maintenance, care, compatibility
Rooster fish are popular with many aquarists. And how could it be otherwise? After all, these small, but surprisingly beautiful fish with luxurious fins are really capable of bewitching any person.
Of course, for them to continue to delight you over the years, you need to learn more about them.
This should start with the fact that in no case should one keep two males in one aquarium.
Few people realize that these beautiful and graceful fish are distinguished by unusual aggression. Sometimes a strong male can kill a weak one to death – because they belong to the category of fighting fish.
Often, novice aquarists do not know what to feed cockerels. The answer to this question is simple – like any other fish, it is best to feed them with live food.
Perfect bloodworm, which you can buy both in the fishing and in the pet store. You can keep the food alive either in the door of the refrigerator or in a special millworm placed in the toilet bowl.
Immediately it should be said – overfeeding the fish is very dangerous. For adults it is enough to feed three to five worms twice a day.
Yes, it seems to many a very small portion, but here we should take into account the small activity of the fish. Usually they can rest for hours on algae leaves, or simply hovering in the water column.
If you can not always buy moths, you can buy a special dry food for males. But still it will be better to alternate feed.
For example, in the morning to give live food, and in the evening – moth.
After learning how to feed the fish-cockerel, it is worth asking and how best to feed them. Feed is recommended to be given at a fixed time. Then all the fish are already gathering near the trough, and it does not turn out that one “shustrika” will get a double portion, while the other, not having time for lunch, will remain hungry.
Many aquarists, before feeding, click a finger several times on the glass of the aquarium in order to develop a conditioned reflex in fish. In a few weeks one click will be enough – the fish will immediately gather near the feeders and will be able to have a hearty lunch.
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish. The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high.
And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
Back to content
Caring for cockerels involves the prevention of diseases and injuries. The cockerel is a fighting fish, and therefore often remains without fins.
But this is not a sign of a disease, but of a recent skirmish. There is no need to isolate the fish or try to treat it: it is enough to feed it correctly so that the regeneration process proceeds quickly.
If there are signs indicating a disease, then the fish should be planted out of the general aquarium. And in a quarantine aquarium you need to start its treatment.
Quite often, the fish may feel bad because of dirty or not fresh water, and therefore do not forget to change it.
Now you know what the life span of a rooster is, what to feed him, how much food to give, what kind of care he needs, whether they get along with other species in the aquarium and other useful information. One thing remains – to put everything into practice.
The behavior of the fish can not be called perfect, but the more interesting to watch it. In general, good luck!
Back to content
Cockerels are unusual, incredibly bright and exotic fish. Aquarists love them not only for their beautiful appearance, but also for their fighting character. However, in order for these fish to please their owners for a long time, they need special care.
This article contains information regarding the characteristics of the content and breeding of males in an aquarium.
The south-east of Asia is considered the birthplace of the cockerel fish. Its main habitats are warm, fresh, slow-flowing or standing bodies of water in Thailand, Vietnam, the Malay Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia.
The first mention of this unusual fish found in history in the 1800s. At that time, the people of Siam (now it is Thailand) noticed the increased aggressiveness of the males of this fish towards each other and started breeding a special breed for fighting money rates.
Cockerels were imported to Europe in 1892. The first countries to see the miracle fish were France and Germany. In the US, they came in 1910, where Frank Locke brought a new color version of cockerels.
In Russia, the history of their appearance is associated with the names of V.M. Desnitsky and V.S.
Melnikova and attributed to 1896.
- In South Asia, cockerels were used to fight money stakes. Fights to the death of the fish, as a rule, did not lead, the case ended in shabby tails. Now such battles are prohibited.
- The male rooster can fight to the point of exhaustion, even with its reflection in the mirror.
- These fish are endowed with two respiratory systems: gills and a labyrinth organ.
- Males are very interesting to show sympathy for the opposite sex: the female “fidgets” back and forth, while the male pulls out the gills and fins and wriggles with her whole body.
Do not too often iron the cockerels (although they allow), as some owners do. Scale on top has a protective layer of mucus.
If this film is inadvertently damaged, then the fish will become very vulnerable to various diseases.
Sometimes males can go to the bottom of the aquarium. If this does not last long, then do not worry – they are so relaxed.
Anxiety should be beaten if such behavior is observed for a long time. Then you need to consult a specialist and check the health of the fish.
If the fish are sick, then for their treatment there are special medicines (against fungi or parasites, antibiotics). They are best ordered at the pet store in advance.
We hope that this article was useful for those who plan to settle the fish-cockerel in their aquarium. Let the pet feel comfortable and for a long time happy with its beauty!
And according to the tradition, the video, which deals with the rules of care and maintenance of the Siamese Cockerel:
The cockerelfish (betta fish, Siamese cockerel, Betta splendens) is a species of fish that belong to the macropode family. This is a labyrinth fish that also uses atmospheric air for breathing.
The shape of the body of males is oval, it is flattened laterally and extended in length. The size of the fish is mostly small: males are about 5 cm, and females are 4 cm. However, there are individuals that can reach 10 cm in length.
The tail and upper fins have a rounded shape, pectoral ones – pointed. The fins of males are longer than those of females.
The males have a very interesting and varied color. They are one-, two- or multi-colored.
All colors of the rainbow can be present in the coloring, as well as their shades. Males are colored brighter than females.
The brightness of the color is affected not only by the lighting, but also by the condition of the fish: during spawning or clashes with their own kind, male males become most vivid.
The life of betta fish is approximately three years.
To date, breeders bred about 70 species of cockerels. All of them with a bright unusual color.
There are several classifications of species.
Depending on the shape of the fins and size:
- voile tail;
- crescent moontail;
- delta tail;
Depending on the color:
The cockerel fishes are considered unpretentious and easy to care for; however, some conditions should be met.
Males can be kept in small (10-15 liters), and in large aquariums. On one individual requires 3-4 liters of water.
If the aquarium is large, then it can be divided into several parts by partitions. In this case, several males can be kept in one tank at the same time without damage to their health.
Partitions are made of transparent non-toxic material with small holes for water circulation. Next to them, it is better to plant high plants in order to block fish from viewing and reduce undesirable meetings.
The males are able to jump quite high out of the water, so the top of the aquarium is equipped with a net or cover with holes for the passage of air
The cockerel is a labyrinth fish, that is, it breathes not only by the gills, but also by an additional special organ. In it, the blood is saturated with air, which the fish seizes with its mouth.
Therefore, aeration for cockerels is not very important, but it is desirable to install a filter. It may be of small capacity, as these fish do not like a strong current.
It is also important that the surface of the water is not completely overgrown with plants, so that the cockerel can rise to the surface and capture the air. Sometimes it happens that a bacterial film forms on the surface of the water.
It must be removed. This can be done with a sheet of paper, putting it to the surface of the water, and then removing it with the film.
Males in food are picky and almost omnivorous. For them you can use live, dry and frozen food. Nevertheless, a large part of the diet should be a live feed (bloodworm, tube maker, daphnia, Cyclops, etc.).
The cockerels will not refuse from rain or flatworms, snails or zooplankton.
Feed the fish 1-2 times a day. Food at one time give exactly enough to fish ate it completely in 15 minutes.
Leftovers must be removed immediately. Overfeeding is not recommended, as this can lead to fish obesity.
Well, once a week to arrange a fasting day.
Caring for aquarium cockerel fish does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. The cockerel fish feels great in a small aquarium.
These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air. Close the aquarium lid so that the air above the water surface warms up and your little cockerel does not catch a cold.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium. Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil.
Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request. However, do not forget that the cockerel fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly! This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water.
The fish is caught in a net and transplanted into a jar with a portion of the water. Then, under running water without the use of powders, they wash the aquarium and the ground and fill it with clean water of the desired temperature.
For the rooster fish, they choose a special food in the form of small flakes, which is a dry full-feed. Food give 1-2 times a day at the tip of a knife.
Within 5-10 minutes all food must be eaten. However, the cockerel fish is prone to overeating, if necessary, you can arrange for it one fasting day.
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish.
Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they are called “fighting fish”.
They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established – then all inhabitants will be comfortable.
An important rule – it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight.
On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male.
Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable.
If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet. Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees.
Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary – this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen. Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank.
Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by “competitors”, which are external stimuli for them.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the “no” territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar.
But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Males and guppies – it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk.
Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off. Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature.
The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta – compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention.
The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother. However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones.
Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami – all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami – curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around.
Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact – slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content.
At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly – viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length. Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters.
Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors – as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up.
Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proven, cockerels rarely bother corridors.
The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing. Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta.
Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.