maintenance, care, compatibility
For a start, think carefully about where you put your home aquarium, where the fish will live. The choice of the shape and size of the tank depends on the location. It is considered that the maintenance of a spacious aquarium does not take long to clean.
Caring for him is much easier than small. A large tank can contain a large number of different fish that are compatible with each other.
Also do not forget about the devices, without which the functioning of a modern reservoir is impossible. Compressors, filters, lighting devices, decorations will provide the highest quality care.
Another issue that bothers aquarists – the choice of pets. For beginners, small and unpretentious fish are suitable that can survive the host’s small errors.
Contrary to popular belief, goldfish and cockerels are not easy-to-keep fish. They will have to spend more time with them. Goldfish leave behind a lot of waste, and you have to clean up more often in the aquarium.
Males are sensitive to changes in water parameters and infections.
Guppies – one of the most unpretentious fish, belong to the family Petsiliye. They have a bright tail, like the whole color of the body.
The size of the females is 6 cm in length, the males are 3-4 cm. These are herbivorous aquarium fish, which need to be eaten more green.
They love clean, oxygenated water. Another unpretentious fish – it’s cichlids. There are African and South American species.
For the beginner, omnivorous and herbivorous tsikhlovye fish are suitable. Predatory species are incompatible with other fish, and are quite dangerous.
Other types are very friendly and quick-witted, they can live alone or in pairs.
See how to maintain and care for black-tipped cyclose.
Instructions for preparing an aquarium for the settlement of fish is very simple. Purebred guppy fish will feel great in an aquarium of at least 50 liters with a water acidity of at least 6.6-7 pH.
For simple guppies, you will need running tap water, which is best to insist for 24 hours and pass through an aqua filter. The water temperature is preferably at least 18 ° C, otherwise the fish will fall ill. 24-26 ° C – the optimum temperature.
At temperatures above the permissible level, the fish become smaller and do not live long.
Watch a short video on how to care for guppies.
Guppies are highly active, so it’s better to keep the aquarium closed so that they don’t jump out. Cover the bottom of the aquarium with large river sand, small stones and small bushes of plants in which fish can play and hide.
For thoroughbred guppies, special settings are needed that will filter the water, saturate it with the necessary amount of oxygen. One should not forget about the lighting – alternately combining the light of the sun and the lamp.
Full care for aquarium inhabitants is impossible without proper feeding. A large amount of guppy food will not be eaten, it can settle at the bottom of the aquarium, spoiling the water. Do not neglect the live food: you can give artemia, rotifers, mosquito larvae and daphnia.
It is better to feed once a day, dividing the portions into several chips with an interval of several hours. Modern fish food will help maintain an optimal balance of vitamins and minerals in the body.
Alternate live and dry food so that the fish do not have disorders of the digestive system.
Guppies breed easily in an aquarium. Caring for producers during the spawning period does not require special preparation. There are a few points to consider to avoid trouble.
Fish become adults at the age of 4 months. When a female has an angular belly, then she is ready for childbirth. Transfer it to a separate aquarium or a jar of water, after the appearance of the babies, the female can be transplanted back.
In order to avoid cannibalism, it is better to keep fry in spawning until puberty. The first feed – shredded daphnia and cyclops.
At 2-3 months of life, you can give live food.
Do not forget to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. Complete care requires the removal of food residues and the replacement of 1/3 of the water weekly.
New water should be the same in temperature and acidity as the main one. To avoid disease, periodically add 1 teaspoon of salt (per 10 liters of water) to water.
Guppies are in good contact with small fish, but they can be aggressive to the fry, or become victims of large fish. For general safety, it is better to keep them in groups of several individuals in the same aquarium.
Guppies are unpretentious fish that can live without aeration and filtration of water. These are viviparous animals, like sharks, although they are distant relatives, their care is very simple.
What else should you pay attention to before preparing a guppy settlement, and after? First, pick a big can – the bigger the better.
Secondly, do not use old glass jars or plastic bottles that already emit toxic substances. Thirdly, it is difficult to place a filter in small jars, so all the “dirty” work will have to be done personally — wipe the inside surface of the container with a clean sponge, siphon the bottom, and replace the old water with fresh water every week. Fourth – do not put the jar or aquarium in place of direct sunlight.
This can lead to water bloom and the death of animals. Fifth – with the help of a thermometer monitor the temperature.
Care for such fish is a pleasure! Even a novice aquarist will not be afraid to admit that the first experience of keeping fish is associated with guppies. Simple species are less whimsical than breeding species that require strict maintenance.
In any case, these cute creatures are a real aquarium miracle.
How to care for fish in an aquarium :: aquarium fish and care for them :: aquarium fish
The need for careful and systematic care of the aquarium and the fish living in it is obvious: feeding animals, periodically changing the water, cleaning the aquarium, inspecting it and checking the operation of the equipment necessary to keep the fish in the water. But that is not all!
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
One of the most popular aquarium fish are golden fish. At first glance it may seem that these fish are unpretentious in the care, but it is not. If the care of them is inadequate, then they will live only 3-4 days.
Since goldfish grow in length up to 15 cm, then the aquarium should be selected appropriate: its capacity should be at least 50 liters per fish. For the proper maintenance of these animals, an appropriate soil is needed: the fact is that these fish simply love to rummage in the soil.
Plants for such an aquarium need to pick up large-leaved, but you need to be prepared for the fact that exotic fish quickly spoil them with their feces. The aquarium itself should be spacious, bright.
Do not forget about the appropriate coverage and filtering. Goldfish are gentle creatures, so you should avoid shells with sharp sides.
These fish will not cause much trouble in their content – they are not picky. Guppies live and breed at a water temperature of + 20-25 ° C, but they may feel fine even at + 18 ° C. In order for the fish not to lose their color, you need to put the aquarium so that in the daytime and in the evening direct sunlight falls on it.
It should be borne in mind that guppies do not like polluted water, preferring that its replacement be partial. Guppies easily get along with other non-predatory fish, preferring the top layer of water space. These fishes swim in flocks one after another.
The food for these cute creatures is dry daphnia, as they are not picky about food. For keeping guppies suitable aquarium in 50 liters.
These fish, if necessary, can breathe atmospheric air, so care for them will not cause any special problems. The cock can grow up to 7 cm.
Males have magnificent fins, while females have not developed. For the maintenance of cockerels, you must purchase an aquarium from 60 liters. As the soil you need to use coarse sand, small and large pebbles. Soil must be decontaminated.
The central part of the aquarium should be free from plants: the entire aquarium flora is located on the sides. It is recommended to add a little decorative snags and pebbles to the bottom. Everything is pre-processed.
Food for cockerels plays a big role in the brightness of their color. For example, dry food, suitable for the same guppy, for males will be a real poison!
Therefore, the diet of these fish should include only live food, egg yolk, small pieces of meat.