maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppy – the most common type of aquarium inhabitants. These colorful fish with large iridescent tail.
Often, talking about his hobby, experienced aquarists say that let them begin with her purchase. In addition, guppies are ideal test subjects for studying genetic mutations. Males of this species are much larger and more beautiful than females.
Their tails are much larger than those of females, and differ in their original, unusual coloring. The small size of the fish – from 1.5 to 3 cm allows you to make them the center of the aquarium world. Females are much larger – about 6 cm, but have not such a beautiful color.
Today, with the help of selection, beautiful individuals of females have been obtained, but their cost is much higher. You can see the possible fish options in the photo, which is full of internet.
The most common types of caudal fins are:
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water.
They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects. Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae.
The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms. She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild guppies in nature:
Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy). Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant.
They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 – 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 – 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.
The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.
It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.
Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium.
For guppies, the rule is simple – the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.
Very peaceful fish that does not cause any trouble to the neighbors. But it can be offended, especially large and predatory fish, which gupeshek perceive only as food.
So with fish like slaughter, giant gourami, pangasius or shark ball it is not worth keeping.
It is also impossible to keep with fish that can tear off male guppies with fins – Sumatran barb, Denison barb, fiery barb, some gourami, such as kissing, with ternitsemi.
Guppies get along best of all with peaceful and small fish: – rastori, cardinals, congo, neons, cherry barbs, speckled catfish, tarakatum.
Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article – the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch.
The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish – oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life.
Some fish live up to 5 years.
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening.
Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins. Regularly change the water to fresh.
There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign – either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.
Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish. In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis.
The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results. In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.
The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.
It is possible, although it looks like something sad … All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.
Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth. It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself.
Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.
This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants.
I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.
No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Light is needed for plants to grow.
No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim.
Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats. Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.
Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim.
And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?
Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200
Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.
No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.
They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which? Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely.
Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.
They can do it both by chance and because of bad water – for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.
Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease.
The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.
Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators.
The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy. Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.
The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you. What to feed the guppy fry?
There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.
Guppies are so unpretentious that they can even have offspring in a 4-liter aquarium. However, beginners are not recommended to start such small houses for fish.
The smaller the displacement, the harder it is to care for the fish and establish the optimal natural balance. Ideally, one aquarium should be a haven only for certain species of fish.
But, such an attachment to this breed very few people feel. The aquarium is much more interesting and colorful if there are several different fish living in it.
The neighbors of these peaceful fish should be treated very carefully. Putting the barbs or cockerels, you condemn guppeshek harassment.
In addition, these fish are not averse to eat fry.
To breed guppies you need an aquarium with an abundance of greenery. Thickets of plants are excellent shelter for fry.
Pay attention to the Javanese moss, which is considered an ideal refuge for the young.
As the main greens you can use:
- Canadian Elodea,
- Hornpaw, etc.
Guppies are thermophilic, so the temperature of the reservoir should not fall below 22 degrees. If there is a possibility of cooling water below the permissible level, then it is better to equip the pond with an automatic heater.
If the number of aquarium less than 1 fish 2.5 liters, you can do without aeration system and filter. In addition, there is a possibility that very tiny fry may get into the filter element with water and die there.
Special foam nets at the water intake opening will help to avoid this. If it is not possible to buy it, then simply wrap the tube with a cloth.
The only necessary condition – the temperature of aqua should not be below 23 and not above 28 degrees. Guppies are completely indifferent to the parameters of water.
For fertilization, the male swims to the female from below. It is noteworthy that after one portion of sperm, the female is able to give birth three times.
Aquarists who do this professionally know that for broods of hybrid breeds it is necessary to count not less than 3 times, and only the next to take offspring from the necessary male.
The gestation period varies about a month. This parameter depends on the temperature, the female and the number of future fry.
On average, each female gives birth to 50 tadpoles, but there are cases when the number is in the hundreds. It lasts for several hours.
The question of how to determine a pregnant female guppy is most often asked by novice aquarists. The easiest way to determine the interesting position of the pet – look at the abdomen. A black speck forms on the body of the female and the belly is significantly rounded.
The female looks thicker and much harder to move.
At the time of birth it is necessary that there are enough plants in the aquarium for shelter. Otherwise, the fry will be eaten by the mother.
On the first day of their lives, tadpoles do not need additional feeding. After you have removed (or have not removed) adult individuals, put small dry food, special food for fry or ground live dust into the aquarium. The fry are still too small to cope with daphnia or Cyclops, so it’s worth waiting for these kinds of feed.
A month later, the fry appear sex differences. The male becomes more beautiful than the female, and the female is ready for childbirth.
First of all, it must be borne in mind that these beautiful fish are viviparous, that is, they do not lay eggs or larvae, but give birth, producing offspring ready for life.
The duration of gestation of the female is from 28 to 40 days. It is established that it depends on the number of fry that she bears.
In its appearance, a pregnant guppy is distinguished from a common fish community. First, it forms a rounded belly, in the section of which it bears eggs, and then the belly becomes rectangular with a black area below.
This form of the abdomen suggests that a pregnant female guppy will soon give birth.
Important clarification: during this period, it is impossible to change the conditions of keeping fish, as a pregnant guppy is very sensitive to the slightest temperature fluctuations, water quality, and light intensity before giving birth. Calmness of the female is the key to successful spawning.