maintenance, care, compatibility
“The Tale of the Fisherman and the Fish” by A. S. Pushkin. Tale of a goldfish in a new way
The fairy tale was written by the great Russian poet Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin in the village of Boldino on October 14, 1833. This period in the work of the writer is called the second Boldino autumn.
The work was first published in 1835 in the pages of the Library for Reading magazine. At the same time, Pushkin created another famous work – “The Tale of the Dead Princess and the Seven Knights”.
Pushkin wrote fairy tales in the highest flowering of his work. And initially they were not intended for children, although they immediately entered the circle of their reading.
The tale of a goldfish is not just fun for children with morality at the end. This is primarily a sample of creativity, traditions and beliefs of the Russian people.
Nevertheless, the plot of the tale itself is not an exact retelling of folk works. In fact, not much of Russian folklore is reflected in it.
Many researchers claim that most of the poet’s tales, including the tale about a goldfish (the text of the work confirms this), were borrowed from German tales collected by the Grimm brothers.
Pushkin chose the plot he liked, reworked it at his discretion, and clothed him in a poetic form, without worrying about how authentic the stories would be. However, the poet managed to convey, if not the plot, then the spirit and character of the Russian people.
The tale of a goldfish is not rich in characters – there are only three of them, however, this is enough for a fascinating and instructive plot.
The images of the old man and the old woman are diametrically opposed, and their views on life are completely different. They are both poor, but reflecting different sides of poverty.
So, the old man is always disinterested and ready to help in trouble, because he has repeatedly been in the same position and knows what grief is. He is kind and calm, even when he was lucky, he does not use the offer of the fish, but simply releases it.
The old woman, despite the same social situation, is arrogant, cruel and greedy. She pushed around the old man, tormented him, constantly scolding and always displeased with all.
For this, she will be punished at the end of the tale, left with a broken trough.
However, the old man does not receive any reward, because he is unable to resist the will of the old woman. For his humility he did not deserve a better life.
Here Pushkin describes one of the main features of the Russian people – long-suffering. That it does not allow you to live better and calmer.
The image of the fish is incredibly poetic and imbued with popular wisdom. It acts as a higher power, which for the time being is ready to fulfill desires.
However, her patience is not unlimited.
The tale of an old man and a goldfish begins with a description of the blue sea, on the coast of which an old man and an old woman have been living in a dugout for 33 years. They live very poorly and the only thing that feeds them is the sea.
One day an old man goes fishing. He throws a net twice, but both times he brings only sea mud. For the third time, the old man is lucky – a goldfish falls into his nets.
She speaks in a human voice and asks to let her go, promising to fulfill her wish. The old man did not ask anything from the fish, but simply let it go.
Returning home, he told everything to his wife. The old woman began to scold him and told him to go back, to ask the fish for a new trough.
The old man went, bowed to the fish, and the old woman received what she asked for.
But that was not enough for her. She demanded a new home.
Fish fulfilled this desire. Then the old woman wanted to become a pillar noblewoman.
Again the old man went to the fish, and again she fulfilled the desire. The fisherman himself was sent by an evil wife to work at the stable.
But this was not enough. The old woman told her husband to go back to the sea and ask her to make her a queen.
This desire has been fulfilled. But this did not satisfy the old woman’s greed.
She again called the old man to her place and told her to ask the fish to make her the tsarina of the sea, while she served on her packages.
I gave the fisherman his wife’s words. But the fish didn’t answer, just splashed its tail and swam away to the depths of the sea. For a long time he stood by the sea, waiting for an answer.
But the fish no longer appeared, and the old man returned home. And there an old woman waited for him with a trough, sitting by the old dugout.
As noted above, the fairy tale about a fisherman and a goldfish has its roots not only in Russian, but also in foreign folklore. So, the plot of this work is often compared with the fairy tale “The Greedy Old Woman”, which was part of the collection of the Brothers Grimm. However, this resemblance is very remote.
German authors focused all their attention on the moral conclusion – greed is not good enough, you should be able to be content with what you have.
The actions in the fairy tale of the Brothers Grimm also unfold on the seashore, however, instead of a goldfish, the flounder acts as the executor of desires, which later becomes the enchanted prince. Pushkin replaced this image with a goldfish, symbolizing wealth and luck in Russian culture.
Today you can find a lot of alterations of this tale in a new way. Characteristic of them is the change of time.
That is, from old times the main characters are transferred to the modern world, where there is also a lot of poverty and injustice. The moment of catching a goldfish remains unchanged, like the magic heroine herself. But the desire of the old woman change.
Now she needs an Indesit car, new boots, a villa, a Ford. She wants to be a blonde with long legs.
In some alterations, the end of the story also changes. The tale can end with a happy family life of an old man and an old woman who has looked younger by 40 years. However, such an end is the exception rather than the rule.
Usually the ending is either close to the original, or tells of the death of an old man or old woman.