Dear colleagues. Haplokhromis philander is an aquatic aquatic animal belonging to the cichle family. In nature, this aquarium fish is found in rivers and African lakes south of Angola.
Due to the fact that the philander has a lot of forms, which differ in color and size, the habitat of the fish is scattered.
The body of Philander is elongated and flattened at the sides. The profile of the back is more arched than the profile of the abdomen.
On the large pointed head there are thick lips. Fish color varies depending on its habitat. There are three forms, differing in shape and color:
- In the province of Mozambique, the length of the fish is 11 centimeters, and the body color is yellow-green. The back and sides are bluish. On the body there are several transverse and longitudinal strips, which break up into spots. If the fish is in an excited state, then the color of the male becomes purple-red. Red unpaired fins have blue spots. In females, the coloring is much poorer;
- In the province of Beira there is a form of Philander, the size of which does not exceed 8 centimeters. The body of males is painted in yellowish-olive color, and a clear longitudinal strip runs along the body. Boca fish cast golden-green color. Unpaired fins of yellowish color on which there are green brilliant spots. On the back of the anal fin you can see a red spot. In females, the color is clay-yellow.
- Philander from southeastern Africa also has a length of no more than 8 centimeters. The male has the same color as the previous form, only gives more intense blueness. In a state of excitement, the throat of the male becomes dark blue in color, and in the female gray-green. The dorsal and caudal fins have a red border, and the others are colorless.
I would like to note that the haplochroms of philander are aggressive towards their relatives and are peaceful towards other peaceful fish. Fish prefers to stay in the middle and lower layers of the aquarium. Keep in the same tank you need one male and several females.
The total length of the aquarium should be at least 0.7 meters, in which there should be flat stones, snags, caves, sandy soil and thickets of aquarium long-stemmed plants (elodea, rogolistnik, vallyseria, ambulia, cabomba). Parameters of aquarium water:
- water hardness: 5-20 °;
- active reaction: 6.5 – 7.8 pH;
- water temperature: 22-25 degrees.
Also every week you need to make large water changes in the amount of 1/3 – ½ of the volume and feed the pets with live food and various substitutes.
Haplochromis filander becomes sexually mature at the age of 6-7 months with a body length of 5 centimeters. The spawning volume should not be less than 50 liters, in which flat stones with holes in the upper part, shelter from plastic pipes, fine-grained soil and aquarium plants should also be present.
A few weeks after planting for spawning, it is recommended to replace half the water in the aquarium with a harder one with an active reaction of about 7 pH and its temperature should be within 24-26 degrees.
Before spawning, a male near a flat stone digs a small hole in the ground. At the end of the marriage flirting, the male and female clear the plane of the stone from fouling and the female throws eggs on it.
During spawning, the female can sweep away up to 150 yellowish eggs. Some aquarists say that the female collects fertilized eggs in her mouth and incubates them. Other aquarists claim that fertilization takes place in the female’s mouth.
At the end of spawning, the female hides in the shelter. If you planted to spawn a group of fish, then the ceramic or plastic tube, in which the female with caviar hides, must be transferred to another container.
But if you planted to spawn just a couple of fish, then you need to remove the male from the spawning ground.
Caviar is incubated in the mother’s mouth for two weeks. Juveniles are not in a hurry to leave the female’s mouth and occasionally spend the night there and hide. Feed fry need nauplii Cyclops and Artemia.
The female recites feeding when the fry have already turned out and begin to feed on their own, after which it is transplanted into a common aquarium.