maintenance, care, compatibility
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water.
They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects. Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae. The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms.
She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild guppies in nature:
Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy). Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant.
They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 – 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 – 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.
The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.
It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.
Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium.
For guppies, the rule is simple – the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.
Very peaceful fish that does not cause any trouble to the neighbors. But it can be offended, especially large and predatory fish, which gupeshek perceive only as food.
So with fish like slaughter, giant gourami, pangasius or shark ball it is not worth keeping.
It is also impossible to keep with fish that can tear off male guppies with fins – Sumatran barb, Denison barb, fiery barb, some gourami, such as kissing, with ternitsemi.
Guppies get along best of all with peaceful and small fish: – rastori, cardinals, congo, neons, cherry barbs, speckled catfish, tarakatum.
Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article – the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch.
The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish – oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life.
Some fish live up to 5 years.
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening.
Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins.
Regularly change the water to fresh. There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign – either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.
Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish.
In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis. The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results.
In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.
The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.
It is possible, although it looks like something sad … All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.
Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth. It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself.
Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.
This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants.
I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.
No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Light is needed for plants to grow.
No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim. Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats.
Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.
Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim.
And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?
Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200
Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.
No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.
They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which? Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely.
Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.
They can do it both by chance and because of bad water – for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.
Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease.
The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.
Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators.
The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy. Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.
The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you. What to feed the guppy fry?
There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.
So, guppies are very small and very beautiful inhabitants of the aquarium. Males are amazing color, and females – the ability to reproduce a large number of fry.
In this case, fish unpretentious in the care and food. And reproduction does not cause much difficulty.
Enough to observe the temperature, provide a balanced diet and have time to transplant the female from the aquarium.
Video about guppy fish: care and maintenance in an aquarium
Aquarium fish guppies delight owners with a docile nature and a spectacular appearance, and while keeping them in an apartment or house, they are easy to care for.
Keeping and caring for guppies at home does not imply strict monitoring of temperature, hardness and oxygen saturation of water. But there are optimal values of the parameters at which the fish feel like they are in their native element.
By the way, they come from Latin American waters. Under adverse conditions, the fish may well survive, but development will be suspended.
Volumetric aquarium should allow guppies to freely frolic, and for this you need 1.5 liters of liquid medium per individual.
Should not be misleading and miniature size of fish: they are able to quickly stir up the water with waste products. Habitat pollution threatens pets, and bringing the ecosystem into proper form will require a filtration system or a weekly procedure for partial replacement of water by about 10% weekly.
The maintenance of aquarium guppies will be most favorable if you follow the rules of care. They are simple, but the standard assumes regularity and consistency in several ways:
- Acidity. The acidity of 6.7 pH is the most pleasing to the fish and will allow it to develop in accordance with the program of the inherent nature, producing offspring.
- Rigidity. Stiffness is most acceptable in the range of 4-10 ° dH, which corresponds to the average softness of the aquatic environment.
- Lighting. Sunlight access during the daytime is desirable, but not more than 12 hours. Constant artificial lighting is harmful to small fish, they grow dull and lose the ability to reproduce.
- Priming. Guppies are unpretentious to the quality of the soil, so it is selected in accordance with the algae with which the aquarium will be decorated, but with an eye to quick and effective cleaning. The presence of salts is also taken into account in order not to excessively increase the acidity of the liquid medium.
- Seaweed. Guppy care will be more fruitful if Indian fern is present among the algae. Especially vegetation is relevant when the appearance of offspring. Fry should have a place where they hide from individuals that tend to treat them as food.
- Temperature. Resistant fish can survive at a temperature of 4 degrees, but you shouldn’t be tempted by fate; it’s merciful to keep this figure within 26–28 degrees Celsius.
- Feed. Guppies are not particularly capricious in food, and their omnivorousness is comparable to the voraciousness, which may not be to their advantage, since overeating is fraught with diseases. Therefore, overfeeding is undesirable. Food is better to buy to increase the variety of substances needed by the body. It is desirable to expand the diet, alternating flaky food for tropical fish with small shrimps, bloodworms, pea husks and thinly sliced lettuce.
The maintenance of the viviparous guppy in the aquarium during the breeding season requires special care methods, as the individuals are prone to cannibalism. It should be noted that the anal area is red and there was a spot.
The best way to take care of the fry will be to move them to a free tank.
The maintenance and care of the young guppy fish during breeding is especially scrupulous at the initial stage of development. Kids do not have immunity to the environment, in connection with which the previously listed most acceptable conditions for the acidity and hardness of the environment are especially carefully monitored.
To feed the fry you need dry food several times a day. And when the fish stretch to about 2 cm, they are ready for life in the aquarium, where they should be sent.
If you want to buy fish, but do not know what species to settle in a new aquarium, guppies will suit you best. The maintenance of these colorful babies does not require special knowledge in the field of aquaristics, since this species of fish endures even extreme conditions. Small creatures with multi-colored fan-shaped tails will effectively decorate your aquarium.
These are male guppies. The females are less intense in color, and their tail is not as beautiful as that of the males, often transparent and colorless.
There are various colors of guppies, the types of which can be obtained from the seller or from other sources of information.
In nature, they inhabit the waters of islands and countries in South America and West Africa. Guppies are very popular in the fight against mosquitoes – mosquitoes that carry a dangerous malaria infection.
A few decades ago, naturalists noticed that there were no mosquitoes near water bodies inhabited by guppies, because, as it turned out, guppies eat mosquito larvae, thus destroying the insect population. Later, guppies spread throughout the world and even in the Moscow River.
Therefore, it is easy to buy these inhabitants of reservoirs in the bird market at affordable prices.
Guppy content in an aquarium
Guppies will not give you much trouble to care for them. They are completely picky. They live and breed at a water temperature of + 20 … + 25 degrees, although they feel great even at +18.
If you are a beginner aquarist, then a guppy is exactly the kind in which you can learn to grow fish, gain experience, raise fry.
If you want the males not to lose their variegated color, you need to put the aquarium so that in the morning and in the evening direct sunlight falls on it. Guppies are also sensitive to changing their usual environment, that is, they do not like too polluted water and prefer to be replaced by them in parts, topping up clean and separated with a certain PH.
Guppies are very harmless and peace-loving creatures. They get along well with other fish, of course, here we are not talking about predators.
Prefer the top layer of water space. They float flocks for each other.
Guppies are bold and agile. They snatch food from fish that are twice their size.
Food they do not need special, suitable dry daphnia.
Dilute this fish the breed is quite simple. They do not require special conditions for spawning.
Even at low temperatures they are able to actively swim and multiply. Guppies are viviparous.
The female can give birth to from 5 to 100 small fish during one pregnancy. It happens that a young female has no fry for the first time, but then with each fertilization, offspring appears.
If your female is already pregnant, that is, you can clearly see the inflated abdomen, and the characteristic spots near the anus are somewhat darker, it is time to move the guppies to another container with water. It may even be a three-liter jar.
If jigging is done too late, the female may not give birth to a change of environment and even die.
Guppy fry grow slowly. In order to accelerate their growth and development, sunlight, regular feeding and large space are needed. That is, for breeding fry second aquarium is necessary.
There, the fish will feel awake, active, will grow faster and pick up the color of their body.
Guppy – the most common type of aquarium inhabitants. These colorful fish with large iridescent tail. Often, talking about his hobby, experienced aquarists say that let them begin with her purchase.
In addition, guppies are ideal test subjects for studying genetic mutations. Males of this species are much larger and more beautiful than females. Their tails are much larger than those of females, and differ in their original, unusual coloring.
The small size of the fish – from 1.5 to 3 cm allows you to make them the center of the aquarium world. Females are much larger – about 6 cm, but have not such a beautiful color.
Today, with the help of selection, beautiful individuals of females have been obtained, but their cost is much higher. You can see the possible fish options in the photo, which is full of internet.