maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppies (lat. Poecilia reticulata) – these fish are among the most popular aquarium pets.
Today, there are various breeds of guppies with beautiful fins and bright patterns on the body. They are great for beginners, because the content of guppies in an aquarium will not be difficult.
These are viviparous fishes, the females of which produce full fry. They are hardy and unpretentious, but they should be provided with high-quality care and maintenance so that the fish live as long as possible (up to 5 years).
How to care for guppies :: aquarium guppies care :: Aquarium fish
Guppies are small aquarium fish with interesting bright colors. Many fish breeders inhabit their guppy aquariums, which have good survival rates.
For their maintenance does not need expensive equipment or any complex water systems. Care for guppies will not be difficult.
The question “opened a pet store. Business is not going. What to do? “- 2 answers
- – aquarium;
- – feed;
- – daylight lamp;
- – filter;
- – pebbles or coarse sand;
- – plants.
1. Special content is required only when breeding breeding fish. For thoroughbred guppies you need an aquarium that holds at least 50 liters of water.
You need to take care also about the level of acidity of water (about 7 pH). For ordinary guppy species, it is enough to draw water from the tap and stand for 24 hours (you can pass through a household filter). The optimum water temperature is 24 ° C, if the temperature is below 18 ° C, then there is a high probability that guppies catch diseases.
High temperatures lead to shorter life cycles and shredding individuals.
2. At the bottom of the aquarium pour small pebbles or large river sand, place a few bushes of unpretentious plants, behind which the small fish like to hide. Guppy – a very active aquarium fish, can jump out of the water.
Therefore, it is recommended to leave a side height of at least 7 centimeters above the water level, close the container with a lid. Combine solar lighting and artificial lighting throughout the day.
Bred guppies require the installation of special devices for aeration and water filtration.
3. Feeding guppies is an important point in keeping the fish. It is impossible to give individuals too much feed, as this leads to its subsidence at the bottom, from which the water quickly deteriorates.
Adult guppies need to be fed once a day, in small portions and at certain times. Fishes grow well from live food, so you should give them moth, daphnia, rotifers and mosquito larvae.
To maintain the brightness of the color of guppies will allow the addition of modern feed containing vitamins and minerals. Once a week you need to arrange a guppy fasting day.
4. Reproduction of guppies occurs without creating special conditions. Females and males acquire the ability to breed from the age of four months.
According to the shape of the female’s abdomen, it is possible to determine the approach of labor (the abdomen becomes angular). Sow the female in a separate container.
When the fry are born, guppies can be returned to the general aquarium. Fry should be kept for some time separately until they grow up, because guppies can eat their own babies.
5. Once a week you need to clean the aquarium. It is advisable to remove the remnants of food and replace the third part of the water with fresh.
The added water should be the same hardness and temperature as the main one. Guppy lives for an average of three years. For the prevention of diseases of guppies, add salt to the aquarium (a teaspoon per 10 liters of water).
Remember that cleanliness is a guarantee of health, so cleaning the aquarium is an indispensable condition for keeping guppies.
One of the most beautiful and undemanding aquarium fish – guppies. They are kept by both beginning aquarists and experienced breeders, thanks to the fact that guppies get along well with other inhabitants of aquariums and easily reproduce.
Caring for them is very simple.
About the calming effect on humans of fish in an aquarium is not worth mentioning. And who in childhood did not dream to have a pet? A good option for this is the guppy fish.
It does not require special care, it comes in a variety of colors, breeds easily and does not need any additional devices for living in an aquarium. Many even breed special types of guppies, crossing different individuals.
The average lifespan of guppies in home aquariums is 2 years. But some individuals with very good care live to 5 years.
Guppy can live all his life even in a three-liter jar, but it is worth noting that in this case its color will not be very diverse, rather the fish will remain mostly gray and uninteresting. It is quite another matter if the fish is placed in an aquarium with a volume of 5-10 liters. Her coloring will become brighter after a while.
In male guppies, you can see all sorts of shades on the tail fin and body (orange, blue, purple, red), if you adhere to a certain temperature regime, the purity of water, the necessary hardness.
The water temperature can vary from +18 to + 30 ° C, but the most acceptable for growth and development is from +24 to + 26 ° C. For breeding, females require temperatures above 26 ° C, while lower thermometer values — 18–22 ° C — are optimal for rearing large individuals and increasing life expectancy.
Soil is best suited medium grain, dark color. Against the background of his gray and not expressive females look more colorful than in fact, and the males of bright and interesting colors will shimmer more. It is better to plant the back wall of the aquarium with aquatic plants so that the fish, especially the young, can hide.
A relatively new species of guppy – Endler’s guppy, or dwarf guppy. It was discovered by the scientist John Endler in the waters of Venezuela.
Adult males have a size of no more than 2 cm.
Guppies are peaceful and peaceful fish, so they can easily get along with other species. Only it is necessary to select species that are also not aggressive, since they can attack beautiful, voile tails of innocuous, untouching guppies.
Females sometimes eat their young, so if guppies are raised specifically, after breeding, the fry should be caught and placed in a container where most of the water comes from the old habitat.
Clean the aquarium once a week. For this, a special tube is collected from the bottom of fish waste, pollution on the walls.
Clean carefully so that 60-70% of the old water remains in the tank. Guppies prefer to eat live food, but suitable and dry. It is necessary to feed often, but in small portions.
Once a week it is preferable to do a fasting day.
Guppies are interesting fish of various colors that do not require complex care and high costs, so even a child can afford such pleasure.
Guppies, by right, are considered the most unpretentious in keeping aquarium fish. It should be borne in mind that the brighter and richer the color and the finer the shape of the fins, the more demanding may be care.
So, the conditions of the guppy.
Does your child ask for aquarium fish? Then there is nothing easier than to buy an aquarium with the necessary equipment and plant several fish in it. But if you want to care for them as simple as possible, listen to the recommendations of experts who advise to start the most unpretentious fish.
Guppies belong to such species. So, let’s find out what are the conditions for keeping a guppy in a home aquarium.
Compatibility of guppy with other aquarium fish
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))).
The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.”
I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply.
So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females.
Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed. Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year. The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins.
The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females are up to 6 cm. The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally. The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides.
Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak. In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding. Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs.
Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium. In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males.
Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third). Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce.
The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish. Fry are fed three times a day in small portions. After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day.
At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day. At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry). Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it).
Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen.
As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere.
By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water). All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength.
Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born. At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
Despite the fact that these fish are considered to be one of the most unpretentious fish, this does not mean that they can be kept in the toilet and fed with potato peelings (while hoping for full-fledged offspring). by no means the last. Round does not fit, therefore, make a choice in the direction of the rectangular. The length should be at least 60 centimeters, and the volume – from 60 liters (there is a golden rule: the larger the aquarium – the better for everyone)
.Guppy is one of the most undemanding and at the same time sought-after fish among aquarium owners. Usually always available in every aquarium.
At home, they become large and have a longer lifespan than in natural conditions. In the aquarium
Many breeds of guppies are often present in the minds. The natural habitat of guppies is the brackish and fresh water bodies of northern Brazil, Venezuela. They can also be found on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados.
In pet stores, guppies are sold in an assortment. The most common breeds are blue cobra, red blond, Moscow blue, scarlet, carpet, blue-green, Berliner, net, dragon head.
There are rare breeds, but you can buy and admire them only in the collections of enthusiastic private breeders. The normal water temperature for guppies is + 23 ° C. They can survive from + 18 ° to + 32 ° C. With a low temperature, the guppies become large, and the lifespan becomes 5 years, but the possibility of getting sick is increasing.
At very warm temperatures, these fish live no more than one year and grow small. Pregnancy in this case also becomes shorter, and their children are born very small.
Feeding is important in keeping the fish. It is impossible to give individuals too much feed, as this leads to its subsidence at the bottom, from which the water quickly deteriorates.
Adult guppies need to be fed once a day, in small portions and at certain times. Fishes grow well from live food, so you should give them moth, daphnia, rotifers and mosquito larvae.
To maintain the brightness of the color of guppies will allow the addition of modern feed containing vitamins and minerals.
Once a week you need to arrange guppies fasting day. Depending on the conditions of the guppies reach sexual maturity at the age of 3-5 months. Every 3-6 weeks, throughout the year, the female brings offspring.
To prevent other fish from eating newborns, the female needs to be moved to a 1-5 liter jar at a time when its belly becomes almost rectangular, and the spot at the anal fin is large and very dark.
Guppies fry are large, 5-8 millimeters long, and very mobile. Immediately after birth, they begin to swim briskly through the aquarium, looking for and eating ciliates and small cyclops. Advance should take care that the kids in the aquarium were shelters: pebbles and thickets of small-leaved plants (in the water column and on the surface).
It is advisable to feed the first weeks of the fry four times a day in small portions, the second three times and further, up to one and a half to two months, at least two times.
The secret of the popularity of guppies is very simple. Their content is available even to a beginner aquarist.
The beauty and variety of shapes and colors are pleasing to the eye. The differences between breeds are very large in a guppy, and in one breed it is difficult to find two completely identical males.
By the nature of these fish are cheerful, livable, mobile. But the main thing, however, is that they give birth to live, fully formed fry.
Guppy aquarists love these properties.
Diseases of guppies can be both non-infectious, associated with errors in the maintenance and diet of fish, and infectious – caused by various parasites. In most cases, fish can be helped with antibacterial drugs and antibiotics, improved care.
- Infertility guppies Guppies become unable to give birth to fry. The color of the fish dims, the shades of red are especially noticeable in the colors. This is primarily due to the long re-lighting in the aquarium. “Light Day” for guppies takes no more than 10-12 hours a day. Having adjusted the lighting in the aquarium, the owner may hope that bright colors will return to the fish, but the sterility, alas, is incurable.
- Poor male growth. It happens that fry, especially male guppies, do not grow well, do not gain full “adult” size, and their color becomes faded. This is due to the fact that during the period of intensive growth they are in an aquarium with poor aeration. Before maturity, the situation can be partially corrected by adjusting the flow of water in the aquarium.
- Hermaphroditism. A phenomenon in which a testis develops in females together with the ovary – the male organ. There are cases of self-fertilization of such fish. The overwhelming percentage of offspring, as a rule, has the same “bisexual” traits. A small number of males born sterile. The phenomenon and its causes are poorly understood.
- Dropsy (ascites). Dropsy – intestinal disease. The main symptoms that characterized dropsy are distended abdomen and ruffled scales. Fish tends to go down to hide. Also dropsy causes puzyaglyaziy. Dropsy – a viral disease that is treated with antibacterial drugs and frequent water changes.
- Tetrachimenosis is a specific guppy disease that is rare in other fish. Pathogens are tetrachymenes, small ciliate infusoria. Tetrahimenes feed on both microorganisms and tissues of multicellular creatures, which invariably entail the possibility of infection. Tetrahimenes strike the most vulnerable parts of the guppy – mucous gills, fins. On the surface of the body of the fish, which was struck by tetrahimenes, a white mucous plaque is clearly visible, which then slips off with flakes, ruffles the scales and gills bulge. Later, tetrahimenes are introduced deeper into the host organism and begin to devour it from the inside. At this stage, patients may have a swollen abdomen. Fry tetrahimeny can eat almost completely. Tetrahimenes are destroyed by furazolidone and biseptol, which are dissolved in water. Drugs are harmful to plants, so it is better to treat in a jig. Tetrahimenes are dangerous not only for guppies, but also for their neighbors – for example, labyrinth fish. Therefore, healthy pets are recommended to carry out prevention by adding furazolidone to feed.
- Fin rot. Rot affects fins, is expressed in the disintegration of the interbeam tissue. At an early stage, decay can be difficult to notice – it just looks like a slight clouding around the edge of the fins. However, it is at the very beginning to cope with the disease the easiest. It is enough to improve the conditions of the fish, add salt and change the water more often, increase the oxygen supply in the aquarium and the quality of the feed so that the fin rot will pass. In more advanced cases, fin rot is treated by adding antibacterial agents to the water – streptocide, biomycin, bicillin-5. Treated fin rot for a long time – up to three months. Keep in mind that an outbreak of this disease is usually indicative of poor aquarium maintenance. Guppies are sensitive to aeration and freshness of water. Their fin rot begins, as a rule, if the water stagnates for a long time and starts to deteriorate.
- Mycobacteriosis or fish tuberculosis is a dangerous and highly contagious disease. The fish that was struck by tuberculosis is rapidly losing weight, pulls in the stomach, is hunched, dims, becomes apathetic and tries to hide, swims down to the bottom. Tuberculosis has another clear sign – black eyes. It is believed that tuberculosis is incurable. The affected pets should be destroyed, the aquarium should be disinfected. However, many amateur hobbyists claim that tuberculosis can stop the use of antibiotics mixed into fish feed. There is no exact scientific data on this issue, but cases of a rapid improvement in the condition of the “patients” who were affected by tuberculosis are indeed recorded. However, keep in mind that the fish that once caught tuberculosis will never be fully fit. In addition, her immunity will be undermined and at any time tuberculosis may return.
- Trikhodiniosis The disease can be difficult to identify in its early stages. Its main feature, a grayish-blue patina that appears on the surface of the body, and the stomach that affects the gills of a small fish, is hardly distinguishable. Therefore, it is easier to diagnose the disease by the behavior of fish: they sink down, rub against stones and scenery, try to swim into aeration bubbles, as if they are itching. Guppies can also stand still while swaying. Trikhodiniosis is especially dangerous for juveniles and juvenile guppies. It is treated by heating water to 33-34 degrees, adding salt or methyl blue to the aquarium. Be sure to increase the aeration of the aquarium: in warm water, oxygen dissolves much worse if its supply does not increase, the fish may simply suffocate.
- Plysthophoresis is another incurable disease. The main feature: guppies swim upright, head up and tail down. Pet’s appetite is lost, the color of the body surface becomes faded, and the stomach is drawn in. Plystophoresis is not treated, all sick fish should be destroyed, the tank where they lived should be thoroughly disinfected, the ground should be boiled.
- Red scab. The disease affects male guppies, begins with the tail, manifesting itself in the form of red eruptions on the surface of the fin and its cleavage. Treatment is possible if the red scab struck no more than half of the tail. The sick part of the tail should be removed with a sharp blade, the fish should be placed in salted water. This is done so that the injury on the tail heals faster. Aeration in an aquarium with a sick fish should be maximized – its living conditions should be optimal in order to recover faster after the tail “operation”. Even if you have recorded a case of disease of the tail in only one fish, be sure to pay attention to the tails of others even after its treatment in order to prevent an epidemic in time.
- Scoliosis or curvature of the spine. The disease occurs in juvenile guppies and is a curvature of the spine of the fish, its smaller size, a drawn-in belly. This is a congenital defect, presumably due to insufficient aeration of the aquarium, which contains a pregnant female, malnutrition. Spinal curvature is not treated. Spine, twisted disease, remains so forever. As a rule, fish with a curved spine are smaller and weaker than their peers, more susceptible to infections. From breeding guppies with a curvature are rejected.
- Ichthyophthyrius multifiliis or guppy disease. It is typical for this type of fish. It affects the body, stomach, gills of guppies. In the early stages, the fish show signs of itching, then whitish eruptions appear on the surface of the body. Rash increases over several days. When the rash affects the gills, respiratory function is impaired. Also manifest lethargy, apathy, loss of appetite. Fish can tend to go down, closer to the bottom. On the surface of the body lifted scales. It is treated with specialized drugs or formalin baths. In the case of formalin treatment, it is important to use fresh solution each time – the “old” is poisonous to the fish.
Not all aquarium fish diseases are treatable. There is no universal method to help with those ailments that are treatable.
However, a number of initial measures to help the sick fish should be known to any aquarist.
- The sick fish is most likely to be deposited from the general aquarium in order to carry out the treatment. So it does not infect others, and it will be more convenient to treat it.
- When preparing an otsadnik (for a guppy, an ordinary can of capacity from 2 liters is enough), use water from a common container, mixing it with a fresh one.
- Water change in the tank is carried out daily. Aeration is not necessary.
- Water should be salted – 1 gram per liter, and add a few drops of iodine. When water changes should be resumed concentration of nutrients.
- It is better to feed a sick pet with live food – it is more nutritious and will allow it to recover faster. Perfect bloodworm.
- In the otsadnik the volume of water is very small, it easily deteriorates, so feed gently and immediately remove non-eaten leftover food.
- Such measures are only first aid, then, having accurately determined the disease, you can begin a more serious treatment. However, in cases not too severe can help the first measures.
The treatment of most guppy diseases consists in the use of specialized drugs of antibacterial action. But it’s much easier to prevent problems than to cure. Guppies are hardy fish, in good conditions they rarely get sick.
High-quality food, aeration, timely replacement of water – this is the best prevention from all diseases.