Главная 7 Aquarium fish 7 Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata) – content, breeding

Gourami nagging (Trichopsis vittata) – content, breeding

Ghurami nagging (Trichopsis vittata) – a labyrinth fish, named for its ability to make grumbling sounds, similar to the croaking of a frog.

Habitat: Homeland ghouls grumbling – rich in vegetation lakes, ponds, streams and ditches of rice fields, located in Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, northern Indonesia and Sunda Islands.

Natural habitat Ghurami nagging (Trichopsis vittata)

Natural habitat Ghurami nagging (Trichopsis vittata)

Description: body elongated, high, slightly flattened at the sides. The mouth is small, slightly pointed upwards, the eyes are large.

Caudal fin rounded, wide, pointed in the middle. Anal fin is long, large, ventral also long, filiform.

The color of the grouser grunts varies from golden and brown to green and bluish colors. Along the body are 2-4 dark stripes.

There are individuals with red, blue and purple fins, on which specks of red or green hue are located.

Males are larger, slimmer and brighter than females, the rays of the anal, caudal and dorsal fins are extended more strongly.

Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: for keeping a pair of grumbling gouras, an aquarium of 30 liters will be enough, but since the fish is a schooling fish, the optimal number will be 6-10 individuals, preferably with a predominance of females.

The aquarium should be filled with vegetation, which will form dense thickets, while leaving free space for swimming fish. Snags and mounds of stones will serve as a good shelter for them.

Be sure to have a cover necessary to keep the air at the surface warm. Fish swallows atmospheric air, rising periodically to the surface.

Lack of cover glass can lead to colds.

Water parameters: 22-28 ° C, optimal 25 ° C, dH 4-18, pH 6-7.3.

Light aeration with filtration is required, a nagging gurus does not like a strong flow, and will not build nests even with light water fluctuations. Water should be replaced no more than twice a month by about 10-20%.

Fish are prone to oodinosis, which is practically not cured, if they are contained in too acidic and soft water.

Grumbling gourami (Trichopsis vittata) quite a peace-loving fish, but with aggressive neighbors will be constantly hiding in shelters. You can not keep with shrimp-neokaridinami, which gourami take for food.

Nutrition: ghouls nagging – micro predator, and in nature in its diet includes insects, small crustaceans, larvae. In the aquarium takes absolutely any food that can swallow, so fit all types of food: live, dry, frozen.

It prefers to take food from the surface, but is also able to feed in the middle layers of the water and at the bottom.

It is very useful to feed the grouse nagging with natural food for him – small insects, such as the fruit fly, which in nature is an important part of the diet of the fish.

Reproduction: females grumbling gouras reach sexual maturity by the age of six months, males mature later, by 1-2 years.

For successful breeding, spawning from 15 liters is needed, it is possible without soil, the water level in which will be about 10-15 cm. To build a nest, the male needs small-leaved floating plants, for example, a water fern or richia.

The sight glass closes so as not to disturb the fish.

Male and a couple of females Trichopsis vittata before spawning contain separately for two weeks. The nest is built by a male, constructing it from bubbles under the leaves of floating plants.

Depending on the age, the female lays 60-170 eggs, after which she leaves, and the male takes care of the calf.

Incubation lasts up to 3 days, and after another 2 days the fry gurami nagging begin to swim and eat on their own. The male at this stage is deposited, and the water level in the spawning pool drops to 5, maximum 10 cm until the development of the maze in the fry.

Nauplii of artemia, rotifers, ciliates and egg yolk in small quantities are suitable as an initial feed.

In aquarium conditions ghouls nagging can live up to 5 years.

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