maintenance, care, compatibility
Cockerel fish: capricious and beautiful inhabitant of your aquarium
It is important to know with whom the fish gets on, and with whom the aquarium cockerels live poorly. As noted, the behavior of the fish is peculiar, they live well and alone, and therefore are particularly demanding on their neighbors.
Aquarian males do not get along with the following fish (compatible non-existent): makropody, discus, tsihlazomy chernopolosaya, Akari julidochromis, tetraodon, tilapia, kupanus, Astronotus, various types melanohromis, ktenopoma, pseudotropheus, parrot, julidochromis, piranha, lineatus and other fish .
But able to live in one aquarium and even friends with these fish: Algae, neon Donaciinae, platies, befortiya, Ancistrus, akantoftalmus, mollies black swordsman, gourami nagging, ornatus, ototsinklyus, pulhripinnis, Minor (all kinds), rasbora, rubrostigma, ternets, congos, botsia, brocade catfish, tarakatum, oturisom, platydoras, loricaria, siamese gastromizon, speckled catfish, other fish.
There are also some species of fish with which males often get along, but there may be fights or ragged fins. And these are guppies, neon, danios, macrognatus, labo, cardinal, lyalius, all types of scalar, ctenobrikon, spotted gouramis, barbs, gourami marble, pearl gouram and other fish. The compatibility of the males with them is not rated very high.
And in general, it is better not to put cockerels with them in one aquarium.
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Cockerel fish creates incredible beauty in an aquarium, known for all its fighting qualities. He oppresses the female and similar males.
This is a typical labyrinth fish that can breathe atmospheric oxygen. The rooster has gained its popularity for its restless nature, chic appearance and the ability to live in a small pond.
The Cockerel has many variants of coloring and different forms of chic fins.
This fish is quite unpretentious in the care. An aquarium of at least 5 liters is required for one instance.
On the surface of the water should be places that are not covered by floating plants, that as the inhabitant floats to the surface to take a sip of atmospheric air. Therefore, such a fish does not need additional aeration.
The tank should be covered with a fitted lid or glass. A fighter may jump out of it or simply catch a cold, as it often floats to the surface.
A filter for a small volume vessel will not interfere with the fighter, but is not required for maintenance.
Acceptable temperature for a cock in the aquarium is 26-30 degrees. Short-term deviations within 18-36 marks are allowed. But if you find more than three days at an unacceptable temperature, the fish may be sick and die.
Therefore, the reservoir for the cock must be equipped with a thermostat and a thermometer.
For impeccable content and to achieve a biobalance in the tank, you need to have live plants and ensure that they need lighting. Be sure to replace the water weekly in the amount of 40% of the volume.
In the rooster, the water must be clean and fresh, the individual is not demanding on the composition of the water.
The cockerel is not picky about food, can eat live and frozen food. The most favorite is the crank.
It is necessary to feed him once a day, preferably not to overfeed. The fish should eat food in 15 minutes, so the amount of feed is calculated.
To maintain the health and coloring of the fish at the proper level, it is recommended to alternate between different types of feed.
For breeding, the male and female are deposited in a spawning tank – a separate vessel. The rooster is a little smaller and has a not so bright color. During spawning, the male collects eggs in the nest, which he built himself.
After spawning, the female is best removed from him, as he is extremely aggressive. The cockerel is caring for the eggs.
After the larvae begin to swim, the male is best removed from the spawning. Then you should feed the fry with a microworm and egg yolk and monitor their growth in order to avoid fights.
Observing such simple conditions, it is possible to provide comfortable living conditions for the fighting fish. She will delight the breeder with her cheerful disposition and beauty.
The betta fish or cockerel (lat. Betta splendens) is unpretentious, handsome, but can slaughter the female and other males.
It is a typical labyrinth fish, that is, it can breathe atmospheric oxygen. It was the aquarium cockerel, and even his relative, the macropod, that were among the first aquarium fish that were brought to Europe from Asia.
But long before that moment, the fighting fish were already bred in Thailand and Malaysia.
Fish gained popularity for its luxurious appearance, interesting behavior and ability to live in small aquariums. And he is easily divorced and just as easily crossed, as a result – a lot of color variations, different in everything, from the color to the shape of the fins.
The wild form of the rooster does not shine with beauty – greenish or brown, with an oblong body and short fins. He received the name of the fighting fish for the fact that the males arrange furious fights with each other, which often end with the death of one of the opponents. Wild form and to this day used in Thailand for fighting, although not already leading up to the complete destruction of one of the fish.
Despite the fact that the fish are fierce fighters, they have a peculiar behavior in a fight. If one of the males rises after the air during the battle, the second one will not touch it, but wait patiently until it returns.
Also, if two males fight, the third does not interfere with them, but waits in the wings.
But those cockerels, which you will find on sale, are far from such fighting fish as their relatives. No, their character has not changed, they will also fight.
The very concept of this fish has changed, because the current breeds must bear beauty, they have gorgeous fins, so long that they are damaged even by plants, not to mention fighting. They are kept for beauty, gorgeous colors and equally gorgeous fins, and not for fighting qualities.
With the right neighbors, they are pretty livable. But during spawning, the male is extremely aggressive, and will attack any fish. Especially fish like him (even his female) or brightly colored.
Because of this, they usually keep one for an aquarium, or they pick up fish for him that he cannot offend. A male can be kept with a female, provided that the aquarium is large enough and the female has room to hide.
Attention! The cockerel is just great for beginners and those aquarists who can not afford a large aquarium.
He needs the very minimum both in volume and in nutrition. And he is unpretentious, strong, always on sale.
Due to its labyrinth apparatus, it can survive in poor water for oxygen, and in very small aquariums.
In nature, the wild is not too beautiful – a long body, with short round fins, brown or greenish body color. But now, it is a collectible and the color as the shape of the fins has such a variety that it is simply impossible to describe it.
The fighting fish grows 6-7 cm in length. How many lives aquarium cock?
Not very long, usually 2 or 3 years with good care.
If you have been to the market, you probably have seen how these fish are often sold in tiny banks. On the one hand, it speaks about unpretentiousness in maintenance and care, but on the other hand it is a bad example.
On how to choose the right aquarium for the cock you can read the link, there is nothing complicated there. It dwells in all layers of water, but prefers the upper ones. It is very simple to keep it, for one fish, 15-20 liters will be enough, although this is a minimal amount, it still needs care.
You should not keep it in a round aquarium, although it is a popular phenomenon. It is better to have a rooster in an aquarium of 30 liters, with a heater and always covered, as they can jump out.
If you do not contain one, but other fish, you need an even more spacious aquarium, with shelters for the female, preferably with dimmed light and floating plants. From regular care, it is imperative to change the water, about 25% of the volume per week, since the accumulated decay products will primarily affect the state of the fins.
As for the filter, it does not hurt, but oxygen (aeration) is not needed, it breathes from the surface of the water.
As for water parameters, they can be very different, only temperature is crucial, since it is a tropical species. In general, it is recommended: temperature 24-29C, ph: 6.0-8.0, 5 – 35 dGH.
Today cockerels (lat. Betta splendens) are popular aquarium fish.
Belong to the family Macropod, suborder Labyrinth fish. In males, the character is snooty, for which they are called “fighting fish”.
They do not always tolerate settlements with other fish, it is difficult for them to live with their neighbors because of their pugnacity. If a male cockerel is housed in one aquarium together with another cockerel, then conflicts will arise between them that will result in bodily injuries and plucked fins.
But this does not mean that they can not be settled with fish. On the contrary, a good neighborhood harmonizes life in an aquarium. If your tank is spacious, it has created an excellent aquascap that resembles a natural biotope, there are many plants, shelters, a biological balance is established – then all inhabitants will be comfortable.
An important rule – it is impossible for more than one male cock to live within the same aquarium. They can not be called territorial fish, but it so happened that they will fight.
On one male you can settle several females, so it will be comfortable.
Betta splendens females are smaller in size, their fins are shorter, their character is calmer. But females can also conflict with each other, as well as with the male.
Females can be kept in one nursery by 3-4 individuals. They are less aggressive, but their character is also unpredictable.
If you notice that the betta fish show constant aggression towards their neighbors, and this leads to fatal consequences, then do not spare money for another reservoir, settling in it a restless pet.
Rules for keeping Betta splendens in a common tank
These fish tolerate temperature drops and can feel good at a temperature of +18 and +25 degrees Celsius. But you can not allow sudden drops, because they harm the health of the pet.
Like a labyrinth fish, a cockerel should live in water that corresponds to the ambient air temperature in the room: + 22-26 degrees. Due to the fact that he knows how to breathe a labyrinth organ, aeration is not necessary – this should be taken into account by settling to him other fish that cannot live without dissolved oxygen.
Replace the water should be once a week, 20% of the total volume of the tank. Do not forget to clean the bottom of the remnants of food and dirt.
What rules should be followed so that cockerels can live peacefully in an aquarium with other fish? These rules apply to all cockerels, which can result in peaceful cohabitation with representatives of different types of fish.
- It is not recommended to keep with betta fish with long fins and brightly colored scales. Although the males themselves have a beautiful appearance, they are painfully perceived by “competitors”, which are external stimuli for them.
- You can not settle cockerels with large and predatory fish, for example, African and South American cichlids. The latter in themselves are peaceful creatures, friendly, but they do not get along with the fighting fish.
- Try to keep the fish in water that is suitable for everyone. You can not settle heat-loving and cold-loving species. For example, a golden fish cannot live in warm water, therefore it is incompatible with betta.
- Betta splendens fish can be settled with speckled catfish, tetras, gourami, swordtails, mollies. After settling the fish in the aquarium, observe their behavior. You can also keep the fish from a young age together, so they are better accustomed to each other. Fish should not be less than 5 cm in length. If the neighbor fish has died, do not hook the new fish with the rooster, otherwise it will score it.
- Compatibility with other fish will be successful if the betta lives in a spacious tank of 50-100 liters. There you can put a lot of decor, shelters, which will reduce to the “no” territorial claims and conflicts.
Take a look at the common cockpit aquarium.
There are such aquarium fish, the compatibility with which the betta is good, they live peacefully, with periodic fights that do not lead to death. These include gourami marble, cardinals, labo, lyalius, macrognathus, scalar.
But it should be noted that the first days of the settlement should be monitored for their reaction, in case of aggression, they are settled separately from each other.
Almost perfect compatibility of the fish Betta splendens with platies, Donaciinae, black mollies, ornatusami, nagging gourami, akantoftalmusami, befortiyami, Ancistrus, minors, ototsinklyuchami, rasbora, black tetra, Congo, botsiyami, tarakatumami, lorikariyami, gastromizonami Siamese, brocade catfish.
Males and guppies – it is believed that guppies and betts live in water with different parameters, therefore they are only conditionally compatible. There were examples of good compatibility, but it’s not always worth the risk. Males can chase guppies throughout the aquarium until their fins are torn off.
Guppies can live at a temperature of 18-28 degrees, although 22-25 degrees for them more than acceptable temperature. The diet of both fish is the same, so some razvodchiki did not have difficulty in keeping.
Scalar and betta – compatibility is not bad, provided a spacious tank. These fish almost ignore each other, without attracting attention. The males will rather distort each other than the scalar will bother.
However, during spawning, scalars become more aggressive and can drive all neighbors, including labyrinth ones. Set in the nursery a lot of shelters and plants to protect all.
Gourami – all species are close relatives of cockerels, so compatibility can be great. Gourami – curious creatures, tenacious and active, also feed, breathe with gills and atmospheric oxygen. Males do not bother them, sometimes it happens the other way around.
Plant them together in a tank of at least 70 liters cubic. All Macropod enemies are the same: they are large and predatory fish, with which they should not be settled.
Look at the cockerels in the company of gourami.
Mollies and cockerels can live in an aquarium because they carry the same water parameters. But there is one fact – slightly brackish water is preferred by mollies, but Betta is not. Temperatures of 24-27 degrees is optimal for content.
At low temperatures, both fish begin to hurt. Molly – viviparous fish that must breed in a separate, spawning tank, so that no one will destroy their fry.
The bets are alone in aggressive hydrobionts, so they can be moved to the males only with a flock of 4-7 fish. In the aquarium fights are small, reaching only 8 cm in length.
Peaceful, you can keep them with the same neighbors, provided space and shelters. Males with them almost no conflict.
Corridors – as neighbors are suitable for many fish. They have a calm disposition, an interesting body color, and bring a lot of benefits. If the rooster does not eat the food, the corridor will pick it up.
Somiki swim at the bottom of the aquarium, cockerels at the bottom only sleep. Compatibility between them is proven, cockerels rarely bother corridors. The corridors, like labyrinths, can use atmospheric air for breathing.
Such a pet can survive under critical conditions. Somiki poorly tolerate salt and organics, as well as betta.
Replacement of water in the general aquarium should occur once a week.
Many novice aquarists, the question arises: how many live aquarium fish. It should be understood that the life expectancy of any living creature depends on its type, proper care, comfortable living environment.
In an aquarium, the life span of a fish is influenced by the degree of its population. If the fish will be many, respectively, and their life expectancy will be reduced. In addition, do not forget that only compatible fish species can live together for a long time.
Remember that aquarium fish are cold-blooded: their body temperature is directly dependent on the temperature of the water in which they live. The warmer the water, the faster the life of the fish is due to the accelerated metabolic processes in their bodies.
The life expectancy of fish depends on their size: the life of small fish is short – from 1 year to 5 years, medium-sized fish can live up to 10-12 years, and large fish live 15 years or longer.
A rare change of water in the aquarium, as well as overfeeding leads to a decrease in the life expectancy of the fish. Moreover, overfeeding has a much worse effect on fish than underfeeding.
The older they get, the more prone to stress and various diseases.
Life expectancy of some species of aquarium fish
Let’s find out how many species of aquarium dwellers live: cockerel and guppy, swordtails and angelfish, telescopes, parrots, danios and others.
Experts disagree on how many years goldfish live. Some believe that these fish live for 3-4 years, others – that their life expectancy reaches 10-15 years.
The longest lived goldfish in the UK, which died at the age of 43 years.
Aquarium fish telescope, as well as other goldfish, can live in the aquarium for about 15-17 years.
The zebrafish belongs to the carp and lives from 5 to 7 years.
Scalar, a species of Cichl, can live up to 10 years. In Germany, the long-lived angelfish lived 18 years.
The parrot fish also belongs to the cichlor species, which, under appropriate conditions, can also live up to 10 years.
Sword-bearers and guppies are live-bearing carp fish and their life can last no more than 5 years.
Constantly fighting cockerel fish live in captivity for a short time – 3-4 years.
Labyrinth fish gourami can live in the aquarium for 4-5 years, glass catfish – up to 8 years, and piranha, referring to the characteristic haratsinovyh, lives in captivity up to 10 years.
Remember that the lifespan of your aquarium pets depends largely on your careful and caring attitude and proper care.
Scalaria is a popular aquarium fish, a representative of the Cichlidae family (Cichlids). The natural habitat is the freshwater bodies of South America (the Amazon and its tributaries).
There, the water is saturated with a large amount of dissolved oxygen, which allows it to adapt to different conditions of life. She has a hardy body, body shape and diet allowed to adapt to captivity, transferring some changes in water parameters.
Aquarists containing these fish often have the question: “How many scalar live?”.
Like a fish belonging to the Tsikhlid family, its lifespan at home can be more than ten years. Under proper conditions of maintenance: proper feeding, clean water, a spacious aquarium, attentive care, the life span of this beautiful pet can be significantly extended.
Instances of long-livers among scalar also met.