maintenance, care, compatibility
First of all, it must be borne in mind that these beautiful fish are viviparous, that is, they do not lay eggs or larvae, but give birth, producing offspring ready for life.
The duration of gestation of the female is from 28 to 40 days. It is established that it depends on the number of fry that she bears.
In its appearance, a pregnant guppy is distinguished from a common fish community. First, it forms a rounded belly, in the section of which it bears eggs, and then the belly becomes rectangular with a black area below.
This form of the abdomen suggests that a pregnant female guppy will soon give birth.
Important clarification: during this period, it is impossible to change the conditions of keeping fish, as a pregnant guppy is very sensitive to the slightest temperature fluctuations, water quality, and light intensity before giving birth. Calmness of the female is the key to successful spawning.
Guppies – viviparous aquarium fish. Bright, beautiful, miniature, they are characterized by endurance, a wide range of conditions of detention. And most importantly – the selection of guppies does not present any difficulties.
They willingly breed in captivity, without requiring special conditions. However, in order to seriously master the breeding of guppies, it is necessary to have information about the features of their reproduction, to understand how to care for fry.
Spawning guppies does not require special conditions. But, if you still need to stimulate it, it will be enough to add fresh water to the aquarium a little more often and raise its temperature a couple of degrees.
How many fish do you need for breeding? Enough couples – male and female.
If you keep a flock, then one male is enough to care for 3-6 females.
Fertility of guppies occurs with the help of a male’s modified fin – gonopodium. He is able to take different positions and with his help the male guppy directs seminal fluid into the female.
A guppy’s pregnancy is determined by a gradually darkening spot near its anus. Also, of course, the pregnant guppy is getting fat – her belly is gradually increasing.
Pregnancy lasts 20-45 days.
Interestingly, single fertilization is enough to ensure that guppies give birth several times. Fry guppies ripen in batches, so birth after mating often occurs – once a month and a half for 3-4 months.
Usually, guppies breed so actively and without problems that they are not deposited in a separate container. The number of fish is controlled naturally – larger fish eat them. If it is important for you to keep the guppy offspring, then it is worthwhile to plant a couple in a separate aquarium and provide them with good care.
The main condition of spawning equipment is the presence of lush greenery where fry can hide. After the end of childbirth parents from babies should be transplanted, as guppies eat their fry.
It is important to take into account one more thing: uncontrolled closely related interbreeding in the offspring causes the manifestation of various external defects, pathologies, weakens their immunity. Therefore, breeding guppies deserves attention.
How many fry a female can produce at a time depends on her size and development. Young on average bring 20-25 kids at a time, adults and large fish – up to one and a half hundreds.
Guppy fry are born very tiny, it is often difficult to see them. Their translucent, grayish coloring, against the background of which only dark eyes stand out, plays a big role in this.
The young actively grow, and already in 30-40 days of life they begin to gain “adult” coloring, their gender begins to be determined. At the same time, it is worthwhile to transfer them from a spawn (if they were kept there) into a larger volume.
Special care for babies is not required. What to feed the guppy fry is very easy to determine.
The main thing to consider is the size of their mouth. Food should be small enough so that miniature fish can swallow it. You can use specialized feed for juveniles or pounded daphnia, gammarus, Cyclops.
Some experienced aquarists offer in the form of food for the first time mashed boiled egg yolk and steep yogurt. Keep in mind that the remnants of such food should be immediately and very carefully removed from the aquarium – they instantly rot and the water can deteriorate.
Than to feed guppies fry when they grow up, it is also easy to decide – with the usual food that you use for all other fish.
The kids are transplanted into the general aquarium when they grow large enough not to be eaten.
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))).
The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty.
The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.” I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist.
Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply. So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females. Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed.
Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year. The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins.
The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females are up to 6 cm. The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally.
The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides. Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak.
In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding. Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs.
Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium. In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males. Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third).
Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce.
The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish. Fry are fed three times a day in small portions.
After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day.
At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry). Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it).
Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen.
As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere.
By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water).
All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength. Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born.
At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.