maintenance, care, compatibility
The first began to breed these beautiful creatures of the Chinese and Koreans. Then they conquered the Japanese in the 16th century, and in the 17th century the Portuguese and the Dutch brought goldfish to Europe.
Homeland aquarium fish guppies.
In the wild, these creatures inhabit the waters of Brazil, Venezuela, and they are also found in Guiana, on the islands of Trinidad and Barbados. For the first time physicians paid attention to them.
It turns out that these fish eat the larvae of anopheles mosquitoes, significantly reducing the population of these dangerous insects in their region.
Homeland aquarium fish catfish.
Golden catfish, tiger and speckled came to us from South America (Colombia, Brazil, Uruguay). Som shifter appeared in Africa (region of the Congo River). But there is also a unique transparent fish – glass catfish.
These creatures came to Europe from Hindustan, Sumatra and Burma.
Homeland aquarium fish gourami.
This type of fish lives in Southeast Asia (Sumatra, Java, Thailand, Vietnam). The first who began to actively engage in acclimatization gourami, trying to teach them to the climate of Europe, was a French aquarist and naturalist Pierre Carbonier.
Homeland of aquarium fish angelfish.
To see these creatures in the wild, you will have to go to the shores of Orinoco and Amazon, or take a walk along the largest river of Guyana – Essequibo. Angelfish do not like the fast flow and adore the reservoirs covered with thickets.
To describe all the aquarium fish and tell where their distant homeland is located is simply impossible. The number of species of these amazing creatures exceeds 21 thousand!
Those lovers who are interested in this article can find more information in reference books or catalogs. Only on the example of the five most common species, you will easily understand how wide the geography of the origin of the creatures that inhabit your aquariums is.
Goura fishes are freshwater labyrinth fishes, which include several families, including gum, trihogastrovye, chelostomy, colise. Aquarium species are known under the names “trichogasters” and “nitropods”.
The homeland of these tropical fish is the islands of Southeast Asia. They live mainly in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, the Malay and Indochina peninsulas.
The most famous types of gourami, like pearl, kissing and moonlight. Breeding breeding allowed to achieve brilliant results and bring new interesting breeds, like yellow and red gourami.
Aquarium stanchions have good compatibility with many fish. They can be contained with macropods, short-tailed cockerels, scalars, apistogram, haracin, catfish.
Negative compatibility gourami with such fish as cichlids, goldfish and viviparous fishes. Pearl and moon gourami may be aggressive to lalyusy or labiosis smaller than themselves.
But with other colises fish get along quite acceptable.
These aquarium fish are famous for their attractive appearance and peaceful nature. Keeping and breeding them in an aquarium is not particularly difficult, perhaps for novice lovers.
Gorami kissing from the chelostomy family belongs to larger representatives, their content in an aquarium requires a capacity of at least 50 liters per individual. Gourami kissing got his nickname due to unusual manners. Fish, regardless of gender, kiss each other on the lips and hang so for some time.
There are several versions of this behavior, perhaps as a gurus kissing helps his fellow to brush his teeth. In addition, gurus kissing can very cleverly tumble while cleaning the territory.
There are 2 main color options: Thai chelostomy is gray-green, and Javanese fish are pink-golden. Fins are yellow-green, ventral, anal and dorsal fins with spiny rays.
Gorami kissing is considered a peaceful fish, but can actively protect personal territory.
Dwarf gourami content description reproduction photo compatibility.
GURAMI-LEAVING CONTENTS DESCRIPTION NON-SPARE COMPATIBILITY.
MARBLE GURAMI CARE SPRING PHOTO VIDEO DESCRIPTION COMPATIBILITY.
pygmy gourami photo
GOLDEN GURAMI CARE SPREAD DESCRIPTION PHOTO COMPATIBILITY.
pygmy gourami photo
Pathogens can be viruses, bacteria, worms, fungi and ciliates. If the fish are poorly fed or not well cared for, then one of them is likely to get sick and then re-infect others. To avoid mora, it is better to know the “enemy by sight”:
- Lymphocytosis – open wounds, grayish nodules and black flat growths on the body of the fish testify to it. They are all surrounded by small swellings. If you saw at least one of your dwarf gourays as if sprinkled with decoy, it urgently needs to be planted and treated.
- Pseudomonosis – it is characterized by dark spots, turning into red ulcers, similar to bites. A secondary infection can join it, for example, saprolegnosis.
- Aeromonosis. Infection occurs most often from feed. A fish with ruffled scales and a belly swollen with blood leaks stops eating, moving and just lies on the bottom. Cases of recovery are rare.
The role of the aquarium in the apartment is interesting: a piece of the water element, placed in the interior of the citizen’s dwelling, is an excellent element of decor, as well as a means for relaxation after a busy day full of stress. Aquarium fish, embodied in your apartment in miniature, will bring you a lot of joy.
But when starting an aquarium, it is important to understand what types of aquarium fish will live in it and how.
Leafing through the catalog, delving into the photo and names of aquarium fish, first of all, you should decide on the purpose of the upcoming purchase: do you want to engage in breeding or start an aquarium of aesthetic motives?
Breeding takes a lot of time and effort, as certain species of aquarium fish require special conditions for reproduction. You also need to find out under what conditions a particular species of aquarium fish will acquire the desired external parameters (the appearance and temperature of water, lighting, and the nature of food can significantly influence the appearance).
Creating an “underwater world” with an aesthetic goal is a somewhat different task from selection. Here you are primarily in the help of catalogs, in which various types of aquarium fish in pictures are presented.
However, here, studying photos and descriptions of aquarium fish, you should choose the inhabitants of the aquarium, which require similar conditions of detention and are not part of each other’s food chain. Failure to follow these principles will lead to disease and death of fish.
Many years of work of aquarists and breeders have led to the fact that all the names of aquarium fish can not be mentioned even in the volume brochure. Therefore, below we provide a table that includes a brief description of the most common individuals.
Goldfish are often prone to disease and need frequent water changes. The low water temperature necessary for their maintenance will not allow most of the other representatives of the aquarium flora and fauna to settle with goldfish.
For a 100 liter aquarium, one pair will be enough.
Studying varieties of aquarium fish, over time you will be able to make a good set yourself. It is only necessary to show imagination and be attentive to your underwater pets.
Aquarium fish and their homeland, the conditions of the aquarium fish.
Names of aquarium fish
Country of origin
Conditions of detention
Angelfish South America Cyclic Peaceable, gregarious. High, laterally compressed body, natural pigmentation silver with black stripes, size up to 15 cm. Fins are elongated in the thread Temperature: 24-30 C;
Water parameters: 5.0-13.0 dGH, 6.0-8.0 pH
Barbusses South, Southeast Asia, Africa, Europe Carp Semi-aggressive, active. Stretched body, two-bladed tail fin. Size up to 8 cm. Temperature: 20-26 C;
Water parameters: pH 6.5-7.5; dH 4—10 °
Replace up to 30% of water every week.
Cockerels Southeast Asia Macropod Warlike, have short, round fins and cycloid scales, body size up to 7 cm. Temperature: 24-26 C;
Water parameters: 4-15 °, pH 6.0-7.5
Soma Corridors South America, Uruguay Catfish School, peace-loving. The body is tight, shortened, convex back Temperature: 20-25 C;
Water parameters: 20 ° DGH, pH 6.0-7.5
Danio Southeast Asia (Nepal, India) Carp Body length is up to 6 cm., The body is oblong, laterally flattened, with its back fin shifted back Temperature: 23-25 ° C;
Water parameters: 20 ° DGH, pH 7.5
Discussion Southeast Asia Cyclic Body length up to 25 cm., The body is round in shape, has a strong luster, peaceful, gregarious, prefer solitude Temperature: 28-32 ° C;
Water parameters: 5.5 to 6.5 pH; 20-25 DGH
Goldfish Southeast Asia, Malaysia Carp The body is elongated and flattened at the sides, length from 18-26 cm., Peaceful, but prefer solitude. Temperature: 15-20 C;
Water parameters: 6.0-8.0 pH; 20 DGH
Gourami Indochina Chelostomy The length reaches 20 cm., The body is short, the dorsal fin is rounded or elongated, peaceful Temperature: 22 – 28 ° С
Water parameters: 4-10 ° DGH, pH 6.0-7.0,
Guppy Central America, Brazil Pecilia Body elongated, length from 2 to 7 cm, oblate, with diamond-shaped scales, fins long, calm in nature Temperature: 20-28 C;
Water parameters: 5-25 DGH, pH 7-8.5
Botsi New Guinea, o.Sumatra Lunar Body shape is round, flat belly, length 8-11 cm., Fearful, peaceful Temperature: t 25-30,
Water parameters: pH 6.5-7.2, dH 4-14
Mollies North America, Mexico Pecilia The body is short, the tail fin is rounded, length up to 15 cm., Get along well with fish of equal size. Temperature: 25-30 C;
Water parameters: dH 10 – 25 °, pH 7.2 – 8.5.
Astronotus Amazon Paraguay Cyclic Predators, body length from 20 to 25 cm, body shape rounded Temperature:
Water parameters: up to 35 DGH, pH up to 8.5
Pequilly Africa, Madagascar Pecilia Dense, flattened laterally body, 4-5 cm., Peaceful, calm Temperature: 23-26 C;
Water parameters: 8-25 DGH, 7.5-8 pH
Catfish Bagullabs Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia Catfish 25-35 cm., Elongated body, get along with fish of similar size Temperature: 21-25 ° C;
Water parameters: DGH up to 20 °, pH b, 5-7.5
Iridescents Papua New Guinea Melanoseny Oval, elongated body, up to 14 cm long, peaceful, get along well with other fish Temperature: 22-27 C;
Water parameters: DGH 2-16 °, pH 6.0-7.8
Rasbory Thailand Carp Thin tail comb, tall body, length up to 4.5 cm, schooling, peace-loving Temperature: 24 – 28 С;
Water parameters: pH 6-7.5; DGH 9-18
Labeo South Africa and Southeast Asia Carp The body is elongated, the fins are rounded, the length of the body is 8-12 cm., Peaceful Temperature: 24-27 ° C;
Water parameters: DGH 4-20 °, pH 6.0-7.5
Swordtails Central America, South Mexico Pecilia The body is short, wide, length is 8-12 cm., Peaceful and calm. Temperature: 21-25 ° C;
Water parameters: dH 5-20 °, pH 7.0-8.0
Aquarium fish goura belong to the family of the labyrinth. These amazing fish are also called nitropods for the ventral fins, similar to long strings.
Like other fishes of this family, they can breathe atmospheric air with the help of a special organ – the gill labyrinth. If you leave them in a closed aquarium without air access, the fish will quickly die.
Naturally, at home, gourami live longer than in nature – the situation has. Life expectancy of gourami is 5-7 years, with very good care and favorable conditions of their maintenance can live up to 10 years. The life span of marble gourami, which is more capricious in breeding, can reach 8 years – this is a strong fish, rarely gets sick and can withstand a drop in temperature, unlike its fellows.
The behavior of gourami during illness or before death is expressed in the fact that the fish folds their fins and floats sluggishly along the bottom of the aquarium.
To live your fish for a long time, you need to follow a few rules:
- the presence of a small aquarium with a water level of not more than 35 cm;
- clean water, which must be often and gradually changed;
- compliance with the temperature regime – not all species can withstand temperature fluctuations;
- bright but not hot lighting;
- feeding regime – you can not overfeed fish, you need to feed them in a variety of ways, but gradually, 2-3 times a day;
- dark soil, snags, the presence of plants in the aquarium;
- Neighbors with a similar character and similar in size.
Reproduction and nutrition gourami
For reproduction in gourami male is responsible. He builds a nest of foam and plants, cares for the female and squeezes the eggs from her, fertilizes her, makes sure that the eggs fall into the nest and stay in it until the fry leave.
The female is capable of sweeping several thousand eggs. Caviar gourami looks the same as in other aquarium fish – the fry look like a thread with eyes and a tail.
Gourami and others
Gourami are animal-eating fish, that is, they can be called predators. In nature, they feed on invertebrates and mosquito larvae.
At home, they adapted more to veggie food, but with pleasure they eat daphnia, bloodworms, and pipe-makers. Gourami can eat a neighbor who wants to seize their territory or, if they are angry, they can destroy their fry, but this is typical of many fish.
Gourami are calm fish, only males can be pugnacious.
Predators with a big stretch, gourami get along well with other fish, including those who can quietly get along with sklyariy and barbs. Do not make friends with gourami with goldfish and viviparous fish, but not because of their nature, but because of the difference in the desired water temperature.
Gourami – small freshwater fish of the Macropod family, suborder Labyrinth fish. Natural habitat – Southeast Asia and adjacent islands. Species pearl gourami found in the Malay Archipelago, on Sumatra and Borneo.
Sometimes it is caught on the island of Java, in Bangkok, but here they appeared because of the carelessness of aquarium lovers. Lunar gourami lives in the waters of Cambodia and Thailand, serpentine gourami – in the territory of southern Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia.
The spotted gourami is found in the freshwater rivers of India and the Malay Archipelago, and the blue gouras inhabit Sumatra. Some species of these fish were mistakenly recorded in freshwater bodies of other continents – North and South America.
Small fishes like standing waters, with a slow current, therefore they search for small rivers, small streams for living. Gourami brown mastered estuaries with brackish water.
Nowadays, the maintenance of these species is possible in the home aquarium.
The maximum body size of gourami in their natural environment is 60 cm in length, but in conditions of captivity the length of the body reaches no more than 15 cm. The character of the fish is unpretentious, friendly, with special features in each species.
For example, kissing gourami may take a position that resembles kisses, and be in it for some time.
Keeping and caring for a fish will not create a hassle even for a beginner aquarist. It is pleasant to watch these pets – each has its own color, manner of behavior.
They are mobile and easily breed in domestic spawning. To create good living conditions in an artificial reservoir, you need to make the maximum amount of effort.
Then they will reward the owner with a beautiful appearance and a long lifespan of 5 to 10 years or more.
These fish prefer a spacious place for swimming, so for several pets an aquarium from 100 liters will suit. They love to hide in the scenery and dense thickets of moss and algae. All types of these fish are gregarious, so in order to avoid stressful situations, they need a company of fellows.
Timid, a little shy, swim in the upper and middle layers of water.
Watch the video story about gourami.
They do not create problems for the neighbors in the reservoir, but may suffer from the attacks of some. For example, Sumatran and tiger barbs, swordtails and guppy fish may incorrectly perceive their shy behavior and bright appearance. As a result, their fins will be intimidated and gnawed, although there have been cases of physical destruction.
There is also rivalry among gourami: if there are few females per male, rivalry will begin between males.
As fishes living in warm waters, their maintenance and care are possible in an aquarium with a water temperature of 22-27 degrees Celsius. Cold water is hardly tolerated, they begin to ache.
They prefer good lighting, which can be provided with LB lamps of 0.4-0.5 W per liter. The lamp should be installed at a distance of 10 cm from its surface.
Filtration and aeration are necessary.
Like labyrinth fishes, they periodically breathe atmospheric oxygen, getting it from the surface. To do this, the tank lid must be left ajar to allow air to enter. The difference between water and air temperature must be zero, so that the fish will not damage the labyrinth organ.
Once a week you need to update 25% of the water for a new and fresh. The permissible acidity of the aquatic environment averages 7.0 pH, the hardness should not exceed 8-10 dGH.
There are different types of gourami, each of which is interesting in its own way:
- Gourami honey red It is considered extremely calm, but rather cowardly fish. It has an oval, oblong and slightly oblate body. The size of the male does not exceed 7 cm, and the female is even smaller. It is believed that the body of the male of this fish is slightly more slender and bright. Interestingly, during spawning, the fish changes color from honey to red.
- Another type of aquarium fish – gourami pearl, having a long tall body with a silver-violet color.
- Flying brindle gourami is one of the most unusual fish. On their body there are special growths, which are called wings.
- The next variety is gourami ordinary gold. This fish is good for its peaceful nature. It can safely settle with any other species.
- Rainbow gourami – These fish can grow to eight centimeters. The recommended temperature for keeping in an aquarium is 28 degrees.
- Pink gourami, sometimes they call him kissing. Interestingly, these fish teeth are located directly on the thick lips. Gourami in aquarium conditions can grow up to ten centimeters.
There are other types of gourahs that you can find out about almost everywhere: on the Internet, in libraries, at pet shop specialists, or simply at friends who are interested in an aquarium.
Badis Badis or Fish chameleon (Badis badis) HAMILTON, 1822 The Latin name for the fish ...
Carnegiella marble (Carnegiella strigata) GUNTHER, 1864 Since 1909, the species C. strigata (which at the ...
Neon blue or ordinary (Paracheirodon innesi) Myers, 1936. Refers to the order Cyprinids (Cypriniformes), sub-order ...
Glass Bass (Parambassis / Chanda ranga) Habitat: inhabits stagnant brackish and freshwater reservoirs in India, ...
Beckford’s nannostomus (Nannostomus beckfordi) – a representative of the lebiasin family. Habitat: inhabits the Amazon ...
Eight-bar / 8-bar glass barbus (Eirmotus octozona) SCHULTZ 1959 It was first described by Leonard ...
Blades – family Wedge Brute (Gasteropelecidae) The family Gasteropeletsid includes three genera: Carnigiela (Carnegiella), Gasteropelekusov ...
Neon Black (Hyphessobrycon herbertaxelrodi) first appeared in European aquariums in 1961, in domestic – in ...
Golden Sturisom (Sturiosoma aureum) was opened in Colombia in 1900. In addition to the generally ...
Family haratsinovye (Characidae). Homeland neon red is Brazil, Venezuela and Colombia. It mainly inhabits shallow ...
There are many names of synonyms: Altispinoza Apistogram, Bolivian papiliochromis, Chromis Butterfly, Bolivian Apistogram. The ...
Wedge specksRod Trigonostigma These fish are easily identified by their high, flattened laterally torso and ...
Oryzias woworae PARENTI HADIATY 2010. Rod Orizias (Oryzias) – Rice Fish. Orizias vovora is a ...
Kerry or False Royal Tetra (Inpaichthys kerri) Gery Junk, 1977 Other names: Tetra Kerry, Violet ...
Tetra Palmer or royal tetra (Nematobrycon palmeri) – A representative of the Kharacin family was ...
Botia Dario (Botia dario) HAMILTON, 1822. Botsiya Dario – a very bright and beautiful fish ...
Coliseum striped (Colisa fasciata) The coliza of the Belontev family is striped with a variety ...
Ototsinkly Mottled (Otocinclus flexilis) Habitat: Ototsinkly speckled inhabits both rapid and calm rivers with dense ...
Tetra Kitty (Hyphessobrycon heliacus) described by ichthyologists in 2002. Tetra Kitty, Hifessobrikon Heliacus, Tetra Heliacus ...
Marble gourami (Trichogaster trichopterus “cosby / opaline”) Marble gourami – a decorative look, obtained as ...
Botsiya dwarf striped (Yunnanilus cruciatus) Striped was first described in 1944. Names are synonyms: Yunnanilus ...
Adolphus Corridor (Corydoras adolfoi) Burgess, 1982 Adolf’s Corridor is a very elegant catfish, described only ...
Piranhas (Pygocentrus) Muller Troschel, 1844 Piranha from Guarani means “evil fish.” Detachment: Characteristic (Characiformes).Family: Characteristic ...
Congo tetra (Phenacogrammus interruptus) Boulenger, 1899 Congo tetra – this is amazingly beautiful, active, peaceful, ...