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How to feed aquarium fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet.

What do all the fish usually eat?

  1. Herbivores – these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
  2. Carnivores – have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
  3. Omnivorous – the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.

See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.

According to the diet and diet, their aquarium fish need to be given such food that suits them. Typically, domestic fish fed live, frozen, dry, vegetable food, which is sold in stores.

It is important that food be varied and rich in healthy vitamins and minerals.

Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. It is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, rotifers, and gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate.

Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs.

Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish – these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.

Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish.

In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.

To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them.

Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding.

Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.


No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights. The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off.

The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes.

Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.

Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust.

Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank.

Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.

See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.

There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:

  • Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Do not overfeed your pets – give food not too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
  • The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
  • In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.

One of the most important question for any living thing on the Planet is the question of food. Alas, for some reason, in most cases, with respect to aquarium fish, people forget about it and believe that having filled them with a pinch of daphnia or other food, this will be quite enough for their normal existence.

However, it is not!

The diet of any pet should be varied and correct. For example, people buy kittens and dogs for dry food, meat, chicken and milk with sour cream.

Moreover, they give vitamins and other supplements. The same should be the aquarium pets. Their diet should be balanced.

A beginner aquarist should not be afraid of “scary words”: live food, freezing, live dust. No need to think that all this needs to get, grind and cook.

Everything is much easier than it seems! And in this I will try to convince you.

The answers to this question are quite simple, but at the same time they have an individual character – that is, they depend on the specific type of aquarium fish, on the volume of the aquarium, and other nuances!

Answering the question – HOW TO FEED FISH? You can generally say that you need to feed the pets so that after 2-3 minutes the abandoned feed will be eaten. In covering this issue, it should be noted that it is better to feed the fish rather than overfeed.

Do not feed the fish much and often. Make sure that this situation does not work out when – you fed the fish, then the spouse, and then also the children!

Moreover, starvation of the fish is a diet, it brings only benefit to the fish! Arrange for the fish once a month fasting days – do not feed the fish for 2 days.

Following these recommendations, you will get rid of the risk of pet diseases of gastrointestinal diseases and only improve their health!

The second point that should be covered on the issue – HOW TO FEED FISH! Food – kormeshka for fish should be balanced and diverse, in addition, it must meet the individual needs of a particular type of fish swimming in your “aquarium”.

Often, many make a big mistake and feed the fish with one type of feed (for example, dry)! Such a policy of keeping fish and such feeding leads in time to the question – HOW TO HOW TO TREAT A FISH? Food should be: quality, diverse.

At the same time, no one tells you that you need to feed the fish delicacies. But to combine, for example, dry and frozen food – it is possible, it is not so expensive!

In addition, different fish prefer different food, some, for example, well, really need vegetable food! Taking into account such features, select the appropriate feed, balance it.

WHEN TO FEED FISH? This question is also individual for a particular type of fish.

For example, the majority of aquarium catfish are nocturnal, and therefore it is desirable to feed them in a dark time drain.

But since most fish are diurnal, it is better to feed them during the daytime – in the morning or at lunch.

HOW MUCH TO FEED?

I feed mine once a day, in the morning. However, many recommend feeding aquarium fish 2 twice a day. Actually I do not see anything wrong with that.

The main thing is to follow the rule, the food should be eaten in 2-3 minutes.

WHAT FEED TO FEED A FISH?

A lot of important issue of feed for aquarium fish is the question of its quality. Certainly you can “get aquarium food” in the old manner – to hunt ponds or tormented with bloodworms.

You can buy feed in bird markets! However, no one will give you guarantees!

Moreover, such feed is dangerous to the health of your pets.

To protect yourself from problems, and the aquarium from infection – it is recommended to buy food only in the branded pet shops of your city. It should look at the label and the date of production.

Internet pet-shops have gained wide popularity in our time: resources involved in the sale of aquariums, aquarium equipment, fish feed and other aquarium preparations. Without leaving your home, you can select and order the necessary products.

In addition, prices in online stores are much lower than the retail price of goods.

As a recommendation, I suggest you pay attention

on the time-tested online pet store:

In the section “Feed and treats for fish” you can watch, read and order any aquarium feed of all known
foreign and domestic firms

“Feed and treats for fish
In addition, in the pet store you will find other aquarium products:
filters, aeration, lamps, aquariums, inventory.
As well as many other products: for cats, dogs and rodents

How and how much to feed the fish

FOOD FOR AQUARIUM FISH: dry food for fish, frozen food for fish, live food for fish, homemade food for fish

Category: Aquarium Articles / USEFUL TIPS FOR CONTENTING FISHES | Views: 5,912 | Date: 23-05-2013, 20:27 | Comments (2) We also recommend reading:

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In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time searching for food. Predators hunt small relatives, medium-sized omnivores feed on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish.

Whatever the fish eats – in its native element, it will always find suitable food for itself to survive and give birth to.

It is quite another thing – fish contained in captivity. Here, in the matter of food they can only rely on people.

In aquarium conditions, fish entirely depend on the person – on the responsibility and the observation of its owner.

So how to feed aquarium fish? In fact, an unequivocal answer to this question is impossible. The only obvious thing is that the feed should be diverse and balanced.

It is best to alternate several types of food. If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of “chips”, granules or tablets – this is an excellent and useful delicacy for your fish.

Manufacturers of such dry mixes take into account all the characteristics of the body of fish, and this ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full activity of aquarium inhabitants. But do not neglect the natural food – let’s bloodworm, daphnia, Cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.

Of course, each family of fish needs to choose an individual food. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large. If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry.

Some species of fish live directly at the water’s mirror, therefore, the food for them must remain at the surface. If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium, they need food in tablets, which quickly sink to the bottom.

No less important is the question of how many times to feed aquarium fish.

Malki need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, they need to feed at least three to four times a day. Adult fish, as a rule, are fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large breeds of predators it is enough one time.

Once a week you can (and even need) arrange a fasting day.

Remember that round tummy is characteristic only for young individuals, and in adults it is a sign of overeating.

As for the number of servings, try to give exactly as much as the fish is able to eat in 15 minutes. Residues of food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to clean them and not leave overnight.

When you settled such wonderful pets as goldfish in your home aquarium, the question immediately arises: “How and what to feed these cute creatures?”. In fact, feeding the fish in the aquarium is not difficult.

First, it is an omnivorous species of fish, and secondly, when pets get used to the owner, they can be given food with their own hands.

Natural food is a food of natural origin (insect larvae, plankton, benthos, plants and algae, mollusks and crustaceans). All food submitted to the fish should be of small size so that it can be captured by mouth. Fry and juvenile fish should more often eat live and dry food to be able to grow beautiful and healthy.

Before spawning, males and females are also given live food with protein, which serves as an additional stimulation to spawn.

Take a look at feeding goldfish with worms.

Adult goldfish love vegetable food more. Consider that it is better to feed young animals with daphnia, bloodworm, pipe worker, coretre, pieces of squid, dry sami.

By the way, adult fish should also receive this food, but in smaller quantities. Food for adults is easy to cook with your own hands and at home. Take a kitchen grater, and rub cucumbers, zucchini, carrots, and pumpkin on a shallow surface.

You can freeze it in the freezer, and defrost it later (only once!), And give it to pets.

Pet stores sell dried food with fiber, which is intended only for goldfish. This feed is very useful for digestion.

They can also be fed with aquatic plants – duckweed, wolfia, and robeberry. They can be grown at home specifically as a feed for your pet.

Or, plant these plants in an aquarium with goldfish, and if there is a shortage of food, they will feed on their juicy leaves. Ryaska need to feed the fish only once a day, so make sure that there is no overfeeding.


If you are going on vacation, and no one to leave the fish – then plants with soft leaves (including Lemna) will be an excellent food for starving pets. Gold fish will be enough for one week, they are unlikely to lose weight, but do not overdo it with a vacation.

Consider the moment that they remember the owner, and the long absence of a person can also cause stress.

Now about the products from our fridge that are suitable for feeding. Cereals such as semolina, buckwheat, peas, millet are not alien to these fish.

They must be salt free and boiled in water. All kinds of goldfish adore peas – peel them off, boil them, chop them in a blender and serve in small portions.

It has a positive effect on the gastrointestinal tract. These types of dressings can be served if the home has run out of fish food, or for a more varied diet.

Semolina must be washed, non-sticky texture, otherwise the fish will not be able to eat it.

As well as food for this fish fit spinach leaves, nettle, lettuce, dandelion, dill or parsley. Surprisingly, this pet is practically everything that people are used to, which is why it is so popular with novice aquarists! Do not forget that these fish – avid eaters are prone to overeating.

Feed them 2 times a day, in small portions that they can master in 5 minutes. Give animal and live food once a day, and the rest of the time – vegetable food.

You can alternate types of feed, and make a menu: give several times a week live food (30% of the diet), and 70% – vegetable. After the meal, the fish leave behind a lot of waste in the form of feces. This means that the aquarium should be cleaned on time: the bottom siphon and water filtration.

Once a week, update 25% of the water for fresh and clean, so that food remains do not decompose, polluting everything around.

See how goldfish eat a leaf of lettuce.

In addition to natural food, goldfish can be fed and branded feed. Manufacturers offer a variety of supplements containing vitamins, minerals, fiber, larvae and other nutrients. Branded food helps to give the fish a brighter color scales, they are harmless in acceptable quantities.

It is better to feed branded food 1-2 times a week, although some species are possible more often. All of them are presented in the form of chips, granules, sticks.

    Tetra Goldfish Gold Color is a premium feed for goldfish of all types and colors. Due to the content of carotenoids, spirulina and vitamins, helps the fish to become strong and healthy.

    It has a beneficial effect on the immune system, ensuring a long and happy life. Due to the special formula, this food is easily digested, and reduces the number of feces.

    Sold in granular form – one granule softens easily in water, so the pet can eat it quickly.

Tetra Goldfish Holiday – Daphnia food. Suitable for all types of goldfish, especially if you are going on vacation.

Leave the bag with additional feeding to the authorized person who can feed them fish. Due to the content of vitamins and trace elements, they will acquire a rich color scales and will be satisfied.

  • Tetra Goldfish Energy – nourishing sticks that are easily dosed and do not spoil the quality of water. Due to the moderate fat content, they give the fish strength and energy. Strengthen the immune system, increase disease resistance. The sticks are easily digested, they can be given 1-2 times a week, without overfeeding the fish.
  • Breeding ornamental fish is not easy, but exciting. And when tiny fry appeared, the task of their proper feeding comes to the fore: the further development of the young and the condition of the adult fish depend on it. If the progeny of large species can immediately be given specialized food, it is unlikely that small, newly born guppies are suitable.

    What is to feed the fry in the first days and weeks of their existence?

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