and in males it is hard.
3. Although it is difficult to see, but the anus of females is round and convex, while the anus of males is thinner and concave.
4. The male’s abdominal fins are pointed, and the female’s fins are round and shorter.
5. The color of the females is brighter and they are more active. This method will undoubtedly help distinguish the female.
6. You can run the female goldfish in the aquarium and watch the reaction of the other goldfish. Males will swim to a new fish, and females will not show interest.
* Do not be surprised, if at the pet store when buying goldfish, give your question to the male and the female, you will be told that this is not possible! Sex differences in the family of goldfish appear only with the onset of sexual maturity, i.e. after 1 year.
Reproduction and breeding of goldfish
Goldfish is one of the most ancient aquarium fish. Their story begins with the first century of our Era and Ancient China.
Even then, the emperors of the East and Buddhist monks began to maintain, breed and select goldfish.
Actually, therefore, at present there are a great many aquarium goldfish, and their cost can vary from 2 dollars to several thousand US.
So, if you want to feel like a true goldfish breeder, emperor or Buddhist monk, then this article is for you!
Breeding or breeding goldfish, is not a difficult task.
However, goldfish are not guppies and in order to get offspring you still have to work hard and be patient. In addition, you need to have a sufficient number of aquariums or ponds.
One aquarium will not get off!
Goldfish breed independently, without any hormonal injections or without creating too specific conditions. Actual, good maintenance and proper feeding is the criterion and incentive for spawning producers.
All types of goldfish can spawn in aquariums of a small volume of 30 liters. However, better results can be achieved in larger aquariums or in ponds.
Spawning of goldfish can occur at a temperature of 16 degrees Celsius, but it is better to maintain the temperature of the aquarium water at a level of 22-24 degrees Celsius. After replanting manufacturers increase the temperature by 2 degrees.
The water level in the spawning pond should be 20-25 centimeters, the water should often be replaced by fresh and purged.
Unlike many other spawning aquariums, spawning for goldfish should be well consecrated all light day. If it is a pond, then the sunlight should be diffused, and the pond should be equipped with shelters in the form of floating plants.
Producers are planted in a spawning aquarium in the ratio of 1 female to 2-3 males and richly fed with live food (bloodworms, earthworms, daphnia, ground meat with bread, etc.). At the same time they try to select manufacturers based on their size. Especially females – the bigger they are, the more eggs they sweep out.
And vice versa – small females toss less eggs. They equip an aquarium with vegetation (such as a combo, riccia, duckweed, a peristist, etc.), and do not carpe the bottom of the aquarium – on a clean bottom the eggs retain and do not die, but some aquarists set up a separate grid.
Sexual maturity in fish comes to a year of life. In this case, the males appear on the gills white bumps and the so-called “saw” on the front paired fins, and the females are growing stout, their body is bent.
A female matured for breeding emits a special substance that has a characteristic odor and is particularly concentrated in the genital organs. Actually, this smell attracts males and is a signal of a female’s readiness for reproduction.
Under the influence of this secretion males begin to swim for females.
Under pond conditions, it is recommended to perform the above spawning manipulations in March – April, with the expectation that spawning will begin in May – June. It is believed that this is the most prosperous time for the successful ripening of caviar.
In addition, at this time it is easier to provide the eggs and fry with the necessary comfort.
If the courtship of the males began earlier than March – April and the spawning should be delayed, the producers are seated and also the water temperature is lowered to the desired period (period).
The peak of reproduction of goldfish is accompanied by violent courtship of the males – they chase the female around the reservoir, and on the day of spawning, these courtships look like a frank pursuit.
Taking into account such features, the spawning aquarium is equipped with soft aquarium plants and not sharp decor (it is better without it at all). Otherwise, the fishes will sweep, and their fins will be torn after spawning.
The spawning begins with the first rays of the sun and lasts 6 hours. Spawning gold can every month until October.
During one spawning, the female can sweep up to 3000 eggs. In the “home” spawning of goldfish can sometimes occur continuously – year-round.
However, this leads to the exhaustion of manufacturers, and in this case they should be given rest, seated in different aquariums.
The spawning of the eggs takes place gradually – the female driven by the males touches the vegetation or walls of the aquarium and releases 10-30 eggs, which the males immediately fertilize – watering the eggs with milt.
Then, sticky caviar falls to the bottom or sticks to the plants.
Eggs on the first day are slightly orange and slightly flattened, the diameter of eggs is up to 1.5 millimeters. On the third day, the eggs are straightened and discolored, in connection with which they are difficult to detect.
Immediately after spawning, the producers are removed from the spawning tank, otherwise the offspring will be eaten.
The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 10-15 centimeters and protected from overheating and excessive sunlight (if it is a pond). Aquarium intensively aerated.
The appearance of fry from caviar depends on the water temperature. At a water temperature of 22-24 degrees Celsius – the incubation period is 4-5 days, but at a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius it can reach 7-8 days.
On the second day after the appearance of the young in the aquarium, it is recommended to launch snails (for example, coils) so that they eat the dead and not fertilized eggs. You can carefully assemble yourself, but it is more difficult than it seems. It is very important not to kill the young.
At the same time, leaving the dead calf is fraught with – live larvae do not tolerate “dirt” and can get sick.
Young goldfish in the first days is weak and harmless, in fact it looks like a reed with eyes and a yolk vesicle in the middle (the yolk bubble is necessary for obtaining nutrients in the first days of life). Fry move in spurts and can stick to the stop.
After about 2-3 days, they begin to blithely float around the reservoir, and from this point on, the young need to be fed with starter feed: live dust, the finest alga, and other finely ground to feed dust. After 2 weeks, you can give larger feed. At the age of one month, juveniles are capable of taking small bloodworms. As a starter feed, they also use egg yolk finely ground in water, as well as the soaked oatmeal grated in the dust.
The fry are fed abundantly, but in portions – little by little but often.
We can recommend the following feed for young goldfish.
JBL GoldPearls mini is premium class granules, packaged in 100 ml.
It has a special recipe ideal for young fish. The diameter of the granulated feed 1-2 mm.
Contains spirulina and carotenoids, which contribute to the development of good fish color, contain proteins (10%) from wheat germ, fatty acids.
After two weeks the fry are planted in a 30 liter aquarium at the rate of 250 fry per aquarium. Aquariums flush or replace water frequently.
Without purging, it is recommended that 120 fry be planted per aquarium. So they contain up to 2 months of age, gradually sorting by size and reducing their number.
Fry are caught not with a net, but with a saucer or other utensils. So they are easier to get and count.
spawning aquarium for goldfish
Sorting carried out on the principle of rejection. Harvested juveniles with defects, juveniles lagging behind in growth, etc.
In the end, get pedigree goldfish.
Defective and non-standard young, unfortunately kill. First, because it, as a rule, does not survive itself, and secondly, even if it survives, nothing good comes out of it.
With its further content, you risk getting outbred offspring “bastards”, but if you go further, then the fish just degenerate into a silver carp.
At first, the scaled juveniles of goldfish have a silver-gray color, like the progenitor of the goldfish. Coloring appears only at the age of 3-5 months.
To improve the brightness of the fish color, it is recommended that “sunbathing” light should be diffused. In an artificial reservoir, no shading is necessary, on the contrary, the aquarium is intensively illuminated with lamps.
It is worth noting that the color of goldfish can vary in fact a lifetime.
Scaleless fry do not pass the aforementioned period of silver color and already at two weeks of age begin to turn into their final color.
Juveniles of goldfish are very capricious and prone to disease. To avoid mortality of offspring, you should regularly monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium, aeration and filtration.
Constantly monitor the population – do not forget to settle as they grow.
When breeding goldfish need to strictly observe the species crossing. All goldfish can interbreed with each other (for example, veil tails with comets).
However, this will lead to degeneration and wastelessness of scrofula.
Summing up, you can make a short list of what you need for breeding goldfish:
– one year old males: 1 female, 2-3 males.
– Aquariums: the main from 150 liters, spawning from 30 liters, aquarium for youngsters; (aquariums should be illuminated).
– aquarium soft-leaf plants;
– of course: aeration, filtration, thermostat;
– feed for fry;
– improvised aquarium equipment;
– suction water;
If you have any questions, you can ask them to our expert on fish breeding Vitaly Chernyavsky, here HERE!
Why die fish or the sad fate of goldfish!
The motive for writing this article was the communication on the Fanfishka.ru form with a certain citizen who wrote in the section on helping to determine the disease of fish – “Please help me with a telescope at the age of 6 months. I have not eaten anything for three days. Swims on the surface with difficulty, enough air.
External damage and tumors are not observed. Help if you can still, it’s a pity to lose a fish. ”
Being a conscientious and sensitive person, I gave her a plan of action and events according to the full scheme, advised the preparations. And then, when I wrote everything, I thought – why should I treat it so radically, maybe the reason for the poor health of the fish lies on the surface? 🙂
In this connection, I asked a citizen: “Tell me, what is the volume of your aquarium, who lives there besides the telescope, etc.”.
When I got the answer, I just went nuts! I am trying to get along with treatment and help, but it turns out that … read the answer: “Aquarium 80 l. 1 gourami, 2 thorns, 2 gold, 2 telescopes (1 patient, another healthy, but for some reason it does not grow), 2 zebrafish, 2 small antsistrus, 2 speckled catfish, 1 scalar, 2 ampouleries … ”.
The reason that the telescope was bad – was disclosed.
Imagine if 16 people planted in an eight-meter hut, how much would they stretch. Whatever the conditions in this hut, the sea would start in a month.
Vendors of pet stores are putting fish to beginner aquarists using their insatiable, desirable “I want this fish, this one and that one and those catfish”. At the same time, neither of them think about the further fate of the fish.
Sad! But for some reason, this is exactly the fate of “cramming in untill” that only aquarium inhabitants comprehend. Imagine, mother and daughter come to the pet store and say: “Give us 15 cats, 3 Yorkshire terriers, 5 chinchillas and one sheep-dog and 2 more parrots do not forget.”
Unfortunately, with aquarium fish this is exactly what happens.
And then, after a while, a convulsive scripture begins and the search for an answer to the questions: why the fish die and die, why do the fish lie at the bottom, float or swim on the surface, do not grow and do not eat! HERE’S OWN, THAT I HAVE FORGOTTEN ME TO WRITE THIS ARTICLE!
This is some kind of attempt to stop the mockery of fish! An article for future similar questions.
An article that will somehow help newcomers and people who are going to buy an aquarium to understand that the fish are the same living things as we do – they grow, require certain conditions of detention, have their own characteristics, etc.
Very clearly, this problem is seen in Goldfish (pearls, comets, telescopes, veils, shubunkin, oranda, ranch, koi carps, etc.). People either do not know or do not understand that this family of fish belongs to large species.
In fact, they need to be kept in ponds (as it was in Dr. China) or in large aquariums.
But it was not there! People for some reason have developed a Hollywood stereotype that Goldfish looks beautiful in a round small aquarium.
HOWEVER, THIS IS NOT THE CASE. The minimum volume of an aquarium for a pair of goldfish should be from 100 liters.
This is the minimum in which they can live normally, and it’s not a fact that they will grow “to their full height”.
Therefore, recalling the above example of a citizen who has an 80-liter aquarium in which: 4th scrofula, scalar, gourami and others … it is not surprising to hear “My golden fish does not eat anything, lies at the bottom or swims the belly to the top.” And it touches the question, why do they not grow?))) But how can you grow here, you wouldn’t die!
In addition, in this example, there is a relative compatibility of fish. We must not forget that Scalaria is a peaceful, but still South American cichlid, and somehow it’s not a friend with goldfish.
The same goes for the gourami – they are peaceful, but snooty individuals come across.
Summarizing what has been said, I earnestly ask everyone not to violate the norms and conditions of keeping the fish. Do not be greedy!
And then your fish will grow beautiful and big. Somewhere I read that for 1 cm. The body of a fish without a tail should have 2-3 liters of water in an aquarium.
Who cares here is a link to the compilation – How much can the fish in an aquarium X liters (at the end of the article, select the aquarium of the desired volume).
Now I would like to talk about other reasons that lead to poor health of fish, without any visible reason (signs of the disease are not visually visible).
If the norms of the volume of the aquarium are not violated, the compatibility of the fish and their number are not violated, and the fish still float or vice versa lie at the bottom and swallow air, then the reason may be: Poisoning fish with nitrogen, ammonia, and more simply poop. We live in the air, and the fish in the water.
Parameters of aquarium water directly affect the health of the fish.
In the process of life, aquarium fish and other inhabitants defecate, another organic matter dies, the remains of food decompose, which leads to excessive saturation of water with nitrogenous compounds that are detrimental to all living things.
Thus, the cause of poor health or a pestilence in fish may be:
– lack of care for the aquarium (cleaning, cleaning, siphon, no filter or replacement of aquarium water).
– overfeeding fish (the presence in the aquarium is not eaten feed).
– late utilization of dead fish and others (some newbies watch snails burst dead fish, this is absolutely impossible).
What to do in this case? It is necessary to eliminate the sources of nitrogen excretion:
– urgently transplant fish into another aquarium with clean water;
– enhance aeration and filtration;
– clean the aquarium, and then replace 1/2 of the aquarium water for fresh;
– fill in the filter aquarium coal and ion exchange resins (zeolite), use another aquarium chemistry (Nitrate Minus Perls, Bakozym, at least Sulfur Nitrivek);
It should always be remembered that aquarium water should be replaced weekly. However, this is not always good – old water is better than fresh, especially for young aquariums, in which the biobalance is not yet tuned. So this should also be done with the mind and as needed.
If you see that the water in your “young aquarium” is not green, not muddy, etc. Replace at the beginning of 1 / 5-1 / 10 of the volume of aquarium water, but often 2-3 times a week.
However, one should always keep in mind that clear water is not an indicator of its purity. With that said, it is necessary to develop your own “tactics” of water changes based on the volume of the aquarium, its age and the preferences of the fish, etc.
Emergency fish transfer is a temporary measure, if the fish is very profitable. As a rule, when a fish is not feeling well (lying on the bottom, swallowing air, swimming on its side, etc.), such an action brings it to life and after 2-3 hours it is cheerful and cheerful.
It should be remembered that such a transplant should be done in the water at about the same temperature as in the aquarium, the water should be separated (preferably), do not forget to provide aeration. And yet, if there is no other aquarium, an emergency temporary transfer can be carried out in a basin or other vessel.
About coal. Aquarium coal is sold in any pet store. It is not very expensive, so I recommend to buy it in reserve.
Coal is a great additional measure in the fight against “poop and other evil spirits.” If it is not at hand, you can temporarily take human activated carbon, wrap it in gauze or bandage and put it in the filter.
You also need to understand that aquarium coal is not effective against nitrites and nitrates to eliminate them using ion-exchange resins and other chemicals. Watch
Water filtration. Everything is simple. The aquarium filter must be suitable for the volume of aquarium water.
Additional helpers: aquarium plants, as well as snails, shrimps and crustaceans.
In the end, we can advise the drug for quick cleaning of the aquarium from sewage – TetraAqua Biocoryn.
Another reason that the fish die can be the wrong adaptation of newly purchased fish.
Firstly, Do not release new fish immediately to the aquarium. Everyone knows that.
Let them acclimatize: Therefore, about the article, see All about the Acquisition of Transplant Transportation of fish!
Secondly, fish that lived in a pet store or grew up in another reservoir are accustomed to certain water parameters (pH, hD, temperature) and if you transplant them into water with radically opposite parameters, this can lead to their death within a day or a week.
Actually therefore for the correct adaptation there are so-called quarantine aquariums. You kill two birds with one stone: check whether new fish are contagious and adapt them to new conditions.
The quarantine principle is simple – it is a small aquarium (another reservoir) into which new aquarium inhabitants are launched and within a week they are checked for lice, as well as they gradually add aquarium water from the aquarium in which they will live.
You can do without quarantine, but it is a risk! As a rule, it carries in 80% of cases, but 20% still remain.
In order to neutralize these 20%, I recommend to transfer fish with Tetra AquaSafe (Tetra AquaSafe). This preparation “improves” aquarium water and reduces the stress of fish during transplantation.
Third reason the fact that the small fish is bad asphyxia, caused by the lack of sufficient aeration of aquarium water.
The obvious signs of asphyxiation (suffocation) in fish are: frequent opening of the mouth, heavy breathing, wide opening of the mouth – as if yawning, the fish swims near the surface and there is enough oxygen.
You should know that the fish breathe oxygen dissolved in aquarium water, which they pass through the gills with water and if it is not enough of the fish simply suffocate.
Enhanced aeration and bringing it back to normal will correct the situation!
Another fourth reason Ascent of the fish can use tap water to the top.
Opinions on this are different. While talking and debating on this topic, some comrades say: “Yes, all this is fihgnya, I fill in unperturbed tap water in the aquarium and everything is fine – the fish will not die”. However, it is worth noting that tap water in many regions of the CIS is simply terrible!
It contains so much bleach and other impurities that it is scary to use it. Somewhere, of course, the water is better here and “carries” – the fish do not die.
In Austria, for example, tap water is generally spring water from the Alps, but alas, where are the Alps, and where are we ?!
Therefore it is very important to use only separated water for the aquarium. In addition to the fact that chlorine will evaporate from the water and heavy impurities will settle, excess oxygen will also be released, which are no less destructive for fish.
What to do if you poured tap water and fish from this poplohelo? Ideally transplanted into separated water.
However, if you originally poured water, then you probably do not have separated water. One way out is to add aquarium chemistry that stabilizes the aquarium water.
For example, the above Tetra AquaSafe.
Fifth reason: This is a violation of the temperature regime.
The generally accepted temperature measure of aquarium water for many fish is 25 degrees Celsius. But too cold water or too warm leads to all the same symptoms: the ascent of the fish, lying on the bottom, etc.
With cold water, everything is clear – you need to buy a thermostat and bring the reduced temperature to the desired one. But with too warm water is much more complicated.
Usually aquarists encounter this problem in the summer, when the water in the aquarium boils and rolls over 30 degrees, from which the fish become lethargic and “faint”.
There are three ways out of this situation:
– to cool the aquarium water handicraft: using frozen 2n. bottles from the fridge. But – this is not very convenient, because frozen water quickly gives off cold and you need to constantly change the bottle.
In addition, jumps and temperature fluctuations – there, no less harmful than just elevated water temperature.
– Special aquarium cooling installations are sold, but alas, they are expensive.
– buy an air conditioner and install it in a room with an aquarium, in addition to room stuffiness, the air conditioner will also beat down the aquarium heat.
The last option in my opinion the most acceptable.
The sixth and seventh reason
Sometimes the cause of bloating the fish and swimming a belly or side to the top is overfeeding. Again, this reason is largely related to goldfish, because they suffer from gluttony, overeating and begging. Do not enter them on occasion.
Feed them exactly as much as it should be. Otherwise, your gluttons will earn inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract or, more simply, they will suffer from constipation!
Another reason for which the fish can lie down for no apparent reason is stress. Well, do not like her neighbors and that’s it.
Or it often happens that they take young fish, and all the boys and one female grow out of it, and as a result “the boys start a showdown” – who is in charge. The weak begin to chase and tyrannize, with the result that they are hammered into a corner, lie on the bottom, well, and die.
There is only one way out, to resettle everyone, give them to friends or back to the pet shop.
What else can affect the health of fish:
– excess lighting or stress from it;
– decorating an aquarium with chemically dangerous decorations (metal, rubber, plastic);
– drug overdose;
Summing up, it is possible to make an unequivocal conclusion that the correct maintenance of fish is a panacea for many aquarium ills. If you are attentive to your aquarium dwellers, they will thank you too.
beauty and longevity!
Video about goldfish
An interesting video story about goldfish
Category: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR CONTENTING FISHES | Views: 82,958 | Date: 19-02-2014, 14:48 | Comments (7) We also recommend reading:
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