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Gourami photo fish

maintenance, care, compatibility

Gourami are well compatible with scalars, barbs, danios, battles and mollies, Pelicia, catfish, iridescent races, labo, swordtails, tetras.
Limited compatible with discus and eel, guppy and shrimp.
Incompatible with cockerels, cichlids, goldfish, Koi carps, astronotus.

The most irreconcilable opponents for gourami are:

  • Goldfish,
  • Carps Koi,
  • Cichlids
  • Petus,
  • Astronotus,
  • The parrots
  • Labidochromis,
  • Pseudotropheus.

It is difficult to get along our heroes with:

  • Guppy,
  • Shrimp
  • Discussions.
  • Fish gourami – calm, peaceful, unpretentious. They themselves do not enter into conflicts, preferring to hide wherever they may be in plants. But very small fish or fry may well be perceived as food. Their movements are slow, smooth. Some species of aquarium fish, such as barbs, swordtails, can terrorize them by pulling filamentous fins. Such neighbors are best avoided.
  • An aquarium for keeping gourami is needed not very large, from 40 liters. The soil is desirable dark, the lighting is bright. In this case, your pets will get the most vivid color. Live plants should be planted in groups, leaving room for swimming. The presence of floating plants is obligatory, since even in the general aquarium among them, a male with gurus can start to cost a nest. Most of these fish species are not demanding for the amount of oxygen. If the aquarium has aeration of water, then it should not create strong currents. In their natural environment, these inhabitants of the aquarium are accustomed to stagnant water. Gourami fish prefer to swim in the middle or upper layer of water.
  • The temperature in the aquarium with their content should be in the range of 24-28 degrees. The composition of water in most cases is not critical. Gourami can eat almost any kind of food – live, frozen, dry, and additionally eat vegetable food. The only thing to consider is the small size of the mouth; they can choke on too large food.
  • If you need to go on vacation or a business trip, then adult fish may well endure a hunger strike for 1-2 weeks. Life expectancy in an aquarium with good care can reach 5-7 years.

Gourami Pearl: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

Scientific classification:



Type of:






International scientific name:

Synonyms of the species name:

Trichopodustrichopterus Cantor, 1850;

Trichopus leerii (Bleeker, 1852);

Osphromenus trichopterus var. leerii Gunther, 1861;

Trichopodus leeri Regan, 1909;

Water parameters for keeping pearl goura in an aquarium:

Temperature: 23 – 27 ° C;

Acidity: pH: 6.0 – 7.0;

Rigidity: up to 16 °;

Aggressiveness: not aggressive 30%;

They have a calm and peaceful nature, a little shy. It is easy to get on with all non-aggressive fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids.

It is not recommended to settle them with the tail tails and similar fish.


The body of the pearl gourami is tall, elongated, flattened laterally. The color of the body is silver-violet with numerous pearl spots (resembling pearls), scattered not only throughout the body, but also along the fins.

An uneven dark stripe runs along the entire body. The length of the pearl gourami reaches 11 centimeters.

This type of fish is recommended to keep in aquariums, the capacity of which is not less than 40 liters for 2 – 3 individuals, with rich vegetation, the presence of snags and grottoes as shelter and places for overnight stay and rest, and a free swimming area. The soil is preferably dark colored.

The water temperature for the maintenance of the Pearl Gourami ranges from 23 to 27 ° C. Water parameters – hardness up to 16 °, pH 6.0-7.0. Easy aeration will be very useful, despite the fact that, like all labyrinth fishes, Pearl Gourami can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth.

The latter can be the cause of the disease as a result of swallowing cold air, therefore, when Gourami is in, another necessary condition is a cap. And because of their commitment to clean water, filtration and weekly replacement of up to 30% of water are not just necessary, but beneficial for the healthy development of the fish.

Feeding aquarium fish must be correct: balanced, diverse. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking.

In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc. Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry.

Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

All species of fish have a characteristic list of the most common diseases encountered, not exceptions and Pearl Gourami. Remember that the disease of one fish in an aquarium can cause the death of all aquarium animals, so it is better to prevent disease rather than cure.

Fish are most often prone to diseases due to poor conditions, injuries during transportation, sudden changes in temperature and water parameters, quality of feed introduced, especially live, which can be infected by various parasites. Do not forget about the quarantine for new fish, because it is very sad to blame yourself for the death of so beloved fish after settling to them, apparently healthy, and in fact a sick fish.

The most common diseases of pearl goura, as well as other types of gourami include: lymphocytosis, pseudomonosis, aeromonosis.

Lymphocytosis (Lymphocystis) – A viral disease that contributes to the skin of the fish and alters mucous membrane cells. Blisters that appear on the skin can be seen even with the naked eye.

The affected cell grows, breeds new viruses, and then breaks and all viruses fall into the water. Most often, the disease manifests itself on the outer edges of the fins, and only then affects the cells throughout the body.

Pseudomonosis – peptic ulcer disease, characteristic of many species of aquarium fish, the causative agent of which are aquatic microorganisms from the group of pseudomonads. These organisms can get into the aquarium with the soil, plants, infected fish.

With the disease on the body of the fish dark spots are formed with their further transformation into bloody ulcers. And already through these ulcers in the body of the fish the doors for other viral infections are open. It is best to treat the fish in a separate quarantine tank without plants.

For treatment use a solution of potassium permanganate at the rate of 0.5 grams per 10 liters of water. In such a composition, the infected fish is kept for 15 minutes. if you do not have a quarantine aquarium, then the infected fish can be treated in the general aquarium with bicillin-5, contributing 500,000 U of the preparation per 100 liters of water, repeated every other day at least six times.

Aeromonosis – An infectious disease, usually caused by the bacterium Aeromonos punctata, develops in very polluted and cold aquariums.

Sick fish become inactive, fall on the ground and do not eat. They have a swelling of the abdomen and “vlahmochenost” scales.

There are blood leaks all over the body and fin. This disease is very contagious and difficult to cure.

In this connection, it is often recommended to completely disinfect the aquarium and destroy the fish.

Gourami marble – aquarium fish obtained by crossing the spotted and blue gourami. Its color resembles polished marble.

The fish is large, calm and peaceful. Her majestic slow movements calm and pacify the observer, no matter how stormy his past day may be.

The view is unpretentious. Does not need constant aeration of water, which makes it suitable for keeping in an aquarium located in the bedroom, as there is no noise from the compressor. A peaceful disposition makes it possible to contain it with many other species.

And the endurance and unpretentiousness of the marble pets allow recommending it to budding lovers. A couple of gourai fishes can be kept in a container for 15-20 liters about 40 centimeters long. But it is better to keep in an oblong aquarium with a capacity of 50 liters or more. In this capacity you can keep 6 – 7 fish.

The aquarium must be covered with a lid, or at least glass. The distance from the surface of the water to the glass is about 5 to 8 centimeters. This is necessary because the fish breathe atmospheric air.

And if the air in the room has a temperature much lower than water, then picking up this cold air, they can catch a cold.

As the soil, you can use small pebbles, granite chips, coarse river sand and even quarry seeding. It is desirable that the soil was a dark shade on which the color of the fish will greatly benefit.

At the bottom it is advisable to arrange a small shelter of large stones or shards of pottery flower pots.

Plants should form fairly dense thickets along the rear and side windows. You can use cryptocoryne, peristolistviknik, rogolniknik, elodeyu, vallisneriya.

On the surface should float plants such as reach, duckweed, pistia.

You can feed gourami with almost any kind of live, dry and frozen feed. Bloodworm, shaker, scrape meat, scalded chopped lettuce and dandelion leaves. A hungry pet, like many other types of labyrinth fish, is very quickly able to deal with parasites that have entered the aquarium with food, such as hydras, planarians.

Just as quickly they will reduce the population of snails. He will cope with this no worse than the macropod, but he will not have to plant fish.

When breeding gurashi, one should keep in mind that interspecific crossing occurs relatively easily. However, the color of hybrids, as a rule, is worse than that of pure lines.

Therefore, it is advisable not to allow crossing, for example, marble with goosesticks with pearl.

  • Approximately a week before the intended spawning, males are deposited from the females and are fed abundantly by the producers with live food. Spawning is usually done in pairs, but since not every male is able to fertilize the spawn, they sometimes practice group spawning. But in this case the aquarium should be of sufficient size so that the males do not fight among themselves for the territory.
  • Reproduction gourami: what should I look for?

    The French scientist Pierre Carbonier dreamed of acclimatizing in France very interesting fish discovered in the tropics. Among them were wide-browed fish, constantly rising to the surface of the water and protruding the tip of the muzzle – gourami. However, they did not manage to get to Europe immediately.

    They were caught both in Thailand, in Vietnam, and on the islands of Malaysia, but the fish did not even survive the day and died.

    In those days, the transportation of exotic fish was carried out in wooden barrels, filled to the top with water. During the voyage, the steamer often experienced rolling, and so that the water from the barrel, and with it the fish, did not fly overboard, the wooden circle was lowered onto the surface of the water in the barrel, so that it completely covered the surface.

    Few people knew about the features of the biology of labyrinth fish, although at this time in Paris, Carbonier studied and successfully spread out the macropod. Having no access to atmospheric air, the poor fish survived only until the end of loading the barrels onto the ship.

    After many unsuccessful attempts, they were categorized as problematic, and their distribution stopped for twenty years.

    Eyewitnesses were perplexed: in nature, the capture of gourays was carried out in rain barrels, gutters, abandoned quarries with unthinkably dirty and muddy water – what did the fish lack during transportation ?! Only at the very end of the 19th century, a certain discerning European, watching the capricious creatures in a natural reservoir, noticed that fish periodically rise to the surface of the water behind an air bubble.

    On the advice of the Indonesian conductor, he filled the carrying capacity with water only two-thirds and did not seal them. As a result, several thousand immigrants were delivered to their destination without a single loss.

    In foreign amateur aquariums, gurus appeared only from January 1896, but it came to us only in the summer of 1897 and, moreover, from two sources at once: from Matte from Berlin and from V.M. Desnitsky, who brought her straight from Singapore.





    Gourami Blue: content, compatibility, breeding, photo-video review

    Order, family: labyrinth

    Comfortable water temperature: 24 – 26 ° С.

    Ph: 6.5-7.0.

    Aggressiveness: not aggressive 40%.

    Compatibility Gourami Blue: in fact, with all the fish, even with small and medium-sized cichlids. I do not recommend lodging them with their tail tails and similar fish.

    Personal experience and useful tips: Gourami Blue is the most famous and popular fish of its kind. Really peaceful fish, but sometimes aggression.

    Some individuals taken separately are even very aggressive, as they say, as lucky. Gourami blue likes to sleep in shelters and grottoes.


    In the nature lives in Southeast Asia, reservoirs of island Sumatra. In Europe, first appeared in 1958.

    The blue gourami has a high, oblong and flattened body from the sides. Upper fin high, pointed.

    Lower – starts from the pectoral fin and gradually expanding, ends at the base of the tail. Pectoral fins have the form of filiform antennae. They are organs of touch gourami and are constantly in motion.

    With the help of the pectoral fins of the fish get acquainted with the surrounding objects. It happens that sometimes they break off, but after a while they grow back.

    Like all labyrinth fish, blue gourami can breathe atmospheric air through the gill labyrinth. The main color of the body is aqua color. On the sides there are transverse stripes of blue color and two black spots on each side: one in the center of the body, the second on the caudal stem.

    Unpaired fins adorn the silver dots scattered on them. Sexual differences: the male is slimmer and larger than the female, is colored brighter and has a longer upper fin (the brighter coloring becomes during spawning).

    In nature, blue gourami in length reaches 12-14 cm, in an aquarium they grow up to 8-10 cm.

    The blue gourami is very peace-loving and gets on well with various types of fish of large and small sizes, but sometimes there are individuals that show aggression towards their relatives. Leads daytime life. Keeps in the middle and upper layers of water.

    It is very interesting to watch these fish: they are funny and do not miss the moment to frolic and are curious about everything new, whether it is an element of decor or another fish.

    For the maintenance of blue gourami a brightly lit aquarium is needed (overhead lighting) in volume from 100 l with thickets of living plants and free swimming space. It is desirable to have snags (fish constantly keep near them).

    Water parameters for blue gourami: hardness 8–10 °, pH 6.5–7.0, temperature 24–26 ° C (capable of tolerating lower water temperatures). Filtration, light aeration and weekly substitution of up to 30% of the volume of water are needed.

    Blue gourami omnivorous fish: alive (like dried daphnids and gammarus), dry and vegetable, absorb them in large quantities. Prone to overeating.

    Adults can calmly go on a hunger strike for a week, without serious consequences and without expressing any aggression towards their neighbors in the aquarium.

    Feeding aquarium fish should be correct: balanced, varied. This fundamental rule is the key to successful keeping of any fish, be it guppies or astronotuses.

    Article “How and how much to feed aquarium fish” talks in detail about this, it outlines the basic principles of the diet and feeding regime of fish.

    In this article, we note the most important thing – feeding fish should not be monotonous; both dry and live food should be included in the diet. In addition, you need to take into account the gastronomic preferences of a particular fish and, depending on this, include in its diet ration either with the highest protein content or vice versa with vegetable ingredients.

    Popular and popular feed for fish, of course, are dry food. For example, hourly and everywhere can be found on the aquarium shelves of food company “Tetra” – the leader of the Russian market, in fact, the range of feeds of this company is striking. In the “gastronomic arsenal” of Tetra are included as individual feeds for a certain type of fish: for goldfish, for cichlids, for loricarids, guppies, labyrinths, arovan, discus, etc.

    Also, Tetra has developed specialized foods, for example, for enhancing color, fortified or for feeding fry. Detailed information on all Tetra feeds, you can find on the official website of the company – here.

    It should be noted that when buying any dry food, you should pay attention to the date of its production and shelf life, try not to buy food by weight, and also keep the food in a closed state – this will help avoid the development of pathogenic flora in it.

    Blue gourami reaches sexual maturity at the age of 1 year. Life expectancy in an aquarium with the right content can reach 7 years.

    Photo gourami blue

    Video compilation about blue gourami

    Pearl gourami care spawn photo video reproduction description

    Pearl gourami care and maintenance

    Aquarium. To maintain this species, you must have an aquarium that can accommodate more than 50 liters.

    This volume is enough for 6–7 individuals (2–3 females are needed per 1 male). If there is a cap in the aquarium, it should not fit snugly, as air must be constantly circulated.

    For a layer of soil (5–6 cm) take large river sand, suitable for the structure of algae growing in the aquarium.

    Vegetation. These small fish love to hide and build their nests in the undergrowth, so lush, bushy vegetation is suitable for their maintenance: hendeer, valisneria, peristolistnik.

    Do not use too many plantations, leave them a place to swim.

    On the surface, you can expand the duckweed, collecting it in the islands. Just watch out for its growth: it should not cover the entire surface of the water so that the fish have access to the air.

    Water parameters. Gourami love heat, so be attentive to the temperature of their habitat. It must be 24–27 ° C, otherwise the fish may get sick.

    Best of all, if the aquarium will be equipped with a heater with a thermostat. Try to regularly replace the water (25% of the volume of the aquarium per week).

    Compatibility. Keeping them with other species is problematic. But it’s not about the character of the gourays, and you can’t call them fighting men.

    The case in the neighbors, which may attract their fins, like worms. If you still want to add other fish to them, find out if they are not aggressive or predatory, otherwise the gourami will not get along with them.

    Such undesirable neighbors include swordtails, barbs, some types of cichlids and haracin.


    If gourami males begin to build a nest of foam, then they are ready for reproduction. Usually, this happens at the age of a year.

    The male can and should be helped. Firstly, the water level in the aquarium during this period should not exceed 15 cm.

    Secondly, it needs building materials – it is therefore advisable to put small floating plants in the spawning ground. They will also help the female to hide from the annoying grooming of the male after spawning.

    Breeding gourami can and in the general aquarium. But if this does not happen, then reproduction must begin with the “moving” of the male from the main aquarium to the spawning ground.

    In a spawn of 15–20 l, there should be standing water so that the constructed nest does not collapse, the water temperature is heated to 28–29 ° C.

    The male spends all his time around the nest, whose diameter reaches 7 cm. This is the future place for posterity.

    When the male has already acquired such a place, the female is transplanted to it.

    Pregnant gourami looks like other pregnant fish – it has a rounded belly. And the male sees it. If the female is ready to spawn, then he immediately begins to care for her in every possible way, changes color and becomes especially beautiful.

    If the female is not ready, she can drive to the loss of her tail and fins or even to death. Before spawning, growers feed hard.

    Mating gourami looks very funny: the male as if invites the female to the nest, and when she finally agrees, they settle down together under this shelter. The male turns his girlfriend upside down to the nest and squeezes her eggs from her, at the same time fertilizing. After that, he releases the female, and he picks up the eggs that have fallen to the bottom of the aquarium and returns them to the nest.

    It squeezes the male from the female several times, and each time it is harder for him to push the female under the nest. The male is angry and becomes aggressive, the female hides in the grass thickets.

    Spawning process can take up to 4 hours.


    After spawning, it is better to immediately remove the female, otherwise an angry father, protecting his nest and offspring, can throw out his aggression on her. The male gourami is actually engaged in the cultivation of fry. Eggs not bad keep in a foam nest, but if suddenly they sink, the male immediately reacts and returns them back.

    A day or two fry hatch. The incubation time depends on the temperature of the water, for which you need to constantly monitor: if the male feels wrong, he can stop taking care of the fry and destroy them. Also during this period he is not given any food.

    The father is left in the aquarium until the offspring learn to calmly blurred around the aquarium. The hungry dad “moves” back to the general aquarium, the nest without it begins to collapse, but it is no longer needed by the small gurus.

    Feed the fry gourami should be infusoria and zooplankton.

    Breeding pearl gourami, one of the most beautiful species, is a little more difficult. It is recommended during the spawning period to be very sensitive to what is happening in spawning, in any case not to disturb the fish.

    The reproduction of other varieties – gourami marble, blue, honey, etc. passes under the same scenario.


    PEARLY GURAMI Characteristic of external features

    This fish has a rather high body, shape gourami pearl is flatter in the lateral area and drawn out in length. The body of the fish has a magnificent color of silver-purple color, a variety of nacre spots are located throughout the body and the fin zone, and a dark stripe stretches along the body.

    The name of this fish is due to the presence of spots, because they are very similar to pearls. The length of the fish is eleven centimeters.

    Pearl goura females are smaller than males in size and have a light color. Compared with female individuals, males are more elongated dorsal and anal fin.

    The chest and abdomen of males during the spawning process have a bright red-red color.

    PEARLY GURAMI Habitat features

    Have unique beauty pearl gourami, they are distinguished by their peaceful and quiet temperament, but the fish are rather shy. They live comfortably in an aquarium with various species of fish and calm in nature. Providing comfortable living conditions for these fish is quite simple, because they are unpretentious.

    Convenient aquarium for pearl gourami will be a pond of 40 liters in volume, filled with many plants and all kinds of shelters that are so necessary for fish. For them, dark ground will also be the most pleasant. Do not forget to leave the fish free space in the aquarium, where they can swim, and it is also important to maintain clean water and natural lighting.

    The following water parameters are comfortable for these fish: temperature in the range of 23 to 27 degrees, hardness not more than 16 °, and pH 6.0-7.0. Once a week you should filter and aerate the water, and also replace at least 30%.

    Moth, tubule, daphnia, i.e. live food, are suitable as food for gourami pearls; nevertheless, dry food is also suitable for feeding fish.


    Despite the name, fish of this species are not only pearl colors. There are also gold, blue, marble and honey shades.

    The most popular among our aquarium fish lovers are marble and pearl due to the unusual color.

    Marble specimens have a blue tint and a pattern similar to marble stains.

    Pearlfish are distinguished by a silver-purple color, and the spotted pattern resembles a placer of pearls.

    Usually a pearl gourami along the body is a narrow strip of dark color, and the fins have a rich blue-blue color. The front part of the body is bright orange, and during spawning it is painted in males with a fiery red color.

    The body is oblong, compressed from the sides. The adult individual reaches 10–11 cm in length. The female and the male are distinguished by the dorsal fins (in males it is longer and pointed at the end, in females it has a rounded shape and is much shorter), as well as in size (males are larger).

    The mouth is rather small, so they should be given only small food.




    Marble gourami care spawning photo video description compatibility.

    Marble gouram character and compatibility

    These are rather peaceful, slow and quiet fishes. They prefer to be in the upper and middle layers of water.

    Gourami are perfect for keeping in a common aquarium with fish of similar size and temperament.

    The neighborhood with minors, neons, races, scalars, corridors, antsistrus, apistograms will be a good one.

    It is undesirable to populate them with the mischievous Sumatran barbs and snooty swordsmen, who have a habit of tugging at their mustaches with Gourami.

    And marble is absolutely incompatible with aggressive cichlids, parrots, labidochromis, goldfish, etc.

    But for fry and small fish, these labyrinths can themselves be dangerous, since they will easily consider them as food.

    Inside the species, clashes between males can occur, but their outcome is always safe. To avoid this, you can keep a pair of fish or two females and one male.

    If there are more than one males, then it is advisable to plant more plants and make shelters so that the weaker can hide in them.

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