maintenance, care, compatibility
First of all, it must be borne in mind that these beautiful fish are viviparous, that is, they do not lay eggs or larvae, but give birth, producing offspring ready for life.
The duration of gestation of the female is from 28 to 40 days. It is established that it depends on the number of fry that she bears.
In its appearance, a pregnant guppy is distinguished from a common fish community. First, it forms a rounded belly, in the section of which it bears eggs, and then the belly becomes rectangular with a black area below.
This form of the abdomen suggests that a pregnant female guppy will soon give birth.
Important clarification: during this period, it is impossible to change the conditions of keeping fish, as a pregnant guppy is very sensitive to the slightest temperature fluctuations, water quality, and light intensity before giving birth. Calmness of the female is the key to successful spawning.
Immediately before giving birth, the female trembles a little, moves little, she has no appetite (some individuals even spit out food). If the aquarium has a heater, then the female is always near him.
By the way, it can also be a sign of preterm labor.
During the childbirth itself, the veiled tail trembles in the female, for a moment she stops. Live fry go out one by one, they immediately show independence, starting to move actively.
How many fry are born in guppies, no one can say for sure. The fact is that their number is different and depends on the age of the female and the number of previous genera.
In addition, fertility increases with the size of the individual. That is why we can only talk about the approximate number of fry.
Thus, during the first spawning period, from 15 to 25 children can be born in a young female, while in the second and subsequent births, the number of fry increases from 50 to 100. A case of the birth of 180 small guppies at once was recorded.
Counting the exact number of small individuals is complicated by the fact that parents eat fry.
The most important for the further development of the cubs are the first 3-5 days of their life. The practice of breeding fish in an aquarium has long and specifically determined what to feed the guppy fry during this period and how best to do it.
Experts believe that food should be abundant and around the clock. At first, it is recommended to give live dust, artemia, rotifers, micro-worm.
As a top dressing, you can also use a solution of boiled and grated egg yolk in a tablespoon of aquarium water. A case of the birth of 180 small guppies at once was recorded.
Counting the exact number of small individuals is complicated by the fact that parents eat fry.
There are specially designed commercial feed for fry. For example, German MicroMin contains in its composition all the necessary elements that contribute to the stable development of young.
It is not recommended to turn off the light above the nursery aquarium in the first week (constant lighting has a positive effect on the growth of the young), and feeding should be carried out 5-6 times a day, from the second week to two months – at least 2-3 times a day, not allowing overfeeding.
By the way, it depends on the food in the first month of life how fast the guppy fry grow. With high-quality abundant feeding in about 2 weeks, they reach sizes from 1.5 to 2 cm.
Some breeders believe that with such sizes the fry can already be released into the general aquarium.
Guppi (lat. Poecilia reticulata) is an aquarium fish that is known even to people who are very far from aquaria, to say nothing of amateurs.
Perhaps, every aquarist at least once in his life contained a couple of gupas, and many started their journey with them, and even now they contain luxurious, selective guppy species. To answer all the questions about them, you probably need to write a book, but we will try to consider especially popular ones.
Males of guppies of different breeds
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water. They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects.
Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae. The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms.
She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild guppies in nature:
Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy). Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant.
They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 – 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 – 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.
The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.
It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.
Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium.
For guppies, the rule is simple – the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.
Very peaceful fish that does not cause any trouble to the neighbors. But it can be offended, especially large and predatory fish, which gupeshek perceive only as food.
So with fish like slaughter, giant gourami, pangasius or shark ball it is not worth keeping.
It is also impossible to keep with fish that can tear off male guppies with fins – Sumatran barb, Denison barb, fiery barb, some gourami, such as kissing, with ternitsemi.
Guppies get along best of all with peaceful and small fish: – rastori, cardinals, congo, neons, cherry barbs, speckled catfish, tarakatum.
Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article – the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch.
The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish – oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life.
Some fish live up to 5 years.
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening.
Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins. Regularly change the water to fresh.
There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign – either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.
Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish. In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis.
The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results. In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.
The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.
It is possible, although it looks like something sad … All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.
Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth.
It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself. Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.
This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants.
I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.
No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Light is needed for plants to grow.
No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim. Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats.
Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.
Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim.
And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?
Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200
Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.
No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.
They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which? Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely.
Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.
They can do it both by chance and because of bad water – for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.
Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease.
The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.
Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators. The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy.
Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.
The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you.
What to feed the guppy fry? There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.
How guppies breed :: where guppies lay off :: Aquarium fish
How well, after returning home after a hard day, get settled in front of the aquarium and with affection to watch the water inhabitants. But not always there is a lot of time to provide proper care for pets, so many people try not to get pedigreed fish, and limited to unpretentious, but bright, colorful, with gorgeous tails of guppies.
In addition, breeding them – is not difficult.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
Guppies can be kept in any conditions provided to them. But still, if you want to see healthy and colorful fish, and also dream of breeding and selecting guppies, you need to take care that the volume of water in the aquarium is 2 liters for each male and 4 liters for the female.
Lighting should be 12 hours a day, water filtration is desirable. The preferred water temperature is 24-26 ° C. Guppies are peace-loving fish, so their neighbors may be the same small, calm species.
The aquarium should contain open areas for swimming fish and nooks for breeding and rearing fry. In the water where the guppy fish live, to prevent infectious diseases, you can add cooking or sea salt at the rate of 5 grams per 10 liters of water.
Representatives of guppies are viviparous fish, they give birth to fry. For breeding, guppies select the best fry and grow them to puberty in a spacious container, providing rational feeding. When the fry reach three weeks of age, they are seated in different aquariums, taking into account the signs of sex.
During this period, males lengthen the first rays of the anal fin, while females appear dark spots on the back of the abdomen.
Guppy puberty occurs in 4-6 months. Fish begin to replant for breeding in a separate aquarium.
Two males are taken for one female. They spend about 10 days at the mating site.
Spawning is stimulated by regularly changing the water and raising its temperature by 2-3 ° C. The male fertilizes the female with a modified anal fin. Then the males go to the general aquarium, and the female begins to bear the fry.
Pregnancy females lasts 3-4 weeks. The number of fry depends on the age of the female mother.
Primiparous female brings up to 20 fry, an adult large female, which is more than a year old, can give birth to 150 fishes.
The spawning ground where the pregnant female guppy is located should be planted with small-leaved plants so that after birth the fry can hide there. Before giving birth, the female’s abdomen increases and becomes square.
Spawning can last about a day. Fry fall to the bottom of the aquarium, and then rise to the surface. After the birth of fry, the female must be removed to the general aquarium.
Young animals are fed with various feeds, live daphnia, given the size. Fry grow slowly, and males, when they reach puberty, stop growing.
The temperature of water influences their quicker maturation; the higher, the better.
An aquarium with guppies does not cause much trouble. Minimal care, your care, good nutrition fry will give you a lot of positive emotions, a sense of responsibility for your favorite pets.
Breeding guppies will develop the aesthetic taste of you and your children.
Guppies (lat. Poecilia reticulata) – these fish are among the most popular aquarium pets. Today, there are various breeds of guppies with beautiful fins and bright patterns on the body.
They are great for beginners, because the content of guppies in an aquarium will not be difficult. These are viviparous fishes, the females of which produce full fry.
They are hardy and unpretentious, but they should be provided with high-quality care and maintenance so that the fish live as long as possible (up to 5 years).
Guppies are omnivorous fish, and should receive both protein and plant foods. At home, they can be fed with processed foods, such as: branded flakes and pellets, live and frozen food (daphnia, bloodworm, artemia, mosquito larvae, strawberry).
You can give them fresh chopped vegetables, such as tomatoes, zucchini, spinach, lettuce.
It is advisable to feed twice a day in small portions, rather than once a day in large portions. Fish fry feed even more often because they need to grow and develop.
In fry, the stomach is still very small, metabolic processes occur faster – fractional nutrition is safe for them.
In order to avoid nutritional deficiencies, the fish must necessarily receive live foods (artemia). Artemia contains a lot of protein.
Eggs from Artemia, which will later hatch, are available at some pet stores, so they can be bred at home.
Guppies should eat up everything you give them. Feeding time – no more than 5 minutes.
Remove food residues from the aquarium in a timely manner, otherwise they will pollute the water, oxidize, bringing with them harmful substances.
Feed your pets 6 days a week. Let your fish be one day on an unloading diet. One-day fasting will clean their stomachs and digestive system.
As a result, pets will live longer and be healthy.
Watch a video about guppy content and care.
Guppy – the most common type of aquarium inhabitants. These colorful fish with large iridescent tail.
Often, talking about his hobby, experienced aquarists say that let them begin with her purchase. In addition, guppies are ideal test subjects for studying genetic mutations. Males of this species are much larger and more beautiful than females.
Their tails are much larger than those of females, and differ in their original, unusual coloring. The small size of the fish – from 1.5 to 3 cm allows you to make them the center of the aquarium world.
Females are much larger – about 6 cm, but have not such a beautiful color. Today, with the help of selection, beautiful individuals of females have been obtained, but their cost is much higher.
You can see the possible fish options in the photo, which is full of internet.
Aquarium guppies are ideal for beginner breeders. It is so easy to care for them that a child can cope with it.
For their breeding, an aquarium of 15 – 35 liters for 6-8 pieces is enough. This aquarium has a very small size, so is ideal for small children’s rooms.
In addition, you can save space due to the fact that you do not need to provide the fish with additional filtration of water – they have enough fresh plants, but be prepared that you will have to clean the water and the soil more often.
Do not ignore the additional lighting. But due to the fact that the aquarium is small, it will be enough for a table lamp in the evening.
In food, fish is picky. For its feeding, you can use industrial feed from a jar bought in the nearest store. Dry feeds are also enjoyed by them.
This type of aquarium dwellers attracts those who are forced to constantly leave home. Guppies easily tolerate weekly breaks, so no need to ask friends to constantly come and feed your inhabitants. Constant overfeeding, on the contrary, can kill young stock.
Overeating fish begin to die. From the above, we can conclude that the breeding of aquarium guppies are not troublesome and not expensive.
In addition, the aquarium – it is very beautiful. If you place a different decor on the bottom, you can create real masterpieces, capture them in the photo and show off to friends and companions
The most common types of caudal fins are:
Guppies are one of the most easily bred breeds, so their population is growing so fast. In order to do their breeding you do not have to make a lot of effort. Enough to provide them with comfortable conditions.
It is surprising that fish can breed without a male. This is due to the first fertilization.
That is, the female can breed several times during one “meeting” with the male. Therefore, to start breeding, you can buy only one female and you will receive about 8 litters.
Viviparous guppies, so they do not need a place for throwing caviar. Fry appear completely independent.
They are already swimming and ready to take full adult food. Photo fry can often be found on the Internet – they differ from their parents only in size, otherwise it is a full-fledged fish.
After you have noticed that the female is “in position”, set her off from the others. Although the pregnancy lasts about 30 days, in a separate dwelling it will be much more comfortable. After the fry are swept up, it needs to be deposited.
Hungry guppies can eat their own offspring, so for the first time, it is better for young animals to live separately in an aquarium with small-leaved plants, and when they get stronger, return them back.
In aquarist communities, all thickets began to appear messages about aggressive behavior. Sometimes relationships in a flock can lead to a deplorable outcome for the weakest.
If you notice something wrong in your aquarium, then reconsider the conditions of their maintenance, it is quite possible that they just closely.