maintenance, care, compatibility
Guppies are omnivorous fish, and should receive both protein and plant foods. At home, they can be fed with processed foods, such as: branded flakes and pellets, live and frozen food (daphnia, bloodworm, artemia, mosquito larvae, strawberry).
You can give them fresh chopped vegetables, such as tomatoes, zucchini, spinach, lettuce.
It is advisable to feed twice a day in small portions, rather than once a day in large portions. Fish fry feed even more often because they need to grow and develop.
In fry, the stomach is still very small, metabolic processes occur faster – fractional nutrition is safe for them.
In order to avoid nutritional deficiencies, the fish must necessarily receive live foods (artemia). Artemia contains a lot of protein.
Eggs from Artemia, which will later hatch, are available at some pet stores, so they can be bred at home.
Guppies should eat up everything you give them. Feeding time – no more than 5 minutes.
Remove food residues from the aquarium in a timely manner, otherwise they will pollute the water, oxidize, bringing with them harmful substances.
Feed your pets 6 days a week. Let your fish be one day on an unloading diet.
One-day fasting will clean their stomachs and digestive system. As a result, pets will live longer and be healthy.
Watch a video about guppy content and care.
Causes of Poecilia reticulata death: water pollution
Acclimatization and improper compatibility as a result of the death of fish
If newly purchased fish suddenly die in an aquarium, they probably could not adapt to the conditions of their new environment. Water temperature, acidity and hardness of the new aquarium should be similar to those in which they lived before the purchase. Before you run the fish in a common tank, put them in a two-week quarantine.
The difference in pH and dH by one unit can kill the fish. What should be done in order for guppies to transfer new conditions?
Place the portable bag with the purchased fish in a new water, pin it to the glass with a pin. You can run a weak aeration aquarium.
After 10-20 minutes you can add a little aquarium water to the bag. It is recommended to repeat the procedure every 15 minutes.
After 1.5 hours, you can release the fish in the otsadnik. You can add anti-stress drugs and some feed to the water.
See how to properly transplant fish in the aquarium.
Sharp temperature changes in the aquarium should be avoided. Do not make too frequent water changes, and no more than 30% of the total volume of the tank.
Siphon the soil in a timely manner, remove and process boiled water contaminated scenery.
What else are killed aquarium guppies? Perhaps a few novice aqurahumists guess about such a problem as the wrong settlement.
And, most surprisingly, other Guppy can be the cause of death. Unsuccessful settlement implies a close environment, incompatibility of characters, disproportion of the number of males and females in the aquarium.
If all the males are killed in the kennel, it means that there are too many females on them, or there was a fight between the males in tight territory.
Choose a spacious 50-liter tank for one fish to settle the guppy. On one male settle 1-3 females.
Install reliable shelters, plant plants that would prevent conflict situations. Also settle Poecilia reticulate with small, peaceful fishes. Related viviparous fish are their best neighbors (swordtails, mollies and petilia).
Do not settle the fish with aggressive, fast and predatory fish. It happens that guppies die of stress and physical exhaustion.
Noticed that the fish jump out of the aquarium, and die right on the floor? Most likely, there is not enough aeration in the water, the fish have experienced a jitter, or the water quality is inadequate.
To avoid such a problem, check the behavior of all the inhabitants of the nursery, make measurements of the state of the water.
Amateurs often choose bright multi-colored guppies as their first aquarium fish. The reproduction of this species does not pose any difficulty, it can be maintained in a wide range of conditions, thanks to which the guipies live and live without much human involvement, constantly producing offspring of various shapes and colors.
Of course, there are pedigree highly decorative representatives of the family, which are not only bred, but also harder to maintain than many traditionally capricious aquarium dwellers, but in the usual “mongrels” without a genus – mixed guppies – breeding often occurs by itself. Despite this, the process is curious, especially for a naturalist who is interested in what and how nature works.
Content of fish
Guppies survive in the most unbearable conditions, but should they arrange such penal servitude? Healthy, beautiful creatures are found only in a loving and caring owner, who provides them with sufficient volume (at least 2 liters per male and 4 – per female), the optimum temperature (24-26 degrees), full-fledged feeding (Tetra combined dry foods) and “Sulfur” and live food), cyclical change of day and night (light no more than 12 hours per day), filtration and aeration of water.
If, in addition to guppies, no one lives in the aquarium anymore, you can add salt to the water at the rate of 5 grams per 10 liters, diluting the required amount in a glass, and then adding a thin stream to the aquarium. This will help to avoid some infectious diseases and will contribute to the speedy recovery of damaged tails in males. Pecilia and the Swordtails will also react positively to such an increase in salinity, but catfish may not suffer.
Some whimsical freshwater plants also react poorly to salt, ask in the reference books about the attitude of your underwater flora to it.
In viviparous fish, including guppies, reproduction occurs in the following way: the male fertilizes the eggs inside the body of the female, the fry develop there, after which, when spawning, fully formed individuals appear, only small ones. The male can participate in the process once for the entire life of the producer: the seed remains in the female guppy, breeding continues even without the presence of the “father”.
A pregnant female is placed in a spawning area – a vessel with abundant vegetation, pressed to the bottom with pebbles or other cargo. Instead of grass, you can use a mosquito net, only without any impregnation.
Spawning lasts from several hours to days, the fry fall to the bottom, then begin to swim on the top, avoiding a meeting with the parent who is ready to eat them. After the process is over, the female is returned to the site, and the young begin to be fed with live daphnia or dry food for the fry.
Business on guppy: breeding and sale
Theoretically, this is a very profitable business: to sell his own young. There are almost no initial investments, but one female produces from 15 to 50 fry per month, which reach sexual maturity and appropriate coloring in 60-70 days.
Having bought 10 females for 25 rubles in 3 months, you can sell 200-300, earning 6-7.5 thousand rubles. For the maintenance of the farm will need a place, a lot of aquariums (at least one for each female), food, preferably live or high-quality dry, which is quite expensive.
Of course, you can feed them cheap, but young animals will grow slowly on them, sexual function in adults will decrease. In addition, it is necessary to work out the implementation system – a specific product. Beautiful gupeshek always take pet shops, but it is unlikely at the same price for which they can be sold on the market.
But immediately and a lot, but the market is an unpredictable business, you can sell everything, and you can sell it to anyone.
Yet, as in any farm, there is a likelihood of infection from infections or other causes. If all possible nuances are foreseen, then this type of business is quite capable of generating income, although it is unlikely to become its main source for an amateur.
A great advantage of breeding fish can be considered a very small amount of time that a person spends on it, especially if the process is as automated as possible.
If your passion for aquarium fish began in childhood, you can almost certainly say that there were guppies among your pets. This is not surprising, because guppies – aquarium fish are extremely unpretentious to the conditions of their habitat. Their content in the aquarium does not require specific equipment.
In this case, it is quite possible to do without complex filters and heaters with a thermostat. The aquarium itself does not have to be large, and if it is not overpopulated, you can even allow yourself to abandon the aerator.
The low cost of organizing a underwater garden with guppies has led to the fact that parents most often buy these fish for their children, who have expressed a desire to start an aquarium. Guppy care is quite affordable even for a child, and daily contact with live pets will develop in the little man a sense of responsibility and develop attention to neighbors.
It is easy to achieve breeding of guppy fish, so a child can witness the miracle of the emergence of a new life in his aquarium.
But one should not think that only a beginner in aquarism can be interested in content. Guppies are relatively easy to select, which attracts experienced aquarium owners. Complex breeding forms become more capricious in content, and guppy diseases manifest in them more often.
Such species start breeding only in particularly comfortable conditions, the creation of which requires considerable effort. In other words, guppies can be quite interesting for an experienced aquarist.
Guppy – aquarium fish of modest size. Males reach 2-4 centimeters, females are somewhat larger and grow to 6 centimeters. All representatives of the species are pacifist fish and absolutely cannot stand up for themselves, and therefore their neighbors in the aquarium should also be representatives of peace-loving and medium-sized species. The capacity of an aquarium for guppies should be calculated based on the minimum need for one liter of water for a male and 2 liters for a female.
But it is better if three liters of water fall on each fish. Theoretically, a pair can be contained even in a three-liter jar, but it should be remembered that the larger the volume of the aquarium, the more stable the biological balance in it.
The most comfortable temperature in the aquarium is 24 degrees, although the rules of care for guppies allow temperature fluctuations in the range of 18-30 degrees. Water hardness is desirable to withstand within 6-10 units.
Lighting parameters do not affect the viability of guppies, but largely determine the brightness of their color.
The landscape of the aquarium should include both open areas for swimming and secluded corners, where any fish, tired of the intrusive attention of relatives, could retire and have a rest. Males may experience such excessive anxiety during the breeding season, and males may also need solitude after mating fights with each other.
Aesthetic value is predominantly males, striking a variety of shapes and colors of tails and fins. In order that the appearance of the fish is not “concealed”, the color of the soil in the aquarium must contrast with the color of the fish.
The use of dark earth tones is a win-win option.
Guppies are unpretentious and not demanding of food. Both live and specialized dry food will do. With enough light in the aquarium, filamentous algae appear, which these fish eat with pleasure.
To obtain intensely colored fish, the use of live feeds (cyclops, bloodworms, pipe worker, daphnia) is mandatory.
Feed the fish should be twice a day. All food should be eaten within five minutes, and its residues should be removed from the aquarium.
Souring food and overeating can cause disease. A hunger strike in a few days is easily tolerated by guppies, which greatly facilitates their maintenance.
The aquarium is cleaned once a week. When cleaning, it is advisable to replace up to a third of the old aquarium water with fresh water.
The water added to the aquarium should be the same temperature and hardness as the main one. An even better approach would be to gradually replace the water during the week.
Guppy life expectancy is about three years. In warm water, the processes of development of the organism of the fish are accelerated, and the life expectancy drops somewhat, in cold water everything happens the other way around. “Cold-water” specimens are usually larger than their “warm-water” relatives.
For the prevention of diseases of guppies it is useful to add table salt to the aquarium (at the rate of 1 teaspoon per 10 liters). It should also be remembered that cleanliness is a guarantee of health, and cleaning the aquarium is an indispensable condition for proper water quality and well-being of the fish.
A sign of excessive water pollution and accumulation of ammonia and nitrates in it can be the “scaling” of the fish on the stones and walls of the aquarium, a sharp decrease in activity, and the refusal of food. Such phenomena can lead to the death of fish.
Also symptoms of the disease are clouded eyes of fish, bulging gills, breathing too fast, black pupils. When a sick fish is found, it must be isolated from the rest of the aquarium.
Guppy fish, photo-video review of content, compatibility and breeding
Guppy Compatibility: compatible with all non-predatory and not big fish.
Personal experience and useful tips: Everyone probably knows these fish, even those who have never seen aquariums. We can say that these fish are the fish of all children of the former USSR (they were in all Soviet aquariums))). The fish is very beautiful and unpretentious.
The tail fin is her beauty. The simplicity of the fish is that it can withstand “difficult conditions of detention.”
I happened to see an aquarium with guppies without aeration, without filtration, without plants, without proper feeding, etc. – horror, terrible dream aquarist. Nevertheless, guppies managed not only to survive in such an aquarium, but even tried to multiply.
So to mock the fish of course not worth it.
Interestingly, guppies reproduce – they are viviparous and actually do it themselves without any special stimulation. I recommend to take 3-4 females per 1 male, otherwise they simply drive the females. Fry can not be removed from the general aquarium, but then on the surface of the water must be floating plants, for example, duckweed.
Fry will hide behind these plants.
In nature, lives in the northern part of South America. But now, as a result of artificial acclimatization, these fish have spread to all continents.
During the long years of keeping guppies in aquariums and careful selection, many species of guppies have been obtained, and their maintenance and maintenance are not so simple. At present, it is very difficult to classify guppies, because as a result of numerous crosses, more and more new breeds are bred each year. The basis for the classification of guppies are body color (mainly in males), size, shape and color of the fins.
The length of the male guppy is up to 3 cm, the females are up to 6 cm. The body of the male is elongated, slender, somewhat flattened laterally.
The body of the female is also elongated, with the back part more flattened from the sides. Males have guppies much brighter and have not only beautiful patterns, but also luxurious tails and fins, while the fins of the female are short, the color is weak.
In males, the anal fin has become an organ of fertilization – gonopodium.
The group can be kept in the general aquarium (but not with fast-floating species that can tear off their fins) from 60 cm in length, in places with dense thickets of plants, including small-leaved, reaching the surface of the water (among them desirable Indian and glossy leaf) floating plants with roots hanging down, as well as riccia, where the fry will find shelter. To the volume of the aquarium guppies are undemanding. Compatible with any peaceful species of fish, but their voile and therefore inactive forms cannot be maintained even with such non-aggressive fish as barbs.
Therefore, pedigree species of guppies are best kept in a species aquarium. In the aquarium should not be plants with hard leaves and objects with sharp edges (stones, snags), which fish can damage the fins.
Although the temperature range of the guppy content is wide enough, you need to make sure that the temperature is stable 20 – 26 ° C; gH up to 25 °; pH in the range of 6.5 – 8.5, but preferably about 7.0. Sharp changes in temperature and water characteristics (pH, gH) adversely affect the state of the fins of males.
Therefore, water should be replaced more often, but in small amounts (not more than a third). Adding salt (1 tablespoon to 10 liters of water) and a 5% alcohol solution of iodine is useful.
Guppies are omnivorous, but prefer live food. They can not be overfed, as the fish are prone to obesity and then lose their ability to reproduce. The frequency of feeding is determined by the age of the fish.
Fry are fed three times a day in small portions. After determining and separating the sexes, they are fed twice a day. At the age of more than four months, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once a day.
At this time, males are dangerous to overfeed.
Feeding Guppy Aquarium Fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.
Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.
In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.
Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.
In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.
Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.
It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.
Guppy breeding and reproduction. First, guppies are viviparous fishes (that is, they do not spawn, but give birth to full-fledged fry).
Secondly, fertilization occurs in the general aquarium (you don’t even pay attention to it). Well, and thirdly, small fry need a separate breeding ground to bring out the fry, because the newly born fry are in great danger of being eaten in the first minutes after their birth: these fish are prone to cannibalism!
As a breeding ground for breeding guppies, you can use any capacity: a plastic bowl (5 liters), a small round aquarium (5 liters), or just a three-liter jar. Naturally, any of the containers should be perfectly clean.
The pregnancy of the female lasts, about 5-6 weeks. Your task is this: watch the growth of the female’s abdomen.
As soon as you see that the anus of the female is slightly swollen, reddened and a dark spot appears on it – immediately replant the fish in the breeding ground! (it is sometimes recommended that a male be transplanted along with the female. I see absolutely no point in this: the female is already fertilized, and the male will only interfere.
By the way, the breeding feature of guppies: once a fertilized female, it can itself, without re-fertilization, bring the offspring into the light several times).
For breeding guppies need prepare a breeding ground: in a capacity of 5 liters, put a little Riccia, as well as some thick plants. The water temperature in the spawning area should be + 26 * C + 27 * C, the hardness and acidity is left as in the general aquarium. (Simply put, take five liters of aquarium water, pour it into the breeding ground and raise the temperature of this water). All this time, feed the female with a bloodworm: she will need strength.
Depending on the age of the female and male, from 20 to 100 fry are born. At that moment, when the female gave birth to the last fry, it is necessary to deposit it.