maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppi (lat. Poecilia reticulata) is an aquarium fish that is known even to people who are very far from aquaria, to say nothing of amateurs.
Perhaps, every aquarist at least once in his life contained a couple of gupas, and many started their journey with them, and even now they contain luxurious, selective guppy species. To answer all the questions about them, you probably need to write a book, but we will try to consider especially popular ones.
Males of guppies of different breeds
The homeland of the guppy fish is Trinidad and Tobago, and in South America, in Venezuela, Guyana and Brazil. As a rule, they live in clean, running water, but also like brackish coastal waters, but not saline sea water.
They feed on worms, larvae, bloodworms and various small insects. Because of this peculiarity, they even began to be massively colonized in areas where there is a lot of anopic mosquito, as guppies eat its larvae.
The males of guppies in nature are much brighter than the females, but still their coloring is far from aquarium breeding forms. She must protect them from predators, as the fish is small and defenseless.
Wild guppies in nature:
Guppy fish are named after their discoverer (Robert John Lechmere Guppy). Robert Guppy was the first to find and describe this fish on Trinidad Island in 1866.
Like all tropical fish, guppies love warm waters (22–25 ° C), but can live in the wider limit of 19.0–29.0 ° C. As for the parameters of water, for ordinary forms it is almost irrelevant.
They adapt to local conditions so quickly that they can transfer to a new aquarium without any problems at all. It would be ideal if the aquarium will have: 7.0 – 8.5, and a stiffness of 12.0 – 18.0, but the parameters can be completely different, which will not prevent the guppy from living and breeding.
The aquarium may be small, 20 liters will be enough for 5 fish. But, the greater the volume, the greater the number of fish you can keep and the more beautiful it will look.
It is best to have a lot of plants in the aquarium, as this will be similar to the natural habitat and will significantly increase the survival rate of the fry in the general aquarium. Lighting can be any, from bright to twilight.
It is advisable to use a filter, for gupeshek quite internal enough, but if there is an external, then great. Only it is better to close the holes in it with an additional small net, since a powerful filter is not only capable of sucking the fry, but even an adult fish.
Guppies cannot be called a schooling fish, but there is almost no point in keeping it with a pair. It is very small in size and in small quantities is almost invisible in an aquarium.
For guppies, the rule is simple – the more there are in the aquarium, the more impressive and beautiful they look.
Very peaceful fish that does not cause any trouble to the neighbors. But it can be offended, especially large and predatory fish, which gupeshek perceive only as food.
So with fish like slaughter, giant gourami, pangasius or shark ball it is not worth keeping.
It is also impossible to keep with fish that can tear off male guppies with fins – Sumatran barb, Denison barb, fiery barb, some gourami, such as kissing, with ternitsemi.
Guppies get along best of all with peaceful and small fish: – rastori, cardinals, congo, neons, cherry barbs, speckled catfish, tarakatum.
Some species have already been listed above, but you can still see the article – the 10 best fish for beginners, everything on this list is good for keeping with guppies.
How to find out that guppies are pregnant or about to give birth?
Usually, the female guppy gives birth to fry once a month, but the timing may vary depending on water temperature and conditions of detention. Note the time since the last time she gave birth, and watch.
The female is ready for new genera, the stain becomes darker, it is visible the fry eyes.
Like all fish – oxygen dissolved in water, do not forget to include aeration and filtration.
About two years, but it all depends on the conditions and temperature. The higher the temperature of the water, the shorter their life.
Some fish live up to 5 years.
Daily, and in small portions two to three times a day. For example, in the morning and in the evening.
Once a week, you can arrange a hungry day, but keep in mind that the fish will actively look for food and the first victims will be their own fry.
There may be a lot of reasons, but the most common is old water, which is rarely replaced. It accumulates ammonia and nitrates, and they poison the fish and destroy the fins.
Regularly change the water to fresh. There may also be a sharp change of water, injury or poor feeding, when there are few vitamins.
If the guppy has lost its tail, then this is an alarming sign – either someone breaks off its tail, and you need to carefully study the fish with which it is kept, or it has become infected with an infectious disease, and you need to look more closely at the other fish.
Again, either old and dirty water, or an infection, or scant feeding. Try changing 20% of the water once a week and watching the condition of other fish.
Such fish are found in almost all species, as a rule it is a defect from birth. If this happens in adult fish, then this may be due to the fact that it is contained in too close an aquarium, with a large number of fish.
In guppy, the spine curls in the same way from old age, and this is normal, but the most frequent cause is fish tuberculosis or mycobacteriosis. The disease is complex, and its treatment is not easy, does not always bring results.
In order to avoid the spread of infection, these fish are better isolated.
The exact answer to this question is not found. Apparently with an excess of males, the laws of nature are included and the population compensates for the females in order to preserve itself.
It is possible, although it looks like something sad … All the same, this is a cheerful and brisk fish that loves company. If you are looking for a fish that would be beautiful, unpretentious and live wonderfully, then look towards the rooster.
Not required, but desirable. You can buy an inexpensive, internal filter with a washcloth.
It will perform its functions well enough and will not suck the fish into itself. Consider that if you bought a filter, and it is set higher (so that the surface of the water in the aquarium is in motion), then you will not need to buy additional aeration or simply put oxygen.
This is your choice. An empty aquarium is easier to clean, but it looks worse, the fry cannot survive in it, and the gupies themselves love to frolic among the plants.
I am for an aquarium with soil and plants.
No, the fish do not need light at all, except that it falls on the aquarium during the day. Light is needed for plants to grow.
No, they are viviparous. That is, the fry is born completely ready for life and can immediately swim.
Sometimes it falls in the egg, but it breaks and it floats. Sometimes he has a yolk sack, which he quickly assimilates.
Yes, but not like people. It is rather an active holiday, when at night the fish reduce activity, but still swim.
And it is better to turn off the lights at night, although some do not, but is it dark in nature at night?
Depends on the female, her age and size. Usually about 30-50 pieces, but sometimes 200
Very fast in good conditions. Males become mature in two months, and females in three.
No, they tolerate poorly salted water, but they die in the sea, this is a freshwater fish.
They breathe oxygen dissolved in water, and in your aquarium it is not enough. Because of which?
Maybe it’s too hot, maybe you haven’t cleaned the aquarium for a long time and didn’t change the water, perhaps too closely. Be sure to turn on aeration or filtration (place the filter closer to the surface of the water to enhance gas exchange) and replace some of the water with fresh one.
They can do it both by chance and because of bad water – for example, if it has not been changed for a long time and the soil is not siphoned in the aquarium. Also, the reason may be a small amount of oxygen in the water, read about it above.
Unfortunately, the exact cause can not be named, even if the aquarium is near you. This may be improper feeding (monotonous, only dry food or abundant), there may be unsuitable water parameters (a lot of ammonia), and there may be a disease.
The minimum that needs to be done is to replace part of the water, siphon the soil and change the type of feed.
Any small. More or less large catfish, almost without exception predators.
The only exception is tarakatum, it can be contained with guppy. Well, any corridors, for example speckled, will get along superbly with guppies and will be very useful, eating the rest of the food from the bottom.
The most unpretentious of the fry, survive in the wild. But, if you regularly change water, feed so much that they eat in a couple of minutes and feed the fry two or three times a day, they will quickly grow, color and please you.
What to feed the guppy fry? There are no difficulties in feeding, they eat crushed flakes, but it is better to give Artemia naupilii or shredded strawberry.
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))).
The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious. The tail fin is her beauty.
The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.” I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply.
So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females.
Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed. Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year.
The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins. The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females up to 6 cm.
The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally. The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides.
Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak. In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding.
Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs. Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium.
In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males.
Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third). Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce. The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish.
Fry are fed three times a day in small portions. After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day.
At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.
Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry). Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it).
Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen.
As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere.
By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water). All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength.
Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born. At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.
Guppies (lat. Poecilia reticulata) – these fish are among the most popular aquarium pets.
Today, there are various breeds of guppies with beautiful fins and bright patterns on the body. They are great for beginners, because the content of guppies in an aquarium will not be difficult.
These are viviparous fishes, the females of which produce full fry. They are hardy and unpretentious, but they should be provided with high-quality care and maintenance so that the fish live as long as possible (up to 5 years).
Guppies are omnivorous fish, and should receive both protein and plant foods. At home, they can be fed with processed foods, such as: branded flakes and pellets, live and frozen food (daphnia, bloodworm, artemia, mosquito larvae, strawberry).
You can give them fresh chopped vegetables, such as tomatoes, zucchini, spinach, lettuce.
It is advisable to feed twice a day in small portions, rather than once a day in large portions. Fish fry feed even more often because they need to grow and develop.
In fry, the stomach is still very small, metabolic processes occur faster – fractional nutrition is safe for them.
In order to avoid nutritional deficiencies, the fish must necessarily receive live foods (artemia). Artemia contains a lot of protein.
Eggs from Artemia, which will later hatch, are available at some pet stores, so they can be bred at home.
Guppies should eat up everything you give them. Feeding time – no more than 5 minutes.
Remove food residues from the aquarium in a timely manner, otherwise they will pollute the water, oxidize, bringing with them harmful substances.
Feed your pets 6 days a week. Let your fish be one day on an unloading diet. One-day fasting will clean their stomachs and digestive system.
As a result, pets will live longer and be healthy.
Watch a video about guppy content and care.
Guppy content care spawn photo video description compatibility.
These fish are great for children – so easy to care for them. The presence of fish will bring up the responsibility of the child.
Of course – one of those fish that are recommended for beginners.
But also experienced aquarists guppies are suitable, because in guppy fish breeding occurs very easily, which makes it possible to engage in selection. New species become capricious to the conditions of detention, hardly divorced, so it will not be boring.
Guppy (lat. Poecilia reticulata) is one of the most famous aquarium fish of the Family Family, the content of which is possible even for a novice amateur.
These days, they breed and sell different guaps, which differ in fin shape and body color. In breeding aquarium guppies unpretentious requirements for the content, they also differ in their peace-loving disposition.
Guppy aquarium fish are descendants of the wild Poecilia reticulata, which were brought from freshwater Trinidad and Tobago ponds. Guppies are also found on the territory of Venezuela, Brazil and Guiana, were acclimatized in Mexico. They prefer crystal clear water over time, they can swim in salted water, but not sea water.
In wild gupashek diet varied: insects and their larvae, worms, bloodworms, plants. Artificially, fish were brought to tropical regions, where many anopheles mosquitoes — guppies do an excellent job with them.
The males of wild fish are very bright, but the body color is not as motley and diverse as that of aquarium guppies. Wild color helps the fish to hide from predators.
The first description and scientific name of the fish received in the 60s of the XIX century. Robert John Guppy, an English missionary, told the scientific community about the fish that produce ready-to-live fry.
Then they laughed at the scientist, not believing that such fish could exist. However, this beautiful fish received his name.
Outwardly, all varieties of guppies are small fish, males are even smaller than females. The length of the body of wild specimens is 1.5-3 cm, aquarium – 3-5 cm. Life expectancy in captivity: 3-5 years, depending on what content they provide.
In the warm water that Poecilia reticulata loves, the metabolism speeds up and the body wears out quickly.
Look at the aquarium with guppies.
The external characteristics of all Guppy are hard to describe – they are too different. Such diversity was the result of many years of breeding work, and the natural crossing of fish with other viviparous Pecilia.
They bring offspring from swordtails, mollies and placias.
Sexual dimorphism in fish is pronounced – the males are slim, angular, their body size is smaller than that of females. The tail of the male is large, long.
The anal fin has acquired a cone-shaped form (gonopodia), from which milt emanates. The females are much larger, they have a rounded and convex belly, the color of scales is relatively faded.
It is difficult to distinguish young in the early stages of life, it is believed that the males are the first to stain, and later the females.
Is a high-quality fish life possible in a round mini-aquarium?
Instructions for preparing an aquarium for the settlement of fish is very simple. Purebred guppy fish will feel great in an aquarium of at least 50 liters with a water acidity of at least 6.6-7 pH. For simple guppies, you will need running tap water, which is best to insist for 24 hours and pass through an aqua filter.
The water temperature is preferably at least 18 ° C, otherwise the fish will fall ill. 24-26 ° C – the optimum temperature.
At temperatures above the permissible level, the fish become smaller and do not live long.
Watch a short video on how to care for guppies.
Guppies are highly active, so it’s better to keep the aquarium closed so that they don’t jump out. Cover the bottom of the aquarium with large river sand, small stones and small bushes of plants in which fish can play and hide. For thoroughbred guppies, special settings are needed that will filter the water, saturate it with the necessary amount of oxygen.
One should not forget about the lighting – alternately combining the light of the sun and the lamp.
Full care for aquarium inhabitants is impossible without proper feeding. A large amount of guppy food will not be eaten, it can settle at the bottom of the aquarium, spoiling the water.
Do not neglect the live food: you can give artemia, rotifers, mosquito larvae and daphnia. It is better to feed once a day, dividing the portions into several chips with an interval of several hours.
Modern fish food will help maintain an optimal balance of vitamins and minerals in the body. Alternate live and dry food so that the fish do not have disorders of the digestive system.
Guppies breed easily in an aquarium. Caring for producers during the spawning period does not require special preparation.
There are a few points to consider to avoid trouble. Fish become adults at the age of 4 months.
When a female has an angular belly, then she is ready for childbirth. Transfer it to a separate aquarium or a jar of water, after the appearance of the babies, the female can be transplanted back.
In order to avoid cannibalism, it is better to keep fry in spawning until puberty. The first feed – shredded daphnia and cyclops.
At 2-3 months of life, you can give live food.
Do not forget to maintain cleanliness in the aquarium. Complete care requires the removal of food residues and the replacement of 1/3 of the water weekly.
New water should be the same in temperature and acidity as the main one. To avoid disease, periodically add 1 teaspoon of salt (per 10 liters of water) to water.
Guppies are in good contact with small fish, but they can be aggressive to the fry, or become victims of large fish. For general safety, it is better to keep them in groups of several individuals in the same aquarium.
Guppies are unpretentious fish that can live without aeration and filtration of water. These are viviparous animals, like sharks, although they are distant relatives, their care is very simple.
What else should you pay attention to before preparing a guppy settlement, and after? First, pick a big can – the bigger the better.
Secondly, do not use old glass jars or plastic bottles that already emit toxic substances. Thirdly, it is difficult to place a filter in small jars, so all the “dirty” work will have to be done personally — wipe the inside surface of the container with a clean sponge, siphon the bottom, and replace the old water with fresh water every week.
Fourth – do not put the jar or aquarium in place of direct sunlight. This can lead to water bloom and the death of animals.
Fifth – with the help of a thermometer monitor the temperature.
Care for such fish is a pleasure! Even a novice aquarist will not be afraid to admit that the first experience of keeping fish is associated with guppies.
Simple species are less whimsical than breeding species that require strict maintenance. In any case, these cute creatures are a real aquarium miracle.
Diseases of guppies can be both non-infectious, associated with errors in the maintenance and diet of fish, and infectious – caused by various parasites. In most cases, fish can be helped with antibacterial drugs and antibiotics, improved care.
- Infertility guppies Guppies become unable to give birth to fry. The color of the fish dims, the shades of red are especially noticeable in the colors. This is primarily due to the long re-lighting in the aquarium. “Light Day” for guppies takes no more than 10-12 hours a day. Having adjusted the lighting in the aquarium, the owner may hope that bright colors will return to the fish, but the sterility, alas, is incurable.
- Poor male growth. It happens that fry, especially male guppies, do not grow well, do not gain full “adult” size, and their color becomes faded. This is due to the fact that during the period of intensive growth they are in an aquarium with poor aeration. Before maturity, the situation can be partially corrected by adjusting the flow of water in the aquarium.
- Hermaphroditism. A phenomenon in which a testis develops in females together with the ovary – the male organ. There are cases of self-fertilization of such fish. The overwhelming percentage of offspring, as a rule, has the same “bisexual” traits. A small number of males born sterile. The phenomenon and its causes are poorly understood.
- Dropsy (ascites). Dropsy – intestinal disease. The main symptoms that characterized dropsy are distended abdomen and ruffled scales. Fish tends to go down to hide. Also dropsy causes puzyaglyaziy. Dropsy – a viral disease that is treated with antibacterial drugs and frequent water changes.
- Tetrachimenosis is a specific guppy disease that is rare in other fish. Pathogens are tetrachymenes, small ciliate infusoria. Tetrahimenes feed on both microorganisms and tissues of multicellular creatures, which invariably entail the possibility of infection. Tetrahimenes strike the most vulnerable parts of the guppy – mucous gills, fins. On the surface of the body of the fish, which was struck by tetrahimenes, a white mucous plaque is clearly visible, which then slips off with flakes, ruffles the scales, and the gills bulge. Later, tetrahimenes are introduced deeper into the host organism and begin to devour it from the inside. At this stage, patients may have a swollen abdomen. Fry tetrahimeny can eat almost completely. Tetrahimenes are destroyed by furazolidone and biseptol, which are dissolved in water. Drugs are harmful to plants, so it is better to treat in a jig. Tetrahimenes are dangerous not only for guppies, but also for their neighbors – for example, labyrinth fish. Therefore, healthy pets are recommended to carry out prevention by adding furazolidone to feed.
- Fin rot. Rot affects fins, is expressed in the disintegration of the interbeam tissue. At an early stage, decay can be difficult to notice – it just looks like a slight clouding around the edge of the fins. However, it is at the very beginning to cope with the disease the easiest. It is enough to improve the conditions of the fish, add salt and change the water more often, increase the oxygen supply in the aquarium and the quality of the feed so that the fin rot will pass. In more advanced cases, fin rot is treated by adding antibacterial agents to the water – streptocide, biomycin, bicillin-5. Treated fin rot for a long time – up to three months. Keep in mind that an outbreak of this disease is usually indicative of poor aquarium maintenance. Guppies are sensitive to aeration and freshness of water. Their fin rot begins, as a rule, if the water stagnates for a long time and starts to deteriorate.
- Mycobacteriosis or fish tuberculosis is a dangerous and highly contagious disease. The fish that was struck by tuberculosis is rapidly losing weight, pulls in the stomach, is hunched, dims, becomes apathetic and tries to hide, swims down to the bottom. Tuberculosis has another clear sign – black eyes. It is believed that tuberculosis is incurable. The affected pets should be destroyed, the aquarium should be disinfected. However, many amateur hobbyists claim that tuberculosis can stop the use of antibiotics mixed into fish feed. There is no exact scientific data on this issue, but cases of a rapid improvement in the condition of the “patients” who were affected by tuberculosis are indeed recorded. However, keep in mind that the fish that once caught tuberculosis will never be fully fit. In addition, her immunity will be undermined and at any time tuberculosis may return.
- Trikhodiniosis The disease can be difficult to identify in its early stages. Its main feature, a grayish-blue patina that appears on the surface of the body, and the stomach that affects the gills of a small fish, is hardly distinguishable. Therefore, it is easier to diagnose the disease by the behavior of fish: they sink down, rub against stones and scenery, try to swim into aeration bubbles, as if they are itching. Guppies can also stand still while swaying. Trikhodiniosis is especially dangerous for juveniles and juvenile guppies. It is treated by heating water to 33-34 degrees, adding salt or methyl blue to the aquarium. Be sure to increase the aeration of the aquarium: in warm water, oxygen dissolves much worse if its supply does not increase, the fish may simply suffocate.
- Plysthophoresis is another incurable disease. The main feature: guppies swim upright, head up and tail down. Pet’s appetite is lost, the color of the body surface becomes faded, and the stomach is drawn in. Plystophoresis is not treated, all sick fish should be destroyed, the tank where they lived should be thoroughly disinfected, the ground should be boiled.
- Red scab. The disease affects male guppies, begins with the tail, manifesting itself in the form of red eruptions on the surface of the fin and its cleavage. Treatment is possible if the red scab struck no more than half of the tail. The sick part of the tail should be removed with a sharp blade, the fish should be placed in salted water. This is done so that the injury on the tail heals faster. Aeration in an aquarium with a sick fish should be maximized – its living conditions should be optimal in order to recover faster after the tail “operation”. Even if you have recorded a case of disease of the tail in only one fish, be sure to pay attention to the tails of others even after its treatment in order to prevent an epidemic in time.
- Scoliosis or curvature of the spine. The disease occurs in juvenile guppies and is a curvature of the spine of the fish, its smaller size, a drawn-in belly. This is a congenital defect, presumably due to insufficient aeration of the aquarium, which contains a pregnant female, malnutrition. Spinal curvature is not treated. Spine, twisted disease, remains so forever. As a rule, fish with a curved spine are smaller and weaker than their peers, more susceptible to infections. From breeding guppies with a curvature are rejected.
- Ichthyophthyrius multifiliis or guppy disease. It is typical for this type of fish. It affects the body, stomach, gills of guppies. In the early stages, the fish show signs of itching, then whitish eruptions appear on the surface of the body. Rash increases over several days. When the rash affects the gills, respiratory function is impaired. Also manifest lethargy, apathy, loss of appetite. Fish can tend to go down, closer to the bottom. On the surface of the body lifted scales. It is treated with specialized drugs or formalin baths. In the case of formalin treatment, it is important to use fresh solution each time – the “old” is poisonous to the fish.
Not all aquarium fish diseases are treatable. There is no universal method to help with those ailments that are treatable.
However, a number of initial measures to help the sick fish should be known to any aquarist.
- The sick fish is most likely to be deposited from the general aquarium in order to carry out the treatment. So it does not infect others, and it will be more convenient to treat it.
- When preparing an otsadnik (for a guppy, an ordinary can of capacity from 2 liters is enough), use water from a common container, mixing it with a fresh one.
- Water change in the tank is carried out daily. Aeration is not necessary.
- Water should be salted – 1 gram per liter, and add a few drops of iodine. When water changes should be resumed concentration of nutrients.
- It is better to feed a sick pet with live food – it is more nutritious and will allow it to recover faster. Perfect bloodworm.
- In the otsadnik the volume of water is very small, it easily deteriorates, so feed gently and immediately remove non-eaten leftover food.
- Such measures are only first aid, then, having accurately determined the disease, you can begin a more serious treatment. However, in cases not too severe can help the first measures.
The treatment of most guppy diseases consists in the use of specialized drugs of antibacterial action. But it’s much easier to prevent problems than to cure.
Guppies are hardy fish, in good conditions they rarely get sick. High-quality food, aeration, timely replacement of water – this is the best prevention from all diseases.
Due to the peaceful nature of pets, you should think about the possibility of keeping them separate from other fish, but if you still want to make an aquarium with many types of fish, carefully select your neighbors. They in no case can not be planted to predators.
Guppies get along well with some catfish, gouras, tetras, battles and some species of haracin fish, and corridors will do. But in practice it has been proved that even among them there are snooty individuals who strive to offend guppies.
The most popular options are:
- Angelfish. Most novice aquarists believe that this option is the most optimal. In fact, he is successful until the angelfish grows up. Therefore, the belief that fearful scalars are harmless is fundamentally wrong. However, there are cases when they peacefully get along with each other in huge aquariums.
- Swordtails. These fish are not the most suitable option, since adult Swordtails often bite their neighbors and eat their offspring. You can plant them together only if you have taken care to grow dense thickets of plants in which both fry and adult fish will be able to find shelter.
- Barbusses. Barbusses are dangerous for beautiful guppy fins. Because the bright colors attract the attention of this fish, and they tend to bite guppies. Pay attention to other fish that will not be so aggressive.
- Goldfish. This option is strictly prohibited. A goldfish can bring a small guppy to death, so consider other options.
Therefore, be careful with your neighbors for such tender and defenseless fishes. Leave the stereotypes and carefully study the approach, both to the owners of the aquarium and to their neighbors.
Guppies get along well with peace-loving fish, but categorically do not accept fighters. Be attentive to the behavior of all pets. If you notice aggression from the other fish during feeding, you should try to increase the dose of food.
It is hunger or lack of free space that can make ideal neighbors the worst enemies, leading to injury and stress. Choosing neighbors, read as much information as possible and consult with other breeders about whether new inhabitants will not eat the fry of the viviparous guppy.