maintenance, care, compatibility
Perhaps this is one of the oldest representatives of a large family of carp, which they taught to live at home. There is every reason to believe that this happened a long time ago in China, where court breeders began to cross different representatives of silver carp and breed them in imperial ponds.
And so the golden fish appeared in several varieties: the dragon’s eye, che, veins (vualehvostka), wakin, dzhikin.
In such almost natural conditions, decorative crucians lived for quite a long time – up to 20-25 years, and their weight reached 4-5 kilograms.
At the beginning of the 16th century, ornamental fish came to Japan, and another 100 years later – to Europe. In the middle of the 19th century, it reached America.
Interesting fact: for a long time, the Europeans believed that the golden Chinese woman did not eat feed at all and only drink water. As a result: 2-3 months of a similar hunger strike, and Karasik died.
Only after many years did the European owners of these beautiful creatures learn to maintain them (to the delight of the fish themselves).
However, since the late Middle Ages about the goldfish went bad rumor that their age is quite short. This is a misconception.
At present, the habits, character and condition of the fish organism of golden crucians are very well studied. There is a whole set of recommendations for the maintenance of fish, allowing them to extend their existence at home.
But still the duration of their aquarium life rarely exceeds 8-10 years. In principle, for a permanent stay in a small closed volume quite well!
Optimum conditions for a decorative goldfish
It so happened that it was in England that there were goldfish that lived for 30, 40 and even more years! Perhaps, somewhere else there are the same long-lived women, but it was the English women who became famous.
So, in 1999, at the age of 44, she died. fish named Tish (male). Family Hand from the county of North. Yorkshire, where Tish lived for several decades in a small aquarium, was grieved by his death; he was literally a member of the family.
Gordon and Hilda Hand buried him in the shade of the trees in his plot: Tish didn’t like the hot sunshine.
And in the Wright family a pair of goldfish named Splish and Splash lived more than 30 years. At one time, the head of the family, Richard Wright, said that for his pets, which he started when he was young, no special conditions were created: a 40-liter aquarium, room temperature water, no direct sunlight, and feeding once a day with specialized food.
Perhaps such Spartan conditions affected the longevity so enviable for fish?
10 years ago the great interest of the media caused the message of death from old age goldfish named goldie, which was kept at home in Devon Tom and Pauline Evans. Goldie was the 46th year!
The owners sadly buried him in a secluded corner of his garden.
How many live aquarium goldfish? Definitely not tell, 10 or 40 years … Perhaps this is a matter of chance.
We can only hope that the creation of optimal conditions for the golden beauty will increase her chances of a long life!
How many aquarium fish live :: how many parrots live fish :: Aquarium fish
Fish are the oldest class of aquatic vertebrates, which eventually became inhabitants not only of water bodies and ponds, but also of domestic aquariums. Fish that live in an aquarium are distinguished from their wild relatives by their bizarre shape, color, size, and other individual characteristics of the body structure.
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As a rule, bright aquarium fish are thermophilic, they feel comfortable at a water temperature of at least 17 ° C, but there are exceptions and some species withstand low temperatures. The most popular family of aquarium fish:
– representatives of the catfish family.
It should be noted that the life expectancy of any species of fish is always different and depends on many accompanying factors, such as water, food, cleanliness, temperature, the number of fish and their compatibility with each other.
Often if the number of fish is too large, i.e. the aquarium is overpopulated, the life expectancy of the inhabitants is reduced significantly.
Long live only those fish that are compatible with each other and fit the class of the family. Also the size of a fish affects its lifespan: it is believed that small fish live from 1 to 5 years.
For example, common swordtails and guppies age by 3 years, black moroulius also lives on average 3-4 years, the cardinal – 4-5, and a labo up to 8 years.
It is believed that medium-sized fish live for 10 years, but the largest individuals can live for 15 years. For example, catfish, cyprinids, 4-10 years, have an average life expectancy of 5–15 years, and everyone’s favorite goldfish, astronotuses, cichlinomas, and even large piranhas live from 10 to 30 years.
There are cases when large carps lived in an aquarium longer than their owner, who died at the age of 78 years, who received a gift of an aquarium for coming of age.
Males traditionally live for a year and a half longer females. There are some breeds of fish whose females die during childbirth.
This can happen with any fish, but guppies and swordtails are most susceptible.
An important factor affecting the life of the fish, is the change of water in the aquarium and feeding. If you rarely change the water in the aquarium will accumulate substances that will adversely affect the respiratory system of the fish and over time will begin to oppress them.
A fish transplanted from dirty water into clean water will no longer be able to recover and most likely will die.
In feeding fish, it is important to understand that it is better not to feed the fish than to overfeed, because if you constantly throw food in the aquarium, it will spoil, and the fish will constantly eat up leftovers that will later affect its health, often manifested as diseases of the digestive organs.
The high temperature of the water in the aquarium also shortens the life of the fish, because in such water the metabolic processes take place quickly and the body of the fish ages.
If you take into account all the factors that were listed above, the life expectancy of the fish can really be increased by proper care. The main thing is to understand what conditions will be comfortable for a specific breed of fish, to remember about cleanliness, temperature and restrained feeding.
The main criterion is the size of the fish. By this indicator, you can judge how long you can admire your pet in the aquarium.
The smallest inhabitants have the lowest border, whose dimensions do not exceed 5 centimeters. For example, neon, guppy, swordman.
They live from one to five years.
Record small sizes were found in South American small fish – zinolebias. The length of her life depended on the rainy season, as soon as a drought occurred – zinolebias was dying.
The only thing that saved the fish from extinction – the timely throwing of caviar. During the period of high water, she managed to appear, grow, spawn, and die.
Fish, whose dimensions are defined as medium, can live up to 15 years, and some representatives over 25, for example, piranhas. Therefore, starting such pets, be prepared for a long neighborhood.
Interesting fact, males live significantly longer than females. Sometimes, the difference reaches almost two years. Breeds are known where the female dies after the birth of fry.
Of course, no one is immune from the unsuccessful throwing of caviar or a number of diseases, but most often this is observed in sword bearers and gupeshek.
The Amazon River has a slightly acidic pH and a mild level of hardness. Perhaps the most unusual hydrobionts live there, distinguished by their unique appearance and special structure of the organism. In the warm tropical waters of the scalar can live 20-25 years.
However, in an aquarium where space is limited and the diet is not so diverse, their lifespan is halved. The built environment, which is completely dependent on the person, does not always provide the fish with a balanced environment.
With proper care, regular cleaning of the reservoir, aeration, scalar live 10 years or more. If she is provided with constant care, without ignoring all the content requirements, she will live an order of magnitude longer, even 20 years.
It seems that 10 years is not a long time for joy, I would like more. But this figure is considered to be solid for not very big aquarium fish.
Watch a video on how best to care for scalars.
The life expectancy of an angelfish in an aquarium can be 15-25 years, if you follow a number of requirements. First, be sure to launch these fish into a spacious tank of at least 100 liters per pair (female and male). Secondly, install the compressor and the aerator, the fish saturated with oxygen will only be delighted.
The compressor must be turned on for 20-30 minutes twice a day.
As for the general cleaning in the aquarium, it does not need to be carried out too often. If you remove the remnants of food and rotted plants in time, the water can be changed less often, some people manage to keep the water in crystal purity for more than six months. Otherwise, water replacement should occur at least 3 times a month.
Be sure to clean the soil, wash the walls of the tank and the filter from the accumulated dirt, green algae. Watch the water temperature – the new water should correspond to all the parameters of the “old” one.
Do not forget that the angelfish will live more years if the feed in the aquarium is not worse than they are fed in the wild. In the wild, they are omnivorous: they feed on insect larvae and insects, zooplankton, and plants. Therefore, they can be fed all appropriately feed: artificial for cichlids, dry, frozen and live.
You can not give bloodworms and tubers, because they do not live in weakly acidic water. You can see how the fish form brownish blisters at the anus – these are the negative effects of feeding the bloodworm and the strawman.
What decorative angelfish eat: micro-worm, artemia, earthworms, snails, koretra, daphnia, cyclop, lettuce and spinach. It is not recommended to give meat to warm-blooded animals that are saturated with fats. Feed pelleted with spirulina can be additional feeding.
You need to feed such portions so that the fish ate the food in 2-5 minutes. Overfeeding is also harmful and shortens the life of fish, food debris can oxidize water, spoiling its quality.
See how to care for scalars to prolong their lives.
Because of the violation of metabolic processes, improper conditions of detention, untimely hygiene, fish can get sick, having lived in an aquarium for few years. With poor aeration, the fish have difficulty breathing, hold on to the surface of the water, gasping for air.
The eyes become pale, the gills from the inside become covered with necrotic plaques. In this case, you can gradually increase the aeration by adjusting the temperature of the water and the supply of oxygen.
If it seemed to you that the angelfish in the aquarium is sluggish, swims slowly, the anus is inflamed on the body, this is a disturbing signal. Hexamitosis is a parasitic disease of the gastrointestinal tract. Late intervention with the use of drugs can lead to infection of other fish or death.
It is possible to treat with erythrocycline baths with trichopol (50 grams and 10 grams, respectively, in proportions to one liter of water).
A scalar can form a fin rot, which is a consequence of infection with a rod-shaped bacterium. This is the result of heavily polluted water if it is rarely changed.
On the body of a scalar appear white turbidity, also the eye corneas turn pale. Later the rays of the fins begin to exfoliate and fall off, ulcers form.
The consequences of such a disease can be lethal – a fish will live for few years if it is infected from time to time. Treatment of fin rot: take malachite green, hydrochloride and bacillin-5 (in proportions of 0.1 mg, 100 mg, 4000 units per liter of water, respectively). The solution is added to a water tank.
Be sure to process the decorations of the aquarium, plant plants bacillin.
Ringworm – a disease of fungal origin, which reduces the number of years of fish life. Late treatment will be fatal.
Symptoms: white bloom on the body. Later, the fungus can spread to the internal organs.
For treatment it is necessary to use streptotsid, bacillin-5, copper sulfate, potassium permanganate (in the proportions of 1 gram, 4000 units, 0.5 gram, 0.05 gram, respectively). Timely prevention of diseases, quarantine and quality treatment prolong the life of pets.