maintenance, care, compatibility
What to do to breed fish? Where to begin? How to make the first launch of the aquarium at home?
What are the most unpretentious fish? Do I need seashells in the aquarium? What kind of ground to choose?
These and many other questions arise for beginning aquarists when they decide to buy a home aquarium and breed fish. Of course, experienced aquarists already know many secrets and nuances in this difficult hobby of fish.
And what should newcomers do in this case? And in today’s article we will dwell in detail not only on what aquarium for beginners is, but also on what to do in order to create a real work of art at home.
After acquiring a new artificial pond for the house, keeping the fish is better to start with its feeding no more than once a day. Of course, then you can feed it more often, but little by little. After all, an aquarium is, first of all, a closed habitat.
If there is a lot of food, it is not eaten by fish, then it gets into the ground and begins to rot. From overfeeding the fish start to hurt, and then they completely die.
How do you know if the fish are overfed or not? It’s simple. Food, after getting into the aquarium should be eaten immediately, and not sink to the bottom.
True, there are such fish as catfish. It is they who eat the food that fell to the bottom.
Also, the fish need to arrange fasting days, but only once a week.
Aquaria – a very delicate matter. If you buy aquariums for beginners, it is best to focus on their equipment and only then think about starting. After all, everything requires maintenance and care, and the aquarium is no exception to the rules.
In the new aquarium, the water needs to be changed not immediately, but only after several months. And the basic rules for the care of an artificial reservoir – is the replacement of water, but partial.
You also need to look for algae. Do not forget to change the filter, clean the soil. Do not forget to also check the readings of the thermometer.
And remember, you need to disturb the aquatic inhabitants as little as possible. Fish do not like it.
The third rule – conditions for fish: what should they be?
The fourth condition is the right equipment.
The fifth rule – the filter must be washed in the aquarium water
The seventh rule – the launch of a new fish spend slowly!
As mentioned above, the launch of the fish should be done only when the artificial reservoir is settled at home. Remember that if all the rules are not followed, the water in the aquarium will quickly become cloudy and the fish will die.
Quite often, a situation arises when, after acquiring a fish, many beginners do not know what to do next .. For experienced aquarists, this is not a problem, since their launch of the fish takes place on the machine.
But beginners may have problems. First you need to put the bag with the fish just in the aquarium.
Let it float there. Thus, the fish gets used to the new environment.
And the fish that are already in the aquarium in this way will get to know it. Then you need to start lowering the package below, so that the water from the aquarium is filled in the package.
Let it still be a little time, and then launch the fish into the aquarium from the package.
Important! The more expensive a fish is, the more bother it is!
The tenth rule – aquarism is my hobby!
The most important thing in aquarism is to fish with great enthusiasm, but without forcing yourself. Make it so that it brings pleasure and enjoyment.
After all, this is a real vacation at home. Near the artificial reservoir can spend a lot of time watching the behavior of fish.
In addition, scientists have proven that running and monitoring fish leads to normal blood pressure and calms the nervous system. And if there are small children at home, then this is also a very good educational moment.
After all, since childhood, caring for fish will teach them to care and attention. After all, probably, very few people want to see that the first experience with the aquarium is bitter and ends with the death of the fish.
After all, it often happens that novice aquarists, who have not coped with the problems, put an end to their dream.
Do not leave immediately, and after a while there will come a period when an experienced aquarist grows from an inexperienced beginner who will help the same beginners, like him, who buy aquariums for beginners himself just a few weeks or months ago. Believe it is not difficult!
A beautiful aquarium in the house brings joy to our lives during the contemplation of fish and perfectly affects the psychological component. Each novice aquarist unwittingly wonders where to start, to get everything right for the aquarium, run it right the first time and prevent the fish from dying.
Before acquiring a tank for fish, it is necessary to carefully consider its design and shape so that it fits into the interior of the room as naturally as possible, does not interfere with its basic purpose and is located in a place convenient for viewing.
By design, aquariums are on a stand, on legs, suspended, angled, frame and frameless. In form, they are represented by more than a wide choice, the main of which are:
- spherical (round);
- cubic (square);
- parallelepipedal (rectangular);
- parallelepipedal with convex viewing glass (panoramic);
- prismoidal (with a regular polygon of the bottom, as a rule, high, for a floor installation);
- pyromidoidal (triangular, for closed-type aquariums).
The main parameters for choosing a tank for keeping fish in a novice aquarist are the following factors:
- correct installation, which should allow various manipulations during operation (removal or installation of the cover and backlight, feeding fish, planting plants, cleaning the filter, bottom siphon, etc.);
- the exclusion of direct sunlight on its surface;
- the number and size of the aquarium population (the required volume of the aquarium depends on this. If there is no certainty for specific fish, then take at least 1 liter of water per 1 cm of adult fish, i.e. if you want to contain 10 fish 8 cm long, you need an aquarium more than 80 liters, it will avoid overcrowding and allow it to develop well and feel comfortable for its inhabitants).
Together with the aquarium offer covers with integrated lighting and cabinets for them. If there is no specific place to install the aquarium, then you can use this offer.
A lid for a backlit aquarium will prevent many species of fish from jumping out, reduce evaporation of water into the atmosphere of the room, and also provide artificial lighting for the plant and allow you to control the length of the day in a pond. The cabinet is suitable for storing all sorts of accessories (a net, tubes, suckers, feeders, literature, etc.), feed and other things related to the aquarium.
There is a standard set of equipment for aquariums:
- Illumination (the choice of lamp power and the duration of illumination during the day depends on the inhabitants and plants);
- water heater (it is better to choose with automatic temperature control);
- Aerator and water filter can be both combined and separate (power depends on the volume of the aquarium).
The selection of soil and scenery depends on the inhabitants, but small fractional rounded gravel without sharp edges is considered universal. The thickness of the soil at the bottom should be from 5 to 7 cm, this will allow plants to root well and grow.
You can use locks, sunken ships, etc. to decorate and create a unique interior.
Before releasing beautiful fish in the aquarium, it takes about two weeks. One day can be done:
- laying soil, planting plants, installation of lighting decorations, heating, filter aerator;
- filling the aquarium with tap water;
- turning on the heater and filter aerator.
After that, you need to wait a week for chlorine to evaporate from the water during this time. It is allowed to add various normalizers to the water, which improve the water parameters.
Before using them, you should consult with competent aquarists or sellers who know the parameters of tap water in your area.
After a week, you can run the first, most enduring inhabitants – snails ampoules, tritons, frogs or shrimp. Often the first are ampulyarii. They have a positive effect on the formation of an ecosystem in an aquarium.
Water in a room pond is gaining stability in the order of a month and may become cloudy. Over time, it will clear and be transparent. And only depending on the state of water and the state of health of the ampoule, after about a week you can run inexpensive fish.
More information about the first launch of the aquarium can be found here.
There are some general tips on keeping and breeding fish, but it all depends on the specific inhabitants of your aquarium.
- It is better to buy a rectangular aquarium without panoramic glass, while its length should be greater than the height and width less than the height.
- The volume of the aquarium of about 100 liters will allow you to contain a closed ecosystem (the state of water in the temperature, chemical and biological ranges will be less subject to drastic changes, which will affect the health of the fish), and will also require lower maintenance costs.
- Maintaining a constant temperature will save the fish from many diseases.
- Overfeeding fish can not be, and better to feed once a day. Food should be varied – live, frozen, dry (if you feed constantly alive, the fish begin to get fat and it becomes difficult for them to multiply).
- Change the water in the aquarium weekly with the replacement of up to 30% of the total. Cleaning and siphon bottom in the first month after launch do not need. Depending on the number of fish, pollution of the bottom or chemical indicators of water, these activities should be carried out approximately once every two to four weeks.
- The water filter and aerator in the aquarium should work around the clock.
- Lighting needs to be controlled, otherwise excessive growth of algae or plants will begin. The duration of coverage per day is in the range from 8 to 12 hours.
How to choose an aquarium will tell experts of the program “Cheap and angry” (Channel One):
If you are going to install an aquarium in your house, but do not know who to settle in it – aquarium fish for beginners will suit you! What are these types of fish?
First, most of them are characterized by small body size, secondly – they are hardy and unpretentious in content, thirdly, they are easy to breed. And, perhaps, one of the main points is that they have a peaceable, accommodating temper, which will allow them to share several floating neighbors with them.
Guppies are unpretentious, peaceful and hardy aquarium fish. Male guppies have a large and lush tail fin, sometimes multicolored. This is a viviparous species of fish, females bring to the light fry ready for a full life.
During one spawning, 10-60 small fish can be born. The content of guppy is possible in a small aquarium. Breeding is also simple – it is enough to settle the females and males together.
Guppies eat different food – both branded and live, frozen, vegetable, flakes and pellets. For a beginner aquarist, it is better to have guppies of a non-hybrid breed, since such pets will be very capricious and difficult to maintain.
Fish of the Petsilievye family (mollies, swordtails, patsilias) are also viviparous fishes that are very easy to maintain and care for. Breeding also does not cause trouble to the beginner aqua player, since the female, after spawning, will reproduce the fry ready for life.
All Pecilliae are distinguished by bright coloring of scales, mobility, active lifestyle, and resistance to stress. They can quickly hide from a more annoying neighbor in the aquarium, and sometimes this and save their lives.
Watch the life of the Sword in the aquarium.
They eat all kinds of live, frozen and artificial feed. They prefer warm water with a neutral environment, they tolerate changes in water parameters, although this is undesirable.
For future owners of Sword bearers, caution is that males may fight for territory, or for females, so they are not suitable for a small tank.
Aquarium breeding is not difficult, if you do not take very demanding types of fish. There are many nuances that need to know an experienced aquarist, but you still get to them.
And what should a beginner do? You say to yourself: I want an aquarium! Where to begin?
We have prepared for you 10 golden rules that will help you to do everything right in the aquarium from the very beginning. The main thing is not to overfeed the fish. In the new aquarium it is better to feed the fish once a day, but after a while you can increase the quantity, following the rule – a little and often.
The main cause of problems for beginners aquarists (often even experienced ones) is too abundant feeding. Aquarium is a closed environment, so that it does not get into it, it will become part of the water in which the fish live. The food gets into the ground, where it rots, releases toxic phosphates, accelerates the growth of harmful algae, and makes the aquarium look unhealthy.
Overfeed the fish and the water becomes muddy, the fish get sick, and the glass will cover the disgusting algae.
How to understand if you are overfeeding fish? Everything that you threw into the aquarium should be eaten within a minute, if the food fell to the bottom or was not eaten in a minute, this is wrong!
The exception to this rule is catfish, they need sinking food, such as pills, and even if they fell to the bottom, catfish will quickly destroy them.
In the new aquarium, it is better to feed the fish once a day, but after a while you can increase the quantity, following the rule – little by little and often. Arrange a fasting day once a week – do not feed the fish, this will allow them to stay healthy and look for food on their own.
Maintaining order in the aquarium seems like a no-brainer. For some reason it is considered that you need to change all the water in the aquarium. But the main things are a partial replacement of water, removing dirt from the ground, removing algae, and cleaning the filter.
All this is enough to do once a week. And for the new aquarium water replacement is not needed!
Only after a few months you need to start regularly changing up to 30% of water.
If your fish is sick – not eating, hiding, losing color, or behaving strangely, and the water quality and conditions in the aquarium are normal, then it is often difficult to understand why the fish got sick. Beginners often do not take into account one important factor – the environment in which the fish lives. Everything, for example – rocks, plants, decor, even other fish affects your pets.
If you take a small fish that lives in nature in densely overgrown, shady ponds and streams and put it in your aquarium with bright soil, light and no plants …. It will experience stress, it will get sick or die. Take the same fish, run into the aquarium with plants, soft light and she will eat well and grow.
When you buy fish, do not take all that you like. Now a lot of information, read, think, learn and compatibility of different types and you will not have to be disappointed.