maintenance, care, compatibility
How to feed the cockerel fish :: how cockerel fish breed :: Aquarium fish
Watching fish in an aquarium is a very exciting thing. The inhabitants of the underwater world are so diverse! Attractive for its bright color and shape of fins is the cockerel fish.
If you decide to keep one in an aquarium, you should find out about its gastronomic preferences.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
- – live bloodworm;
- – crustaceans;
- – frozen bloodworm;
- – pipemaker;
- – dry food from a pet store.
1. The betta betta fish is picky about food and can eat different foods: dry, live, frozen. The usual diet consists of moths, crustaceans, tubule and dry food, but the cock gives preference to live worms and crustaceans. Bloodworm – the most accessible and common feed.
Use only fresh and live moths. Worms must stir, have no unpleasant smell and have a bright red (small) or red (large) color. To keep the live moth off the bottom when feeding, use a special floating feeder.
Worms gradually crawl out of it into the water and the fish have time to eat them.
2. If you feed the rooster with crustaceans, first gently rinse the feed in a net with running water. Select several live specimens and place in a small jar of water. Lower the jar into the aquarium at an angle.
The crustaceans will swim out and become a treat for your fish. The rooster has a good appetite and he eats everything readily. To keep the fish from overeating, limit the amount of food.
Divide the daily portion by 2-3 times and offer food in small portions. For nutrition, alternate feed.
Do not forget that frozen bloodworm and dry crustaceans should be only a minor supplement, the main part of the diet must be provided at the expense of live food.
3. If you need to change the diet, teach the rooster to a new feed gradually. The fish will be capricious at first, but then begins to eat it with great pleasure. Add a new treat in small portions to the main, and then make a replacement completely.
Before feeding the fish, pay attention to the size of its abdomen. The rooster itself makes a variety of its menu.
He successfully hunts for aquarium snails (nat, horn coils, melania).
Offer cocks of crustaceans in limited quantities. Excess feed rot and spoil the water in the aquarium.
Do not place large snails – ampoules in the aquarium with cocks. Small fishes eat at them short mustaches, and snails will perish.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass.
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up – DOESN’T INTEREST THEM. And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live out of pet stores until the time of purchase.
You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish.
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions.
Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim. When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins – this is actually a sad sight.
Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies.
Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters. In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust the biobalance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish.
A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large – from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural – natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants. Lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering.
The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water. In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate.
A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest.
Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them – individual foods that are best suited.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters – puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different. The most common ink color with a reddish tint.
Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females. The size of the fish is 5-10 cm.
Body laterally compressed, elongated, oval. They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Next, the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it “biting fish.”
A couple of copies of these “pieces” in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them “The Beton Fish”, arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a “new” fish, calling it Betta Cambodia – one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known.
There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM.
Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them. The second version says that the aquarist V.S.
Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor.
And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.
On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette’s species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
– Veiltail fighting fishes or “veil cock”
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Giant or royal fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Round-tailed fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Flagtail fighting fishes
– Poster fighting fish
– Crownstail fighting fish
– Poster fighting fish
– Crosstail fishes
– Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor “multicolor”, two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
The first video is especially recommended – Nest of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting.
There are many types of aquarium fish, and hence the types of food, and feeding methods are also invented a lot. Experts advise to stick to several important points so that the fish feel comfortable, grow well and give rich offspring.
1. Follow the simple rules when feeding aquarium fish:
– feed fish 1-2 times a day at the same time of day;
– feed in one place. If there are a lot of fish in the aquarium, strong fish do not let them swim weak – there should be several feeding places;
– Once a week, arrange a “fasting day” for the fish, depriving them of food;
– Use the automatic feeder if you leave for a long time and cannot feed the fish. However, keep in mind that the fish will completely live without food for several days, so in the case of a short absence, it is better not to entrust the care of your darlings to other people;
– Diversify the menu, do not use only dry food. Be sure to add to the diet of live food and vegetable elements (vitamins, scalded salad);
– feed the fish moderately, as overfeeding is the most common cause of infertility, obesity and the premature death of aquarium fish. Use the rule: you need to give as much feed as fish can eat within 5 minutes.
2. Place a plastic ring on the surface of the water and put a pinch of dry food inside. Consider that some types of flakes take time to get water.
Therefore, so that the food does not swell in the stomachs of fish, put it in water 5-10 minutes before feeding.
3. Rinse live fish food in running cold water. Use tweezers to lower the moth, tubule, cyclops and other crustaceans into the water.
To simplify the feeding process, place the food in a plastic mold with holes, then live specimens will seep into the aquarium themselves.
4. Place frozen food in the feeder immediately after thawing.
5. Feed the groundwater fish when the rest have stopped attacking feed.
6. Remove excess feed from the aquarium: collect dry food from the surface and catch the rest of the living with a net. Avoid frequent sedimentation of uneaten food to the bottom, as this may cause sludge, turbidity and excessive algae reproduction.