maintenance, care, compatibility
In order to understand how many times a day it is necessary to feed aquarium fish, it is necessary to understand the peculiarities of their nutrition in their natural habitat. All types of fish borrowed from their natural ancestors taste preferences and diet.
What do all the fish usually eat?
- Herbivores – these fish have a long digestive system, which indicates the habit of often eating small portions. In their natural habitat, they eat algae, plants, fruits, and seeds.
- Carnivores – have a large stomach, so they eat a lot, but not as often as herbivores. In nature, these fish eat dead animals, small fish, insects, invertebrates, birds, amphibians.
- Omnivorous – the diet of these fish several times a day, they prefer both vegetable and protein foods.
See how to make vegetable food for aquarium fish.
According to the diet and diet, their aquarium fish need to be given such food that suits them. Typically, domestic fish fed live, frozen, dry, vegetable food, which is sold in stores.
It is important that food be varied and rich in healthy vitamins and minerals.
Live food should be given to carnivorous and omnivorous fish. It is a bloodworm, a pipe worker, a daphnia, a coretera, an infusorium, rotifers, and gammarus. They must be stored in the freezer, they quickly deteriorate.
Fish fry need to be grown on live food, due to protein, they become resistant to diseases. Also, as a live feed, small fishes are served with veal, minced fish, chicken meat, liver, invertebrate meat, chicken eggs.
Vegetable food is necessary for herbivorous and omnivorous fish – these can be vegetables, fruits, algae, plants, cereal porridge.
Once a week, the fish are satisfied with a fasting day, or a mini-hunger strike. It cleans the intestines, eliminates the effects of overeating, helps to heal sick fish.
In the natural environment, fish can live without food for a long time, so a one-day hunger strike will not harm them.
To feed the fish you need so that they do not overeat, and were full of food. Diet depends on the age of the pet and the characteristics of its digestive system.
Adults usually eat 2 times a day, which is enough for them. Youngsters aged 1-2 months should eat 4 times a day. And fry up to one month old need to be fed every 3-6 hours.
During the spawning period, the fish should be given less food, sometimes not feeding the first few days after breeding. Two weeks before spawning, producers, on the contrary, should correctly produce more live food.
No matter how many fish you keep, you need to give them all the food at the same time. Begin in the morning, an hour after turning on the lights.
The last feeding should occur 2 hours before the lighting is turned off. The question of novice aquarists is how much food to give, and how often? Give us enough food so that they can eat it in 5 minutes.
Do not feed often, but in small portions, so that they completely swallow them. Unfinished leftovers can be removed with a net to avoid rotting.
Feed pellets depend on the age and size of the fish. Juveniles should eat food that does not exceed the size of their eyes. Dry food in the form of granules, flakes and tablets is recommended to be ground to dust.
Adult fish like to grab larger particles of food, they do not eat dust. In order for all the inhabitants of the household water body to be satisfied with feeding, install special feeders for dry and live food in the tank.
Of these, food is not frayed, and pets can eat it calmly.
See how to properly feed dry fish aquarium fish.
There are general feeding rules for all fish that need to be followed constantly:
- Properly feed the fish with the food that is right for them, consider the physiological characteristics of all species living in the general aquarium.
- Do not overfeed your pets – give food not too often, in small portions.
- For aquarium fish, the best nutrition is a variety of foods.
- No matter how much food you put in the tank, remove the remnants of it after the meal.
- The number of meals should correspond to the size and age of the fish.
- Do not feed the fish immediately after turning on the light, or before bedtime.
- In the diet of aquarium fish should be natural food, and not just artificial, purchased.
In their natural environment, fish spend a lot of time searching for food. Predators hunt small relatives, medium-sized omnivores feed on insect larvae, algae and caviar of other fish.
Whatever the fish eats – in its native element, it will always find suitable food for itself to survive and give birth to.
It is quite another thing – fish contained in captivity. Here, in the matter of food they can only rely on people.
In aquarium conditions, fish entirely depend on the person – on the responsibility and the observation of its owner.
So how to feed aquarium fish? In fact, an unequivocal answer to this question is impossible. The only obvious thing is that the feed should be diverse and balanced.
It is best to alternate several types of food. If you buy ready-made dry mixes in the form of “chips”, granules or tablets – this is an excellent and useful delicacy for your fish.
Manufacturers of such dry mixes take into account all the characteristics of the body of fish, and this ready-made food always contains the right amount of proteins, carbohydrates and vitamins necessary for the full activity of aquarium inhabitants. But do not neglect the natural food – let’s bloodworm, daphnia, Cyclops, carriage, crustaceans, etc.
Of course, each family of fish needs to choose an individual food. Make sure that the size of the feed is not too large. If the fish cannot swallow the flakes, they will remain hungry.
Some species of fish live directly at the water’s mirror, therefore, the food for them must remain at the surface. If the fish spends most of the time in the lower layers of the aquarium, they need food in tablets, which quickly sink to the bottom.
No less important is the question of how many times to feed aquarium fish.
Malki need a lot of energy and strength to grow. Therefore, they need to feed at least three to four times a day. Adult fish, as a rule, are fed in the morning and in the evening, but for some large breeds of predators it is enough one time.
Once a week you can (and even need) arrange a fasting day.
Remember that round tummy is characteristic only for young individuals, and in adults it is a sign of overeating.
As for the number of servings, try to give exactly as much as the fish is able to eat in 15 minutes. Residues of food should not settle and clog the water in the aquarium, so it is better to clean them and not leave overnight.