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How often to feed the fish in the aquarium

maintenance, care, compatibility

In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet.

What do all the fish usually eat?

To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them.

Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours.

During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.


No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights.

The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes.

Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.

Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes.

Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust. Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust.

In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.

See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.

There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:

  • Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Do not overfeed your pets – give food not too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
  • The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
  • In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.

Anyone who has at least a little experience in breeding aquarium fish knows perfectly how important the proper feeding of fish is. And this is not always easy – because each breed needs certain feed.

One needs a lot of protein, others need a large amount of carbohydrates. It depends on many factors – the size of the fish, its origin and lifestyle.

So, sometimes it is not easy to find exactly the kind of food that will benefit your pets.

Of course, it is worth knowing not only what, but also how much fish should be fed in order not to harm them. And again it depends on the needs of the fish.

Remember: large and mobile fish need a lot of feed.

For example, a small barbus burns so much energy, flying from one corner of the aquarium to another, that it needs to consume much more food than the roosters, the larger fish, who lead a very calm and unhurried life. But in any case, it is enough to give the fish as much food as they can eat in five to seven minutes.

Later, they no longer eat with such appetite, and some of the food is at the bottom, where it rots and spoils the water.

To distribute the food between the fish equally, it is desirable to teach the fish to gather at a certain time or by a signal near the feeder. Then it does not happen that some fish will eat two servings, while others will remain hungry.

It should determine in advance how often you will feed the aquarium fish. The best solution for adult fish is two feed feeds per day – in the morning and in the evening.

When feeding, do not forget to easily snap your fingernail on the glass near the feeder – the fish will get used to the fact that such a signal portends dinner, and they will immediately float away.

But if you grow young, two feedings per day is not enough. To fry turned into large and beautiful adult fish, it will be better to feed them four to five times a day.

Of course, you do not need to give too much food so that it will not be wasted.

When you settled such wonderful pets as goldfish in your home aquarium, the question immediately arises: “How and what to feed these cute creatures?”. In fact, feeding the fish in the aquarium is not difficult.

First, it is an omnivorous species of fish, and secondly, when pets get used to the owner, they can be given food with their own hands.

In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time searching for food. Predators hunt small relatives, medium-sized omnivores feed on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish.

Whatever the fish eats – in its native element, it will always find suitable food for itself to survive and give birth to.

It is quite another thing – fish contained in captivity. Here, in the matter of food they can only rely on people.

In aquarium conditions, fish entirely depend on the person – on the responsibility and the observation of its owner.

So how to feed aquarium fish? In fact, an unequivocal answer to this question is impossible.

The only obvious thing is that the feed should be diverse and balanced. It is best to alternate several types of food.

If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of “chips”, granules or tablets – this is an excellent and useful delicacy for your fish.

Manufacturers of such dry mixes take into account all the characteristics of the body of fish, and this ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full activity of aquarium inhabitants. But do not neglect the natural food – let’s bloodworm, daphnia, Cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.

Of course, each family of fish needs to choose an individual food. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large.

If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry. Some species of fish live directly at the water’s mirror, therefore, the food for them must remain at the surface.

If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium, they need food in tablets, which quickly sink to the bottom.

No less important is the question of how many times to feed aquarium fish.

Malki need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, they need to feed at least three to four times a day. Adult fish, as a rule, are fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large breeds of predators it is enough one time.

Once a week you can (and even need) arrange a fasting day.

Remember that round tummy is characteristic only for young individuals, and in adults it is a sign of overeating.

As for the number of servings, try to give exactly as much as the fish is able to eat in 15 minutes. Residues of food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to clean them and not leave overnight.

Probably every novice aquarist heard about goldfish. This is not surprising: the beauty, brightness and elegance of these fish makes them very popular.

Well, the fact that under this common name collected more than a dozen species (classical fish, celestial eye, comet, telescope and many others), allows each aquarist to choose exactly the breed that he likes most.

However, if you want the fish to continue to maintain their beauty, as well as give healthy offspring, you need to know exactly what kind of food and how often to feed the goldfish.

Immediately it should be said that goldfish need not only proteins, but also carbohydrates.

Therefore, in addition to live food – the bloodworm, the pipe worker, the earthworm – they need from time to time to give boiled buckwheat, oatmeal, soaked semolina, as well as tender algae leaves.

Some owners give a small amount of bread, but this causes the water to deteriorate very quickly, so that most prefer to avoid using such feed.

To feed the fish is best not more than twice a day. But here we are talking only about adults.

Fry can be fed 4-5 times a day – because they grow, and for this they need a large amount of feed.

The fact is that goldfish (like many others) have little control over themselves while eating. And if you give them an unlimited amount of food, they will soon acquire problems with liver and obesity.

But it is not enough to know how many times to feed goldfish per day. It is also necessary to arrange fasting days from time to time. It is best to establish a specific order – for example, not to feed the fish on Tuesdays or on any other day of the week convenient for you.

These days, the fish not only burn off the accumulated calories, but also pick up all the food that could be on the bottom or algae in a week.

When feeding, it is worth remembering one simple, but very true commandment of aquarists – it is better to underfed the fish than to feed them.

Indeed, regular overeating almost always leads to serious diseases in pets.

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