Gourami kissing (Helostoma temminkii) CUVIER, 1829.
Kissing Gourami – a beautiful fish with interesting behavior, which can bring many benefits in a home aquarium. It appeared in domestic aquarists in the 70s of the 20th century and since then has enjoyed a well-deserved love from aquarists.
Habitat: prefers slow or stagnant waters including floodplain lakes, oxbows, backwaters and marshes; populates ditches in rice fields, artificial and natural ponds, and slowly flowing rivers with abundant vegetation.
The natural habitat of the kissing gouras are the countries in southeast Asia: Thailand, the islands of Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan, and also the fish were brought to Colombia, New Guinea, the Philippine Islands and Sri Lanka.
Description: torso compressed laterally, elongated and high. The dorsal and anal fins are low and long; there are sharp rays on them, as well as on the ventral ones.
Tail with rounded corners and a small notch. The eyes are large, the mouth is small and slightly elongated, with characteristic fleshy lips and small teeth, with the help of which fish scrape off algal fouling.
Body color depends on the place of origin. Gourami imported from Thailand has a gray-green color.
Less common are individuals with a yellowish tinge. On the sides of the weakly visible longitudinal strokes. The color of the fins can vary from gray-yellow to greenish.
Gill cover is decorated with 2 vertical dark stripes.
The pink form of this species is one of the most widespread in the aquarium trade in the world, but it does not occur in nature and is in fact a leucistic breeding form.
Another “fashionable” form of “Ballon”, as a rule, these have a much shorter lifespan.
There is also a less popular form, with partial pigmentation, the ‘piebald’ type while wild, grayish-green color is rarely marketed.
The females are distinguished by their fullness, and the males are brightly colored during the spawning period, with a prominent forehead and a pointed dorsal fin.
In nature, the size of goose kisses is about 300 mm, but in the aquarium the fish do not grow more than 150 mm.
Arrangement and parameters of the aquarium: gourami feel more comfortable when the ratio in the group is 2-3 females per 1 male. For this amount you need a capacity of 100 liters and a length of 100 cm, and always with a lid that keeps the air warm and moist, will prevent the fish from accidentally jumping out of the aquarium.
It is desirable to have aquarium plants, better hard-leaved, including floating species.
For decorating the aquarium fit grottoes, large stones and snags laid on the ground of river sand or small pebbles. There are no special requirements for lighting, but still you should not make it too bright so that the shy fish do not experience excessive stress.
Water parameters: 22-30 ° C, pH 6.0-8.8, dH 7-12.
Filtration with aeration is obligatory and weekly replacement of 1 / 3-1 / 4 of the water is the same as with aquarium temperature.
To ensure sterile cleanliness in the reservoir is not necessary. Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminkii) copes with algal bloom on stones, glasses and plants and destroys the hydra.
Compatible with any peace-loving types of similar sizes. They do not show aggression to other fishes, but often “find out the relationship” with their congeners.
Nutrition: with appetite they eat all kinds of fodder – daphnia, cyclops, small tubers, bloodworms, artemia. Be sure to add vegetable food, its absence leads to poor health gourami.
The ideal option – this thread. Scalded with boiled water lettuce, cabbage and spinach leaves, cucumber slices are also suitable. They can eat small crustaceans, mollusks, insect larvae and worms.
Some of the dry foods with a high content of herbal ingredients, such as spirulina or analogues, should be offered on a regular basis.
Reproduction: one of the few labyrinth species that do not show parental care for their offspring.
A few weeks before the alleged spawning of fish should be abundantly fed with plant and live food. As a spawn, you need a capacity of 100 liters with dense vegetation, including floating species.
Soil is not required. It is advisable to close the front wall so that the fish feel calmer.
Spawning can be both paired and group. It is stimulated by a temperature increase of several degrees and the addition of water with a lower level of hardness.
Water parameters in the spawning aquarium: 26-30 ° C, dH 10, pH 7.
Mostly gourami spawn in the evening or at night, and the forerunner of the process lasting about three hours is the “kisses” of the fish. The male embraces the back half of the body of the female, which begins to sweep out transparent eggs of an amber shade (up to 6000), rising to the surface or glued to the leaves of the plants. Then the parents settle down, and the water level in the spawning tank drops to 10 cm, and weak aeration should be provided in the tank.
Caviar is incubated for a short period, which takes about a little more than a day (24-36 hours), free swimming after another 48 hours or so. Hatching fry can swim and take starting food (rotifers, ciliates) in 2-5 days.
At the age of one week, vegetable food is added to the diet of the young. In the same period, the fry begin to show a non-standard behavior for adults – swim in flocks.
This will occur until the moment they form a maze.
They become sexually mature by 1.5-2 years old.
Lifespan Guras Kissing (Helostoma temminkii) in the decorative aquarium from 5 years, there is information that they can live more than 20 years.
For keeping in an aquarium, it is worth buying fry, it is better to have a few fish and never buy only two, as the stronger one will undoubtedly intimidate / oppress the weaker on an ongoing basis.