maintenance, care, compatibility
One of the first questions that people ask sellers of aquarium fish – and how to feed them correctly? You may think that this is a simple question, but far from it.
Of course, if you do not want to bother yourself, you can just throw a few flakes into the aquarium, but if you want your fish to be healthy, play with all the colors of the rainbow and delight you, then we will tell you how to properly feed the aquarium fish.
I would say that the majority of aquarists feed their fish correctly, but too often they have to see how over-feeding turns the jar into a foul-smelling swamp or fish that is so overwhelmed that they forget how to swim.
And it is easy to understand why this is happening. There is no specific standard, and feeding fish may not be an easy task for a beginner.
The fact is that with the fish, we most interact during feeding. And so you want to feed them a little bit more.
And a novice aquarist feeds the fish, every time he sees that they are lonely asking for feed from the front glass. And most of the fish will ask for food even when they are about to burst (this applies especially to cichlids), and it is so hard to understand when it is already enough.
And yet – how often do you need and how many times to feed aquarium fish? Fish should be fed 1-2 times a day (for adult fish, fry and adolescents should be fed much more often), and with the amount of food that they eat in 2-3 minutes.
Ideally, no food would get to the bottom (but do not forget to feed catfish separately). We will immediately agree that we are not talking about herbivores, for example, ancistrus or brocade catfish.
These eat almost around the clock, scraping algae. And do not worry, it is not necessary to carefully monitor each time if they ate, just a couple of times a week look.
Why is it so important not to overfeed the fish? The fact is that overfeeding negatively affects the state of the aquarium.
Food falls to the bottom, gets into the ground, rots and starts to spoil the water, while serving as a nutrient base for harmful algae.
At the same time in the water accumulate nitrates and ammonia, which poison the fish and plants.
Dirty, algae-covered aquariums with sick fish are often the result of overfeeding and dirty water.
The first, and perhaps the main question asked by novice aquarists – how and what to feed the fish. At the initial stage, this question raises great doubts. You can watch as the fish swim around the feeders gathering food, as much as you like, so beginners can overfeed pets, throwing handfuls of food to them all day.
But do not forget that aquarium inhabitants can also overeat, which will have a bad effect on health and water.
At the beginning of the conversation it may seem that this question is easy and unambiguous, in fact, everything is much more complicated. If you want to become a real aquarist, and not the unfortunate host, who once a day throws flakes to their pets, you will have to thoroughly study the issue of feeding the aquarium inhabitants and find their individual approach to them.
Proper feeding is a pledge of healthy fish that behave actively and beautifully shimmer with the best flowers.
Practice shows that most fish lovers choose the right feeding tactics. But, sometimes you have to deal with neglected cases when the owners are addicted and overfeed the fish so that they suffer from excess weight and physically can not swim. At the same time, the excess feed begins to rot, forming a real green swamp with all the ensuing consequences.
And this is not surprising. After all, there is no one universal algorithm for feeding all types of fish, so the question is how, what and how much to feed the fish becomes critical.
A beginner aquarist is misled by the fish themselves. They begin to swim at the trough and look lonely into the front glass, as if asking for some more food.
However, it should be realized that most fish will continue to beg for food even in moments of overeating, such is their nature. This is especially true for cyclides.
The first and basic rule – limit feeding to 1-2 times per day. This rule applies to adult fish. Fry and teens are fed more frequently.
The ideal is a portion that is eaten in the first 3-4 minutes. The norm is observed in the event that no food does not have time to touch the bottom. The exceptions are catfish and fish that feed from the bottom.
For them, it is better to use a special feed. Of course, it is impossible to forbid catfish and other herbivores to eat plants and algae, but this is a natural process that will not make them worse.
If you are afraid that the fish do not get enough food, then follow their condition for a week.
It is very important to observe the portions and not to overfeed pets. A well-running aquarium has its own microclimate, so excess food can cause imbalance. Remains of feed fall to the bottom and start the process of rotting, which spoils the aqua and causes the formation of harmful algae.
In addition, ammonia and nitrates increase in water, which adversely affects all residents.
If you periodically suffer from dirty water, the presence of algae and fish diseases, think about how often you feed the fish and how much food you give them.
If at intervals it became clear, then with what to give them, not really. Aquarists use four types of feed:
- Live food;
Ideal if you will combine all types of feed. In this case, your fish will be healthy and will give you an aesthetic pleasure playing its colors.
It is not excluded that fish will eat only vegetable or only protein food, it all depends on the breed of aquarium inhabitants. In nature, someone chooses a vegetarian lifestyle, but someone does not mind to eat their own kind. But if you disassemble most of the fish, it is better to use a mix of several feeds.
Purchased branded food can be used as the main food, regularly please fish with live food and sometimes give vegetable food.
If you decide to go under this scheme, then pay great attention to the choice of branded feed. It is better to give preference to well-known brands that have been on the market for more than one year and are tested by experienced aquarists.
This food is suitable for almost all fish. It is balanced, it contains the necessary vitamins and trace elements. You can find it in any pet store.
Do not confuse branded feed with dry. Food consisting of dried daphnia, cyclops or gammarus is not the best food for the daily diet of your fish.
It is not desirable to feed with such food, because it is deficient in nutrients, it is poorly absorbed and, among other things, is an allergen for humans.
Food live food – the most preferred option. The fish should be given regularly as an additional feeding every other day.
Like people, aquarium residents love a variety of foods, so try to alternate food as much as possible. The most common are the chimneyweed, bloodworm and coretil.
The only, but very significant disadvantage is that this type of food is most often mined in its natural environment, which means that it is possible to bring the infection into your water body. It is best to freeze it before feeding fish.
This method kills a number of harmful bacteria.
Featuring an alternative to live food – frozen. Agree, not everyone can be measured with the settlement in the fridge of live worms.
For such there is an alternative – frozen worms. They are easy to dose, they are stored for a long time, contain a full set of vitamins.
If you carefully study the pet stores, you can find miksovannyh species, where in one pack will be all three popular types of worms.
Vegetable food is an integral part of fish life in the natural environment. Most fish will have to try and cook green food.
Of course, feeding predators with grass is stupid, but the rest will gladly enjoy the greenery suitable for them. It is difficult to give general recommendations, since different fish prefer different feeds. There are several options for plant foods:
To natural can be attributed cucumber, zucchini or cabbage. Such feeding will allow you to enjoy your clean aquarium with healthy and beautiful fish.
With proper feeding, the lifespan of the fish increases.
Chips, flakes, granules or tablets – choose dry fish food
Dry feed for aquarium fish are substitutes for live and vegetable food, if you do not have the time and opportunity for cooking. Modern dry food is presented in various forms, and each of them suits a certain type of fish.
Dry feed for aquarium fish are sold in this form: in the form of tablets, flakes, chips, sticks, pellets, micro-feed, liquid feed. Which is better to choose food so that the fish will remain full and healthy?
Tablets and tablet forms are food that gradually sink in water and fall to the bottom. They are best given to bottom fish that inhabit the lower layers of water and other aquatic organisms (shrimp, snails).
When the tablets fall into the aquarium water, they do not remain on the surface, but immediately go to the bottom, so other fish will not take it. Consequently, bottom pets will not go hungry.
Tablets of feed form a large and dense substance, because of which the fish are not able to swallow such food completely. She will have to bite off bit by bit, or grind off. Tablets consist of natural components and vitamin complexes.
If you leave home for a few days, a few large pills will make up the basic diet for fish. Food will stick to the wall of the aquarium, fish will gather around it, and will bite off a piece as often as they need.
It is believed that the dry types of food spoil the aquarium water, this opinion also applies to tablets. The only minus of such food is that fish that swim in the upper layers of the water cannot eat it. If you have a specific aquarium with only bottom fish, then such feeding is always useful.
One more thing – the pills are strongly leaking into the ground of a large fraction, so it will be impossible to get it even with a siphon.
See how to feed aquarium catfish feed in the form of tablets.
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss.
Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right?
This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign.
Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia.
This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.