maintenance, care, compatibility
What is the life expectancy of aquarium goldfish? It is difficult to answer this question unequivocally, since various conditions of the maintenance strongly influence the duration of their existence in aquariums.
We can only talk about what measures need to be taken to ensure that their stay in a closed aquatic system is more comfortable and durable.
Perhaps this is one of the oldest representatives of a large family of carp, which they taught to live at home. There is every reason to believe that this happened a long time ago in China, where court breeders began to cross different representatives of silver carp and breed them in imperial ponds.
And so the golden fish appeared in several varieties: the dragon’s eye, che, veins (vualehvostka), wakin, dzhikin.
In such almost natural conditions, decorative crucians lived for quite a long time – up to 20-25 years, and their weight reached 4-5 kilograms.
At the beginning of the 16th century, ornamental fish came to Japan, and another 100 years later – to Europe. In the middle of the 19th century, it reached America.
Interesting fact: for a long time, the Europeans believed that the golden Chinese woman did not eat feed at all and only drink water. As a result: 2-3 months of a similar hunger strike, and Karasik died.
Only after many years did the European owners of these beautiful creatures learn to maintain them (to the delight of the fish themselves).
However, since the late Middle Ages about the goldfish went bad rumor that their age is quite short. This is a misconception.
At present, the habits, character and condition of the fish organism of golden crucians are very well studied. There is a whole set of recommendations for the maintenance of fish, allowing them to extend their existence at home.
But still the duration of their aquarium life rarely exceeds 8-10 years. In principle, for a permanent stay in a small closed volume quite well!
Optimum conditions for a decorative goldfish
Of course, there are no strict regulated rules for its content. We can only talk about some recommendations based on the vast centuries-old experience of aquarists of the whole world on the breeding of goldfish in captivity.
They belong to the cold-water, the fish feel great at normal room temperature. Even a slight heating of the aquatic environment is extremely poorly tolerated.
A few words about feeding. Crucians, as you know, are very voracious and almost omnivorous. And since a goldfish is a decorative crucian, it will eat as much as there will be food available.
Feeding is frequent and abundant – a high probability of overeating, which will affect the duration of fish life is extremely negative. In addition, it must be remembered that animals eat well some aquatic vegetation.
Conditions of detention. Goldfish need space, so the aquarium should not be overcrowded.
It should be remembered that it was originally a pond fish, accustomed to frolic in the water column. By the way, and now all individuals sold in pet stores can be divided into 2 large groups: grown in ponds for mass distribution and purely aquarium individuals.
It is unlikely that an ordinary seller in a pet store will tell you exactly where these bright decorative crucians came from – from a pond nursery or a selection aquarium. But just in case, you should count on one fish to account for at least 40-50 liters of water.
So imagine what the size of the aquarium fit.
Water parameters. This animal leaves behind a lot of waste, and the water loves clean and saturated with oxygen.
Therefore, good filtration (especially mechanical) and aeration are extremely important.
General rules. So, summing up some information about the features of the content, we can formulate a few rules, the observance of which will prolong the life of goldfish for a long time:
- With a content of 3-4 individuals the required volume of the aquarium is 150-200 liters.
- Existence of the powerful external filter and the compressor for aeration of water.
- Feeding a variety of foods (vegetable, dry feed, worms) no more than 1-2 times a day. One day a week – unloading.
- Mandatory presence in the aquarium aquatic plants.
- Weekly water change at least of the total volume.
As a rule, compliance with these recommendations has a beneficial effect on the life of bright golden beauties. Unless, of course, in the aquarium is not brought infection.
It so happened that it was in England that there were goldfish that lived for 30, 40 and even more years! Perhaps, somewhere else there are the same long-lived women, but it was the English women who became famous.
So, in 1999, at the age of 44, she died. fish named Tish (male). Family Hand from the county of North. Yorkshire, where Tish lived for several decades in a small aquarium, was grieved by his death; he was literally a member of the family.
Gordon and Hilda Hand buried him in the shade of the trees in his plot: Tish didn’t like the hot sunshine.
And in the Wright family a pair of goldfish named Splish and Splash lived more than 30 years. At one time, the head of the family Richard Wright told that for his pets, which he started when he was young, no special conditions were created: a 40-liter aquarium, room temperature water, no direct sunlight and feeding once a day with specialized food.
Perhaps such Spartan conditions affected the longevity so enviable for fish?
10 years ago the great interest of the media caused the message of death from old age goldfish named goldie, which was kept at home in Devon Tom and Pauline Evans. Goldie was the 46th year!
The owners sadly buried him in a secluded corner of his garden.
How many live aquarium goldfish? Definitely not tell, 10 or 40 years … Perhaps this is a matter of chance.
We can only hope that the creation of optimal conditions for the golden beauty will increase her chances of a long life!
How many live fish?
How many live aquarium fish – this question that worries many novice aquarists. In fact, the life of aquarium fish, like any other living creature, depends on the type, habitat comfort and proper care.
In addition, the life expectancy of fish, significantly depends on the population of the aquarium. If you make a “hostel” from the aquarium, then the life expectancy of the aquarium fish will dramatically decrease. It should be remembered about the compatibility of aquarium fish: the wrong choice of fish – do not live long.
It should also be remembered that the fish are cool – their body temperature is equal to the water temperature. The higher the temperature of the water in the aquarium, the faster the metabolic processes in the body of the fish occur, and their life goes faster.
BELOW LIST OF LIFE DURATION OF SOME AQUARIUM FISHES:
How many live SHARK BALU – 10 years;
How many live APISTOGRAMS – 3-5 years;
How many lives FISH ANGEL PIEMELODUS – 8 years;
How many live ASTRONOTUS – 10-18 years old;
How many live BARBUS – 5-10 years;
How many lives VIENNA ORDINARY – 10 years;
How many live Botsii – 10-15 years;
How many live GURAMI – 4-5 years;
How many live DISKUSI – 10-18 years;
How many live DANIO – 5-7 years;
How many live GOLD FISHES – 10-30 years;
How many live Congo – 5 years;
How many live CARDINALS – 4 years;
How many live CUTTERED SOMA corridoratus – 5-7 years;
How many live Lyalius – 5-6 years;
How many live LABEO – 4-10 years;
How many live METINISES – more than 10 years;
How many live MYSTUSES – 5 years;
How many live NEONS – 4 years;
How many live MOLYNESIA – 4 years;
How many live NIMBOCHROMISES – more than 10 years;
How many live LETTERS – 3-5 years;
How many live OTOTINKLUSES – 5 years;
How many live PIRANIA – 10 years;
How many live MALAVIAN CYCLIDE – more than 10 years;
How many live PLEKOSTOMUS – 7-15 years;
How many live MIST – 5-10 years;
How many live Sindontis – 5 years;
How many live SEVERUM – 10-18 years old;
How many live SOM BUNGIO – 7-15 years;
How many live TARAKATUM – more than 10 years;
How many live COTTAGE SOMES – 8 years;
How many live TETS – 5-6 years;
How many live TsLKHLAMOZY BLACK-STONE 10-18 years;
How many live FRONTOSE – 8-15 years;
How many live CRIMLERS – 10-15 years;
How many live CHORNY MORULIS – 4-10 years;
How many live TETRADOES – 5 years;
How many live STURISMS – more than 10 years;
How many lives SMOKER FISH – 5 years;
How many live WEDGEBOARDS – 5 years;
How many live Rainbow – 3-5 years;
How many live PANAKIA – more than 10 years.
Each aquarist wonders how many aquarium fish live. Everyone needs to know this. If you are not sure that you want to keep the aquarium for a long time, get fish with a short lifespan.
For experienced breeders, the number of years is important to count the spawning that the fish will have time to implement.
Several things can affect the lifespan of aquarium dwellers:
- The size;
- Water temperature;
- Conditions of detention;
The main criterion is the size of the fish. By this indicator, you can judge how long you can admire your pet in the aquarium.
The smallest inhabitants have the lowest border, whose dimensions do not exceed 5 centimeters. For example, neon, guppy, swordman.
They live from one to five years.
Record small sizes were found in South American small fish – zinolebias. The length of her life depended on the rainy season, as soon as a drought occurred – zinolebias was dying.
The only thing that saved the fish from extinction – the timely throwing of caviar. During the period of high water, she managed to appear, grow, spawn, and die.
Fish, whose dimensions are defined as medium, can live up to 15 years, and some representatives over 25, for example, piranhas. Therefore, starting such pets, be prepared for a long neighborhood.
Interesting fact, males live significantly longer than females. Sometimes, the difference reaches almost two years. Breeds are known where the female dies after the birth of fry.
Of course, no one is immune from the unsuccessful throwing of caviar or a number of diseases, but most often this is observed in sword bearers and gupeshek.
The number of years lived can vary according to the nature and type of neighbors. When you create a dream aquarium, it is not enough to know the aesthetic criteria and dimensions, it is necessary to evaluate your preferred habitat zone and character.
If fish can get used to the hardness of water, then it is unlikely to endure the unacceptable habits of the neighbors.
The combination of fish size is one of the fundamental rules of an aquarist. Big fish are able to eat small fish or fry, regardless of taste preferences.
Before you start the new inhabitants – carefully examine the compatibility.
Overpopulation adversely affects the life expectancy of aquarium fish. The negative effects of overpopulation:
- Lack of feed;
- High competition;
- Lack of oxygen;
- Frequent illness;
- Aggressive behavior;
- Fight for leadership.
All this can lead to the death of fish. It is important to observe the number of liters for each individual. Otherwise, the life of the fish can be reduced.
Be wary of cocky breeds, they are capable of killing an opponent in the fight for leadership.