maintenance, care, compatibility
Small recognized aquarium less than 50 liters. So, even in a 10 liter miniature pond you can settle the fish. However, it is worth calculating your efforts, the smaller the liters, the more often you need to do the cleaning, monitor the quality of water and aeration.
If you plan to keep tropical rocks in a small aquarium, then you will have to maintain an optimal temperature for their maintenance, about 26-27 degrees. In Akavirumah with a volume of less than 10 liters, this is very difficult to do, since the instruments have large scales that will not fit physically there. Ignore these conditions, too, will not work.
Without them, the fish for which you gave more than $ 100 will die.
Depending on the volume, you can have a different number of individuals. Thus, in the 10 liter can be placed 2-3 fish to 6 centimeters.
If you do not follow the rule of displacement for each representative, then you will create an uncomfortable atmosphere, which will worsen the health and appearance of the inhabitants. In addition to the fish in the aquarium will be gravel and plants, which also take up some volume from the declared manufacturer.
Another nuance in the settlement of fish in the smallest aquarium. Consider the habitat of pets so that they do not interfere with each other.
Fish are divided into those who:
- Swim near the bottom – bottom;
- Swim at an average level;
- Swim in the upper layer.
With such a gradation, the inhabitants will be evenly distributed in the aquarium, which will significantly increase its aesthetic properties. Let us turn to specific examples of ideal inhabitants.
- Let’s start with the physico-chemical parameters of water (acidity, the amount of nitrogen compounds, O2 saturation and temperature).
The most important limiting factor is the content of oxygen in the water. Plants and technical means (as additional sources of this gas) make it possible to increase the density of fish landing.
To determine its limit is simple: if the fish try to spend most of the time near the surface, convulsively swallowing the air (with high-quality aeration!), Then you have overpopulation.
At the same time, it is necessary to check the temperature of the water, since when it rises, oxygen dissolves worse in water.
- The next factor is the number, size, weight, age, food activity and growth rate of the fish.
The larger the individual, the more discharge from it. They, as well as food residues, decompose and release toxic ammonia.
If there are too many fish, then he simply will not have time to recycle and will poison the aquarium. The permissible number of fish can be identified by conducting chemical tests of water for nitrogen, ammonia, ammonium, nitrite, nitrate and good results by analyzing the results.
- It is important whether there is soil in the aquarium, what quality it is and in what quantity.
- Do live plants and what kind they are.
- Is filtering equipment used and which; how often the aquarium is serviced (water is replaced, the ground is cleaned, etc.).
- How often and in what quantities the food is given, what quality and chemical composition it has, what percentage of fish they eat. There are other, but not so important factors.
Some practicing authors share their experiences and tell which species, in what quantities and aquariums they feel great (with the condition of normal filtration and regular maintenance). Here are some such tips:
- Small fish (up to 4 cm: neon, cardinal, rasbor, guppy) can be kept in aquariums from 10 liters with a density of landing of 1 l per 1 fish.
- Small (up to 6 cm: pecillia, ternation, hasemania, rhodostomus, minor, barbus, guppy) in a 20-liter planting density of 1.5 liters per 1 fish.
- Small peaceful ones (up to 10 cm: swordtail, mollies, congo barbs, cross and black apistogram) in aquariums not less than 150 l. Density 3-10 liters per 1 fish. And for schooling water you need less, and for singles – from 5 liters per piece.
- Medium peaceful (up to 20 cm: angelfish, golden, gourami, danio malabarian) in an aquarium from 200 l. The rules are hard to call, many exceptions. It all depends on the fish, its mass, behavior, habits. The greater the volume, the more you can increase the density of landing.
- Small cichlids up to 10 cm need 40 liters for a pair.
- Malawian cichlids: an aquarium of 150 liters, where 1 fish accounts for no more than 10 liters. Such overpopulation is even necessary, it reduces their aggression.
- Large fish (up to 30 cm: akara, astronotus, cichlazoma) are placed in a pair of 250 liters or ten in 500 liters.
- Discus fish need an aquarium of 200 liters and at least 50 liters for 1 fish.
- Very large ones (arvana, snakeheads, clarium catfish) are best settled in aquariums at least 1.5 m in length. For 500 l 1-2 fish.
- Soma and fights. They are bottom, they can not be taken into account in the total. The larger the aquarium, the larger the breed can be planted. “Sucker” one, “digging” no more than 5.
- Labyrinth. One cock will be enough 0.5-2 liters. Gourami – 20 liters per pair.
What can be drawn from all this? And such that the recommendations need to listen, but not blindly follow the rules, the more outdated.
Each aquarium is unique and an individual approach is needed. We hope that our information will help you to correctly solve the problem “how many fish can you keep in an aquarium”.
Rule one. Fish for a small aquarium should not be predatory.
Often acquire fry, not thinking what size they will reach when they grow up. Therefore, you need to ask the seller about the maximum dimensions of an adult.
Rule two. Fish for a small aquarium should not be rare and expensive.
In such containers it is difficult to maintain a stable desired mode. In case of violation of the ecobalance (for example, due to excess feed), they are the first to die.
Rule three. No need to get a lot of fish. A single individual, 5 cm long, requires approximately 4 liters of water.
Easy to count: unpretentious fish for a small aquarium of 30 liters in the amount of 7-8 pieces. will feel quite comfortable.
Rule Four. There is no need to start individuals that are very different in behavioral factors.
For example, some fish are constantly moving, while others are inactive.
Fifth Rule You need to start the fish with a uniform filling of the vital volume.
For example, territorial individuals may occupy a larger capacity space, which will cause great inconvenience to other inhabitants. In addition, the fish must be combined vertically so as not to overcrowd one of the water layers (bottom, middle, top).
The most common is an inexpensive fish for a small guppy aquarium. If you wish, you can find beautiful specimens of intricate coloring.
Swordsmen of different colors feel good in such containers. They are red, black, spotty, green.
In addition, swordtails and guppies can coexist well together.
Another small fish for a small aquarium is black mollies. It is more demanding on the temperature and mineral composition of the water. Therefore, it is slightly salted.
Particularly spectacular disc red pesilia. All these fish are similar in terms of housing, feeding and care.
Creating and maintaining biological balance – the optimal ratio of plants, decor and fish for a small aquarium is quite a laborious job. Residents of the aquarium should feel comfortable in a small space.
To do this, do not overload the small aquarium inhabitants.
Fish for a small aquarium is chosen depending on their size and nature. Small fish with a calm, peaceful nature are preferable.
You can combine several species of fish with the same content requirements or create ideal conditions for one breed.
Guppies, small golden and cherry barbs, gourami, glowing tetras are fish for a small aquarium. The aquarium looks good with one goldfish or a cockerel.
Also in such a reservoir, you can settle danios or neons.
Keep track of the size of your pets. With good care, the fish grow in a small aquarium, and it becomes crowded.
Catch large fish in large domestic reservoirs and replace them with young.
In the preparation of this material used the Internet assembly, well, my own experience, with respect to those fish with whom he dealt. It is worth noting that the list below is idealized, that is, it is compiled without taking into account the size and size of the aquarium (on which many things depend), besides, the list is compiled without taking into account compatibility and without taking into account the aquarium layer of the fish’s habitat .
Simply put – you can not put in a 150 liter aquarium 50cm long. 60 Danes are pink, as well as 60 spotted soms on an area of 0.5 sq. M.
To find out how much, you can put in the aquarium and those and other fish, you just need to calculate their percentage for a specific volume of the aquarium.
10 guppies = 100%
6 Swordsmen = 100%
5 guppies + 3 messengers = 100%
How many fish can a 150 liter aquarium
How can Guppy in a 150 liter aquarium – 55 pcs.
How can Swordtails in a 150 liter aquarium – 40 pcs.
How can Mollienesium sphenops in a 150 liter aquarium -18 pcs.
How can Pecylium in 150 liter aquarium – 17 pcs.
How can Baloo shark in a 150 liter aquarium – 1-2 pcs. (norm is 500 l.)
How can Barbus sharkh in a 150 liter aquarium -1-2 pc.
How can Barbusov scarlet (Odessa) in a 150 liter aquarium -12 pcs.
How can Barbus Arulyus 150 liter aquarium – 2 pcs.
How can Cherry Barbus in a 150 liter aquarium – 12 pcs.
How can Eight barred barbs 150 liter aquarium-12 pcs.
How can Long-striped barbus in a 150 liter aquarium -12 pcs.
How can Green barbs in a 150 liter aquarium – 10 pcs.
How can Cross barbs 150 liter aquarium – 2 pcs.
How can Linear barbus 150 liter aquarium -3 pcs.
How can Fire barbs in a 150 liter aquarium -10 pcs.
How can Barbus oligolepis in a 150 liter aquarium – 10 pcs.
How can Sumatran barbus 150 liter aquarium – 15 pcs.
How can Danio leopard in a 150 liter aquarium – 30 pcs.
How can Danio pink in a 150 liter aquarium – 30 pcs.
How can Danio rerio 30 liter aquarium – 30 pcs.
How can Cardinals in a 150 liter aquarium -30 pcs.
How can Labeo two-tone 150 liter aquarium -4m
How can Labeo green 150 liter aquarium – 5 pcs.
How can Goldfish all varieties 150 liter aquarium -3 pcs.
How can Vakin 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Water eye 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Vualehvostov 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Pearls 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Stargazing 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Kaliko (Shubunkin) 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Comet 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Orand 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Ranchu 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Riukin 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Telescopes in 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Karpov Koi 150 liter aquarium – from 700 liters
How can Gourami whites in 150 liter aquarium – 7 pcs.
How can Gourami blue 150 liter aquarium -7 pcs.
How can Gourami pearl in 150 liter aquarium – 13 pcs.
How can Gourami of gold 150 liter aquarium -9 pcs.
How can Gorami lunar 150 liter aquarium -7 pcs.
How can Gourami honey in a 150 liter aquarium -10 pcs.
How can Gourami marble 150 liter aquarium – 9 pcs.
How can Gourami fishing 150 liter aquarium – from 300 liters
How can Goorami kissing 150 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Gourami chocolate in a 150 liter aquarium – 24 pcs.
How can Ctenopa leopard 150 liter aquarium-6 pcs.
How can Labiosis green 150 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Lyalius 150 liter aquarium-25 pcs.
How can Macropods 150 liter aquarium-15 pcs.
How can Petushki Betta in a 150 liter aquarium – 40 pcs.
How can Tetradon Biocellatus 150 liter aquarium-3 pcs.
How can Tetradon dwarf in 150 liter aquarium – 13 pcs.
How can Red-eyed tetradon 150 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Parrot (hybrid) 150 liter aquarium-2 pcs.
How can Turquoise acar 150 liter aquarium-1 pc.
How can Cockatoo Apistogram 150 liter aquarium-7 pcs.
How can Ramirez’s apistogramm hromisbabochka 150 liter aquarium-15 pcs.
How can Astronotus 150 liter aquarium – from 250 liters
How can Red discussions 150 liter aquarium -1.5 – 200 per pair
How can Discus green 150 liter aquarium -1.5 – 200 per pair
How can Blue discussions 150 liter aquarium -1.5 – 200 per pair
How can Brown discs 150 liter aquarium -1.5 – 200 per pair
How can Angelfish 150 liters in aquarium -1.5 pcs.
How can Tsikhlazmoz diamond150 liters in aquarium -1.5 pcs.
How can Eight-strip cychlamose (bee) 150 liter aquarium-2 pcs.
How can Tsykhlamoz severum 150 liter aquarium – from 200 liters
How can Tsikhlamoz Sedzhika 150 liter aquarium -3 pcs.
How can Tsikhlamoz black-striped 150 liter aquarium-3 pcs.
How can Blue dolphins 150 liters aquarium – from 200 liters
How can Melanochrome gold 150 liter aquarium -5 pcs.
How can Princesses of burundi 150 liter aquarium -6 pcs.
How can Psevdotrofeus Zebra 150 liter aquarium -6 pcs.
How can Psevdotrofeus Lombardo 150 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Chromis-handsome 150 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Yulidohromis Regana 150 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Neon blue in a 150 liter aquarium – 45 pcs.
Can be Neon red in a 150 liter aquarium – 45 pcs.
How can Nonov ordinary in a 150 liter aquarium – 45 pcs.
How can Neon black in a 150 liter aquarium – 45 pcs.
How can Ornatusov in a 150 liter aquarium – 45 pcs.
How can Piranha ordinary 150 liter aquarium -3 pcs.
How can Rodostomusov in a 150 liter aquarium 43 pcs.
How can Ternetius 150 liter aquarium – 15 pcs.
How can Tetr of the bloody minors in a 150 liter aquarium – 27 pcs.
How can Tetr copper in a 150 liter aquarium – 27 pcs.
How can Tetr Von Rio (Tetra of Fire) in a 150 liter aquarium -27 pcs.
How can Flashlights, hemigrammus selector in a 150 liter aquarium -27 pcs.
How can Akantoftalmusov Kühl in 150 liter aquarium – 13 pcs.
How can Acantoftalmus Myers in 150 liter aquarium – 13 pcs.
How can Common Ancistrus in a 150 liter aquarium – 13 pcs.
How can Botsy Modest in 150 liter aquarium -2 pcs.
How can Corridor catfish speckled 150 liter aquarium -15 pcs.
How can Striped mystus in 150 liter aquarium -2 pcs.
How can Platidoras striped in 150 liter aquarium -2 pcs.
How can Sack of bacillus in 150 liter aquarium -2 pcs.
How can Tarakatumov 150 liter aquarium -3 pcs.
How can Badis 150 liter aquarium-3m
How can Aravan South American 150 liter aquarium – from 300 liters
How can Black knives in 150 liter aquarium -1 pc.