maintenance, care, compatibility
The first, and perhaps the main question asked by novice aquarists – how and what to feed the fish. At the initial stage, this question raises great doubts. You can watch as the fish swim around the feeders gathering food, as much as you like, so beginners can overfeed pets, throwing handfuls of food to them all day.
But do not forget that aquarium inhabitants can also overeat, which will have a bad effect on health and water.
At the beginning of the conversation it may seem that this question is easy and unambiguous, in fact, everything is much more complicated. If you want to become a real aquarist, and not the unfortunate host, who once a day throws flakes to their pets, you will have to thoroughly study the issue of feeding the aquarium inhabitants and find their individual approach to them.
Proper feeding is a pledge of healthy fish that behave actively and beautifully shimmer with the best flowers.
Practice shows that most fish lovers choose the right feeding tactics. But, sometimes you have to deal with neglected cases when the owners are addicted and overfeed the fish so that they suffer from excess weight and physically can not swim. At the same time, the excess feed begins to rot, forming a real green swamp with all the ensuing consequences.
And this is not surprising. After all, there is no one universal algorithm for feeding all types of fish, so the question is how, what and how much to feed the fish becomes critical.
A beginner aquarist is misled by the fish themselves. They begin to swim at the trough and look lonely into the front glass, as if asking for some more food.
However, it should be realized that most fish will continue to beg for food even in moments of overeating, such is their nature. This is especially true for cyclides.
The first and basic rule – limit feeding to 1-2 times per day. This rule applies to adult fish. Fry and teens are fed more frequently.
The ideal is a portion that is eaten in the first 3-4 minutes. The norm is observed in the event that no food does not have time to touch the bottom.
The exceptions are catfish and fish that feed from the bottom. For them, it is better to use a special feed. Of course, it is impossible to forbid catfish and other herbivores to eat plants and algae, but this is a natural process that will not make them worse.
If you are afraid that the fish do not get enough food, then follow their condition for a week.
It is very important to observe the portions and not to overfeed pets. A well-running aquarium has its own microclimate, so excess food can cause imbalance. Remains of feed fall to the bottom and start the process of rotting, which spoils the aqua and causes the formation of harmful algae.
In addition, ammonia and nitrates increase in water, which adversely affects all residents.
If you periodically suffer from dirty water, the presence of algae and fish diseases, think about how often you feed the fish and how much food you give them.
If at intervals it became clear, then with what to give them, not really. Aquarists use four types of feed:
- Live food;
Ideal if you will combine all types of feed. In this case, your fish will be healthy and will give you an aesthetic pleasure playing its colors. It is not excluded that fish will eat only vegetable or only protein food, it all depends on the breed of aquarium inhabitants.
In nature, someone chooses a vegetarian lifestyle, but someone does not mind to eat their own kind. But if you disassemble most of the fish, it is better to use a mix of several feeds.
Purchased branded food can be used as the main food, regularly please fish with live food and sometimes give vegetable food.
If you decide to go under this scheme, then pay great attention to the choice of branded feed. It is better to give preference to well-known brands that have been on the market for more than one year and are tested by experienced aquarists.
This food is suitable for almost all fish. It is balanced, it contains the necessary vitamins and trace elements. You can find it in any pet store.
Do not confuse branded feed with dry. Food consisting of dried daphnia, cyclops or gammarus is not the best food for the daily diet of your fish.
It is not desirable to feed with such food, because it is deficient in nutrients, it is poorly absorbed and, among other things, is an allergen for humans.
Food live food – the most preferred option. The fish should be given regularly as an additional feeding every other day.
Like people, aquarium residents love a variety of foods, so try to alternate food as much as possible. The most common are the chimneyweed, bloodworm and coretil.
The only, but very significant disadvantage is that this type of food is most often mined in its natural environment, which means that it is possible to bring the infection into your water body. It is best to freeze it before feeding fish.
This method kills a number of harmful bacteria.
Featuring an alternative to live food – frozen. Agree, not everyone can be measured with the settlement in the fridge of live worms.
For such there is an alternative – frozen worms. They are easy to dose, they are stored for a long time, contain a full set of vitamins.
If you carefully study the pet stores, you can find miksovannyh species, where in one pack will be all three popular types of worms.
Vegetable food is an integral part of fish life in the natural environment. Most fish will have to try and cook green food.
Of course, feeding predators with grass is stupid, but the rest will gladly enjoy the greenery suitable for them. It is difficult to give general recommendations, since different fish prefer different feeds. There are several options for plant foods:
To natural can be attributed cucumber, zucchini or cabbage. Such feeding will allow you to enjoy your clean aquarium with healthy and beautiful fish.
With proper feeding, the lifespan of the fish increases.
One of the current issues of aquarists who are going to buy a pet Betta splendens, is how to feed the cockerel fish. Many newcomers do not know what kind of food will suit them, what should be the portions.
Malnutrition for fish is not as scary as overeating. Cockerels in the wild – omnivorous fish that prefer to catch insects from the surface of the water, there is benthos and small crustaceans. They are not averse to plucking aquatic plants, such as Javanese moss.
Traditionally they are fed with flakes and granules, which are produced by feed manufacturers. But is this feeding right?
This should be sorted out.
Let the rooster as much food as he eat in 2 minutes. Pour 4-6 pellets of food on the surface of the water, and see how quickly he can cope with them.
If the fish will not take this food, or spit it out, this is not a good sign. Either the feed did not fit, or the fish didn’t get used to it, or it got sick.
If she does not eat the feed, it will sink to the bottom of the tank, where it will decompose, releasing ammonia. This substance will cause a deterioration in the health of the fish, will create an extremely unhealthy biological environment.
In case of untimely cleaning of the aquarium, improper replacement of water, it will be difficult to maintain the health of the pet.
In addition, if your rooster goes beyond eating for 2 minutes, he will get used to such feeding. It turns out, the fish will begin to overeat.
After examining the abdomen, and noticing a significant bulge on it (in the area of the ventral fins), know that the fish is overweight.
- How often to feed Betta fish cockerel?
Young males, which are purchased in stores, need to be fed in small portions 1-2 times a day. Aquarium fish do not need to feed often, it is better to feed a little, and add food if they themselves ask.
During the spawning period, fish are fed 2 times a day, fry betta cockerels also, 2 times a day.
For these fish it is useful to arrange fasting days, skipping meals. The digestive system will have a “break” to restore, which will allow the body to get rid of accumulated toxins. Good to miss one day of eating.
You can choose Sunday, when many will be at home, doing their own thing. On weekdays, feeding must be resumed.
Despite the fact that betta betus are omnivorous creatures, but they lead a predatory life. Remember their nickname “Siamese fighting fish”? They will attack, bite, and eat another fish that is a potential threat to them.
This means that protein food is an advantage for them.
Look at the feeding of the cockerel worms (grindal worms).
Food that should be in the diet of the fighting cockerel alternately:
- Flakes for fish – you can give a cockerel not very often, they are inexpensive. If the cock refuses him – continue to give him a bloodworm.
- Cockerel granules – specially developed feed for Betta splendens. They are sold in pet stores, and are almost a daily feed for roosters. But some pellets are too large for small fish, they drown too quickly, and are perceived as waste.
- Dry food – in most pet stores they are, it can be processed bloodworms and artemia. Chickens appreciate such food!
- Frozen products – if you have the opportunity to catch or buy from a supplier of live moths, Artemia, a pipe worker in small batches, you can freeze them yourself in the freezer. This is not such an expensive pleasure, and, importantly, they love “freezing”. It is important not to thaw and freeze the feed again, otherwise it will lose its quality and will be unsuitable.
- Live food – as mentioned earlier, if you have the opportunity to buy or catch live moth or artemia, they are suitable as food. But there is a remark about such a feeding: worms can reach an infection in the aquarium directly from the pond. If you have a question, why did the fish get sick – maybe the reason for the infected feed? Do not risk with it, better freeze the worms.
See how a cockerel fish eats boiled cabbage.
Summing up the above, the fighting cockerel feeding is possible with the feed of such feed:
- Frozen or live bloodworm;
- Frozen or live artemia;
- Frozen or live daphnia;
- Frozen vitreous worms (if available);
- Frozen beef heart;
- Frozen worms (live pipemaker often carries parasites or bacteria, in a live form it is better to avoid);
- Frozen shrimp meat;
- Living earthworms;
- Live insects and their larvae;
- Scalded lettuce, spinach.
Frozen foods should not be given at the same time as dry foods, and combine all types of feed. Dry food in large portions can cause digestive problems that can lead to more serious health problems.
Anyone who has at least a little experience in breeding aquarium fish knows perfectly how important the proper feeding of fish is. And this is not always easy – because each breed needs certain feed.
One needs a lot of protein, others need a large amount of carbohydrates. It depends on many factors – the size of the fish, its origin and lifestyle.
So, sometimes it is not easy to find exactly the kind of food that will benefit your pets.
Of course, it is worth knowing not only what, but also how much fish should be fed in order not to harm them. And again it depends on the needs of the fish.
Remember: large and mobile fish need a lot of feed.
For example, a small barbus burns so much energy, flying from one corner of the aquarium to another, that it needs to consume much more food than the roosters, the larger fish, who lead a very calm and unhurried life. But in any case, it is enough to give the fish as much food as they can eat in five to seven minutes.
Later, they no longer eat with such appetite, and some of the food is at the bottom, where it rots and spoils the water.
To distribute the food between the fish equally, it is desirable to teach the fish to gather at a certain time or by a signal near the feeder. Then it does not happen that some fish will eat two servings, while others will remain hungry.
It should determine in advance how often you will feed the aquarium fish. The best solution for adult fish is two feed feeds per day – in the morning and in the evening.
When feeding, do not forget to easily snap your fingernail on the glass near the feeder – the fish will get used to the fact that such a signal portends dinner, and they will immediately float away.
But if you grow young, two feedings per day is not enough. To fry turned into large and beautiful adult fish, it will be better to feed them four to five times a day.
Of course, you do not need to give too much food so that it will not be wasted.
Any pets – whether cats, hamsters, parrots or aquarium fish – unwittingly tied the owners to the house. After all, they need constant care – feeding, treatment, caress and so on.
Therefore, every time when for some reason the owners have to leave the house even just for a few days, many people fall into a real panic – who will take care of their favorites?
Of course, aquarists are no exception. They are also very worried about how much you can not feed the fish.
After all, no one wants to go home and see the pets that have popped up abdomen.
Definitely answer this question is quite difficult.
The fact is that different fish have different needs in feed. The more active they are, the more often and denser they need to eat.
For example, barbs – these small comets in an aquarium – should eat more often and get more calories. A leisurely cockerel or catfish needs a much smaller amount of food. It also depends on the fatness of the fish.
If they are overweight (yes, in fish it is the same as in any animals), then they will be able to stretch longer. But in any case, if you need to leave home for five to seven days, you can not worry about their pets.
If you live fish that lead a very quiet, inconspicuous and unhurried lifestyle, they can easily stretch for a couple of weeks.
True, after returning it is better not to feed them with dry feed, preferring live ones. And in general, after the diet it is worth gradually increasing portions so that the fish do not eat.
Of course, the ideal solution to this problem would be to ask the neighbors to help out – to say what and how many times to feed aquarium fish, to explain when it is necessary to turn on and off the lighting and quietly go on business. But if there is no such possibility, you can simply feed the fish more tightly, turn on the compressor and leave the house.
However, this applies only to adult fish.
The fry, alas, are not able to stretch even five days without food. Therefore, planning a trip should be careful not to risk the health and life of their pets.