maintenance, care, compatibility
- Herbivores – these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
- Carnivores – have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
- Omnivorous – the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.
See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.
According to the diet and diet, their aquarium fish need to be given such food that suits them. Typically, domestic fish fed live, frozen, dry, vegetable food, which is sold in stores.
It is important that food be varied and rich in healthy vitamins and minerals.
Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. It is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, rotifers, and gammarus.
They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate. Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs.
Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish – these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.
Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish.
In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.
To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system.
Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them. Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day.
And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours. During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding.
Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.
No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights.
The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often?
Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes. Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them.
Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.
Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes.
Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust. Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust.
In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank. Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:
- Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
- Do not overfeed your pets – give food not too often, in small portions.
- For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
- No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
- The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
- Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
- In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.
Anyone who has at least a little experience in breeding aquarium fish knows perfectly how important the proper feeding of fish is. And this is not always easy – because each breed needs certain feed.
One needs a lot of protein, others need a large amount of carbohydrates. It depends on many factors – the size of the fish, its origin and lifestyle.
So, sometimes it is not easy to find exactly the kind of food that will benefit your pets.
Of course, it is worth knowing not only what, but also how much fish should be fed in order not to harm them. And again it depends on the needs of the fish.
Remember: large and mobile fish need a lot of feed.
For example, a small barbus burns so much energy, flying from one corner of the aquarium to another, that it needs to consume much more food than the roosters, the larger fish, who lead a very calm and unhurried life. But in any case, it is enough to give the fish as much food as they can eat in five to seven minutes.
Later, they no longer eat with such appetite, and some of the food is at the bottom, where it rots and spoils the water.
To distribute the food between the fish equally, it is desirable to teach the fish to gather at a certain time or by a signal near the feeder. Then it does not happen that some fish will eat two servings, while others will remain hungry.
It should determine in advance how often you will feed the aquarium fish. The best solution for adult fish is two feed feeds per day – in the morning and in the evening.
When feeding, do not forget to easily snap your fingernail on the glass near the feeder – the fish will get used to the fact that such a signal portends dinner, and they will immediately float away.
But if you grow young, two feedings per day is not enough. To fry turned into large and beautiful adult fish, it will be better to feed them four to five times a day.
Of course, you do not need to give too much food so that it will not be wasted.
When you settled such wonderful pets as goldfish in your home aquarium, the question immediately arises: “How and what to feed these cute creatures?”. In fact, feeding the fish in the aquarium is not difficult.
First, it is an omnivorous species of fish, and secondly, when pets get used to the owner, they can be given food with their own hands.
Feeding the fish in an aquarium should fully satisfy their needs, not exceeding the latter. So, for mature fish, one meal is enough.
And even in your absence, they steadfastly hold out for several days on a starvation diet. Another thing, if you brought fry.
Their young and growing organisms require more intensive nutrition, so in this case, preferably two meals a day.
It is advisable simultaneously with the acquisition of fish to understand how much they need food and how to feed the fish in the aquarium fully, but not to overfeed. The main rule – the feed should be absorbed in 5-10 minutes. All the rest is brute force for your pets stomach and water pollution in the aquarium.
On average, the amount of feed per day is up to 3% by weight of the fish. Estimate the weight of the inhabitants of the aquarium, and thus determine the amount of necessary food for them.
Distribute food is evenly over the entire area of the aquarium, and not throw in one place. So you prevent the accumulation of fish and their struggle for food.
It is important to consider the feeding habits of different types of fish. Depending on whether they are carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous, shape the ration accordingly.
It should be noted that the correctness of feeding the fish in an aquarium depends not only on the frequency and size of the portion, but also largely on the characteristics of the food.
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions. Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating.
Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss. Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers.
But is this feeding right? This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them.
If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick. If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia.
This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment. In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins. Good to miss one day of eating.
You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing. On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”?
They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them. This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.