maintenance, care, compatibility
Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant.
They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 – 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 – 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.
The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.
It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.
Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium.
For guppies, the rule is simple – the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.
The main criterion is the size of the fish. By this indicator, you can judge how long you can admire your pet in the aquarium. The smallest inhabitants have the lowest border, whose dimensions do not exceed 5 centimeters.
For example, neon, guppy, swordman. They live from one to five years.
Record small sizes were found in South American small fish – zinolebias. The length of her life depended on the rainy season, as soon as a drought occurred – zinolebias was dying.
The only thing that saved the fish from extinction – the timely throwing of caviar. During the period of high water, she managed to appear, grow, spawn, and die.
Fish, whose dimensions are defined as medium, can live up to 15 years, and some representatives over 25, for example, piranhas. Therefore, starting such pets, be prepared for a long neighborhood.
Interesting fact, males live significantly longer than females. Sometimes, the difference reaches almost two years. Breeds are known where the female dies after the birth of fry.
Of course, no one is immune from the unsuccessful throwing of caviar or a number of diseases, but most often this is observed in sword bearers and gupeshek.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium affects the lifetime. Cold-blooded animals can not control the temperature of their body on their own, so water sets the rhythm for most processes in the body.
The body temperature of the fish is equal to degrees of water. Thus, the higher the score, the more intense the metabolic processes in the fish’s body, and, therefore, life expectancy is reduced.
Sometimes this figure reaches several years.
It is proved that if you rarely change the aquarium water, the concentration of harmful substances in the water will be above the norm, which would entail a reduction in the life of the inhabitants. Use distilled water whose chlorine content is close to the permissible value.
Bad water can lead to dysfunction of the respiratory organs and diseases of the digestive organs.
Proper fish care can only be ensured if the aquarium is properly installed. Proper setup of the tank does not take much time. Guppies can transfer a wide range of parameters of the aquatic environment: pH 5.8–8.5, although ideally the pH should be 7.0–7.2.
The recommended water hardness is 15 dH. Fish are not recommended to settle in banks or round mini-aquariums.
It will be uncomfortable for the fish to live there, and caring for them will be difficult – it is difficult to clean the walls of a round can with a scraper. To install the heater, filter, compressor, lighting, decor and plants, you need a spacious rectangular tank.
The breeding of fish should also occur in a rectangular aquarium or spawning.
To prevent the temperature of the water from fluctuating within wide limits, install a heater in the aquarium that will regulate it. Guppies prefer water at a temperature of 23-26 ° C.
If you need to quickly grow fry fish or stimulate reproduction, you can raise the temperature to 27-28 degrees.
Quality care is not possible without lighting, which can indicate many problems in the aquarium. Bright lighting will be a source of vitamin D, and the lack of light can cause spinal curvature.
Abundant, constant coverage will also harm pets. For fry, the optimal amount of daylight hours is 4 hours a day, and 8 hours of darkness.
At night, the light must be turned off (after 8-10 hours of light for adult fish). You can purchase a timer for luminaires, which are automatically turned on and off every day.
Filtration system – to keep the aquarium water clean. When the filter filler begins to darken, it is a signal that it is time to replace it. It is impossible to replace all the filtration systems at once, otherwise the beneficial bacteria will disappear.
They decompose ammonia in water, which is formed from fish waste. It is better to cut the sponge, and replace the second half with a new one.
If you use activated carbon as a filler, change it more often and according to the instructions. Also replace once a week with 25% water for fresh.
Air pump – supplies oxygen to the aquarium water. It will pump out air bubbles and create a current, saturating water with oxygen. Plant in aquarium live plants that also emit oxygen.
These can be stile-leaved species: anubias, cryptocoryne, elodea, arrowhead, aponogeton and others.
The scenery – not only decorate the aquarium, but can also serve as a shelter for fish. At the bottom of the aquarium, lay out sand or gravel, in which it is easier to place live plants and structures.
Do not forget to install shelters in the form of caves, grottoes, pipes, clay pots.
See how the guppy fry are born.
Breeding guppies and caring for their fry is quite simple. Fish that have reached the reproductive cycle, enter reproduction by themselves, being in the general aquarium. Before giving birth, the female’s abdomen swells severely, becoming almost square in shape.
As a rule, they give birth within a month, so the pregnancy of the fish is easy to notice.
Already a few days before giving birth, a separate tank for fry should be ready, since breeding guppies is fraught with parents eating the fry. To increase the chances of survival of fry, you can put dense bushes of living plants in the general aquarium, which will create shelters.
You can prepare a separate pit for the female, which has holes for fry. After the female has given birth to fry (sometimes it can happen within 24 hours or more), she can be transplanted into the general aquarium almost immediately. But it is better to place the female guppy in a tank with a separator a week before giving birth.
With a sharp change in the situation, the female may have a miscarriage.
In fry, immunity is not as strong as in adults. Fry need to be fed frequently – 3-4 times a day.
Guppy fry should be 2.5 cm in length per day when they are placed in a common aquarium with adult fish. Starter feed – Artemia larvae, branded food for guppy fry.
Many novice aquarists, the question arises: how many live aquarium fish. It should be understood that the life expectancy of any living creature depends on its type, proper care, comfortable living environment.
In an aquarium, the life span of a fish is influenced by the degree of its population. If the fish will be many, respectively, and their life expectancy will be reduced. In addition, do not forget that only compatible fish species can live together for a long time.
Remember that aquarium fish are cold-blooded: their body temperature is directly dependent on the temperature of the water in which they live. The warmer the water, the faster the life of the fish is due to the accelerated metabolic processes in their bodies.
The life expectancy of fish depends on their size: the life of small fish is short – from 1 year to 5 years, medium-sized fish can live up to 10-12 years, and large fish live 15 years or longer.
A rare change of water in the aquarium, as well as overfeeding leads to a decrease in the life expectancy of the fish. Moreover, overfeeding has a much worse effect on fish than underfeeding.
The older they get, the more prone to stress and various diseases.
Life expectancy of some species of aquarium fish
Let’s find out how many species of aquarium dwellers live: cockerel and guppy, swordtails and angelfish, telescopes, parrots, danios and others.
Experts disagree on how many years goldfish live. Some believe that these fish live for 3-4 years, others – that their life expectancy reaches 10-15 years.
The longest lived goldfish in the UK, which died at the age of 43 years.
Aquarium fish telescope, as well as other goldfish, can live in the aquarium for about 15-17 years.
The zebrafish belongs to the carp and lives from 5 to 7 years.
Scalar, a species of Cichl, can live up to 10 years. In Germany, the long-lived angelfish lived 18 years.
The parrot fish also belongs to the cichlor species, which, under appropriate conditions, can also live up to 10 years.
Sword-bearers and guppies are live-bearing carp fish and their life can last no more than 5 years.
Constantly fighting cockerel fish live in captivity for a short time – 3-4 years.
Labyrinth fish gourami can live in the aquarium for 4-5 years, glass catfish – up to 8 years, and piranha, referring to the characteristic haratsinovyh, lives in captivity up to 10 years.
Remember that the lifespan of your aquarium pets depends largely on your careful and caring attitude and proper care.
Simply put – you can not put in a 150 liter aquarium 50cm long. 60 Danes are pink, as well as 60 spotted soms on an area of 0.5 sq. M.
To find out how much, you can put in the aquarium and those and other fish, you just need to calculate their percentage for a specific volume of the aquarium.
10 guppies = 100%
6 Swordsmen = 100%
5 guppies + 3 messengers = 100%
How many fish can a 40-liter aquarium
How can Guppy in 40 liter aquarium – 16 pcs.
How can Swordtails 40 liter aquarium – 8 pcs.
How can Mollienesium sphenops 40 liter aquarium -3 pcs.
How can Pecylium 40 liter aquarium – 4 pcs.
How can Baloo shark 40 liter aquarium – 0 pcs.
How can Barbus sharkh 40 liter aquarium -0 pcs.
How can Barbusov scarlet (Odessa) in a 40 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Barbus Arulyus 40 liter aquarium – 1 pc.
How can Cherry Barbus 40 liter aquarium – 4 pcs.
How can Eight barred barbs 40 liter aquarium – 4 pcs.
How can Long-striped barbus 40 liter aquarium -4 pcs.
How can Green barbs 40 liter aquarium – 2 pcs.
How can Cross barbs 40 liter aquarium – 2 pcs.
How can Linear barbus 40 liter aquarium -0 pcs.
How can Fire barbs in a 40 liter aquarium -2 pcs.
How can Barbus oligolepis 40 liter aquarium – 2 pcs.
How can Sumatran barbus 40 liter aquarium – 4 pcs.
How can Danio leopard in a 40 liter aquarium – 8 pcs.
How can Danio pink in a 40 liter aquarium – 8 pcs.
How can Danio rerio 40 liter aquarium – 8 pcs.
How can Cardinals 40 liter aquarium -8pcs.
How can Labeo two-tone in a 40 liter aquarium -1 pc.
How can Labeo green 40 liter aquarium – 1 pc.
How can Goldfish all varieties 40 liter aquarium -0 pcs.
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How can Pearls 40 liter aquarium – 0 pcs.
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How can Telescopes in a 40 liter aquarium – 0 pcs.
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How can Gourami whites 40 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
How can Gourami blue 40 liter aquarium – 3 pcs.
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How can Neon blue in 40 liter aquarium – 16 pcs.
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How can Neon ordinary in 40 liter aquarium – 16 pcs.
How can Neon black in 40 liter aquarium – 16 pcs.
How can Ornatusov in 40 liter aquarium – 16 pcs.
How can Piranha ordinary 40 liter aquarium -0 pcs.
How can Rodostomusov 40 liter aquarium 20 pcs.
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How can Tetr of the bloody minors in a 40 liter aquarium – 8 pcs.
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How can Tetr Von Rio (Tetra of Fire) 40 liter aquarium -8 pcs.
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