maintenance, care, compatibility
In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet.
What do all the fish usually eat?
To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system. Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them.
Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding.
Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.
No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights.
The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often?
Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them.
Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.
Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust.
Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank.
Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:
- Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
- Do not overfeed your pets – give food not too often, in small portions.
- For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
- No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
- The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
- Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
- In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.
Fish, like cats, dogs and other pets, need a varied and sufficient diet. When planting water inhabitants, it would not be superfluous to ask how many times you need to feed the fish in the aquarium, at what time it is best to do it and in what portions to fill the food.
Feeding can be one-time, but it is more preferable to feed them twice. At the same time, morning feeding should be carried out at least 15 minutes after switching on the lighting, and evening feeding – 2-3 hours before bedtime.
For night dwellers (catfish, agamix, etc.) feeding is carried out at dusk, when the light is extinguished, and the rest of the inhabitants of the aquarium sleep.
The duration of each feeding should not exceed 3-5 minutes. This is more than enough for the fish to eat, but not to eat, and the food does not sink to the bottom.
In general, the rule works with fish – underfeeding is better than overfeeding.
The daily feed rate is calculated approximately as 5% by weight of the fish. If, after saturation, the feed continues to float and settle to the bottom of the aquarium, it should be caught with a net to prevent its rotting.
Once a week for fish you can arrange a hungry day. Obesity of fish leads to their death much more often than malnutrition.
Because you never need to give fish food above the norm. In addition, hunger has a positive effect on sexual activity and on the restorative ability of fish.
As already mentioned, food for fish should be varied. Therefore, it will not be superfluous to know how many times to feed aquarium fish with live food. An approximate weekly diet of aquarium fish may look like this:
- Monday – dry food;
- Tuesday – dry food;
- Wednesday – live food, bloodworm, artemia;
- Thursday – dry food;
- Friday – dry food;
- Saturday – live food + duckweed;
- Sunday is a hungry day.
The huge popularity of gourami among aquarists is quite understandable and explainable. The first thing, of course, is their beauty.
No matter what color of fish you like, you can easily choose just such a breed by gourami, which will become a real decoration for your aquarium.
There are black and pearl, yellow and blue, orange and white gourami. Luxurious fins make the fish even more elegant and sophisticated, for which many aquarists love them.
It is also important that for gourami feeding suitable quite easy to find.
The fact is that they are ready to eat almost any food, so that the owner does not have to run around the city, looking for scarce and expensive food.
But nevertheless it is worth knowing about food in more detail if you decided to get these beautiful small fishes. In general it is quite possible to grow and feed the gourams exclusively on dry food. Gourami are so unpretentious in feeding that even such a menu is quite suitable for them.
But there are a few drawbacks. We should start with the fact that when feeding only dry daphnia, gammarus and combined feed, the fry will grow noticeably slower. Which is understandable – they contain much less easily digestible proteins and proteins.
It is also worth being prepared for the fact that the fish will not be too bright.
Therefore, if possible, most aquarists try to feed gourami only with live food – first with infusoria or live dust, later with pipe maker, bloodworms and finely chopped worms.
Often aquarists chop aquarium snails (for example, fast-breeding coils) and chop them to feed them in order to provide the fish with the right amount of protein and iodine. But here it is worth knowing exactly how many times to feed the fish in one day.
Experts recommend two meals a day for adults and four meals a day for fry. Each time you need to give so much food to fish ate it for three to five minutes.
Then they will be satisfied, but at the same time they will not overeat (which is quite harmful).
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss.
Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right?
This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them. If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign.
Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment.
In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins.
Good to miss one day of eating. You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing.
On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
Probably every novice aquarist heard about goldfish. This is not surprising: the beauty, brightness and elegance of these fish makes them very popular.
Well, the fact that under this common name collected more than a dozen species (classical fish, celestial eye, comet, telescope and many others), allows each aquarist to choose exactly the breed that he likes most.
However, if you want the fish to continue to maintain their beauty, as well as give healthy offspring, you need to know exactly what kind of food and how often to feed the goldfish.
Immediately it should be said that goldfish need not only proteins, but also carbohydrates.
Therefore, in addition to live food – the bloodworm, the pipe worker, the earthworm – they need from time to time to give boiled buckwheat, oatmeal, soaked semolina, as well as tender algae leaves.
Some owners give a small amount of bread, but this causes the water to deteriorate very quickly, so that most prefer to avoid using such feed.
To feed the fish is best not more than twice a day. But here we are talking only about adults.
Fry can be fed 4-5 times a day – because they grow, and for this they need a large amount of feed.
The fact is that goldfish (like many others) have little control over themselves while eating. And if you give them an unlimited amount of food, they will soon acquire problems with liver and obesity.
But it is not enough to know how many times to feed goldfish per day. It is also necessary to arrange fasting days from time to time. It is best to establish a specific order – for example, not to feed the fish on Tuesdays or on any other day of the week convenient for you.
These days, the fish not only burn off the accumulated calories, but also pick up all the food that could be on the bottom or algae in a week.
When feeding, it is worth remembering one simple, but very true commandment of aquarists – it is better to underfed the fish than to feed them.
Indeed, regular overeating almost always leads to serious diseases in pets.