Snappers belong to the genus of perciformes that live under natural conditions in the waters of the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian Oceans, Gulf of Mexico, Red and Caribbean seas. There are about 100 species of marine inhabitants from the family of snappers, which belong to the class of fishing.
Snappers are predators living near reefs and feeding on small fish, crustaceans, worms, snails, crabs, shrimps, invertebrates.
Snapper in natural conditions distributed in the Indo-Pacific region
Imperial red – the marine life of the aquarium
Under natural conditions, the red snapper reaches a length of up to 1.7 m, and in an aquarium it does not exceed 20 cm. The body of the fish is oblong, light, with three stripes of bright red or brown color.
In reef fish of the snapper family, a serrated dorsal fin is found; in aquarium species, fins are short and smooth.
The head is low in the mouth – a lot of sharp teeth, which cause the main difficulty in keeping the snapper in the aquarium – any smaller fish immediately becomes food. Therefore, it is necessary to breed snappers in separate tanks of large volume – at least 500 liters for young individuals and 2000 liters for adults.
The Imperial Snapper often lives in symbiosis with sea urchins.
In the Alushta aquarium, these reef perches are kept in a 500 l tank.
In an aquarium it is important to provide special places for shelter, free space for swimming, filtration and aeration of water. The complexity of the maintenance of imperial (three-lane) snappers is high, the optimum water temperature is 24-27 ˚С, pH – 8.1-8.4.
It is advisable to keep a small group of fish, numbering 4-6 individuals. It is enough to feed the inhabitants of the aquarium once a day. As feed, you can use chopped live and frozen fish, shrimp, squid.
It is necessary to include in the diet algae.
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In aquarium conditions, snappers do not breed. All persons who appear on sale are delivered from natural habitats.
Under proper conditions of maintenance, the imperial red snapper will decorate the aquarium for many years. These predatory fish can live in captivity up to 40 years.
Campechean snappers are also called Mexican, since the main habitat of fish is the Gulf of Mexico. This is an edible bone fish, which is caught by trawl or longline.
Snapper can have a rich brown color
The average body length of an adult individual is 60 cm, but there are individual giant specimens up to 1 m, with a mass of more than 20 kg. The color varies from bright red to brick, a dark spot may be present behind the dorsal fin.
It lives in reefs at a depth of 200 m, eats small fish, worms, snails, cephalopods. Spawns in the summer months, the eggs hatch in 20-27 hours at temperatures above 23 C.
Life expectancy is up to 57 years.
Kampechinsky snapper is caught on an industrial scale
The light snapper or reef king lives in the western part of the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, the Red Sea and the Caribbean. Swims in open waters and along reefs.
Adults reach a length of 1 m and a mass of up to 15 kg, have an elongated body with a large head, large mouth and small eyes. There are teeth on the upper and lower jaws, which the reef king uses to catch prey – small fish, mollusks, and benthic invertebrates.
Bright snapper leads a hermit life at the bottom of the ocean
The upper part of the body is sand colored, the belly and fins are red. On the head of the snapper are 2 blue stripes in the region of the eyes.
At rest, 10-12 bands are observed on the body, which are unnoticeable during active swimming.
Leads a solitary lifestyle, but during spawning forms large clusters. This is due to the fact that bright snappers spawn always in one place and on the same day according to the lunar calendar. One female lays up to one and a half million eggs.
In the Caribbean, it spawns in February, and in the rest of its habitat in July-August.
Lives up to 29 years, is a popular object of fishing. It is not used for food, as it can cause the development of the disease – ciguatera.
There are stripes on the body of the light snapper.
The Kashmir snapper is another inhabitant of the Pacific and Indian Ocean, which can be kept in an aquarium. Fish is easily recognizable by the yellow color of the back and tail with 4 long stripes of blue or purple.
The belly of the Kashmir snapper is white, with barely noticeable gray stripes, and all the fins are yellow.
The main difficulty of maintaining at home is the need to purchase a large tank. The minimum allowable volume is 400 liters, optimally – 800-2000 liters. In the design of the aquarium should be present corals and plants, a place for shelter, while it is important to leave enough space for maneuvers during swimming.
The content of the Kashmir snapper is allowed together with the fish of the same large size, and smaller fishes become easy prey for the predator.
To prevent fish from jumping out of the tank, a cover should be provided. As the soil is recommended to use coarse sand or fine gravel.
With the simultaneous maintenance of several individuals need to increase the size of the aquarium. In conditions of limited space, peaceful blue-yellow snappers become aggressive and can attack each other.
Feeding fish is not difficult – snappers are omnivorous, in their diet there are algae, small fish, invertebrates. In aquarium conditions do not breed.
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