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How much to feed aquarium fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet.

What do all the fish usually eat?

There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:

  • Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
  • Do not overfeed your pets – give food not too often, in small portions.
  • For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
  • No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
  • The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
  • Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
  • In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.

Proper and rational nutrition of fish – a guarantee of health and longevity, not only adults, but also future offspring. Let’s talk a little about nutrition, volume and feeding regimes.

What feed is better to use, whether it is possible to give pets homemade or still better purchased.

It’s no secret that nutrition is one of the most important components of life. From its quality, quantity and composition depends on how long and happy will be the life of an organism. Such arguments are valid for aquarium fish too.

If you do not want your small water-loving pets to be stunted and constantly sick, you need to feed them with the right food that suits them. Also, do not forget about the balance of proteins, micro and macronutrients, fats and carbohydrates.

Much has already been said about feeding rules. However, it is necessary to combine them into one section for the convenience of readers.

Basic feeding rules:

  • feed the appropriate food for this type of fish;
  • do not overfeed;
  • give a variety of products;
  • clean up the rest of the feed net;
  • the number of feedings should be commensurate with age;
  • do not feed at bedtime;
  • The presence of natural food in the diet is required.

When starting any living creature at home, it is important to always remember that it is not only joy, but also a great responsibility. Without proper care, any living thing will not live long. Not an exception and fish.

Therefore, watching your diet, do not forget about little friends. And then they will delight you with their beauty and playful mood for a very long time.

Video from professional aquarists about proper feeding of fish:

Anyone who has at least a little experience in breeding aquarium fish knows perfectly how important the proper feeding of fish is. And this is not always easy – because each breed needs certain feed.

One needs a lot of protein, others need a large amount of carbohydrates. It depends on many factors – the size of the fish, its origin and lifestyle.

So, sometimes it is not easy to find exactly the kind of food that will benefit your pets.

Of course, it is worth knowing not only what, but also how much fish should be fed in order not to harm them. And again it depends on the needs of the fish.

Remember: large and mobile fish need a lot of feed.

For example, a small barbus burns so much energy, flying from one corner of the aquarium to another, that it needs to consume much more food than the roosters, the larger fish, who lead a very calm and unhurried life. But in any case, it is enough to give the fish as much food as they can eat in five to seven minutes.

Later, they no longer eat with such appetite, and some of the food is at the bottom, where it rots and spoils the water.

To distribute the food between the fish equally, it is desirable to teach the fish to gather at a certain time or by a signal near the feeder. Then it does not happen that some fish will eat two servings, while others will remain hungry.

It should determine in advance how often you will feed the aquarium fish. The best solution for adult fish is two feed feeds per day – in the morning and in the evening.

When feeding, do not forget to easily snap your fingernail on the glass near the feeder – the fish will get used to the fact that such a signal portends dinner, and they will immediately float away.

But if you grow young, two feedings per day is not enough. To fry turned into large and beautiful adult fish, it will be better to feed them four to five times a day.

Of course, you do not need to give too much food so that it will not be wasted.

FEEDING GOLDEN FISHES

AS? WHAT AND HOW MUCH?

Goldfish – extremely playful, cheerful and voracious creatures. They quickly get used to the person of their breadwinner, and as they approach the aquarium, they jump out of the water like piranhas with hungry eyes. This behavior of your waterfowl pets can be repeated 10 times a day, but this does not mean that the goldfish are hungry all this time.

This is just a conditioned reflex. It is necessary to feed your pets 1-2 times a day with one pinch of dry food.

This is quite enough for their normal growth and development. If you feed more often, the fish will behave very sluggish, in addition their life expectancy will be reduced.

Despite the fact that the process of feeding goldfish can bring you a lot of pleasure – do not abuse it. In fish, there is no sense of saturation.

Do not forget about it. So do not overdo it.

And your pets will long please your eyes and soothe raging thoughts.
And now from the lyrics, to the point!

Goldfish need a balanced diet. Their diet should include both live food – bloodworm, artemia, daphnia, rotifers and other food: dry and especially vegetable.

If we talk about proportions, then in my opinion for goldfish, this proportion looks like 40% live, dry and 60% vegetable food.

Live food, adore all the fish and gold is no exception. When keeping Zolotuh in an aquarium, it is better to use frozen live food, as they are safer than full-scale.

Dry feed – a universal remedy for feeding any fish. Manufacturers of aquarium feed took care of the usefulness of the diet.

Therefore, if you wake up to feed goldfish only with such food, then this will be quite enough for their well-being. But if you want to feed your goldfish to be elite))).

It is necessary to introduce vegetable feed and only natural.

How is this achieved ?! Yes, very simple.

You need to breed Leopard or Riccia, Well, it is very golden love this aquarium vegetation.

Here, please see how much duckweed grows in my week in an aquarium with scalars. All she goes to feed goldfish.
Economical and non-GMO!


As it is known, duckweed and riccia grow very quickly and do not require special conditions for maintenance. For a week you will grow it on a scale sufficient for goldfish to feed. It should be diluted in a separate aquarium and transferred to scrofula 2-a – 3 times a week.

That’s all you need.

It is necessary to distinguish the feeding of goldfish in the aquarium and in the pond.

For feeding goldfish in a pond, it is recommended to use meat chips mixed with bread, as well as hard boiled cereals: buckwheat, oatmeal, millet, etc. The pond must be with vegetation.

If anyone is interested in this question, I recommend you to talk with our user “Muri”, she is a noble owner of goldfish in the pond!

I feed my goldfish with the following formula:

Resurrection – live food, Monday – Wednesday is dry and substitutes, Thursday – duckweed, Friday – Saturday – dry and duckweed.

On this kind of food my scrubs are fat and fluffy. 🙂

WHAT FEEDS CAN BE ADVISED:

To date, only Tetra produces 13 types of feed for goldfish, which indicates the great popularity of these cute creatures.

Let us dwell on each of them:

Main feed, 9 species

Tetra Goldfish Pro

High quality balanced nutritional food for all types of goldfish.

Tetra Goldfish Pro has a high nutritional value due to low-temperature manufacturing technology.

The optimized ratio of proteins and fats provides better absorption of nutrients and guarantees an improved digestive process.

It has a low level of water pollution, as a result, a decrease in algae growth and water purity.

The new formula of universal chips:

– the yellow center contains krill to enhance natural coloring and maintain muscle development;

– the red rim contains nutritional elements;

– omega-3 fatty acids provide healthy growth;

– contains shrimp to improve the taste.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

Intensive scientific research, carefully selected ingredients, advanced technologies and constant monitoring ensure consistently high quality.

Tetra goldfish

Nutritious flakes are suitable for all types of goldfish.

Contain all the necessary nutrients and trace elements

improves health, vitality and color richness.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean Clear Water – improves the digestibility of the feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Feeding fish is very convenient thanks to a special cap for accurate dosage.

Tetra Goldfish Color

Balanced feed suitable for all types of goldfish – to improve color.

Offers a varied diet, achieved through an optimally selected composition of flakes with a high content of natural color enhancers, which allow you to show all the beauty of your fish.

This type of food contains all the necessary nutrients and trace elements that help improve health and vitality.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean Clear Water – improves the digestibility of the feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Tetra Goldfish Energy

Nutritious sticks for all types of goldfish.

These floating rods will not only improve the health of the fish, but also increase the resistance to diseases.

Ensure the consumption of the optimal amount of fat, which is easily absorbed by the body and serves as a reserve source of energy.

Tetra Goldfish Color Sticks

Crumb, developed on the basis of the new BioActive formula for all types of goldfish.

Floating small granules with a high content of algae (spirulina) provide a wealth of natural coloring of fish and increase the body’s resistance to disease.

Perfectly assimilated by a full-fledged plant composition.

TetraGoldfishGranules

Floating pellets for all types of gold fish.

Granules are fully eaten with fish and provide good nutrition.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

TetraGoldfishMenu

Balanced feed for all goldfish.

The package contains 4 different feeds in one can: chips with high nutritional value; granules for good coloring; flakes for biologically balanced nutrition; daphnia as a treat for

Tetra Goldfish Weekend

Compact sticks for all types of goldfish.

Food sticks are easy to dose and they last for 9 days!

High content of vital minerals and proteins and

unique production process – allows you to get a hard food that does not contain difficult-to-digest binders and does not degrade the quality of water.

Tetra goldfish holiday

Vacation feed for all types of goldfish.

Healthy food for 14 days.

Patented formula contains Daphnia, essential vitamins, trace elements and minerals.

Do not muddy water, easy to dose.

Special premium feed, 4 species

Tetra Goldfish Gold Exotic

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and contributes to the health of fish.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean Clear Water – improves the digestibility of the feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

It has excellent digestibility, both at high and at low temperatures.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

TetraGoldfishGoldGrowth

Premium food for all types of goldfish with high quality protein, supports growth and contributes to the health of fish.

Essential nutrients and special ingredients ensure good digestibility.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean Clear Water – improves the digestibility of the feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

Tetra Goldfish Gold Color

Premium food for all types of goldfish, containing carotenoids, spirulina algae and other color enhancers, allowing you to take care of the beautiful appearance of the fish.

The patented formula BioActive – stimulates a healthy state of the immune system and provides a high life expectancy.

A formula Clean Clear Water – improves the digestibility of the feed and reduces the amount of fish excrement, which allows you to keep the water clean and clear.

Ideal high-quality food capable of maintaining the perfect shape of your fish.

Granules soften quickly, so the fish can easily eat them.

TetraGoldfishGoldJapan

Premium feed pellets for all breeding goldfish.

Granulated feed quickly softens in the water and provides a complete and varied diet of fish.

It takes care of balanced nutrition of all types of Japanese goldfish: Oranda, Lionheads, Lelescopes, Riukins, Vualehvostov, etc.

Small in the form of a stick can easily fall to the bottom, which makes it easy for Japanese goldfish to look for food at the bottom to please the habit.

The food is rich in plant proteins that provide optimal digestion and carotenoids that enhance the natural color of fish.

* REMEMBER: undernourishment of fish – it is always better than overfeeding! Especially this rule applies to goldfish.

Otherwise, the aquarium will be dirty, and the fish will be sluggish and suffer from inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract.

Astronotus is a freshwater fish of the Cichlow or Cichlid family. Their sizes are relatively large, so in the aquarium the feeding of astronotus must be complete and varied.

The length of the aquarium specimen can reach 25 cm. As endemics of South American rivers, they prefer foods rich in proteins, in particular, small fish and meat of small warm-blooded animals.

The astronotics in the aquarium behave like voracious fish, and the resulting food is digested for a long time – for 2 days. Wild astronotus can eat different foods – if not enough protein, can go to the plant.

Coastal and aquatic plants, fruit falling in the river they love very much. An adult and very hungry astronotical half-starving can grab a rodent from a tree and have a snack.

Perhaps for this reason they grow large in nature – 45-47 cm in length.

Aquarium fish of this species eat everything that the owner gives, and if they are offended or smell the blood from the wound, they can bite the finger. Be careful when feeding from your hands. Some razvodchiki keep at home mice, or other small rodents, even breed live-bearing fishes of the Peciliaceae family (guppies, swordtails, gourami).

This is all to feed them to the astronotus. Perhaps the spectacle is not for the faint of heart, but taste habits of such large cichlids.

For a more saturated color scales, minced seafood can add a little red bell pepper, but do not overdo it, otherwise the food is not the fish do not eat.

Look at the feeding of the astronotus with goldfish.

Young animals can still eat “fish milk” glands, which are formed on the skin of their parents. Fry also need to be fed with nauplii of Artemia, Cyclops, Daphnia, as well as Tetra Cichlid pellets.

As the babies get older, in 2-4 months, transfer them to other foods – grated frozen squid, washed and chopped earthworms.

There is an opinion that astronotus needs constant feeding from chicken meat and beef heart. In fact, the meat of warm-blooded animals can be harmful to health.

Animal fats clog up blood vessels, deform the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Sliced ​​beef heart can be given, but very rarely, so that the fish do not get used to it.

But sea food, such as gammarus, they can be given without fear.

It is not recommended to give fish caught from rivers, lakes and other urban reservoirs. Also, you can not buy them store fish in a living form.

Such products may infect the water. In the spring, you can make blanks of grasshoppers, dragonflies, crickets, tadpoles, snails.

Freeze them, and periodically give the fish. Astronotus can take vegetable food: lettuce, spinach, peas, sliced ​​cucumbers and zucchini.

When choosing branded feeds, it is important that they include astaxanthin – a necessary element in the diet, which has a beneficial effect on the health of the fish.

Ancistrus: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review of catfish suckers, adhesives

Antsistrusy – this is the most popular catfish of the aquarium world! They are known and contain everything, both beginners and pros.

The ancistrus deserved such attention due to its qualities: they are referred to as “aquarium attendants”, they are unpretentious in content, are uncommon in behavior, and, of course, the structure of the mouth-sucker markedly distinguishes them among many other som-like fish.

At the same time, these fish can hardly be called handsome! A strange mouth, some warty growths on the face, dark coloring, and, as a rule, they often hide in snags and grottoes … like twilight!

What is so attracted to aquariums around the world to these fish? I think the answer will give a full story about them! So, the Latin name: Ancistrus dolichopterus (Ancistrus ordinary); Russian name: Ancistrus, catfish stuck, catfish sucker, catfish cleaner, antsitrus;
Order, suborder, family: capes, cat-shaped, chain-mail or Loricariid catfish (Cypriniformes, Siluroidei, Loricariidae). Given the fact that many are confused in the classification of fish, and on the Internet you can often find unreliable information, it should be said that Loricaria and Mail – It is the same.

The family of Mail Som in Latin will be Loricariidae – these are antsistrusy, pterigoplichty, loricaria, sturisomes, farlovellas, hypoptomes, ototsinklyusy and others. It is often written that the ancistrus is an armored soma, but this is not true.

Crabfish Callichthyidae are corridors, dinemas, brochises, thoracatums, etc.
Comfortable water temperature: 20-28 ° С (for manufacturers 20-26 ° С);
Ph acidity: 6-7,5 (for manufacturers up to 10 °, KN up to 2 °);
Stiffness dH: up to 20 ° (for manufacturers 6-7,3);
Aggressiveness: relatively non-aggressive (20%);
The complexity of the content of antsistrusov: easy;

Antsistrus compatibility: These catfish can be maintained with virtually all types of aquarium fish, in fact they are peaceful inhabitants of the aquarium bottom. However, to say that antsistrus absolutely harmless fish can not be! Yes, everywhere – in the articles of the Runet they write that these somas behave like “God’s dandelions”, but on aqua. The forums can often find information that antsistrusy chase fish, stick to them and even spoil the skin … And it’s true!

Therefore, it is undesirable to keep them with slow and cumbersome fish, for example, with the family of Goldfish. Also, from personal experience, I can say that it is impossible to keep them with scaleless fish, for example, with bag-tailed catfish, such fish, antsistrusy can inflict serious wounds with their “passionate kisses”.

Not compatible with: large, aggressive and territorial cichlids, especially during the spawning period. Read more about fish compatibility. HERE!
How many live: with proper maintenance can live more than 7 years. Find out how much other fish live HERE!

The minimum volume of aquarium for antsistrusov: 80l is considered a normal aquarium for a pair of antsistrus, but many keep them in 50, and 30, and even 20l. aquariums. It is not correct, alas, in such conditions the fish will not live for a long time, will “drain” and die. About how much you can keep fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).

Requirements for care and maintenance: Antsistrusy unpretentious fish. Elementary adherence to the recommended parameters of water – the key to success in their content and even dilution. These catfish suckers do not need personal and excessive attention, the only desirable element in the aquarium should be shelters: grottoes, caves, and especially snags or hemp.

Aeration, filtration, weekly water change for fresh – are required. In addition, in the aquarium it is desirable to set up correctly and sufficiently active flow of water, which will mimic the natural habitat of catfish.
Feeding and diet: Antsistrtsov, however, as well as other representatives of Loricaria are referred to phytophages, that is, to fish that feed on plant food. It is this feature of the catfish sucker that makes it an indispensable aquarium actor in the fight against algal fouling of the walls of the aquarium and decor.

Due to its unique structure of the mouth, ancistrus scrape / scrape off any small plant formations. Thus, we can say that antsistrusy are unpretentious in the diet and can get food on their own. However, this does not mean that an aquarist should not feed them.

The diet of antsistrus should be 70-80% vegetable feed and 20-30% protein foods. For complete feeding of catfish cleaners, you can buy special branded feed for loricarine catfish, as a rule, these are green tablets falling to the bottom. Also, many weekly feed their suckers with scalded fresh cucumber, lettuce, spinach, green peas, pumpkin and cabbage leaves.

Some aquarists, especially for Ancistrus, richly decorate the aquarium with snags and stumps, the Ancistrus gladly “gnaw” the slugs and constantly hang on them. And in the stumps, with good conditions of detention, they can even spontaneously and independently multiply.
Photo feeding antsistrusov

Feeding any aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

In nature, live: Ancistrus habitat is the central and northern part of South America. Their biotope – rivers and streams with a fast current, lakes of tropical forests, swamps and ditches, some species inhabit mountain streams.
Description of Ancistrus:
Soma body elongated, head and front of the body flattened. From the dorsal fin the body is covered with bone plates, except the abdomen.
Ancistrus mouth – These are suckers with horny scrapers, with which they scrape food from the surface.
Dorsal large, flag-shaped, often pressed fish to the body. Thoracic, ventral and dorsal fin wide.

Cultivation and reproduction of acystrus

Antsitrus, male and female in the photo and their laying in coconut shell It is not any difficulty. Often it, under optimal conditions, can occur independently in the general aquarium.
For purposeful breeding of steam, the producers will be deposited in a shallow spawning aquarium – 40 l., Or if the spawning is a large 100-150 l. You can plant one male and two females. The spawning incentive is frequent water changes, abundant feeding, an increase in the amount of protein, live food, and an increase in water temperature.
To distinguish a male from a female is easy! Males on the head and along the edges have branched, developed leathery processes – tentacles, in the people they are called “antennae”.

In females, the antennae are located only at the edges of the head, poorly developed or not at all.

Producers must be the same size or the female must be larger than the male. Cases of killing of smaller females by male are noted.
The aquarium is equipped with pipes or long stumps, only in them the female will lay eggs. However, there have been cases when caviar is deposited in pots and just on a snag.

Nevertheless, plastic pipes are considered to be the best spawning substrate.
Spawning aquarium is filtered and aerated.
After the female has laid a laying of 30-100 eggs in the tube, the male takes all the care of the offspring. He expels the female and during the entire incubation period of ripening caviar fanning her with fins, creating a stream of water and oxygen access to the clutch, besides the male removes dead eggs.

It is not worth disturbing the male during this period, otherwise he may eat caviar in a “panic”. photo laying antsistrusov caviar

After about five days, little larvae emerge, which the caring male protects for a couple of days.


The hatched larvae hang and the actual does not move. They feed independently during this period – with the reserves of the yolk bladder, due to the exhaustion of which the larvae become fry and from this period they must be fed.

The aquarists feed the fry differently, who gives spirulina, who pushes the branded loricarium tablets, who immediately begins to give crushed cucumbers. The main thing in this matter is the small fraction of feed (dust) and the access of fry to it.

see also Antsistrus breeding – Forum aquarists.
Interesting about antsistrusah:
– it is completely unknown why male suckers need “whiskers” on the face. Ichthyologists suggested that the mustache is an imitation of larvae and juveniles.

Thus, the male shows the female, they say, see what kind of “I’m a good dad.” It is noticed that females prefer males with large whiskers)))
– when launching antsistrus into a good herbalist, you should always remember that when there is a lack of vegetable food, catfish can begin to feed on the leaves of plants and damage them. For prof.travnika better to use otsinklyusov and Siamese algae.
– There are an insane number of species of ancistrus, their classification is rather confused and complicated by the presence of breeding breeding forms. The most popular types of antsistrus are considered to be: gold, voilean (voilean leopard and other subspecies), red, dark, brown, pink, star-shaped, albino.

But what only cost numbered L-catfish, their number is simply amazing.

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