Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – content, breeding

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – content, breeding

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) – a labyrinth fish of surprising color was discovered by the Dutch biologist Peter Blecker in 1852, and was brought to the USSR approximately in 1947-1949.

Habitat: lives in dense thickets of small reservoirs of India, Thailand, the Indonesian islands of Borneo and Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula.

Description: compressed laterally, the elongated body of silver-violet color is dotted with light specks resembling pearls. The same spots are on the fins.

This feature of coloring and determined the name of the species. The back is yellowish-brown, and the fins are blue. Along the body is a dark stripe.

Breast and throat orange.

The abdominal fins, which are very sensitive organs of touch, are thin filaments. Anal fin extended from forked tail fin to anal opening.

Pectoral fins are colorless, transparent. The mouth is small.

The size Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) in aquarium conditions does not exceed 11 cm.

The dorsal fin in males is longer and sharp; they are brighter and larger than females. The most noticeable sexual differences in the period of marriage games.

The pearls on the body of the male literally light up, and the chest and throat become scarlet.

Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: A 60-liter aquarium will be enough for 7 individuals of pearl gourami. At the same time there should be more females to avoid the rivalry of males.

At the surface of the water, the air must be well ventilated and warm so that the fish will not catch a cold, therefore a lid is necessary.

Gourami prefers a bright light, but hitting the direct sun is undesirable. Coloring pearl gourami will play with side lighting.

As a soil for an aquarium, river sand of medium silting will suit.

The pearly gouram is a shy and shy little fish, for comfort it needs thickets of plants in which it can take refuge. For this fit valisneria, elodey and peristristis.

Floating plants, such as duckweed, are also permissible, but care should be taken that they do not cover the entire surface of the water, otherwise the fish will suffocate.

Water parameters: 25-27 ° C, PH 5.5-6.5, dH 5-10.

The substitution of the fifth part of the water is carried out weekly. Filtering is needed, but there should be no strong flow.

Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) peace-loving, but it is quite difficult for him to find suitable neighbors in the aquarium. This is due to the special structure of its ventral fins, the strings of which other fish take for food, because of which gourami is attacked by species from the peaceful ones themselves.

Food: prefers live food, but from the dry and vegetable, too, does not refuse. At the heart of the diet – the pipeker, bloodworm, coretre, cyclop. Between spawning can be fed small crustaceans.

The fish have a very small mouth and the food must be crushed.

Reproduction: sexual maturity comes to 8 months, but fish older than a year may not give offspring at all.

To obtain full fry, dense plants of 20-40 liters with clear water are placed in a spawning aquarium and equipped with several shelters for the female.

Before spawning, future parents are kept separately for a week and feed on a pipe maker and a bloodworm.

The temperature in the spawning 28 ° C, pH 7, dH 4-8. Stimulates spawning by adding a third portion of distilled water.

In the aquarium for spawning, the male is first started, and after a few hours the female. The male builds a nest of pieces of Ricii and air bubbles, fastening the “building” with his saliva.

Then he invites the female to the nest and spawning begins. The male pops the eggs carefully into the nest.

Pearly gourami maloplodovity – no more than 200 eggs. Then the female leaves.

The incubation period depends on the temperature and lasts 24-48 hours. After a few days, the fry swim, and the male immediately settles, as he may confuse his offspring with food from starvation.

For fry, the water level drops to 10 cm before they form a labyrinth organ. You can install a light aeration, especially if a lot of fry.

At the initial stage, live dust and ciliates are taken; after 5 days, larger feed is acceptable.

Growth of pearl fry is fast but uneven, therefore large ones should be planted to avoid cases of cannibalism.

In aquarium conditions Gourami pearl (Trichogaster leerii) lives up to 7 years.

О admin

x

Check Also

Koridoras pygmy (Corydoras pygmaeus) – content, breeding

Pygmy Corridor (Corydoras pygmaeus) Knaack, 1966 Corridor Pygmy is a miniature fish with an elegant ...

Botsiya dwarf (Yunnanilus cruciatus) – content, breeding

Botsiya dwarf striped (Yunnanilus cruciatus) Striped was first described in 1944. Names are synonyms: Yunnanilus ...

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) – content, breeding

Koridoras similis (Corydoras similis) Habitat: The Similis Corridor is found in nature in the Madeira ...

Pseudomugil Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) – content, breeding

Blue-eyed spotted Gertrude (Pseudomugil gertrudae) WEBER 1911 Detachment: Atheriform (Atheriniformes).Family: Iris (Melanotaeniidae). Genus: Pseudomugil (Pseudomugilidae). ...

Tetra Congo (Phenacogrammus interruptus) – content, breeding

Congo tetra (Phenacogrammus interruptus) Boulenger, 1899 Congo tetra – this is amazingly beautiful, active, peaceful, ...

Venezuelan Corridor (Corydoras venezuelanus) – content, breeding

Corridor inVenezuelan (Corydoras venezuelanus) Family – Callicht (Callichthyidae).Subfamily – Carapace – (Corydoradinae). Origin: South America ...

Marble Botion (Botia lohachata) – content, breeding

Botsiya marble (Botia lohachata) It became known to aquarists in 1912, and only got to ...

Sterba Corridor (Corydoras sterbai) – content, breeding

Sterba Corridor (Corydoras sterbai) – very bright and popular catfish aquarists. Known since 1962. Habitat: ...

Pterigoplicht brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) – description, content

Pterigoplicht brocade (Glyptoperichthys gibbiceps) – The brocade leopard catfish was first described by Kner in ...

Tetra Krasnonosay (Hemigrammus bleheri) – content, breeding

In the late 70s – early 80s, a heated controversy flared up on the pages ...

Botsiya Clown (Chromobotia macracanthus) – content, breeding

Botsiya Clown or Botsiya Makrakant (Chromobotia macracanthus) Bleeker, 1852 The genus Chromobotia derives its name ...

Bull-calf Bee (Brachygobius doriae) – content, breeding

Goby Bee or Bumblebee (Brachygobius doriae) Gunter, 1868. The bumblebee goby or bee is a ...

Corridors (Corydoras) – types, description, content, breeding

Corridors (Corydoras) – kind of aquarium catfish. Family: Calligthy catfishes (Callichthyidae). Inhabit Central America, the ...

Iridescent Boesman (Melanotaenia boesemani) – content, breeding

Boosman’s iris (Melanotaenia boesemani) – relatively recently appeared in the decorative aquarism, but has already ...

Tetra Firefly (Hemigrammus erythrozonus) – content, breeding

Erythrosonus (Hemigrammus erythrozonus), bearing the name Tetra Svetlyachok, from the family of haracin. First came ...

Botsia Striata (Botia striata) – content, breeding

Botia striata NARAYAN RAO, 1920. Botsia Striat is a spectacular, peace-loving and unpretentious fish, known ...

Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri) – content, breeding

Girinoheylus (Gyrinocheilus aymonieri) – called yet Chinese Seaweed Habitat: inhabits mountain streams in China, Thailand, ...

Labeo Bicolor (Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) – content, breeding

Labeo Bicolor (Epalzeorhynchos bicolor) SMITH, 1931 Labeo two-tone – a beautiful fish with a contrasting ...

Breeding roosters – selection, spawning, fry

Cultivation of cockerels (Betta splendens) Almost all labyrinth fishes have an interesting, but not always ...

Tetra background Rio (Hyphessobrycon flammeus) – content, breeding

Tetra von Rio (Hyphessobrycon flammeus) Myers (1924) Fire Tetra / Fiery Tetra is a type ...

Botsiya Kubota (Botia kubotai) – content, breeding

Botsiya Kubota or Chess Botsiya (Botia kubotai) KOTTELAT 2004. Botsiya Kubota is a beautiful mobile ...

Akantoftalmus Kühl (Pangio kuhlii) – content, breeding

Akantoftalmus Kühl (Pangio kuhlii) – a fish with a very unusual body structure and bright ...

Glossolepis red (Glossolepis incisus) – content, breeding

Glossolepis incisus Glossolepis red Weber, 1908. Glossolepis red – a bright fish of rich red ...

Neon melanotenia (Melanotaenia praecox) – content, breeding

Neon melanotenia or Neon iris (Melanotaenia praecox). Neon melanotenium is called differently – a small ...