maintenance, care, compatibility
The main criterion is the size of the fish. By this indicator, you can judge how long you can admire your pet in the aquarium. The smallest inhabitants have the lowest border, whose dimensions do not exceed 5 centimeters.
For example, neon, guppy, swordman. They live from one to five years.
Record small sizes were found in South American small fish – zinolebias. The length of her life depended on the rainy season, as soon as a drought occurred – zinolebias was dying.
The only thing that saved the fish from extinction – the timely throwing of caviar. During the period of high water, she managed to appear, grow, spawn, and die.
Fish, whose dimensions are defined as medium, can live up to 15 years, and some representatives over 25, for example, piranhas. Therefore, starting such pets, be prepared for a long neighborhood.
Interesting fact, males live significantly longer than females. Sometimes, the difference reaches almost two years.
Breeds are known where the female dies after the birth of fry. Of course, no one is immune from the unsuccessful throwing of caviar or a number of diseases, but most often this is observed in sword bearers and gupeshek.
The lifespan of a fish depends on many factors. There is a certain pattern: small inhabitants of aquariums live 1-5 years, medium (5-10 cm) – 10-12 years, large-sized – 15 – 35 years. Catfish, carp, sturgeon and can outlast a person at all.
Breeding karrezubye representatives, for example, Notobranchus, live in puddles, die immediately after the pond dries out, the eggs survive. Even if you breed them at home, they will live only a few months.
Most experts are inclined to believe that the average age of a goldfish is 4-5 years, in good conditions and professional care a pet can live 10-15 years. There is information that in one of Moscow zoos the fish has lived for 34 years, in the UK – 43 years.
Factors that affect the life of the “golden” inhabitants of the aquarium
How much live aquarium goldfish, directly affected by water temperature. Fish are cold-blooded animals, that is, their body temperature is almost equal to the temperature of the water in which they are located.
Warm water accelerates metabolic processes, the body will wear out faster. The color of older individuals is more colorful compared to the young.
Can kill your pet and improper feeding faster. Remember that food should not be only dry. Overfeeding is more harmful than underfeeding.
Periodically it is necessary to do fasting days for the “golden” beauties.
The population of the aquarium and its size is important for the normal existence of fish. Before buying individuals, make sure that they are compatible and will not survive each other.
Do not forget to change the water. Professional aquarists say that a tank of 150-200 liters is ideal for fish.
Following these rules will significantly increase the chances of your pets becoming long-lived.
What is the life expectancy of aquarium goldfish? It is difficult to answer this question unequivocally, since various conditions of the maintenance strongly influence the duration of their existence in aquariums.
We can only talk about what measures need to be taken to ensure that their stay in a closed aquatic system is more comfortable and durable.
Perhaps this is one of the oldest representatives of a large family of carp, which they taught to live at home. There is every reason to believe that this happened a long time ago in China, where court breeders began to cross different representatives of silver carp and breed them in imperial ponds.
And so the golden fish appeared in several varieties: the dragon’s eye, che, veins (vualehvostka), wakin, dzhikin.
In such almost natural conditions, decorative crucians lived for quite a long time – up to 20-25 years, and their weight reached 4-5 kilograms.
At the beginning of the 16th century, ornamental fish came to Japan, and another 100 years later – to Europe. In the middle of the 19th century, it reached America.
Interesting fact: for a long time, the Europeans believed that the golden Chinese woman did not eat feed at all and only drink water. As a result: 2-3 months of a similar hunger strike, and Karasik died.
Only after many years did the European owners of these beautiful creatures learn to maintain them (to the delight of the fish themselves).
However, since the late Middle Ages about the goldfish went bad rumor that their age is quite short. This is a misconception.
At present, the habits, character and condition of the fish organism of golden crucians are very well studied. There is a whole set of recommendations for the maintenance of fish, allowing them to extend their existence at home.
But still the duration of their aquarium life rarely exceeds 8-10 years. In principle, for a permanent stay in a small closed volume quite well!
Optimum conditions for a decorative goldfish
Of course, there are no strict regulated rules for its content. We can only talk about some recommendations based on the vast centuries-old experience of aquarists of the whole world on the breeding of goldfish in captivity.
They belong to the cold-water, the fish feel great at normal room temperature. Even a slight heating of the aquatic environment is extremely poorly tolerated.
A few words about feeding. Crucians, as you know, are very voracious and almost omnivorous. And since a goldfish is a decorative crucian, it will eat as much as there will be food available.
Feeding is frequent and abundant – a high probability of overeating, which will affect the duration of fish life is extremely negative. In addition, it must be remembered that animals eat well some aquatic vegetation.
Conditions of detention. Goldfish need space, so the aquarium should not be overcrowded.
It should be remembered that it was originally a pond fish, accustomed to frolic in the water column. By the way, and now all individuals sold in pet stores can be divided into 2 large groups: grown in ponds for mass distribution and purely aquarium individuals.
It is unlikely that an ordinary seller in a pet store will tell you exactly where these bright decorative crucians came from – from a pond nursery or a selection aquarium. But just in case, you should count on one fish to account for at least 40-50 liters of water.
So imagine what the size of the aquarium fit.
Water parameters. This animal leaves behind a lot of waste, and the water loves clean and saturated with oxygen.
Therefore, good filtration (especially mechanical) and aeration are extremely important.
General rules. So, summing up some information about the features of the content, we can formulate a few rules, the observance of which will prolong the life of goldfish for a long time:
- With a content of 3-4 individuals the required volume of the aquarium is 150-200 liters.
- Existence of the powerful external filter and the compressor for aeration of water.
- Feeding a variety of foods (vegetable, dry feed, worms) no more than 1-2 times a day. One day a week – unloading.
- Mandatory presence in the aquarium aquatic plants.
- Weekly water change at least of the total volume.
As a rule, compliance with these recommendations has a beneficial effect on the life of bright golden beauties. Unless, of course, in the aquarium is not brought infection.
Aquarium fish – gentle creatures that require constant attention and care. Currently, there are a huge number of their diverse species, each of which has its own specifics.
The rejection of this specificity by an aquarist leads to disease and death of the fish. Although, even when creating ideal conditions for them, they are not immortal and eventually die simply from old age.
The period of life of aquarium fish released by nature, depending on the family and species, each has its own. So, for example, among the Kharacin (Minor – 6 years, Neon – 4 years, Tetras – 5.5 years, Piranhas – 10 years, Metinnis – 10 years), the average lifespan is seven years.
Carp (Cardinal – 4 years, Goldfish – 15 years, Barbus – 7.5 years, Rasbora – 7.5 years, Danio – 6 years), on average, can please an aquarist with his presence for eight years.
The most diverse in color and shape of the fish belonging to the cichl family (Apistogram – 4 years, Discus – 14 years, Tsykhlozom mezanauta – 10 years, Tsikhlozom meeka – 12.5 years, Scalaria – 10 years, Severum – 14 years) live on average 11 years . Viviparous tooth-like ones – such as Molineses, Petsilia, Guppy, and the Swordsman, live, on average, less than others – 3.5 years.
Among catfish (catfish glass – up to 8 years, speckled – 9 years, Tarakatum up to 10 years), the average life expectancy is 8 years. The life of labyrinths (Gourami, Lelius, Petushki) is about 5 years.
It is believed that in old age fish have the greatest completeness of their color and beauty. The actions of an aquarist largely determine how many years aquarium fish has lived.
Seasoned aquarists are striving to prolong the lives of their pets, taking into account such factors that affect their life expectancy as stable conditions, regular feeding, and the absence of predators.
The most advanced and successful aquarists are confident that under optimal conditions of maintenance the lifespan of fish increases.
However, not everything is so simple and straightforward. One should always look for a “golden mean”, since the aquarium contains, as a rule, more than one type of inhabitants, which makes such investigations extremely difficult.
An aquarist should independently, in his own experience, having traveled a long way, consisting of trial and error, select the very conditions that will be optimal for all of his beloved pets. The main thing in aquarism is constant self-education, which will help to achieve success.
How much live cockerel aquarium fish, depends largely on the owner of the aquarium. Labyrinth fish are very sensitive to conditions.
Prior to the nature of 3-4 years of life, in an aquarium, even under normal conditions, the cockerel usually does not live. And you in a desperate condition have to watch your pet cockerel die.
Rare water changes, overfeeding and overpopulation of the reservoir greatly reduce the lifespan of the fish. In addition to these factors, a large role is played by dense vegetation with indispensable access to the surface for a breath of fresh air and the maintenance of water temperature in the range from 26 ° C to 28̊ ° C.
More than one male together with females is not recommended. But, if the volume allows, the number of boys is increased to two. Although, cocks with luxurious fins, still feel better in small aquariums.
Since it is proved that the water column greatly affects their development.
How many lives aquarium cockerel, oddly enough, depends on the factors influencing its behavior. Aggressive character constantly requires a fight.
From this situation they leave with the help of a mirror or a glass partition between males.
The rapid development of fish laid in its genes. Unlike other living beings, it is the mature age that gives their appearance the greatest beauty and charm.