maintenance, care, compatibility
Many busy people who dream of a pet and who do not have the opportunity to have a cat or dog, acquire aquariums. However, not everyone knows how to properly care for its inhabitants.
After reading today’s article, you will find out how much goldfish live.
In this case, much depends on the conditions in which they live. On average, this figure ranges from five to ten years. However, there are exceptions.
For example, in one of the English cities there were a couple of individuals that lived to be thirty years old. And they lived in a forty-liter aquarium and ate specialized food. And in the county of North.
Yorkshire was a golden fish that lived for forty-four years.
Life expectancy of some species of aquarium fish
Let’s find out how many species of aquarium dwellers live: cockerel and guppy, swordtails and angelfish, telescopes, parrots, danios and others.
Experts disagree on how many years goldfish live. Some believe that these fish live for 3-4 years, others – that their life expectancy reaches 10-15 years.
The longest lived goldfish in the UK, which died at the age of 43 years.
Aquarium fish telescope, as well as other goldfish, can live in the aquarium for about 15-17 years.
The zebrafish belongs to the carp and lives from 5 to 7 years.
Scalar, a species of Cichl, can live up to 10 years. In Germany, the long-lived angelfish lived 18 years.
The parrot fish also belongs to the cichlor species, which, under appropriate conditions, can also live up to 10 years.
Sword-bearers and guppies are live-bearing carp fish and their life can last no more than 5 years.
Constantly fighting cockerel fish live in captivity for a short time – 3-4 years.
Labyrinth fish gourami can live in the aquarium for 4-5 years, glass catfish – up to 8 years, and piranha, referring to the characteristic haratsinovyh, lives in captivity up to 10 years.
Remember that the lifespan of your aquarium pets depends largely on your careful and caring attitude and proper care.
How many aquarium fish live :: how many parrots live fish :: Aquarium fish
Fish are the oldest class of aquatic vertebrates, which eventually became inhabitants not only of water bodies and ponds, but also of domestic aquariums. Fish that live in an aquarium are distinguished from their wild relatives by their bizarre shape, color, size, and other individual characteristics of the body structure.
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As a rule, bright aquarium fish are thermophilic, they feel comfortable at a water temperature of at least 17 ° C, but there are exceptions and some species withstand low temperatures. The most popular family of aquarium fish:
– representatives of the catfish family.
It should be noted that the life expectancy of any species of fish is always different and depends on many accompanying factors, such as water, food, cleanliness, temperature, the number of fish and their compatibility with each other.
Often if the number of fish is too large, i.e. the aquarium is overpopulated, the life expectancy of the inhabitants is reduced significantly.
Long live only those fish that are compatible with each other and fit the class of the family. Also the size of a fish affects its lifespan: it is believed that small fish live from 1 to 5 years.
For example, common swordtails and guppies age by 3 years, black moroulius also lives on average 3-4 years, the cardinal – 4-5, and a labo up to 8 years.
It is believed that medium-sized fish live for 10 years, but the largest individuals can live for 15 years. For example, catfish, cyprinids, 4-10 years, have an average life expectancy of 5–15 years, and everyone’s favorite goldfish, astronotuses, cichlinomas, and even large piranhas live from 10 to 30 years.
There are cases when large carps lived in an aquarium longer than their owner, who died at the age of 78 years, who received a gift of an aquarium for coming of age.
Males traditionally live for a year and a half longer females. There are some breeds of fish whose females die during childbirth.
This can happen with any fish, but guppies and swordtails are most susceptible.
An important factor affecting the life of the fish, is the change of water in the aquarium and feeding. If you rarely change the water in the aquarium will accumulate substances that will adversely affect the respiratory system of the fish and over time will begin to oppress them.
A fish transplanted from dirty water into clean water will no longer be able to recover and most likely will die.
In feeding fish, it is important to understand that it is better not to feed the fish than to overfeed, because if you constantly throw food in the aquarium, it will spoil, and the fish will constantly eat up leftovers that will later affect its health, often manifested as diseases of the digestive organs.
The high temperature of the water in the aquarium also shortens the life of the fish, because in such water the metabolic processes take place quickly and the body of the fish ages.
If you take into account all the factors that were listed above, the life expectancy of the fish can really be increased by proper care. The main thing is to understand what conditions will be comfortable for a specific breed of fish, to remember about cleanliness, temperature and restrained feeding.
The maintenance and care of goldfish does not require much effort. Best of all, they live in traditional-shaped aquariums, whose width is about half the length. The number of fish for colonization is calculated on the basis of the following indicators: one fish per 1.5-2 sq. Dm of bottom area.
The bottom of the aquarium should be laid out with fine soil or pebbles, as goldfish love to dig at the bottom and can raise the turbidity from the sand. In addition, they easily move the plants that are poorly fixed, so the algae, planted in special pots or well pressed by large stones, are best suited.
The conditions of keeping goldfish also depend on their external signs, for example, if you are going to settle individuals with bulging eyes in your aquarium, you need to make sure that there are no sharp corners and cobblestones at the bottom and in the whole aquarium that can damage this organ.
The water temperature for keeping goldfish can vary from 17 to 26–29 ° C. Watch the behavior of your fish.
If they are slow, inactive, then the water is too cold or hot. They are not very demanding on the indicators of acidity, but the rigidity should not be less than 80.
For goldfish, it is important that the aquarium has good lighting and ventilation.
Aquarium goldfish have good compatibility with other types of fish. They rarely bully, attack other inhabitants of the aquarium, and their relatively large size allows them to avoid clashes with fish of other species. Separately, it is recommended to keep only the voilehvostov, as their beautiful fins can suffer from the neighborhood with other fish.
This will greatly affect the appearance of your pet. In addition, the voilehtails are a bit weak-sighted and rather slow, so they may not have time to get food during feeding, as other fish will push them aside.
Breed goldfish caviar. For this, a female and several males should be planted in a special aquarium.
It is possible to distinguish the sex of the fish only before spawning: the female has a rounded abdomen, and the fins of the male are covered with a kind of white “rash”. In the aquarium for spawning, a plastic net is placed 1–2 cm from the bottom, and a piece of synthetic sponge is placed in the corner.
Swept eggs will roll under the netting, some of them will attach to the washcloth. After spawning, fish are removed.
The appearance of fry occurs after about 4 days.
Goldfish can be fed with various foods. They are happy to eat dry food, white bread, earthworms, oatmeal and semolina porridge (cooked without salt), duckweed, lettuce, nettles and much more. It is better, if the diet of fish will be varied.
If you feed them only dry food for a long time, irritation of the digestive system may occur. Feeding is best done at intervals of 2 times per day: morning and evening.
It is necessary to give food in sufficient quantity for all fish for about 15 minutes, then clean it with a siphon. With proper nutrition, the fish can live for about two weeks without any damage to their health, which is very convenient if the owners leave home for a while.
It is necessary to avoid overfeeding goldfish, as they quickly gain weight, which negatively affects their lifespan.
Dear reader! This article is a team of all the articles on our site.
We also tried to supplement the article with the nuances of maintaining and caring for goldfish in an aquarium.
Why do you need such an article? Everything is very simple.
Many beginners in the aquarium world do not know how to contain them, make gross mistakes, as a result of which in a month the goldfish at best fall ill with fin rot and at worst pop up with the belly up.
For example, often on our forum, and on the Internet as a whole, they ask the question – why does my goldfish swim sideways or belly up? When you start to understand, look for the cause of this disease and ask questions to the owner. the answer is by itself and literally lies on the surface of the water.
Many do not know, forget, or do not want to know that feeding fish should be balanced, that is, in their diet should include dry food, and live and vegetable. Goldfish are gluttonous, prone to overeating, so the question of balance in the diet for them as for anyone is relevant. As for the aforementioned question, the answer is simple – in the process of eating dry food, goldfish swallow air with food.
If you feed them only dry food, fish, due to excess air in the food system, begin to float belly up. The problem is solved elementary – the fish are transferred to the correct, full-fledged feeding and after 3-4 days the goldfish begin to swim normally.
Alas, such examples are mass and it is impossible to highlight everything. But, we still try to do it, by centralizing all the information about goldfish.
We will try to focus on the most important points of the content of gold aquarium fish.
Goldfish: description, types, highlights
Practice shows that such a neighborhood is impossible. And this is due to the natural aggressiveness of almost all tsikhlovyh.
Even if cichlids are herbivores of the same size as goldfish, then races around the aquarium are inevitable.
In some sources you can find information about the peaceful living in the general aquarium of goldfish and South American tsihlazom, however, clashes between them are inevitable. Especially if the fish are hungry.
As for the fairly common astronotus, he considers the “gold” only as an additional dish for his dinner.
Experts say that in this case we can expect quite decent compatibility. Small aquarium catfish (tarakatums or corridors) do not consider gold as rivals, they are too calm and slow for this.
An exception can only be ancistrus or catfish-sucker, which hunts at night. Having stuck to a goldfish, this catfish can fairly beat it.
Some experts argue that the proximity to catfish will even be useful for the aquarium biotope, as the “bulls” leave behind a lot of garbage that can quickly decompose, and the catfish are by their nature bottom-level cleaners.
From the point of view of behavior and calmness in a water hostel, in this case there will be no problems. Comets, voilehwosts, shubunkins, wakins, telescopes and richens will live peacefully in a common company.
But here another problem arises: the state of the offspring. Individuals of different subspecies will begin to interbreed with each other and give hybrids.
Thus, the breed will be spoiled, and the centuries-old efforts of Eastern breeders will go down the drain. If this process is not stopped, then a rather rapid transformation of goldfish back into ordinary carp will occur.
So, with whom it is better to combine elegant goldfish? There is only one answer, with which all experts agree: with no one.
In a species aquarium, goldfish of the same breed will be calm, comfortable and safe.