maintenance, care, compatibility
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented. However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain.
Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
In order to have less discord in your tank, its inhabitants should not be cramped. For each fish up to 5 cm in size it is necessary to have 8-10 liters of aquarium volume, 10 cm in size – 15-20 liters, over 15 cm – 25-30 liters. These figures are not “the truth of last resort” and are given with a certain margin, but they should not be exceeded.
Do not forget that plants and soil in your tank also take up some space.
Remember that some species of aquarium fish can produce offspring only if there are no “alien” neighbors around at all. In other words, there is often a situation where a certain type of aquarium fish, capable of living in a common aquarium, breeds only in a “species” domestic pond.
No matter how much you like the photos and the names of the aquarium fish from the catalog, new pets cannot be moved into the general aquarium if they are incompatible with those that already live in your home pond.
You can create a set of fish for the aquarium yourself using the table below.
Also a good solution would be to use one of the time-tested sets of aquarium fish.
Viviparous aquarium fish include Guppies, Mollies, Petsilii, Sword. In the aquarium of 100 liters can be placed 20-25 individuals. Viviparous coexist well with neighbors from the family of the Haracin.
They can also be combined with small carp sizes (rasbora).
Most tropical aquatic plants will also feel good in a similar aquarium.
Bottom. Catfish Corridors, schooling fish, so you can settle up to 5 pcs.
The middle water layer. For this layer, you can choose barbs (cherry or green) in an amount of not less than 6 individuals (4 males and 2 females).
Upper layer. Gourami – 2 individuals.
The only difficulty with these fish is to determine the floor when buying.
To clean the glass you can buy snails – 3-4 pcs.
This set is very well balanced. Such an aquarium can include many types of aquarium plants, and the biological balance in it will be very stable.
Goldfish are often prone to disease and need frequent water changes. The low water temperature necessary for their maintenance will not allow most of the other representatives of the aquarium flora and fauna to settle with goldfish.
For a 100 liter aquarium, one pair will be enough.
Studying varieties of aquarium fish, over time you will be able to make a good set yourself. It is only necessary to show imagination and be attentive to your underwater pets.
Aquarium fish and their homeland, the conditions of the aquarium fish.
|Names of aquarium fish|
|Angelfish||South America||Cyclic||Peaceable, gregarious. High, laterally compressed body, natural pigmentation silver with black stripes, size up to 15 cm. Fins are elongated in the thread||Temperature: 24-30 C;|
Water parameters: 5.0-13.0 dGH, 6.0-8.0 pH
|Barbusses||South, Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe||Carp||Semi-aggressive, active. Stretched body, two-bladed tail fin. Size up to 8 cm.||Temperature: 20-26 C;|
Water parameters: pH 6.5-7.5; dH 4—10 °
Replace up to 30% of water every week.
|Cockerels||Southeast Asia||Macropod||Warlike, have short, round fins and cycloid scales, body size up to 7 cm.||Temperature: 24-26 C;|
Water parameters: 4-15 °, pH 6.0-7.5
|Soma Corridors||South America, Uruguay||Catfish||School, peace-loving. The body is tight, shortened, convex back||Temperature: 20-25 C;|
Water parameters: 20 ° DGH, pH 6.0-7.5
|Danio||Southeast Asia (Nepal, India)||Carp||Body length is up to 6 cm., The body is oblong, laterally flattened, with its back fin shifted back||Temperature: 23-25 ° C;|
Water parameters: 20 ° DGH, pH 7.5
|Discussion||Southeast Asia||Cyclic||Body length up to 25 cm., The body is round in shape, has a strong luster, peaceful, gregarious, prefer solitude||Temperature: 28-32 ° C;|
Water parameters: 5.5 to 6.5 pH; 20-25 DGH
|Goldfish||Southeast Asia, Malaysia||Carp||The body is elongated and flattened at the sides, length from 18-26 cm., Peaceful, but prefer solitude.||Temperature: 15-20 C;|
Water parameters: 6.0-8.0 pH; 20 DGH
|Gourami||Indochina||Chelostomy||The length reaches 20 cm., The body is short, the dorsal fin is rounded or elongated, peaceful||Temperature: 22 – 28 ° С|
Water parameters: 4-10 ° DGH, pH 6.0-7.0,
|Guppy||Central America, Brazil||Pecilia||Body elongated, length from 2 to 7 cm, oblate, with diamond-shaped scales, fins long, calm in nature||Temperature: 20-28 C;|
Water parameters: 5-25 DGH, pH 7-8.5
|Botsi||New Guinea, o.Sumatra||Lunar||Body shape is round, flat belly, length 8-11 cm., Fearful, peaceful||Temperature: t 25-30,|
Water parameters: pH 6.5-7.2, dH 4-14
|Mollies||North America, Mexico||Pecilia||The body is short, the tail fin is rounded, length up to 15 cm., Get along well with fish of equal size.||Temperature: 25-30 C;|
Water parameters: dH 10 – 25 °, pH 7.2 – 8.5.
|Astronotus||Amazon Paraguay||Cyclic||Predators, body length from 20 to 25 cm, body shape rounded||Temperature:|
Water parameters: up to 35 DGH, pH up to 8.5
|Pequilly||Africa, Madagascar||Pecilia||Dense, flattened laterally body, 4-5 cm., Peaceful, calm||Temperature: 23-26 C;|
Water parameters: 8-25 DGH, 7.5-8 pH
|Catfish Bagullabs||Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia||Catfish||25-35 cm., Elongated body, get along with fish of similar size||Temperature: 21-25 ° C;|
Water parameters: DGH up to 20 °, pH b, 5-7.5
|Iridescents||Papua New Guinea||Melanoseny||Oval, elongated body, up to 14 cm long, peaceful, get along well with other fish||Temperature: 22-27 C;|
Water parameters: DGH 2-16 °, pH 6.0-7.8
|Rasbory||Thailand||Carp||Thin tail comb, tall body, length up to 4.5 cm, schooling, peace-loving||Temperature: 24 – 28 С;|
Water parameters: pH 6-7.5; DGH 9-18
|Labeo||South Africa and Southeast Asia||Carp||The body is elongated, the fins are rounded, the length of the body is 8-12 cm., Peaceful||Temperature: 24-27 ° C;|
Water parameters: DGH 4-20 °, pH 6.0-7.5
|Swordtails||Central America, South Mexico||Pecilia||The body is short, wide, length is 8-12 cm., Peaceful and calm.||Temperature: 21-25 ° C;|
Water parameters: dH 5-20 °, pH 7.0-8.0
The peculiarities of the fish explain the origins of the gouras: they live in nature both in stagnant and moving water, both in small dirty ditches and in large rivers and reservoirs.
The homeland of the gourami is south and southeast Asia and the countries of Indochina. In nature, fish usually reach 10–15 cm, but larger individuals up to 30 cm long are also found.
The largest representative of gourami fish is commercial, or real gourami. Such gourams come from the Great Sunda Islands, where it grows up to 60 cm in length.
In the aquarium, this species is rarely kept, with the exception of the youngest individuals, which, with proper care, can grow up to 30-35 cm.
Types of fish gourami
Among the many fish emit such species gourami:
The popularity of the fish of chilias has been undeniable for several decades. Perhaps the reason for this is the constant work of breeders on the development of new colors, although the palette is already very diverse. However, work in this direction does not stop.
Plus, the democratic price is always pleasing, which also contributes to the retention of positions.
The term Pecilya unites a whole series of small fish belonging to the same family – carpus-like. Now it is increasingly possible to hear that, instead of these fish, I call these terms such as Molliesia (this is how their genus used to be called). At first, Mollies called melanistic forms, but later the concept encompassed a larger number of species.
Interestingly, in Russia I call fish mollies.
The birthplace of the fish Petsilia is considered to be South America and Gvetemaly. In these areas, they prefer standing bodies of water, river mouths with a slow current, lower reaches of rivers that flow directly into the Atlantic Ocean.
Thus, fresh and slightly salty water is acceptable for them. Individuals living in free natural conditions, can not boast of rich and bright colors, rather, on the contrary, at this point, aquarium fish are far ahead of them.
In the wild, they are yellow-brown, they can be decorated with a few black spots. Modern capillaries grown in captivity, acquired their gorgeous appearance only many decades after they were brought to Europe.
In Russia, they were seen only after half a century.
Despite the fact that many forms and species of placium are obliged only to breeders, the same America and Gwetemals invariably remain the birthplace of the caecilia. The most beautiful representatives of these fish are found only on the island of Yucatan.
After arriving in Europe in 1909, breeders were very passionate about mollies. And only in 1910 the first fish were bred in artificial conditions.
From this point on, the period of selection of the Mole began, which has not ended to this day, and, probably, will not reach the final stage soon.
To date, there are more than 130 color variations of placium. Some of these species are not completely stable, since I slip through periods in the offspring, but work is still being done on these shortcomings.
Who would have thought that the fish will force breeders to try. But be that as it may, the result is very gratifying.
There are many varieties of aquarium fish, and they all differ in their color and the required care. Discus is one of the most beautiful aquarium fish.
So, discus. Homeland fish – South America.
This species of fish loves calm water; animals choose places off the coast – there they hide between algae and wood. Also discus can be diluted in aquariums, but they need special care.
The fish has an almost round shape, and its body is flattened from the sides. It has a rainbow color throughout the body. Fish have small head and mouth, and fins are long.
When the fish is healthy and in an excited state, it has a dark brown color, and wavy stripes become very bright. When a fish is sick, or is kept in unsuitable conditions, it has only vertical stripes that do not have a bright color.
The fish of this breed is able to change color depending on the state of health. Good aquarists who breed discus are able to distinguish between their condition.
Discus is considered one of the most beautiful species of fish. Some lovers of aquarium fish consider it more beautiful than a goldfish.
There are many varieties of discus that can decorate the aquatic world of any aquarist.
Gourami – aquarium fish: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review
In nature, gourami live in Southeast Asia (Indochina and Malay Peninsulas, Kalimantan Islands, Sumatra and Java).
The pearly gourami Trichogasterleeri inhabit the Malay Archipelago, Sumatra and Borneo. Lunar gourami Trichogaster microlepis is found in Thailand and Cambodia, Serpentine gourami Trichogaster pectoralis in southern Vietnam, Cambodia and eastern Thailand. The spotted gourami Trichogaster trichopterus has a wide range – from India to the Malay Archipelago.
In different parts of this area there are many local forms that differ in coloring. In Sumatra, along with these forms, the blue gourami Trichogaster trichopterus sumatranus dwells.
The serpentine gourami, whose range approaches the oceanic shore opposite the island of Sri Lanka, has not moved to this island, however today it has mastered the Antilles reservoirs in Central America. Gourami are found both in stagnant and flowing waters, as well as in shallow streams, and in large rivers, and the spotted and brown gourami have mastered the tide zone and brackish estuarine waters.
In the natural habitat of this beautiful fish can be found in South Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan and China. Therefore, we can assume that the birthplace of macropods is all the countries of Southeast Asia.
And 150 years ago, a French traveler, visiting China, brought these beautiful fish to his country. And it was from France that the spread of macropod began throughout Europe, and later to other countries of the world.
Neon fish care breeding description photo compatibility.
Moving neons are very shy, which causes them to keep a flock, and this gives a decorative aquarium. A thirty-liter tank with abundant vegetation is quite suitable for neon housing.
If the reservoir is aerated, then 1.5 liters of volume is enough for one individual; without air blowing, one pet should have at least 3 liters of aquarium volume.
Planting aquatic plants optimally placed in the back, as well as the side walls of the tank. However, you need to know that free space for movement of neons is also necessary.
Neon reach sexual maturity by eight months and retain the ability to spawn up to 4-5 years, of course, provided they are kept in conditions that are optimal for them. . Feed at this time should be strenuously and varied, be sure to include in the diet of live food.
For dilution of neons, prepare a one-piece glass container with a volume of 10-20 liters.
Disinfect it and fill it with distilled water. Add to the same 200 ml of water from the aquarium, which contains neons.
At the bottom of the spawn, put a bunch of Javanese moss (if you are 100% sure that there are no snails on it) or a nylon washcloth.
The main thing in the breeding of neons – to properly prepare the water. Neon spawn can be put off in any water (even in the general aquarium), but its fertilization is possible only in soft water (up to 3 °). Optimally, the stiffness is about 1 °.
Neons prefer to spawn in slightly acidic water (pH 5.5-6). You can acidify it with folk remedies – for example, a decoction of alder cones, peat decoction, or you can use special preparations (there is plenty of them now available for sale).
Blow-up in spawning do not very strong, raise the temperature to 25-26 and you can run the manufacturers. Shade aquarium for breeding, leave only one corner dimly lit to see spawning results.
In the morning everything should be done. The bulk of the roe should be on and under the substrate.
It is necessary to plant the producers back into the general aquarium, and shake the eggs gently from the substrate to the bottom.
The water level in spawning caviar is reduced to 7-10 cm and add antifungal medication (for example, methylene blue or General Tonic). At a temperature of 25, caviar develops 36-48 hours.
The fry first hang on the glass, then begin to swim. It is very difficult to feed juvenile neons. At an early age, the fry of neons see very poorly, they have only developed a focus on light – phototaxis.
This and need to use for feeding. The entire aquarium should be darkened, leaving only a single ray of light.
Infusoria necessary for feeding fry will accumulate in the illuminated place. With such lighting, the fry of neons will not go hungry, they, getting into a cloud of ciliates, begin to actively feed. This makes it possible to save all the young.
Gradually, the fry are transferred to feeding on the nauplii of artemia and rotifers, and later on to small cyclops. Gradually, it is necessary to increase the hardness of the water in the spawn with fry, adding a small portion of water from the common aquarium every day.
The aquarium fish neon blue or ordinary (lat. Paracheirodon innesi) has long been known and very popular. His appearance in 1930, he created a sensation and did not lose popular until our days.
A flock of blue neons in an aquarium creates a fascinating look that can not leave indifferent. Perhaps, beauty with neon, can not argue any other fish from tetr, nor similar black neon, nor cardinal, nor erythrosonus. And besides beauty, nature gave neons a more peaceful disposition and high adaptability, that is, he did not need any special care.
These factors made him so popular.
This small tetra is an active schooling fish. They feel most comfortable in a flock of 6 individuals, it is in it that the brightest colors are revealed.
Neons are very peaceful and desirable inhabitants of common aquariums, but they need to be maintained only with medium-sized and equally peaceful fish. Small size and peaceful disposition, bad helpers against predatory fish!
Best of all, blue neons look in densely planted aquariums with dark soil. You can also add snags to the aquarium to create the look most similar to the one in which they live in nature. The water should be soft, slightly acidic, fresh and clean.
Neons live about 3-4 years under good conditions in the aquarium.
In the right conditions and with good care, aquarium neon fish are fairly disease resistant. But, nevertheless, like all fish, they can get sick, even there is a disease of aquarium fish, called neon disease or plytiphorosis.
It is expressed in blanching the color of the fish and further death, because, unfortunately, it is not treated.
NEON AQUARIUM FISHES
This is a small and slim fish. Blue aquarium fish neoWe grow up to 4 cm in length and they live about 3-4 years.
As a rule, you do not notice their death, just a flock of year after year less and less.
Neon highlights first of all the bright blue stripe going through the whole body, which makes it very noticeable. And by contrast to it, there is a bright red stripe, which starts from the middle of the body and goes to the tail, slightly approaching it.
What can I say? Easier to see.
By themselves, blue neons are a wonderful and peaceful fish. Never touch anyone, peaceful, get along with any peaceful fish.
But here they can fall prey to other fish, especially if it is a large and predatory fish, such as a gray sword or a green tetradon. Can be contained with a large, but not a predatory fish, for example, with scalars. And mollies. With what fish do neons get along?
With guppies, patsils, cardinals, swordtails, iris, barbs and tetras.
GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.
Distinguishing the male neon from the female is quite simple, even though sex differences are not very pronounced. The fact is that females are noticeably fuller, especially in the pack, where males with their flat tummies look thin.
Unfortunately, this is manifested only in adult fish, but since you need to buy a flock of neons, couples will still be there.
Angelfish belong to the cichlid family. The first time after their discovery, the scalars were very poorly bred in aquariums, and therefore were expensive.
The large angelfish Pterophyllum scalare could not be taught to live in captivity even by the most experienced aquarists, but the smaller species, Pterophyllum eimekei, perfectly caught on, just like the hybrid fish from two species.
The birthplace of scalar fish is South America. The animals live in the Amazon, in the Rieh Negru and some major rivers, as well as streams. Some species prefer wastewater and wetlands.
Scalar vulgaris is found in the slow current of the rivers belonging to the Amazon basin.
Juveniles live in dense vegetation, and adult fish swim in open places. Due to the special shape of the body, when danger arises, they can quickly hide in the thickets. During spawning, scalaries prefer places where there are plants with wide leaves, where you can lay eggs.
Angelfish live in nature in very warm fresh waters with moderate acidity and hardness.
Golden Sturisom (Sturiosoma aureum) was opened in Colombia in 1900. In addition to the generally ...
Marble gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus “cosby / opaline”) Marble gourami – a decorative look, obtained as ...
Barbus Linear / Barbus Five Linear / Barbus Striped (Desmopuntius johorensis / Puntius johorensis) Duncker ...
Kalamoicht calabaric (Erpetoichthys calabaricus / Calamoichthys calabaricus) Smith, 1865 Erpetoichthys: Greek, erpeton = snake + ...
Emerald microassembly (Microrasbora erythromicron) ANNANDALE, 1918. The emerald microassembly is a shy but very beautiful ...
Ternesia (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi) Boulenger, 1895.Family characide (Characidae). Inhabit the basins of the river Paraguay and ...
Family Belontidae (Belontidae). Indochina and Malacca peninsulas, Kalimantan islands, Sumatra and Java inhabit the area. ...
Barbus of Sumatran (Puntigrus tetrazona) BLEEKER, 1855. Despite the fact that the peak of hobby ...
Cardinal (Tanichthys albonubes) – one of the most popular aquarium fish. It has a bright ...
Micro costing measure (Boraras merah) Kottelat (Maurice Kottela), 1991 It belongs to the smallest aquarium ...
Tetra Amanda (Hyphessobrycon amandae) GÉRY UJ, 1987. Hifessobrikon: from ancient Greek (hyphesson), which means “smaller ...
Aterina Ladigezi, Sunshine or Telmatherin Ladigez is a small but spectacular fish with an attractive ...
Black Barbus (Pethia nigrofasciata / Puntius / Barbus nigrofasciatus) Gunther / Gunter, 1868, introduced to ...
Carnegiella marble (Carnegiella strigata) GUNTHER, 1864 Since 1909, the species C. strigata (which at the ...
Micro spotting spotted (Boraras maculatus) It was introduced to Europe more than 100 years ago, ...
Diamond Tetra (Moenkhausia pittieri) Eigenmann, 1920. Tetra Brillintovaya or Almaznaya is one of the most ...
Iridescent Turquoise or Lake (Melanotaenia lacustris) Munro, 1964. Iridescent Turquoise is considered the most beautiful ...
There are many names of synonyms: Altispinoza Apistogram, Bolivian papiliochromis, Chromis Butterfly, Bolivian Apistogram. The ...
Blades – family Wedge Brute (Gasteropelecidae) The family Gasteropeletsid includes three genera: Carnigiela (Carnegiella), Gasteropelekusov ...
Piranhas (Pygocentrus) Muller Troschel, 1844 Piranha from Guarani means “evil fish.” Detachment: Characteristic (Characiformes).Family: Characteristic ...
Kerry or False Royal Tetra (Inpaichthys kerri) Gery Junk, 1977 Other names: Tetra Kerry, Violet ...
Dario Dario (Dario dario / Scarlet Badis) Hamilton, 1822 Other names: Badis Scarlet, Badis Red, ...
Botia Dario (Botia dario) HAMILTON, 1822. Botsiya Dario – a very bright and beautiful fish ...
Wedge specksRod Trigonostigma These fish are easily identified by their high, flattened laterally torso and ...