Hello! Haplokhromis Barton, or Astatotilyapiya Barton – is an aquarium fish from the family of tsikhlovyh.
In nature, it can be found in the waters of northern Africa, oases, upstream of the Nile and in the lakes of Kivu and Tanganyika.
Haplohromis Barton has an elongated body, flattened on the sides. The profile of the head is sharp, the mouth of the fish is brown. Fish color varies depending on the habitat.
But the main color of the males may be yellow-red or gray-yellow, in rare cases brown. The sides are cast in a blue, green and purple hue. A black vertical strip passes through the eye of the fish.
On the gill cover there is a black and blue spot, which has a golden border.
The lips of Haplochromis Barton are blue. On the sides of the fish can appear vertical and horizontal stripes, which form interesting patterns.
The color of these strips may vary depending on the habitat. The dorsal fin has a red border, and its main color is blue or orange.
Similar coloring at the caudal fin, but not so saturated. There are blue dots all over the caudal fin.
The female is not painted as brightly as a male, and, as a rule, its main color is silver or bluish-gray. In addition, from 7 to 9 transverse strips pass through the body of the fish. The shape of the dorsal fin in females has a rounded shape, unlike males, and the fin sizes are somewhat smaller.
Under natural conditions, a hydrobiont grows to 25 centimeters in length; in aquarium conditions, the size of the fish does not exceed 20 centimeters.
To keep Haplokhromis Barton in your home aquarium, you will have to get a fairly spacious aquarium, from 80 centimeters in length. Of course, it is preferable that you keep the fish in the species aquarium, but you can with fish that have similar sizes and habits.
In view of the fact that the males of Haplokhromis like to dig in the ground, it should not be large, it should be without sharp edges. The best option would be coarse river sand.
The aquarium, as a rule, is decorated with aquarium plants that have a powerful root system (nomafila straight, Echinodorus amazon, Wendt cryptocoryne, spiral vallisneria, anubias nana). In addition, in the aquarium should be flat stones and various shelters in the form of caves of stones and branched snags.
The size of the shelters should be such that the male could not penetrate them, as during spawning, they are extremely aggressive towards females.
The aquarium water in banks with Barton haplochromis should have the following parameters:
- Water temperature: 24 – 28 degrees;
- Active reaction: 6 – 8 pH;
- Cruelty: within 8 – 20 dH;
In addition, do not forget to replace every week ¼ of the water for fresh, as well as install a good filter. Why good?
Since males often dig the ground, they raise sludge and other dregs from the bottom. So that it does not contaminate the aquarium water, it must be well filtered. The best option would be a powerful external aquarium filter with different fillings.
You can feed the fish with live food, alternating it with vegetable and all sorts of substitutes. Since the fish are prone to overeating, feed them in small portions.
So you will not allow the fish to overeat and reduce the amount of free organic matter in the aquarium, which causes the rapid development of algae.
Haplochromis Barotna become sexually mature at the age of one. Before spawning, the males prepare a bridgehead on a flat stone or dig holes in the substrate.
When the nest is ready, the male goes to the aquarium in search of a female ready for breeding. A female ready for spawning has a rounded belly and it will not seek to hide from the male.
A couple of days before throwing eggs at the female, an oviposition appears on the abdomen (small knob).
When spawning ends, the female leaves the male and goes to the nearest safe shelter and completely refuses to feed. Meanwhile, the male begins to look for a new female, ready for breeding. After a couple of weeks, the fry leave the mother’s mouth and begin to try to swim independently.
In case of danger, they immediately rush to the mother’s mouth and hide there. The optimal food for fry astatothilapias: Nauplii Artemia and Cyclops.