maintenance, care, compatibility
Instructions for preparing an aquarium for the settlement of fish is very simple. Purebred guppy fish will feel great in an aquarium of at least 50 liters with a water acidity of at least 6.6-7 pH.
For simple guppies, you will need running tap water, which is best to insist for 24 hours and pass through an aqua filter. The water temperature is preferably at least 18 ° C, otherwise the fish will fall ill. 24-26 ° C – the optimum temperature.
At temperatures above the permissible level, the fish become smaller and do not live long.
Watch a short video on how to care for guppies.
Guppies are highly active, so it’s better to keep the aquarium closed so that they don’t jump out. Cover the bottom of the aquarium with large river sand, small stones and small bushes of plants in which fish can play and hide.
For thoroughbred guppies, special settings are needed that will filter the water, saturate it with the necessary amount of oxygen. One should not forget about the lighting – alternately combining the light of the sun and the lamp.
Full care for aquarium inhabitants is impossible without proper feeding. A large amount of guppy food will not be eaten, it can settle at the bottom of the aquarium, spoiling the water. Do not neglect the live food: you can give artemia, rotifers, mosquito larvae and daphnia.
It is better to feed once a day, dividing the portions into several chips with an interval of several hours. Modern fish food will help maintain an optimal balance of vitamins and minerals in the body.
Alternate live and dry food so that the fish do not have disorders of the digestive system.
Guppies breed easily in an aquarium. Caring for producers during the spawning period does not require special preparation.
There are a few points to consider to avoid trouble. Fish become adults at the age of 4 months. When a female has an angular belly, then she is ready for childbirth.
Transfer it to a separate aquarium or a jar of water, after the appearance of the babies, the female can be transplanted back. In order to avoid cannibalism, it is better to keep fry in spawning until puberty.
The first feed – shredded daphnia and cyclops. At 2-3 months of life, you can give live food.
Do not forget to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. Complete care requires the removal of food residues and the replacement of 1/3 of the water weekly.
New water should be the same in temperature and acidity as the main one. To avoid disease, periodically add 1 teaspoon of salt (per 10 liters of water) to water.
Guppies are in good contact with small fish, but they can be aggressive to the fry, or become victims of large fish. For general safety, it is better to keep them in groups of several individuals in the same aquarium.
Guppies are unpretentious fish that can live without aeration and filtration of water. These are viviparous animals, like sharks, although they are distant relatives, their care is very simple.
What else should you pay attention to before preparing a guppy settlement, and after? First, pick a big can – the bigger the better. Secondly, do not use old glass jars or plastic bottles that already emit toxic substances.
Thirdly, it is difficult to place a filter in small jars, so all the “dirty” work will have to be done personally — wipe the inside surface of the container with a clean sponge, siphon the bottom, and replace the old water with fresh water every week. Fourth – do not put the jar or aquarium in place of direct sunlight. This can lead to water bloom and the death of animals.
Fifth – with the help of a thermometer monitor the temperature.
Care for such fish is a pleasure! Even a novice aquarist will not be afraid to admit that the first experience of keeping fish is associated with guppies.
Simple species are less whimsical than breeding species that require strict maintenance. In any case, these cute creatures are a real aquarium miracle.
Guppy is a small size viviparous fish. Males are so bright in color that it is impossible to take your eyes off.
They are so unpretentious to the conditions of detention that they feel good in the aquarium, even without a filter and aeration of water. Therefore, these fish are ideal for busy people who do not have time to care for the aquarium.
Of course, you can keep a few fish in a 3-liter jar, but they will be cramped and uncomfortable there.
For example, if it is planned to settle no more than 15 individuals, then a 30-liter aquarium is enough.
Priming and decorative items can be selected such that they will like. It should not be forgotten about aquarium plants: they not only produce the necessary oxygen, but also serve as shelter for fry from adult fish.
Temperature water can vary from 18 to 30 degrees. However, 24 degrees is the best option for healthy development and reproduction.
To maintain this temperature, it is advisable to purchase a special heater in the pet store for an aquarium that has a water heating regulator.
Artificial lighting in the dark is optional. However, experienced guppy lovers still install additional lighting.
Thanks to him, algae grow better and the colors of the fish become much brighter and richer.
To maintain the aquarium in a tidy condition, it is enough to change one third of the water from the total volume once a month. Before that, it is desirable to defend it in an open container for several days.
Guppies love hard water (from 6 to 10 units), however, if we consider the quality of tap water, it is better to get rid of excess sediment. It should be remembered that inject water into the aquarium only at room temperature.
Otherwise, such abrupt changes in the aquatic environment can lead to disruption of the development of fish or even weakening of the immune system and the appearance of diseases.
If we are very lazy to care for the aquarium and do not change the water, it is advisable to install a compressor. He perfectly cope with the purification of water from the remnants of food and other dirt, thereby it will get rid of unnecessary trouble.
There is no point in setting an aerator for saturating water with air, except for beauty, you can hold special tubes at the bottom of the aquarium that allow bubbles. Guppies are undemanding to oxygen, so it is enough to plant some algae in the ground.
Plants absorb carbon dioxide and give the aquarium natural beauty.
The health, color and longevity of guppies largely depends on the quality and quantity of food. These fish are remarkable in that they are not picky about food.
In general, all food is divided into two groups: dry and live. Algae flakes, daphnia and fortified granules are considered dry.
A live food can be considered all seafood, which is almost daily used in food: minced fish fillet, octopus, shrimp and even meat.
Guppies especially love bloodworms, but do not abuse them, because an excessive amount will only pollute the aquarium.
As for the amount of food, it is best to feed the fish several times a day. Depending on age, you can give 1-2 pinches of food at a time.
Fattening your pets is also not an option, because obesity can affect the lifespan and productivity of offspring.
Special attention should be paid to fry. At first they feed on daphnia, but in a bag the food is too large for them.
Therefore, it will not be superfluous to rub it with your fingers as small as possible.