Dear colleagues. I am glad to welcome you again on my blog on aquarism. Today I want to talk about such an urgent problem called algae.
Or rather how to deal with algae. To write an article on this topic, I pushed one of the readers of my blog.
In a letter to the mail, a person asked to describe the problems with algae and methods of dealing with them. Well, I am ready to share with you this information.
Before thoroughly understanding the problem, let’s first get to know our enemies closer. Algae are the simplest organisms that are under microscopic size in aquarium conditions, and can be 50 meters long in the sea.
The most important feature of this enemy is the fact that algae can adapt to almost any environment, any body of water. Some species of algae can even spread their spores through the air and multiply in this way from one reservoir to another.
As observations have shown, algae can successfully develop in both dirty and clean water; both in sea and in fresh.
So why does every aquarist try not to carry this crap into his home aquarium, or is he trying to get rid of it? What is it about these microorganisms that we can’t stand them?
Well, firstly – the algae give our reservoir an unaesthetic appearance, and secondly – the presence of algae speaks of bad water. Below we look at the most basic types of algae found in our aquariums. I will not write to you here their Latin names and other abstruse nonsense – there will be a description and pictures + methods of dealing with them, no water.
Better you will know your enemies by sight. So, let’s begin!
Rather, these organisms can not even be called algae, they are more like bacteria. At the present time, a separate classification category has been derived for them. Distinctive features of these algae – they smell like a swamp and slippery to the touch.
Since blue-green algae can easily absorb nitrogen from the air, a reduced level of nitrate in the aquarium will not bring any results. I already wrote an article about the nitrate cycle in an aquarium, you can read it.
As a rule, these algae appear in aquariums with high pH levels, but this is not always the case. If you do not take any measures to remove and combat algae, then in the near future Hitler Kaput will come to your plants, and there will be fish in the queue.
It is just that blue-green algae begin to release toxins dangerous for fish. Without an antibiotic it is unlikely that you will be able to get rid of them, even the fish-cleaners will not be able to help you (antsistrusy and girinohaylusy).
In principle, it is not difficult to fight them, but you will have to mess around. An antibiotic needs erythromycin, thanks to which you will sigh for 1 day from the scourge. However, this drug has a negative effect, which makes it wary and apply it in reasonable quantities – the aquarium biofiltration will suffer.
Therefore, with this treatment of aqua, prepare to replace water in substantial amounts. In addition to the antibiotic, I also want to recommend you a mechanical cleaning of akvas from this filth, plus a constant cleaning of aquarium soil.
The primary reason for the appearance of diatoms in an aquarium is poor lighting in your home aquarium. If you ignore this attack for a long time, the algae will cover all the internal surfaces with a layer of brown-brown bloom of mucous consistency.
This type of algae is firmly attached to plants, inner walls and stones, so it will be almost impossible to mechanically remove them. Unless a scraper and a rough sponge from the walls, stones and curtains.
The only effective way to combat diatoms is to maintain biological balance. First, determine your lighting – select the appropriate spectrum and intensity, maintain a constant water temperature in the aquarium (24-25 degrees). If you choose the right lighting lamps and the length of the day is not more than 10-12 hours, then you will not have problems with these algae.
In addition, do not allow an increase in the concentration of organic matter in the aquarium: change the water, do not overfeed the fish, remove the remnants of undernourished food.
I think everyone saw lakes and streams with saturated green water in the summer, isn’t it?) So this is the same crap! What is the reason why water becomes green? These algae, or bacteria, begin to develop in an ecosystem in which there is an excess of light, organic matter and high water temperature.
Very often, this phenomenon can be found in a new aquarium. As I wrote an article about the syndrome of the new aquarium, you can read.
These algae also attack aquariums which are exposed to direct sunlight, that is, banks standing on our windowsills.
As a rule, water replacement results do not give any. But the water change can be used in conjunction with other activities. Add to this the regular cleaning of the soil and cut off the light for a couple of days in your bank.
The only nuance is better to refrain from feeding your pets, since this is an additional feeding of algae with organic matter. Do not forget to turn on the aerator, since the level of oxygen in the water will decrease significantly due to the decay of organic matter.
I heard about another interesting way – to dilute daphnia in an aquarium, just after removing the fish from it. I have not tried this, so I honestly don’t know how it works.
I for example do not like this infection. Once I happened to face it, and to be honest, at first it was hard to get rid of it. The filament began to beat heavily limnofilu, ambulia and cabomba, and the threads were pretty tough.
At first, I mechanically removed this alga from the aquarium, but then I wore out and decided to try an experiment with a willow branch. You can find out more about my experience here.
And really – in 3 weeks I got rid of the needle, black beard, and the number of xenococcus at Anubias noticeably decreased.
If you do not want to use a willow branch, you can kill this filth with regular water changes, if there is an overpowered one, give some of the fish to one of your friends and feed your pets less. Moderate feeding, the use of live bearers (swordtails and mollies) and regular water changes will do the trick.
Oh, and do not forget about the shrimp, which also contribute to the fight against this rubbish. I have a lot of red cherries in my tank.
I bought 10 pieces, and multiplied 10-15 times more.
At this point I want to finish, I will not describe many species of algae much, it makes no sense. I described only the most common ones, but you can simply ask about the rest by mail, I will answer you if necessary. A few days later I will post the second part of an article about the friends of aquarium plants, and then I want to share my experience in dealing with a black beard.
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