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How to equip an aquarium for fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

How to equip the first beautiful aquarium


“I am unspeakably pleased with the fact that you are taking the first steps into the wonderful WORLD OF AQUARIUM FISH.

I will draw your attention This article is introductory and basic. I strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with more informative articles of our site “about the first steps in the underwater kingdom”, which you will find at the end of this article. “

Scientists have shown that even short-term observation of aquarium fish normalizes blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And fish care teaches children to care and attention.

The underwater world is mysterious and still little studied. Therefore, if you decide to create an aquarium world at home, then before that you should be familiar with the rules of underwater life.

Aquariums can be of any shape: round, semicircular, cylindrical, rectangular, etc. They should not be put on the windowsill, as it will be exposed to direct sunlight, which in turn will lead to “greening of the aquarium” – uncontrolled growth of algae.

There are also aquariums that are suspended from the ceiling or embedded in furniture or a wall between two rooms. For such aquariums can be observed simultaneously from two rooms.

If you want to do sea fish, then keep in mind that the equipment for the marine aquarium will be more expensive than for freshwater. In addition, for marine life will need to specifically prepare salt water.

Freshwater aquariums are cheaper and easier to care for, but the fish living in fresh water are less exotic.

Imitation of a marine aquarium is a freshwater aquarium of decorations with artificial algae and corals under a marine aquarium with bright freshwater fish.

The smaller the aquarium, the harder it is to care for it. The aquarium in which live plants will be taken should not be very high – no higher than 50 cm.

If it is higher, then you need more powerful or additional lighting.

Aquarium can be designed yourself. For a homemade aquarium it is necessary to take only high-quality glass. The front glass is better to put imported, it is more expensive, but more transparent and better.

All aquarium glass must be professionally cut and polished. Do not save on silicone – it should be solid, proven brands.

It is worth noting that a homemade aquarium goes a little cheaper than a shop (and even more expensive if it comes to individual order). In this connection, we can say that the game is not worth the candle.

Quality, in all respects, are aquariums Japanese firm “ADA”. They are much more expensive than other brands. Optimum at the price and quality Kharkiv aquariums of the Priroda company.

Recomend for everybody.

Planting an aquarium is better with live plants. Stunted should be planted in front, then – medium height, and behind – high.

For some species of fish, live plants are simply necessary – they hide there, and some even lay eggs on the leaves of plants.

Living plants are definitely needed. Even if you start a fish that loves to eat them. Just feed it better so that it does not take up the plants.

Plants help dispose of the waste products of fish. The more of them, the better.

Plants, first of all, need light. They feed on them.

Therefore, there should be good lighting in the aquarium – lamps with a capacity of 0.6 to 1 W per liter of water.

At the initial stage, the aquarium should be highlighted 7-8 hours a day. Then 11-12 hrs., But no more than this, so that your aquarium does not turn into a solid green swamp.

When buying aquarium fish, and also in the care of them it is necessary to ensure that they feel well. Most healthy fish swim calmly, do not get clogged in a corner.

The fish should have a good color “not to be pale”, clean body, not bitten fins. The fish must breathe properly – i.e. when the gill covers do not rise, but only the mouth opens.

Eyes must be clean and clear, never protrude.

At the bottom of the aquarium ground is needed. The soil in the aquarium is a substrate for plants and for beneficial bacteria. The thicker the ground, the better – at least 5 cm.

For living plants, it should be generally like a multi-layer cake with all the necessary substances.

At the bottom of the aquarium, you can put clean sand. In general, it is better to buy soil in the store.

It should be remembered that before placing the soil in the aquarium, it should be washed, but rather boiled or at least pour over with hot water.

The temperature regime in the aquarium is supported by specials. heater, which is especially needed in winter to control the temperature of the water. After all, fish can die from the cold.

Fish feed mainly dry and frozen feed. It is better to combine a variety of food, so that the fish eat a varied and nutritious food, get enough vitamins, proteins and minerals. Feed the fish once or twice a day with a small amount of feed, which they completely ate in a few minutes.

Remember, it is better to feed a small fish than to overfeed.

Fish can be fed live food. Some predatory fish feed chicken or other meat (bullish heart).

The easiest option for a novice aquarist is guppies. They have very beautiful males, females are smaller and not so bright. Guppies are very unpretentious to the conditions of detention.

They are viviparous and multiply very quickly. Therefore, over time, they can become very much in your aquarium.

Beautiful and unpretentious neon fish. They are small but bright.

If you run them a lot in one aquarium, it will be very beautiful.

Some types of fish are not combined. To live in one aquarium, you need to pick up fish that would not harm each other.

There are “territorial” fish that fight among themselves, conquering territory. Each fish has its own food preferences, as well as its own character.

Large predatory fish should not be placed in the same aquarium with small fish, so that the former do not destroy the latter.

There are very picky fish, for example, discus and butterfly apistogramma. Such fish require special attention and good care.

Cichlids are the brightest and most beautiful fish, but as a rule they are aggressive, territorial and are predators. Predators should be settled only with those fish that they can not eat. Tsikhlovyh fishes can not be combined together with haracin, because the first is much more aggressive than others.

In addition, part of the Cichlidae does not live in an acidic, but in an alkaline environment.

For aquarium fish need aeration, which saturates water with oxygen. What is achieved with the help of special compressors.

To clean the aquarium water filter put, and also use aquarium activated carbon.

Get an aquarium! Make fish!

Aquarium is great, and caring for it is much easier than for cats and especially for dogs)))

I recommend to read the following articles:

Aquarium for beginners


Aquarium decoration


I WANT AQUARIUM WITH WHAT TO BEGIN? Typical aquarium questions beginners.

All about Purchasing Transplant Fish Shipping!

WHAT IS NECESSARY TO THE AQUARIUM: what to consider when choosing an aquarium and which fish to buy?


Tips for parents and teachers when choosing an aquarium for children.

Compatibility of aquarium fish: how to choose aquarium fish, which fish to buy?

The most unpretentious aquarium fish, the smallest aquarium fish. Top 10 is not difficult fish!

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How to equip and whom to settle in a tank of 40 liters

Sometimes there is a situation when going to visit friends, or just going into the room, the first thing that catches your eye is a magnificent aquarium and beautiful fish swimming in it. It is not surprising that practically everyone has a desire to create such a work of art at home.

But what if the money is only enough for an aquarium with a capacity of 40 liters? Is it a lot or a little?

And what fish to inhabit it? And this is not to mention the subtleties associated with its arrangement.

We will dwell on these nuances in more detail.

Does fish growth depend on the size of an artificial reservoir?

There is a theory that claims that the size of a fish directly depends on the size of the vessel. And to be frank, there is a grain of truth in it. If you take, for example, roomy aquariums, then the fish that inhabit it grow up much faster and grow in size.

If you put the same fish in a small aquarium, the process of its growth will not stop, but the rate of maturation will decrease significantly. But It is worth noting that, even being in a small container, but with proper care, you can get incredibly colorful and fascinating appearance of the inhabitants of the underwater world.

But do not forget that if large aquariums do not require frequent maintenance, then a smaller vessel is needed more often. Therefore, it should be several times a week not only to add water, but also to regularly clean it.

Among the equipment aquarium emit:

  • backlight. This equipment for the aquarium has not only decorative value, but also performs an important physiological function – it prevents stress conditions in the fish and is responsible for the normal development of aquarium plants. Thus, an insufficient amount of light leads to their poor growth, and in case of excessive illumination, the water acquires a green color, “blooms”. It should be noted that the most optimal is considered to be front-top lighting, although in some cases internal lighting may also be used, which performs the additional function of heating. The duration of lighting your aquarium should be 10 hours a day or more;

  • siphon with pump – performs the function of a soil cleaner in an aquarium, removes the waste of fish, dirt and remnants of food, is a flexible and long hose with a flask. When choosing a siphon, the size of the soil particles is taken into account, as well as the size and shape of the aquarium;
  • magnetic scraper – equipment for the aquarium, necessary for cleaning the glass. You can replace it with snails, which also do an excellent job with this task.
  • I must say that the equipment for the marine aquarium must include a strong pump, electronic thermostats, skimmers, nitrate reduction gear and an injector to enrich the surface layers of water with oxygen. Equipment for a marine aquarium can include ozonizers and UV sterilizers.

    In order to choose exactly what equipment is needed for an aquarium, you can consult with the seller of the zoological shop or ask for help from an aquarist.

    Round aquarium – design care design photo video.

    To improve the quality of life of aquatic inhabitants in a round aquarium, it is worthwhile to install special equipment – miniature submersible filters that can be placed on the bottom, or cascade mounted, mounted on the edge of the tank, lamps on clothes pegs and heaters in the form of carpets.

    There is a more convenient option. You can buy a complete round aquarium with built-in equipment (better known companies).

    Such aquariums already have a solid support, convenient lighting, a well-thought out filtration and aeration system, as well as instructions for starting and operating the aquarium.


    In aquariums up to 50 liters, the optimum height of the soil buried on the bottom is considered 5 cm. The best soil for the aquarium is the size of the granules, which range from 2 to 5 mm. If you fill up the ground with a larger size, all nutrients will be leached out with an aquarium filter.

    It is possible to fill smaller soil or sand in this case, the roots planted in it will quickly rot, and as a result, proper soil filtration will be disturbed.
    Aquarium filters and oxygen aerators.
    In order for the water in the aquarium to remain clean and transparent, special filters for water purification are used, by the way, the soil in the aquarium is also a kind of filter. Filters help maintain the correct chemical composition of water, most fish in the aquarium need this.

    In our time, there are a large number of filters that you can easily buy yourself, the most simple are spongy. Various compressors and aerators are used to saturate aquarium water with oxygen, they can be purchased both separately and as part of aquarium filters.

    Thanks to aerators, proper circulation of water is created in the aquarium, which ensures good operation of the filters and facilitates gas exchange.

    Water heater
    It is best to purchase a heater with a thermostat at which it will be possible to set a certain water temperature in the aquarium and the heater itself will maintain it. If you want to make a tropical aquarium with heat-loving fish, the water temperature should be around 25-30 degrees.

    If cold-water fish live in your tank, room temperature may be appropriate.

    Light in the aquarium.
    In order to properly equip an aquarium you need to tackle its lighting, which is organized in various ways, you can use both natural light and combining them. It is not necessary to put the aquarium under direct sunlight in this case, the walls of the aquarium quickly become covered with green algae. Halogen, fluorescent, mercury and simple incandescent bulbs are commonly used to illuminate an aquarium.

    Lamp power is usually determined by the volume of the aquarium for mercury and fluorescent lamps is 0.5-1 W / l for incandescent bulbs power is 1.5-2 W / l.

    Aquarium animals.
    To maintain cleanliness in the aquarium, it is recommended to have babies, they help to maintain ecological balance in the aquarium. Very good in the aquarium look melania and ampulyaria.

    These mollusks are very beautiful and eat food that is not eaten by fish. In spawning aquariums, it is recommended to keep melania, these mollusks loosen the bottom, clean the walls of the aquarium, filter the water and do not leave mucus.

    It is necessary to feed 2 times a day (in the morning and in the evening).

    A varied amount of dry feed can be picked up in the store.
    The fish also need live food (Artemia (Nauplii Artemia), Daphnia, Rotifers, Nematodes, Moina, Motyl, Earthworms, Enhitreus).

    Yes, the offspring will need to be transplanted. Since parents in the future can eat them.

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    It is worth starting the arrangement of the aquarium with what inhabitants you intend to keep in it. If you want scrofula and the like – this is one thing, if you want Americans, another, Africans – the third and Asians – the fourth.
    It is worth starting with site preparation. The aquarium should be located along the blank wall, no closer than 1 from the window. Direct sun rays are not recommended for aquatourism catheorgically; sooner or later this will lead to tragic consequences.

    The cabinet under the aquarium should stand without tilting and have a perfectly flat surface. Even a deflection of 0.5 – 1 mm is not allowed, otherwise it will cause an additional load on the bottom.

    Before installing the aquarium on the cabinet should lay a “foam” for the laminate, preferably folded in 2 layers.
    Rinse the aquarium with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and then with warm water. Install on the cabinet and pour to the top for one day, in order to check for leaks.

    If everything is normal, after a day we drain the water and proceed to the preparation of the soil.
    Ideally, gravel is taken (better screening) with a 3-4 mm fraction, washed very well in warm running water until the water is clear (10-12 washes, and sometimes more). Further, in order to avoid contamination, it is better to sterilize gravel with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a solution of whiteness diluted 1 to 20. Processing takes 5-7 minutes.

    After that, rinse the soil again with warm water.
    After these procedures, cover the soil with a layer of 5-6 cm in the aquarium, level it. In the soil, it is desirable to add fertilizers for plants in the form of tablets, for example Tetra Planta Start.

    After that, we fill the aquarium with water for 2/3, put the filter, turn it on at full capacity, do not turn on the light. It is highly desirable to add Tetra Bactozym tablets containing a complex of beneficial bacteria to the sponge filter.

    This will allow very quickly to establish biological balance. Add Tetra Aqua Safe water conditioner to the water according to the instructions.
    We leave the water “ripen” for 2-3 days, after which we plant (immediately in large quantities) aquatic plants, preferably fast-growing: valisneria, peristleminists, ambulia, ludivigii, etc. In the future, some of them can be removed or replaced by others.
    We turn on the light, first for 4 hours a day, then adding half an hour a day, bringing the light day to 10-11 hours. 3 days after landing you can land fish.
    Regarding the compatibility of the latter, many volumes are written, so before choosing fish read more literature, but remember the golden rule – no more than 1 fish 3-4 cm long by 2 liters of aquarium water. Never turn off aeration and filtration.
    You can feed the fish and cereal, but better frozen moth, and it is better to alternate feed every other day. Feed once a day, with a very small amount of feed, so that all the feed will be eaten in 2-3 minutes, the remnants – immediately removed.

    One day a week do not feed fish at all!
    The substitution of water for fresh should be done at least once a week, the volume of water being replaced is usually about 15%. When replacing it is very desirable to add water conditioners, according to the instructions. Once a month, be sure to clean the bottom of the “siphon”

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