maintenance, care, compatibility
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish.
The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high. And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions.
Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating. Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans.
They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers.
But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign.
Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia.
This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”? They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them.
This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
The Cockerel Fish: content, compatibility, reproduction, photo-video review
The question of the volume of the aquarium for these fighting fish is a separate topic.
Alas, almost all pet stores sell these luxury fish in 250ml. glasses, while sellers tell people that these are “unique fish”, they say they do not need oxygen, filtration, that they feel great even in a glass.
Do not believe the sellers of pet stores, their task is to sell the goods, and what will happen next with the fish, with you and the tears of the child who saw the cockerel floated up with a belly up – DOESN’T INTEREST THEM. And yet, you would know how many cockerels do not live out of pet stores until the time of purchase.
You would sincerely feel sorry for these innocent fish.
Yes, of course, cockerels are hardy fish, in natural habitat they live in muddy, silted, oxygen-free rice fields. But this does not mean that they can be kept in a small glass with water. Firstly, because the conditions of keeping of any animal should be as close as possible to the natural living conditions.
Monkeys must jump in trees, birds fly, and fish swim. When the cockerel fish just hangs in a glass, dropping the fins – this is actually a sad sight.
Secondly, in the cup, vase and other small vessels there is no biobalance at all. In the rice field, for example, various biochemical processes take place that purify water from various poisons (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates), these processes are absent in a glass with water, the poisons accumulate, the immunity of the fish weakens and it dies.
Biological equilibrium in artificial conditions can be achieved only in spacious aquariums, and the more, the better.
So, the minimum amount of aquarium (decorative vase, etc.) for cockerels should be 3 liters. To call such a vessel an aquarium is difficult in all senses, and therefore, if we talk about creating a full-fledged aquarium, the minimum volume for one individual should be 5-10 liters.
In such an aquarium, you can put a mini-filter, such an aquarium can be beautifully — naturally, you can plant aquarium plants, adjust the biobalance, and taking care of such a reservoir is much easier than washing the “pot” weekly, while delivering great stress to the fish. A good volume for a pair of Bette is considered an aquarium from 20-30l.
About how much you can keep the fish in the X aquarium, see HERE (at the bottom of the article there are links to aquariums of all volumes).
Requirements for the care and maintenance of cockerel fish
From the above, we can conclude that in one, a small aquarium, you can contain only one male cockerel. If the aquarium is large – from 100l. You can try to plant the second male or make transparent partitions in the aquarium, for example from plexiglass, pre-drilled holes in them to circulate the water in the aquarium.
In addition, I advocate the creation of a natural – natural environment in an aquarium. The aquarium can and should be decorated with stones, grottoes, snags, as well as living aquarium plants.
Lighting should not be very bright, preferably the presence of filtering. The aquarium itself should not be filled with water to the brim, you need to leave 7-10 cm and be sure to cover the aquarium. All labyrinth fish and cockerels in particular breathe atmospheric air, swallowing it from the surface of the water.
In the absence of airspace or access to the surface of the water, the fish will suffocate. A lid is needed to ensure that the air swallowed by cockerels from the surface of the water is not too cold.
An aquarium with cockerels can be equipped with artificial plants, but still, if you have the opportunity, purchase live aquarium plants. With live plants, the aquarium looks more natural, the plants themselves contribute to biological balance, and the males can also use them for spawning and creating a foamy nest.
Of unpretentious plants for cockerels can recommend: vallisneria, rogolini, cryptocorynes, other not complex plants.
Feeding and diet of cockerels: they are not whimsical in food, they are happy to eat both dry and live food (Artemia, bloodworm, etc.). The males eat any brand-name dry food, but advanced aquarium brands have developed special ones for them – individual foods that are best suited.
Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
In nature, live: Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Vietnam. They live in stagnant, oxygen-free waters – puddles, ditches, rice fields.
Description: Very beautiful fish, its veil tail and fins just fascinate. The color of the fish is different.
The most common ink color with a reddish tint. Males are colored much brighter, fins are longer than those of females.
The size of the fish is 5-10 cm. The body is laterally compressed, elongated, oval.
They have cycloid scales, pointed pectoral fins, upper and tail fin of a rounded shape, the lower fin originates from the head and ends at the base of the tail.
The history of cockerel fish
The first mention of the fish dates from the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was then that the people of Siam paid attention to these small, but lively and aggressive fish. Next, the Siamese began to cross wild individuals Betta and got a new kind of fish, calling it “biting fish.”
A couple of copies of these “pieces” in 1840. King of Siam handed over to Dr. Theodor Cantor, who in 1849 gave them the name Macropodus pugnax. After 60 years, the British ichthyologist Charles Tate Regan renamed them “The Beton Fish”, arguing that the Macropodus pugnax species already exists in nature.
It is known that the cockerel fish appeared in Paris in 1892, in Germany in 1896, and in 1910 appeared in the United States with Frank Locke from San Francisco, California. Through the selection of these fish, he received a “new” fish, calling it Betta Cambodia – one of the first color variations of Betta Splendens. The history of the appearance of Bette in Russia is not truly known.
There are several versions. The first is associated with aquarist VM. Desnitsky, who allegedly in 1896. brought from Singapore exotic species of fish and plants, but it is not known for certain whether there were any cockerels among them.
The second version says that the aquarist V.S. Melnikov approximately in the same period spread a number of labyrinth fishes in Russia. By the way, a competition for the best fighting fish was established in his honor.
And the latest version says that the fighting fish were brought in by the Frenchman Seysel, and all descendants from Russia and Europe went from his fish.
Types of Bette and Petushki selection forms
The first thing I want to say is that the cockerel fish (Betta splendens) is one of the Bett species. Bette species should be distinguished from Betta splendens breeding forms.
On the Internet, everywhere breeding forms of a rooster are given for species, which is not correct!
So, the Bette’s species include: Betta picta (Betta picta), Betta striped (Betta taeniata Regan), Betta smaragdova (Betta smaragdina Ladiges), Betta untamulata (Betta unimaculata), Betta black, she’s also the dwarf, Cockerel black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black, she’s black imbeIIis ladiges), Cockerel (Betta splendes).
And here, the selection forms of the Cockerel (Betta splendes) include:
In size and shape of the fins:
– Veiltail fighting fishes or “veil cock”
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Giant or royal fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Round-tailed fighting fish
– Crescent-tailed warrior fish
– Deltatail fighting fish
– Flagtail fighting fishes
– Poster fighting fish
– Crownstail fighting fish
– Poster fighting fish
– Crosstail fishes
– Two-tailed fighting fish
By color: Multicolor “multicolor”, two-color, one-color.
Photos of some breeding forms
The first video is especially recommended – Nest of cockerels, very beautiful HD shooting.
Caring for aquarium cockerel fish does not require deep knowledge, it is enough to follow the following recommendations. The cockerel fish feels great in a small aquarium. These are representatives of the labyrinth fish, which means that they breathe with the help of the gill labyrinth with atmospheric air.
Close the aquarium lid so that the air above the water surface warms up and your little cockerel does not catch a cold.
The aquarium can be filled with plants with large leaves, exclude those that cover the surface of the water or have sharp edges. Living plants are preferable to artificial ones; in addition, they will supply oxygen to the water in the aquarium. Take care also of shelters for fish, dark soil.
Aeration of water is not required, and you can put the filter on request. However, do not forget that the cockerel fish is inactive and care for it involves the creation of calm conditions, and the filter in a small aquarium can create excessive turbulence.
Do not place the aquarium in a draft or in direct sunlight, but the fish must have a sufficient amount of light. Clean the aquarium regularly!
This should be done once a week, and if you have a small aquarium it’s better to completely change the water. The fish is caught in a net and transplanted into a jar with a portion of the water.
Then, under running water without the use of powders, they wash the aquarium and the ground and fill it with clean water of the desired temperature.
For the rooster fish, they choose a special food in the form of small flakes, which is a dry full-feed. Food give 1-2 times a day at the tip of a knife.
Within 5-10 minutes all food must be eaten. However, the cockerel fish is prone to overeating, if necessary, you can arrange for it one fasting day.
For breeding cockerels fit a pair of fish at the age of 6-8 months. Until the moment of their meeting, they are kept separately for a couple of weeks, then they are thrown into one common aquarium, where the male begins to build a nest of foam and show mating games. In a couple of days you can expect spawning.
After the female lays 100-600 eggs, it is deposited, and the male takes care of the eggs. After another 3-5 days, when the fry are already swimming, the male is rejected.
- aquarium length 25 cm and more;
- water level 10-15 cm;
- without soil;
- after the male has settled down, the water level is 5 cm;
- subdued lighting;
- pair of plants with small leaves.
Further content of the cockerel fish with other fish is possible. Do not forget about the nature of the fighting fish, about what fish the cockerels get on with.
Do not keep two males together do not choose guppies or fishes with veils in neighbors.
The most common disease affecting the beautiful tails of cockerels is called fin rot, or pseudomonosis. With this disease, the fins and tail descend and become as if scorched around the edges. The progression of this disease can leave your fish without a tail and fins.
Infection occurs due to a specific bacterium that gets into the water with sick fish, live food and poor soil. The disease must be treated with special means.
The average life expectancy of fish is two to three years, but how long the cockerels live depends on the care and maintenance.
If you look at the color of the fish, there are one-color white and black specimens, blue and purple, yellow and red. Two-colored cockerels look more colorful, in which their tail is different in color from the whole body.
Multi-colored fish are impressive. The transition of colors from light to dark tones and vice versa may be in different parts of the body.
Separately kept dragon fish cockerel. Much larger than the others, they have a metal body in the form of chain mail.
Looking at the fins of the rooster in its expanded form, the breeders divided the fish into species: crescent, roetail, round-tailed fish, wristtail cockerel, voiley, delta-tailed, flag-tailed, crow-tailed, double-tailed, poster, giant and other species, among which there is no aggression.
How much live cockerel aquarium fish, depends largely on the owner of the aquarium. Labyrinth fish are very sensitive to conditions.
Prior to the nature of 3-4 years of life, in an aquarium, even under normal conditions, the cockerel usually does not live. And you in a desperate condition have to watch your pet cockerel die.
Rare water changes, overfeeding and overpopulation of the reservoir greatly reduce the lifespan of the fish. In addition to these factors, a large role is played by dense vegetation with indispensable access to the surface for a breath of fresh air and the maintenance of water temperature in the range from 26 ° C to 28̊ ° C.
More than one male together with females is not recommended. But, if the volume allows, the number of boys is increased to two. Although, cocks with luxurious fins, still feel better in small aquariums.
Since it is proved that the water column greatly affects their development.
How many lives aquarium cockerel, oddly enough, depends on the factors influencing its behavior. Aggressive character constantly requires a fight.
From this situation they leave with the help of a mirror or a glass partition between males.
The rapid development of fish laid in its genes. Unlike other living beings, it is the mature age that gives their appearance the greatest beauty and charm.