maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppy – the most common type of aquarium inhabitants. These colorful fish with large iridescent tail. Often, talking about his hobby, experienced aquarists say that let them begin with her purchase.
In addition, guppies are ideal test subjects for studying genetic mutations. Males of this species are much larger and more beautiful than females.
Their tails are much larger than those of females, and differ in their original, unusual coloring. The small size of the fish – from 1.5 to 3 cm allows you to make them the center of the aquarium world. Females are much larger – about 6 cm, but have not such a beautiful color.
Today, with the help of selection, beautiful individuals of females have been obtained, but their cost is much higher. You can see the possible fish options in the photo, which is full of internet.
Aquarium guppies are ideal for beginner breeders. It is so easy to care for them that a child can cope with it.
For their breeding, an aquarium of 15 – 35 liters for 6-8 pieces is enough. This aquarium has a very small size, so is ideal for small children’s rooms.
In addition, you can save space due to the fact that you do not need to provide the fish with additional filtration of water – they have enough fresh plants, but be prepared that you will have to clean the water and the soil more often.
Do not ignore the additional lighting. But due to the fact that the aquarium is small, it will be enough for a table lamp in the evening.
In food, fish is picky. For its feeding, you can use industrial feed from a jar bought in the nearest store. Dry feeds are also enjoyed by them.
This type of aquarium dwellers attracts those who are forced to constantly leave home. Guppies easily tolerate weekly breaks, so no need to ask friends to constantly come and feed your inhabitants. Constant overfeeding, on the contrary, can kill young stock.
Overeating fish begin to die. From the above, we can conclude that the breeding of aquarium guppies are not troublesome and not expensive.
In addition, the aquarium – it is very beautiful. If you place a different decor on the bottom, you can create real masterpieces, capture them in the photo and show off to friends and companions
The most common types of caudal fins are:
Guppies are one of the most easily bred breeds, so their population is growing so fast. In order to do their breeding you do not have to make a lot of effort. Enough to provide them with comfortable conditions.
It is surprising that fish can breed without a male. This is due to the first fertilization. That is, the female can breed several times during one “meeting” with the male.
Therefore, to start breeding, you can buy only one female and you will receive about 8 litters.
Viviparous guppies, so they do not need a place for throwing caviar. Fry appear completely independent.
They are already swimming and ready to take full adult food. Photo fry can often be found on the Internet – they differ from their parents only in size, otherwise it is a full-fledged fish.
After you have noticed that the female is “in position”, set her off from the others. Although the pregnancy lasts about 30 days, in a separate dwelling it will be much more comfortable. After the fry are swept up, it needs to be deposited.
Hungry guppies can eat their own offspring, so for the first time, it is better for young animals to live separately in an aquarium with small-leaved plants, and when they get stronger, return them back.
In aquarist communities, all thickets began to appear messages about aggressive behavior. Sometimes relationships in a flock can lead to a deplorable outcome for the weakest.
If you notice something wrong in your aquarium, then reconsider the conditions of their maintenance, it is quite possible that they just closely.
Video about guppy content:
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
Despite the fact that these fish are considered to be one of the most unpretentious fish, this does not mean that they can be kept in the toilet and fed with potato peelings (while hoping for full-fledged offspring). by no means the last. Round does not fit, therefore, make a choice in the direction of the rectangular. The length should be at least 60 centimeters, and the volume – from 60 liters (there is a golden rule: the larger the aquarium – the better for everyone)
.Guppy is one of the most undemanding and at the same time sought-after fish among aquarium owners. Usually always available in every aquarium.
At home, they become large and have a longer lifespan than in natural conditions. In the aquarium
Many breeds of guppies are often present in the minds. The natural habitat of guppies is the brackish and fresh water bodies of northern Brazil, Venezuela. They can also be found on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados.
In pet stores, guppies are sold in an assortment. The most common breeds are blue cobra, red blond, Moscow blue, scarlet, carpet, blue-green, Berliner, net, dragon head.
There are rare breeds, but you can buy and admire them only in the collections of enthusiastic private breeders. The normal water temperature for guppies is + 23 ° C. They can survive from + 18 ° to + 32 ° C. With a low temperature, the guppies become large, and the lifespan becomes 5 years, but the possibility of getting sick is increasing.
At very warm temperatures, these fish live no more than one year and grow small. Pregnancy in this case also becomes shorter, and their children are born very small.
Feeding is important in keeping the fish. It is impossible to give individuals too much feed, as this leads to its subsidence at the bottom, from which the water quickly deteriorates.
Adult guppies need to be fed once a day, in small portions and at certain times. Fishes grow well from live food, so you should give them moth, daphnia, rotifers and mosquito larvae.
To maintain the brightness of the color of guppies will allow the addition of modern feed containing vitamins and minerals.
Once a week you need to arrange guppies fasting day. Depending on the conditions of the guppies reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-5 months. Every 3-6 weeks, throughout the year, the female brings offspring.
To prevent other fish from eating newborns, the female needs to be moved to a 1-5 liter jar at a time when its belly becomes almost rectangular, and the spot at the anal fin is large and very dark.
Guppies fry are large, 5-8 millimeters long, and very mobile. Immediately after birth, they begin to swim briskly through the aquarium, looking for and eating ciliates and small cyclops.
Advance should take care that the kids in the aquarium were shelters: pebbles and thickets of small-leaved plants (in the water column and on the surface). It is advisable to feed the first weeks of the fry four times a day in small portions, the second three times and further, up to one and a half to two months, at least two times.
The secret of the popularity of guppies is very simple. Their content is available even to a beginner aquarist.
The beauty and variety of shapes and colors are pleasing to the eye. The differences between breeds are very large in a guppy, and in one breed it is difficult to find two completely identical males. By the nature of these fish are cheerful, livable, mobile.
But the main thing, however, is that they give birth to live, fully formed fry. Guppy aquarists love these properties.
Two points are important here. The first is the size of the soil particles.
They must be of such a size that plants grow well, pass through gases, and water circulates freely. The second point is the solubility of the minerals that make up the soil.
If they are highly soluble, i.e. increase the amount of salt and hence the hardness of the water, then such a soil is of little use. Need to pick up something else.
Soil should be washed every six months.
The light regime should be, together with natural light no more than 15 hours in summer, and 12-13 hours in winter. The guppy has this effect. With constant light, the fish change their color.
For example, with continuous 24-hour light, red colored areas of the body acquired a pink color. After some time, the color was restored.
As additional lighting for aquariums with guppies, 15 watt lamps for aquariums of 20–40 liters in summer and 25 watt lamps in winter are used. For 100-liter aquariums 40-watt lamps are used.
If you are going to arrange an aquarium at home, you need to know which fish live with guppies. These fish are peace-loving, and get along well with other peaceful schooling fish: neons, petsiliyami, danios-renio, haratsinovye, swordtails.
Guppies do not interfere with those fish that live in the lower layers of water.
Compatibility Guppes – perhaps the most popular aquarists and popular fish. Therefore, the question of whether it is possible to keep barbs together with them is quite logical. In fact, this neighborhood usually does not end well.
Guppies, seated to the barbs, will most likely be driven to death. In the same case, if the fish have grown together, with them, of course, nothing will happen.
However, the owners of the aquarium will hardly be able to admire the beautiful guppy fins. As mentioned above, barbs and neons, the compatibility of which is also in doubt, get along well if there are a lot of plants in the aquarium. The same goes for guppes.
Planted in the aquarium more vallisnerium, kambob, water ferns, etc., and they will be where to hide from annoying striped or green neighbors.
These fish are great for children – so easy to care for them. The presence of fish will bring up the responsibility of the child.
Of course – one of those fish that are recommended for beginners.
But also experienced aquarists guppies are suitable, because in guppy fish breeding occurs very easily, which makes it possible to engage in selection. New species become capricious to the conditions of detention, hardly divorced, so it will not be boring.
As a rule, these fish do not have any difficulties with breeding in captivity. And this is not at all surprising, given that the females of guppies belong to viviparous fishes.
So, the fry born into the world, photos of which cannot but please, are forced to hide from other inhabitants of the aquarium at first. But after a dangerous period, they are actively involved in the underwater life in the aquarium.
As for certain requirements for stimulating the guppy to breeding, then it is worth noting the constant availability of clean water, abundant food and, of course, the presence of a male and female.
But remember that parents can become the cause of the death of their children, successfully eating them without the presence of natural protection in the form of vegetation or accumulation of stones.
Its name – these fish were in honor of the man who first discovered and made public this discovery to the world community. His name was Robert Guppy. There was such a significant event on the island of Trinidat back in the year 66.
To date, there are a huge number of varieties of these fish, each of which has its own distinctive features. Consider some species of guppy in more detail.
Striking in their beauty – these fish first appeared in the aquarium back in the 30s of the last century. But even though quite a few years have passed, such species of guppy continue to enjoy high popularity. The first descriptions of this fish appeared only in 61 year.
And they were discovered in the rivers of South America, Paraguay and Brazil.
If we talk about the external structure, these fish have a rather flattened body, flattened on the sides. The main outer color is gray with a sprinkle of olive hues, and the fins are transparent. Interestingly, females can not boast such a slenderness as males, but their body itself is more rounded and with a characteristic bend not far from the tail.
The maximum value of these fish, as a rule, does not exceed 40 mm. Photos of this fish can be seen below.
If we talk about eating habits, then these fish are best eaten:
- Not very large bloodworm.
- Live and dry food.
Important! Such fish best settle down if they are kept in a double amount.
As for breeding, it is better not to do it in the general aquarium, but to prepare a special vessel that is closed from direct sunlight. It is better not to raise the water level above the 200 mm mark.
As already mentioned, species of guppies simply amaze with their diversity and beauty. But among them there is one that is considered to be a real miracle.
And this applies precisely to these fish, shown in the photo below.
These fish received such high demand not only because of their small size, but also for their extraordinary beauty and unpretentiousness. The maximum size of these fish very rarely exceeds 35 m. As for the appearance, the females not only look less bright, but they have a monochromatic color.
Also, a small speck appears on the back of the abdomen when the embryo is ripe.
In most cases, these fish feel more comfortable in the upper layers of the water in the aquarium.
Important! Bright and long-lasting lighting in an aquarium adversely affects the intensity of color in these fish.